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13 (thirteen /θɜːrˈtiːn/) is the natural number following 12 and preceding 14. In English speech, the numbers 13 and 30 are sometimes confused, as they sound very similar. Strikingly folkloric aspects of the number 13 have been noted in various cultures around the world: one theory is that this is due to the cultures employing lunar-solar calendars (there are approximately 12.41 lunations per solar year, and hence 12 "true months" plus a smaller, and often portentous, thirteenth month). This can be witnessed, for example, in the "Twelve Days of Christmas" of Western European tradition.[1]

Contents

1 In mathematics

1.1 List of basic calculations

2 In languages

2.1 Grammar 2.2 Spelling

3 In religion

3.1 Islam 3.2 Roman Catholicism 3.3 Sikhism 3.4 Judaism 3.5 Zoroastrianism 3.6 Wicca 3.7 Other

4 Lucky and unlucky

4.1 Unlucky 13 4.2 Lucky 13 4.3 Music 4.4 Other

5 Age 13 6 History 7 In sports 8 In TV, films and literature 9 References

In mathematics[edit] The number 13 is:

the sixth prime number. the smallest emirp (a prime that is a different prime when its digits are reversed).[2] one of only 3 known Wilson primes.[3] a Fibonacci number. a happy number.[4] the third centered square number.[5] equal to the sum of the squares of the digits of its own square in bases 4 and 83.

Since 52 + 122 = 132, (5, 12, 13) forms a Pythagorean triple. There are 13 Archimedean solids, and a standard torus can be sliced into 13 pieces with just 3 plane cuts.[2] There are also 13 different ways for the three fastest horses in a horse race to finish, allowing for ties, a fact that can be expressed mathematically by 13 being the third ordered Bell number.[6] List of basic calculations[edit]

Multiplication 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

21 22 23 24 25

50 100 1000

(13)x 13 26 39 52 65 78 91 104 117 130

143 156 169 182 195 208 221 234 247 260

273 286 299 312 325

650 1300 13000

Division 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

11 12 13 14 15 16

13 ÷ x 13 6.5 4.3 3.25 2.6 2.16 1.857142 1.625 1.4 1.3

1.18 1.083 1 0.9285714 0.86 0.8125

x ÷ 13 0.076923 0.153846 0.230769 0.307692 0.384615 0.461538 0.538461 0.615384 0.692307 0.762930

0.846153 0.923076 1 1.076923 1.153846 1.230769

Exponentiation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

11 12 13

13x 13 169 2197 28561 371293 4826809 62748517 815730721 10604499373 137858491849

1792160394037 23298085122481 302875106592253

x13 1 8192 1594323 67108864 1220703125 13060694016 96889010407 549755813888 2541865828329 10000000000000

34522712143931 106993205379072 302875106592253

In languages[edit] Grammar[edit]

In all Germanic languages, 13 is the first compound number; the numbers 11 and 12 have their own names. The Romance languages
Romance languages
use different systems: In Italian, 11 is the first compound number (undici), as in Romanian (unsprezece), while in Spanish and Portuguese, the numbers up to and including 15 (Spanish quince, Portuguese quinze), and in French up to and including 16 (seize) have their own names. This is also the case in most Slavic languages, Hindi-Urdu and other South Asian languages.[example needed]

