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Year 1460
1460
(MCDLX ) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 January–December * 1.2 Date unknown

* 2 Births * 3 Deaths * 4 References

EVENTS

JANUARY–DECEMBER

* March 5 – King Christian I of Denmark
Christian I of Denmark
issues the Treaty of Ribe , enabling himself to become Count of Holstein
Holstein
, and regain control of Denmark's lost Duchy of Schleswig
Duchy of Schleswig
. * June 26 Wars of the Roses
Wars of the Roses
: Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Edward, Earl of March (eldest son of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York ) land in England with an army, and march on London. * July 4 – The cannons of the Tower of London
Tower of London
, still in Lancastrian hands, are fired on the city of London , which is mostly in Yorkist hands. The Tower is surrendered on July 19 . * July 10 Wars of the Roses
Wars of the Roses
– Battle of Northampton : Warwick and March defeat a Lancastrian army and seize King Henry VI of England . It is agreed that York will be Henry's heir, disinheriting the King's son Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales
Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales
. * August 3 – While supervising a siege of English occupiers of Roxburgh Castle
Roxburgh Castle
, King James II of Scotland
James II of Scotland
is killed, when one of his own cannons explodes. * December 30 Wars of the Roses
Wars of the Roses
Battle of Wakefield
Battle of Wakefield
: A Lancastrian army under Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset and Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland decisively defeats a Yorkist army under Richard of York and his son, Edmund, Earl of Rutland
Edmund, Earl of Rutland
, who are both killed (the latter murdered after the battle). York's son Edward becomes leader of the Yorkist faction.

DATE UNKNOWN

* Ali Bey Mihaloğlu captures Michael Szilágyi . * Portuguese navigator Pedro de Sintra reaches the coast of modern-day Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
. * A famine breaks out in the Deccan Plateau
Deccan Plateau
of India. * A monk, Leonardo da Pistoia, arrives in Florence
Florence
from Macedonia , with the Corpus Hermeticum
Corpus Hermeticum
. * The University of Basel
University of Basel
is founded in Switzerland .

BIRTHS

* May 8 Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
(d. 1536
1536
) * June 1 Enno I, Count of East Frisia (1466–1491) (d. 1491 ) * September 29 Louis II de la Trémoille , French military leader (d. 1525 )

* date unknown

* Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama
, Portuguese explorer (d. 1524
1524
) * Isabella Hoppringle , Scottish abbess and spy (d. 1538
1538
) * Svante Nilsson , regent of Sweden (d. 1512
1512
) * Ana de Mendonça , Spanish courtier (d. 1542
1542
) * Edward Sutton, 2nd Baron Dudley , English nobleman (d. 1532
1532
)

* probable

* Antoine Brumel
Antoine Brumel
, Flemish composer (d. 1515
1515
) * Tristão da Cunha
Tristão da Cunha
, Portuguese explorer (d. 1540
1540
) * Gwerful Mechain , Welsh erotic poet (d. 1502
1502
) * Konstanty Ostrogski
Konstanty Ostrogski
, Grand Hetman of Lithuania (d. 1530 ) * Tilman Riemenschneider
Tilman Riemenschneider
, German sculptor (d. 1531 ) * Arnolt Schlick , German organist and composer (d. after 1521
1521
) * Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester
Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester
, English nobleman (d. 1526
1526
) * Rodrigo de Bastidas
Rodrigo de Bastidas
, Spanish conquistador (d. 1527
1527
) * Ponce de Leon , Spanish conquistador

DEATHS

* February 29
February 29
– Albert III , Duke of Bavaria-Munich (b. 1401 )

* July 10

* Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
, English military leader (b. 1402 ) * John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury (b. c. 1413 ) * Thomas Percy, 1st Baron Egremont , English baron (b. 1422
1422
)

* August 3 – King James II of Scotland
James II of Scotland
(b. 1430
1430
) * September 20 Gilles Binchois
Gilles Binchois
, Flemish composer (b. c. 1400
1400
) * September 25 Katharina of Hanau , German countess regent (b. 1408 ) * November 13 Prince Henry the Navigator , Portuguese patron of exploration (b. 1394 ) * December 14 Guarino da Verona
Guarino da Verona
, Italian humanist (b. 1370 )

* December 30

* Edmund, Earl of Rutland
Edmund, Earl of Rutland
, brother of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England
Richard III of England
(b. 1443 ) * Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York
Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York
, claimant to the English throne (in battle) (b. 1411 )

* December 31 Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury
Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury
, English politician (executed) (b. 1400
1400
)

* date unknown

* Francesco II Acciaioli , last Duke of Athens (murdered by consent) * Israel Isserlein , Austrian Jewish scholar (b. 1390 ) * Reginald Pecock
Reginald Pecock
, deposed Welsh bishop and writer (b. c. 1392 )

REFERENCES

* ^ Bennett, Vanora . "London and the Wars of the Roses". Archived from the original on September 14, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-16. * ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 183–185. ISBN 0-304-35730-8 .

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1460
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