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Ṯāʾ Ḫāʾ ḎāL →

Phoenician

Hebrew -

Aramaic

Syriac -

Arabic خـ,خ

PHONEMIC REPRESENTATION x, χ

POSITION IN ALPHABET 24

NUMERICAL VALUE 600

ALPHABETIC DERIVATIVES OF THE PHOENICIAN

Greek -

Latin -

Cyrillic -

ARABIC ALPHABET

------------------------- Arabic script

* History * Transliteration * Diacritics * Hamza * Numerals * Numeration

* v * t * e

Ḫāʾ (خ, transliterated as ḫ ( DIN-31635 ), ḵ (Hans Wehr ), kh ( ALA-LC ) or ẖ ( ISO 233 )), is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being ṯāʼ , ḏāl , ḍād , ẓāʼ , ġayn ). It is based on the _ḥāʾ_ ح . It represents the sound or in Modern Standard Arabic . The pronunciation of خ is very similar to German, Irish, and Polish unpalatalised "ch ", Russian х (Cyrillic Kha) , and Spanish "j ". In name and shape, it is a variant of ḥāʾ . South Semitic also kept the phoneme separate, and it appears as South Arabian , Ge\'ez Ḫarm ኀ. Its numerical value is 600 (see Abjad numerals ).

When representing this sound in transliteration of Arabic into Hebrew, it is written as ח׳.

The most common transliteration in English is "kh", e.g. KHARTOUM (الخرطوم _al-Kharṭūm_), SHEIKH (شيخ).

_Ḫāʾ_ is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

POSITION IN WORD: ISOLATED FINAL MEDIAL INITIAL

GLYPH FORM: خ‎ ـخ‎ ـخـ‎ خـ‎

CHARACTER ENCODINGS

CHARACTER خ

UNICODE NAME ARABIC LETTER KHAH

ENCODINGS DECIMAL HEX

Unicode 1582 U+062E

UTF-8 216 174 D8 AE

Numeric character reference

SEE ALSO

* Arabic phonology * Х, х: Kha (Cyrillic)

* v * t * e

Arabic language

OVERVIEWS

* Language * Alphabet * History * Romanization * Numerology * Influence on other languages

ALPHABET

* Nabataean alphabet * Perso- Arabic alphabet * Ancient North Arabian

* Ancient South Arabian script

* Zabūr script

* Arabic numerals * Eastern numerals

* Arabic Braille

* Algerian

* Diacritics * i‘jām * Tashkil * Harakat * Tanwin * Shaddah * Hamza * Tāʾ marbūṭah

LETTERS

* ʾAlif * Bāʾ * Tāʾ * Ṯāʾ * Ǧīm * Ḥāʾ * Ḫāʾ * Dāl * Ḏāl * Rāʾ * Zāy * Sīn * Šīn * Ṣād * Ḍād * Ṭāʾ * Ẓāʾ * ʿAyn * Ġayn * Fāʾ * Qāf * Kāf * Lām * Mīm * Nūn * Hāʾ * Wāw * Yāʾ

NOTABLE VARIETIES

ANCIENT

* Proto- Arabic * Old Arabic * Ancient North Arabian * Old South Arabian

STANDARDIZED

* Classical * Modern Standard * Maltese

REGIONAL

* Nilo-Egyptian * Levantine

* Maghrebi

* Pre-Hilalian dialects * Hilalian dialects * Moroccan Darija * Tunisian Arabic * Sa\'idi Arabic

* Mesopotamian

* Peninsular

* Yemeni Arabic * Tihamiyya Arabic

* Sudanese * Chadian * Modern South Arabian

ETHNIC / RELIGIOUS

* Judeo- Arabic

PIDGINS/CREOLES

* Juba Arabic * Nubi language * Babalia Creole Arabic * Maridi Arabic * Maltese

ACADEMIC

* Literature * Names

LINGUISTICS

* Phonology * Sun and moon letters * ʾIʿrāb (inflection) * Grammar * Triliteral root * Mater lectionis * IPA * Quranic Arabic Corpus

* Calligraphy * Script

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