Spelling[edit] In Germany, according to an old tradition, 13 (dreizehn) as the first compound number was the first number written in digits; the numbers 0 (null) through 12 (zwölf) were spelt out. The Duden (the German standard dictionary) now calls this tradition (which was actually never written down as an official rule) outdated and no longer valid, but many writers still follow it.[citation needed] In religion[edit] Islam[edit] In Shia Islam, 13 signifies the 13th day of the month of Rajab
Rajab
(the Lunar calendar), which is the birth of Imam Ali. 13 also is a total of 1 Prophet and 12 Imams in the Islamic School of Thought. However, in Sunni Islam, the number 13 bears no symbolic significance. Roman Catholicism[edit] The apparitions of the Virgin of Fátima
Virgin of Fátima
in 1917 were claimed to occur on the 13th day of six consecutive months.[7] In Catholic devotional practice, the number thirteen is also associated with Saint Anthony of Padua, since his feast day falls on June 13. A traditional devotion called the Thirteen Tuesdays of St. Anthony[8] involves praying to the saint every Tuesday over a period of thirteen weeks. Another devotion, St. Anthony's Chaplet, consists of thirteen decades of three beads each.[9] Sikhism[edit] According to famous Sakhi (Evidence) or story of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, when he was an accountant at a town of Sultanpur Lodhi, he was distributing groceries to people. When he gave groceries to the 13th person, he stopped because in Gurmukhi
Gurmukhi
and Hindi the word 13 is called Terah, which means yours. And Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Guru Nanak Dev Ji
kept saying, "Yours, yours, yours..." remembering God. People reported to the emperor that Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Guru Nanak Dev Ji
was giving out free food to the people. When treasures were checked, there was more money than before. The Vaisakhi, which commemorates the creation of "Khalsa" or pure Sikh was celebrated on April 13 for many years. Judaism[edit]

In Judaism, 13 signifies the age at which a boy matures and becomes a Bar Mitzvah, i.e., a full member of the Jewish faith (counts as a member of Minyan). The number of principles of Jewish faith according to Maimonides. According to Rabbinic commentary on the Torah, God has 13 Attributes of Mercy.

Zoroastrianism[edit] The number 13 had been considered sinister and wicked in ancient Iranian (Persian) civilization and Zoroastrianism. Since beginning of the Nourooz tradition, the 13th day of each new Iranian year is called Sizdah Be-dar, and this tradition is still alive among Iranian people both within Iran and abroad. Since Sizdah Be-dar
Sizdah Be-dar
is the 13th day of the year, it is considered a day when evil's power might cause difficulties for people. Therefore, people leave urban areas for one day and camp in the countryside. Even in the current post-1979 Revolution era, and despite the wishes of Islamic government, this tradition continues to be practiced by the majority of the population throughout Iran. Wicca[edit] In Wicca, most covens have 13 members, although sometimes there can be fewer. Other[edit]

In Mesoamerican divination, 13 is the number of important cycles of fortune/misfortune (see Trecena).[citation needed] The Thirteen Classics is considered to be a part of the Chinese classics.

Lucky and unlucky[edit] Unlucky 13[edit] Further information: Triskaidekaphobia

This elevator's building and this airline both skip the number 13 and go directly from floor/row 12 to 14

The number 13 is considered an unlucky number in some countries.[10] The end of the Mayan calendar's 13th Baktun was superstitiously feared as a harbinger of the apocalyptic 2012 phenomenon.[11] Fear of the number 13 has a specifically recognized phobia, Triskaidekaphobia, a word coined in 1911. The superstitious sufferers of triskaidekaphobia try to avoid bad luck by keeping away from anything numbered or labelled thirteen. As a result, companies and manufacturers use another way of numbering or labelling to avoid the number, with hotels and tall buildings being conspicuous examples (thirteenth floor).[12] It's also considered unlucky to have thirteen guests at a table. Friday the 13th
Friday the 13th
has been considered an unlucky day. [10] There are a number of theories as to why the number thirteen became associated with bad luck, but none of them have been accepted as likely.[10]

