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Kha (ख) (खवर्
khavarn) is the second consonant of the Devanagari
Devanagari
abugida. It ultimately arose from the Brahmi
Brahmi
letter 𑀔 (), after having gone through the Gupta letter . Letters that derive from it are the Gujarati letter ખ, and the Modi letter �.

Contents

1 Devanagari-using languages

1.1 Conjuncts with ख

2 Mathematics

2.1 Āryabhaṭa numeration

3 References

Devanagari-using languages[edit] In all languages, is pronounced as [kʰə] or [kʰ] when appropriate.

खण्
= khand [kʰəɳɖ] "clause, fragment"

In this example, implements its inherent vowel, the schwa.

अखरो = akhrot [əkʰroːʈ] "nonsense"

In this example, deletes the inherent schwa for correct pronunciation. Certain words that have been borrowed from Persian and Arabic implement the nukta to more properly approximate the original word. It is then transliterated as a x.

ख़रा = xaraab [xaraːb] "bad"

Conjuncts with ख[edit]

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Mathematics[edit] Āryabhaṭa numeration[edit] Aryabhata
Aryabhata
used Devanagari
Devanagari
letters for numbers, very similar to that of the Greeks, even after the invention of Indian numerals. The values of the different forms of are:[1]

[kʰə] = 2 (२) खि [kʰɪ] = 200 (२००) खु [kʰʊ] = 20,000 (२० ०००) खृ [kʰri] = 2,000,000 (२० ०० ०००) खॢ [kʰlə] = 20×108 (२०८) खे [kʰe] = 20×1010 (२०१०) खै [kʰɛː] = 20×1012 (२०१२) खो [kʰoː] = 20×1014 (२०१४) खौ [kʰɔː] = 20×1016 (२०१६)

References[edit]

^ Ifrah, Georges (2000). The Universal History of Numbers. From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer. New York: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 447–450. ISBN 0-471-39340-1. 

Kurt Elfering: Die Mathematik des Aryabhata
Aryabhata
I. Text, Übersetzung aus dem Sanskrit
Sanskrit
und Kommentar. Wilhelm Fink Verlag, München, 1975, ISBN 3-7705-1326-6 Georges Ifrah: The Universal History of Numbers. From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2000, ISBN 0-471-39340-1. B. L. van der Waerden: Erwachende Wissenschaft. Ägyptische, babylonische und griechische Mathematik. Birkhäuser-Verlag, Basel Stuttgart, 1966, ISBN 3-7643-0399-9 Fleet, J. F. (January 1911). "Aryabhata's System of Expressing Numbers". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland: 109–126. ISSN 0035-869X. JSTOR 25189823.  Fleet, J. F. (1911). "Aryabhata's System of Expressing Numbers". The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. 43: 109–126. doi:10.1017/S0035869X00040995. JSTOR 25189823. 

v t e

Devanāgarī

Abugida Brahmic scripts Inherent vowel

Languages

Hindi
Hindi
(Hindustani) Marathi Nepali Pali Konkani Bodo Maithili Sindhi Sanskrit
Sanskrit
and more

Transliteration

IAST Hunterian National Library at Kolkata ISO 15919 Harvard-Kyoto ITRANS Velthuis SLP1 WX notation (ISCII)

Vowels and syllabic consonants

a ॲ æ ऄ
(का) ā


(कि) i


(की) ī


(कु) u


(कू) ū ॶ (कॖ) ॷ (कॗ)


(कृ) r̥


(कॄ) r̥̄


(कॢ) l̥


(कॣ) l̥̄


(के) ē ऍ (कॅ) ê
(कॆ) e
(कै) ai (कॕ) (कॎ)


(को) ō
(कॉ) ô
(कॊ) o
(कौ) au ॳ (कऺ) ॴ (कऻ) ॵ (कॏ)

Schwa
Schwa
deletion in Indo-Aryan languages

Consonants


k क़ q

kh ख़ k̲h̲

g ग़ ġ ॻ gg

gh

c

ch

j ज़ z ॼ jj ॹ ž jh झ़ zh ñ


ṭh


ḍ ड़ ṛ ॾ ḍḍ ॸ ḍ
ḍh ढ़ ṛh

t


th


d


dh


n ऩ ṉ


p


ph फ़ f

b

ॿ bb


bh


m


y य़ ẏ


r ऱ ṟ
ḷ ऴ ḻ
l


v


ś


s


h

Consonant
Consonant
conjuncts

Diacritics, punctuation and other symbols

अं
अं
ṁ (anusvāra) अः ḥ (visarga) अँ m̐ (candrabindu) अऀ (inverted candrabindu) ऽ ’ (avagraha)

क़ (nuqta) क् (virāma) ३ 3 (pluta) ᳵ ẖ (jihvāmūlīya) ᳶ ḫ (upadhmānīya)

अ॑ ` (svarita) अ॒ (anudātta) अ॓ (grave) अ॔ (acute) ॐ aum̐

। (daṇḍa) ॥ (double daṇḍa) (lāghava cihna) ॱ (high spacing dot) ₹ INR (Indian rupee sign)

Devanagari
Devanagari
(Unicode block) Devanagari
Devanagari
Extended Vedic Extensions

Numerals

० 0 १ 1 २ 2 ३ 3 ४ 4 ५ 5 ६ 6 ७ 7 ८ 8 ९ 9

Āryabhaṭa numeration Akṣarapallī Bhūtasaṃkhyā system Ka

.