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Ṯāʾ
Ṯāʾ
(ث) is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet
Arabic alphabet
added to the twenty-two from the Phoenician alphabet
Phoenician alphabet
(the others being ḫāʾ , ḏāl , ḍād , ẓāʾ , ġayn ). In Modern Standard Arabic
Modern Standard Arabic
it represents the voiceless dental fricative , also found in English as the "th " in words such as "think" and "thin". In name and shape, it is a variant of tāʾ (ت). Its numerical value is 500 (see Abjad numerals ).

The Arabic
Arabic
letter ث is named ثاء ṯāʾ. It is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

POSITION IN WORD: ISOLATED FINAL MEDIAL INITIAL

GLYPH FORM: ث‎ ـث‎ ـثـ‎ ثـ‎

In contemporary spoken Arabic, pronunciation of ṯāʾ as is found in the Gulf, Iraqi, and Tunisian dialects and in highly educated pronunciations of Modern Standard and Classical Arabic. Pronunciation of the letter varies between and within the various varieties of Arabic
Arabic
: while it is consistently pronounced as the voiceless dental plosive in Maghrebi Arabic
Maghrebi Arabic
, in the Arabic
Arabic
varieties of the Mashriq (in the broad sense, including Egyptian, Sudanese and Levantine) and Hejazi Arabic
Hejazi Arabic
, it can be pronounced as either or as the sibilant voiceless alveolar fricative . Depending on the word in question, words pronounced as are generally more technical or "sophisticated." Regardless of these regional differences, the pattern of the speaker's variety of Arabic
Arabic
frequently intrudes into otherwise Modern Standard speech; this is widely accepted, and is the norm when speaking the mesolect known alternately as lugha wusṭā ("middling/compromise language") or ʿAmmiyyat/Dārijat al-Muṯaqqafīn ("Educated/Cultured Colloquial") used in the informal speech of educated Arabs of different countries.

When representing this sound in transliteration of Arabic
Arabic
into Hebrew, it is written as ת׳.

COMMON SEMITIC PERSPECTIVE

The choice of the letter tāʾ as the base for this letter was not due to etymology (see History of the Arabic alphabet
Arabic alphabet
), but rather due to phonetic similarity. For other Semitic cognates of the phoneme ṯ see Sound changes between Proto-Semitic and the daughter languages .

The South Arabian alphabet
South Arabian alphabet
retained a symbol for ṯ.

CHARACTER ENCODINGS

CHARACTER ث

UNICODE NAME ARABIC LETTER THEH

ENCODINGS DECIMAL HEX

Unicode
Unicode
1579 U+062B

UTF-8
UTF-8
216 171 D8 AB

Numeric character reference

SEE ALSO

* Arabic phonology
Arabic phonology

* v * t * e

Arabic
Arabic
language

OVERVIEWS

* Language * Alphabet * History * Romanization * Numerology * Influence on other languages

ALPHABET

* Nabataean alphabet
Nabataean alphabet
* Perso- Arabic alphabet
Arabic alphabet
* Ancient North Arabian

* Ancient South Arabian script

* Zabūr script

* Arabic
Arabic
numerals * Eastern numerals

* Arabic
Arabic
Braille

* Algerian

* Diacritics

* i‘jām * Tashkil
Tashkil
* Harakat * Tanwin * Shaddah * Hamza
Hamza

* Tāʾ marbūṭah

LETTERS

* ʾAlif * Bāʾ * Tāʾ * Ṯāʾ * Ǧīm * Ḥāʾ * Ḫāʾ * Dāl * Ḏāl * Rāʾ * Zāy * Sīn * Šīn * Ṣād * Ḍād * Ṭāʾ * Ẓāʾ
Ẓāʾ
* ʿAyn * Ġayn * Fāʾ * Qāf * Kāf * Lām * Mīm * Nūn * Hāʾ * Wāw * Yāʾ

NOTABLE VARIETIES

ANCIENT

* Proto- Arabic
Arabic
* Old Arabic
Arabic
* Ancient North Arabian * Old South Arabian
Old South Arabian

STANDARDIZED

* Classical * Modern Standard * Maltese

REGIONAL

* Nilo-Egyptian * Levantine

* Maghrebi

* Pre-Hilalian dialects * Hilalian dialects * Moroccan Darija
Moroccan Darija
* Tunisian Arabic
Arabic
* Sa\'idi Arabic
Arabic

* Mesopotamian

* Peninsular

* Yemeni Arabic
Arabic
* Tihamiyya Arabic
Arabic

* Sudanese * Chadian * Modern South Arabian

ETHNIC / RELIGIOUS

* Judeo- Arabic
Arabic

PIDGINS/CREOLES

* Juba Arabic
Arabic
* Nubi language * Babalia Creole Arabic
Arabic
* Maridi Arabic
Arabic
* Maltese

ACADEMIC

* Literature * Names

LINGUISTICS

* Phonology * Sun and moon letters
Sun and moon letters
* ʾIʿrāb (inflection) * Grammar * Triliteral root * Mater lectionis * IPA * Quranic Arabic
Arabic
Corpus

* Calligraphy * Script

* Diwani * Jawi script * Kufic
Kufic
* Rasm * Mashq * Hijazi script * Muhaqqaq
Muhaqqaq
* Thuluth * Naskh (script) * Ruqʿah script * Taʿlīq script * Nastaʿlīq script * Shahmukhī script * Sini (script)
Sini (script)

TECHNICAL

* Arabic
Arabic
keyboard * Arabic
Arabic
script in Unicode
Unicode
* ISO/IEC 8859-6 * Windows-1256

* MS-DOS codepages

* 708 * 709 * 710 * 711 * 720 * 864

* Mac Arabic
Arabic
encoding

* v * t * e

The Northwest Semitic abjad
Northwest Semitic abjad

ʾ

b

g

d

h

w

z

y

k

l

m

n

s

ʿ

p

q

r

š

t

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 200 300 400

* History

* Phoenician

* Paleo-Hebrew

* Hebrew * Aramaic * Syriac

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Arabic
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