The Last Supper: At Jesus
Jesus
Christ's last supper, there were thirteen people around the table, counting Christ and the twelve apostles. Some believe this is unlucky because one of those thirteen, Judas Iscariot, was the betrayer of Jesus
Jesus
Christ. From the 1890s, a number of English language sources relate the "unlucky" thirteen to an idea that at the Last Supper, Judas, the disciple who betrayed Jesus, was the 13th to sit at the table.[13] Knights Templar: On Friday 13 October 1307, King Philip IV of France ordered the arrest of the Knights Templar,[10] and most of the knights were tortured and killed. Full Moons: A year with 13 full moons instead of 12 posed problems for the monks in charge of the calendars. "This was considered a very unfortunate circumstance, especially by the monks who had charge of the calendar of thirteen months for that year, and it upset the regular arrangement of church festivals. For this reason thirteen came to be considered an unlucky number."[14] However, a typical century has about 37 years that have 13 full moons, compared to 63 years with 12 full moons, and typically every third or fourth year has 13 full moons.[15] A Repressed Lunar Cult: In ancient cultures, the number 13 represented femininity, because it corresponded to the number of lunar (menstrual) cycles in a year (13 x 28 = 364 days). The theory is that, as the solar calendar triumphed over the lunar, the number thirteen became anathema.[10][16] Hammurabi's Code: There is a myth that the earliest reference to thirteen being unlucky or evil is in the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi (circa 1780 BC), where the thirteenth law is said to be omitted. In fact, the original Code of Hammurabi
Code of Hammurabi
has no numeration. The translation by L.W. King (1910), edited by Richard Hooker, omitted one article: If the seller have gone to (his) fate (i. e., have died), the purchaser shall recover damages in said case fivefold from the estate of the seller. Other translations of the Code of Hammurabi, for example the translation by Robert Francis Harper, include the 13th article.[17]

Lucky 13[edit] See also: Lucky Thirteen (other) In some countries, such as Italy, 13 is considered a lucky number.[18] The expression fare tredici ("to do 13") means hit the jackpot. 17 is considered an unlucky number instead.[19] Music[edit] American born Horror-Punk singer and musician Joseph Poole (Murderdolls) uses the name Wednesday 13
Wednesday 13
as his stage name, taking "Wednesday" from the girl Wednesday from the Addams Family and 13 from Friday the 13th. American country-pop singer-songwriter Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
was born on December 13. She considers 13 her lucky number due to lucky events happening to her when the number appears (her first album going gold in 13 weeks, being seated at awards shows in the 13th seat, row or section). She also wears the number written on her hand at her concerts so she has it with her everywhere she goes. The heavy metal band Megadeth
Megadeth
released their 13th studio album entitled TH1RT3EN on November 1, 2011. It consists of 13 tracks including the final song "13". Famous American country singer and songwriter Johnny Cash
Johnny Cash
first released his song called "Number Thirteen". There are 13 notes, by inclusive counting, in a full chromatic musical octave. Track No. 12 on American heavy metal band Danzig's album 6:66 Satan's Child is called "Thirteen". The band Big Star
Big Star
wrote a song called 13. The band Teenage Fanclub
Teenage Fanclub
named their album Thirteen after Big Star's song. The band were heavily influenced by Big Star. American alternative rock band, Pixies
Pixies
recorded "Number 13 Baby" for their Doolittle LP. The lyrics to the song include the line: "Standing in her chinos shirt pulled off clean, gotta tattooed tit say number 13" English alternative rock band Blur's sixth studio album, entitled 13 was released in 1999. The British heavy metal pioneers Black Sabbath's latest studio album is entitled 13. It was released on 11 June 2013. The gothic metal band Type O Negative
Type O Negative
has a song titled "Thir13teen", which is the debut track of their album Life Is Killing Me. 13 is an album from the American death metal band Six Feet Under. American alternative metal band Cold released 13 Ways to Bleed on Stage in 2000. It consists of thirteen tracks with the final track "Bleed" known as "Thirteen" after 9/11. Other[edit] Colgate University
Colgate University
also considers 13 a lucky number. They were founded in 1819 by 13 men with 13 dollars, 13 prayers and 13 articles.[20] (To this day, members of the Colgate community consider the number 13 a good omen.) In fact, the campus address is 13 Oak Drive in Hamilton, New York, and the male a cappella group is called the Colgate 13. In the Mayan Tzolk'in calendar, trecenas mark cycles of 13-day periods. The pyramids are also set up in 9 steps divided into 7 days and 6 nights, 13 days total. In the standard 52-card deck of playing cards there are four suits, each of 13 ranks. In a tarot card deck, XIII is the card of Death, usually picturing the Pale horse with its rider. A baker's dozen, devil's dozen, long dozen, or long measure is 13, one more than a standard dozen. Age 13[edit]

In Judaism, thirteen signifies the age at which a boy matures and becomes a Bar Mitzvah, i.e., a full member of the Jewish faith (is qualified to be counted as a member of Minyan). This is the age whereby a preteen becomes an adolescent in Germanic languages, due to the suffix form beginning at this point (11 & 12 are nonstandard). This is also the age in the US, a person can watch, rent, or buy a PG-13 film without parental guidance. On YouTube
YouTube
and many other social media sites, this is the standard minimum age to be allowed to create an account.

History[edit]

On January 1, 49 BC, the Roman Senate issued a final order for Julius Caesar to disband his army and return to Rome
Rome
because his term as governor had finished. In response, Caesar led a single legion, the Thirteenth Legion, over the Rubicon river (the frontier boundary of his Gaulish provinces to centrally administered Roman Italy). This action, in igniting Caesar's civil war, was a significant event in the eventual creation of the Roman Empire. On October 26, 1597
1597
(September 13th in the Korean lunisolar calendar), Korean Admiral Yi Sun-Sin defeated a 133 warship strong Japanese naval invasion force with the last 13 ships of the Joseon
Joseon
navy, at the Battle of Myeongnyang. Being a decisive Joseon
Joseon
victory in the Myeongnyang Strait, there were no losses of any Korean ships. Later dying in the final battle of the Imjin War, Admiral Yi Sun-Sin completed his 23 battle career undefeated in combat. The surprise halt of the Japanese invasion led to a lengthy stalemate and withdrawal of the Japanese Armies from Korea, and serves as a historic foundation for Korean nationalism. The United States of America was created from thirteen British colonies and as such, the number thirteen is a commonly recurring motif in American heraldry. For example, there are thirteen stars on the Great Seal of the United States
Great Seal of the United States
and there are thirteen stripes on the American flag.

The first flag of the United States bore thirteen stripes, alternating red and white, and thirteen white stars in the blue union. The thirteen stripes represented the Thirteen Colonies
Thirteen Colonies
from which the United States was created, and the thirteen stars represented the number of states in the new nation. When two new states were added to the Union in 1795, the flag bore fifteen stars and fifteen stripes. With the addition of five new states in 1818, the number of stripes was re-set and permanently fixed at thirteen. The Great Seal of the United States
Great Seal of the United States
bears many images of the number thirteen, representing the Thirteen Colonies
Thirteen Colonies
from which the United States was created. On the Seal’s observe, the overhead glory bears thirteen stars. The chest shield in front of the spread eagle bears thirteen stripes (seven white and six red). In the eagle’s right talon, it holds the Olive Branch of Peace, bearing thirteen olives and thirteen olive leaves. In the eagle’s left talon, it holds the Weapons of War, consisting of thirteen arrows. In the eagle’s mouth, it holds a scroll bearing the national motto “E Pluribus Unum” (which, by coincidence, consists of thirteen letters). On the Seal’s reverse, the unfinished pyramid consists of thirteen levels.

Apollo 13
Apollo 13
was a NASA Moon mission famous for being a "successful failure" in 1970.

In sports[edit]

In boxing, after the death of boxer Duk Koo Kim
Duk Koo Kim
following a world championship fight with World Boxing
Boxing
Association Lightweight champion of the world Ray Mancini
Ray Mancini
(which, coincidentally, took place on November 13, 1982) the World Boxing
Boxing
Council determined that boxers were more likely to suffer fatal injury from round 13 to round 15, therefore soon after boxing fights were universally limited to a maximum of 12 rounds only.[21] The number 13 was not used in the Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
from 1915 to 2002. It was not permitted for use between 1926-2002. In 2009, E.J. Viso, driving for HVM Racing
HVM Racing
in the 2009 IndyCar Series season, drove a green number 13 car full-time, despite terrible superstitions about it in motorsports. The number 13 was not used in Formula One
Formula One
from 1977 to 2013. In rugby league:

Each side has 13 players on the field at any given time. The jersey number 13 is worn by the starting loose forward or lock forward in most competitions. An exception is in the European Super League, which uses static squad numbering.

In rugby union, the jersey number 13 is worn by the outside centre. In triathlon, the number 13 is not used. As such, the numbering goes 11, 12, 14, 15 under the current numbering system.

In TV, films and literature[edit]

13TH, a 2016 documentary 13 (musical), a 2007 musical 13 (film), an English-language remake of the 2005 French film 13 Tzameti. Thirteen (film), a 2003 American film Thirteen (TV series), a 2016 British five-part police drama Number 13 (film), an uncompleted Hitchcock 1922 film 13 Tzameti, a 2005 French film ("Tzameti" means "13" in Georgian) 13 Ghosts is a 1960 horror film.

Thirteen Ghosts
Thirteen Ghosts
a 2001 remake.

Thirteen is the nickname of Dr. Remy Hadley on the American medical drama House played by Olivia Wilde. 13 Assassins is a 2010 film by Japanese director Takashi Miike The Thirteen
The Thirteen
is a 1936 Soviet war film by Mikhail Romm The 13th Warrior
The 13th Warrior
is a 1999 historical fiction action film starring Antonio Banderas District 13 is a 2004 French film (with David Belle) Apollo 13
Apollo 13
is a 1995 American film. In the various incarnations of the television series Battlestar Galactica, the twelve human colonial worlds are destroyed by the mechanical Cylons. The few human survivors then make an interstellar exodus in search of the lost thirteenth colony on a planet called – Earth. Warehouse 13
Warehouse 13
is a television show about the 13th warehouse in the line of warehouses that store supernatural artifacts. Friday the 13th
Friday the 13th
is a horror film series involving a mass murderer named Jason Voorhees. Friday the 13th: The Series is a syndicated American-Canadian horror television series, that originally ran from 1987 to 1990. The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo: Seventh incarnation of the Hanna-Barbera Scooby-Doo cartoon franchise, first run 1985-1986. The Thirteenth Floor
The Thirteenth Floor
is a 1999 sci-fi film. 13B/Yaavarum Nalam is a 2009 Hindi/Tamil Horror movie starring R Madhavan The number of the room in the Lilienthal clinic where Dr. Galén successfully heals the terminally ill patients in The White Disease by Karel Čapek. Thirteen Reasons Why
Thirteen Reasons Why
is a novel containing 13 tapes received by a student learning of his classmate's suicide and death.

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 13 (number).

^ Frazier, King of the Bean, and the Festival of Fools. Cited in Thompson, Tok. 2002. The thirteenth number: Then, there/ here and now. 'Studia Mythological Slavica 5, 145–159. ^ a b Wells, D. The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers, London: Penguin Group. (1987): 67–71. ^ "Sloane's A007540 : Wilson primes". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer
Integer
Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-06-01.  ^ "Sloane's A007770 : Happy numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer
Integer
Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-06-01.  ^ "Sloane's A001844 : Centered square numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer
Integer
Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-06-01.  ^ de Koninck, J. M. (2009), Those Fascinating Numbers, American Mathematical Society, p. 4, ISBN 9780821886311 . ^ Rosemary Guiley, The Guinness Encyclopedia of Ghosts and Spirits, 1994, p. 215, ISBN 0-85112-748-7. ^ "The Shrine of St. Anthony". shrineofstanthony.org.  ^ "Liturgical Year: Prayers: Chaplet of St. Anthony". catholicculture.org.  ^ a b c d e Emery, David. "Why Is Friday the 13th
Friday the 13th
Unlucky? - History and Folklore". About.com Entertainment.  ^ "Most Popular E-mail Newsletter". USA Today. November 24, 2011.  ^ Fleischman, Sid (August 19, 2007). "The 13th Floor: A Ghost Story". The Washington Post Company. Retrieved July 26, 2008.  ^ Cecil Adams (1992-11-06). "Why is the number 13 considered unlucky?". The Straight Dope. Retrieved 2011-05-13. ^ "The Really Strange Story Behind Sunday's Blue Moon". Space.com.  ^ Cooley, Keith (2008). "Full Moons 1900-2100". Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.  ^ Stan Gooch, Guardians of the Ancient Wisdom (1980) ^ English translation of the Code of Hammurabi
Code of Hammurabi
Online Library of Liberty. ^ "Top 13 Italian Superstions". Retrieved 2015-08-13.  ^ Skurie, Jaclyn. "Superstitious Numbers Around the World". Retrieved 2017-07-16.  ^ "Colgate: History & Traditions". Colgate University. Archived from the original on August 14, 2007. Retrieved September 1, 2007.  ^ http://espn.go.com/sports/boxing/news/story?id=3107079

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Integers

0s

 0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9 

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59

60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69

70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79

80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89

90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99

100s

100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109

110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119

120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129

130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139

140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149

150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159

160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169

170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179

180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189

190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199

200s

200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209

210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219

220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229

230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239

240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249

250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259

260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269

270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279

280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289

290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299

300s

300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309

310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319

320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329

330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339

340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349

350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359

360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369

370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379

380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389

390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399

400s

400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409

410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419

420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429

430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439

440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449

450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459

460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469

470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479

480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489

490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499

500s

500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509

510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519

520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529

530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539

540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549

550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559

560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569

570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579

580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589

590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599

600s

600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609

610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619

620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629

630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639

640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649

650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659

660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669

670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679

680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689

690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699

700s

700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709

710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719

720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729

730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739

740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749

750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759

760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769

770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779

780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789

790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799

800s

800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809

810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819

820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829

830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839

840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849

850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859

860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869

870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879

880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889

890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899

900s

900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909

910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919

920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929

930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939

940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949

950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959

960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969

970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979

980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989

990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999

v t e

Superstition

Main topics

Amulet Evil eye Luck Omen Talismans Myth and ritual

Lists

List of superstitions List of lucky symbols List of unlucky symbols Sailors' superstitions Theatrical superstitions

Africa

Buda Gris-gris Sampy Sleeping child

Americas

Ascalapha odorata Carranca Curupira Djucu Fortune cookie I'noGo tied White lighter myth Witch window

Asia

Superstition
Superstition
in India

list

Superstition
Superstition
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Curse
of 39 Jin Chan Numbers in Chinese culture Russian traditions and superstitions Superstitions
Superstitions
of Malaysian Chinese

Europe

Barbary macaques in Gibraltar Blarney Stone Cimaruta Cornicello Goodman's Croft In bocca al lupo Kitchen witch Nazar Painted pebbles Rabbit rabbit rabbit Ravens of the Tower of London Spilling water for luck Troll cross Tycho Brahe days Witch post Wolfssegen

General

11:11 4 (Four-leaf clover, Tetraphobia) 7 (Seventh son of a seventh son) 8 9 13 (Friday the 13th, The Thirteen
The Thirteen
Club, Thirteenth floor, Triskaidekaphobia) 108 111 666 (Number of the Beast) Ace of spades Auspicious wedding date Baseball superstition Bayern-luck Beginner's luck Black cat Bread and butter Break a leg Chain letter Cooties Cramp-ring Curse Davy Jones' Locker End-of-the-day betting effect Fear of frogs Fear of ghosts First-foot Flying Dutchman Four Eleven Forty Four Gambler's conceit Good luck charm Groundhog Day Himmelsbrief Human sacrifice Jinx Klabautermann Knocking on wood Law of contagion Literomancy Lock of hair Maternal impression Miasma theory Mooncalf Need-fire Nelson Night air Oscar love curse Penny Powder of sympathy Rabbit's foot Rainmaking The Scottish Play Ship sponsor Shoes on a table Sign of the horns Something old Spilling salt Susto Three on a match Threshold Toi toi toi Wishing well Witch ball Witching hour

Related

Apotropaic magic Astrology and science Coincidence Debunker Divination Folk religion Fortune-telling Magic and religion Magical thinking Numerology Perceptions of religious imagery in natural phenomena Post hoc ergo propter hoc Traditional med

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