ḤET or H̱ET (also spelled KHET, KHETH, CHET, CHETH, HET, or HETH)
is the eighth letter of the
Semitic abjads , including Phoenician
Ḥēt , Hebrew Ḥēt ח, Aramaic Ḥēth , Syriac Ḥēṯ ܚ,
Heth originally represented a voiceless fricative, either pharyngeal
/ħ/, or velar /x/ (the two
The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Eta Η, Etruscan , Latin H and Cyrillic И . While H is a consonant in the Latin alphabet, the Greek and Cyrillic equivalents represent vowel sounds.
* 1 Origins
* 2.1 Pronunciation
* 3 Hebrew Ḥet
* 3.1 Pronunciation * 3.2 Variations * 3.3 Significance
* 4 Character encodings * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
The letter shape ultimately goes back to a hieroglyph for "courtyard",
Possibly named ḥasir in the
Middle Bronze Age alphabets
The corresponding South Arabian letters are ḥ and ḫ, corresponding to Ge\'ez Ḥauṭ ሐ and Ḫarm ኀ.
See also: خ
The letter is named حاء ḥāʾ and is the sixth letter of the alphabet. Its shape varies depending on its position in the word:
POSITION IN WORD: ISOLATED FINAL MEDIAL INITIAL
GLYPH FORM: ح ـح ـحـ حـ
This form is used to denote two letters, the second being خ ḫāʾ .
In Arabic, ḥāʾ is similar to the English , but it is much "raspier", IPA: ~.
In Persian, it is , like ⟨ ﻫ ⟩ and the English h.
VARIOUS PRINT FONTS Cursive Hebrew Rashi script
SERIF SANS-SERIF MONOSPACED
ח ח ח
Hebrew spelling: חֵית
In Modern Israeli Hebrew (and Ashkenazi Hebrew , although not under strict pronunciation), the letter Ḥet (חֵית) usually has the sound value of a voiceless uvular fricative (/χ/), as the historical phonemes of the letters Ḥet ח (/ħ/) and Khaf כ (/x/) merged, both becoming the voiceless uvular fricative ().
In more rare phonologies, it is pronounced as a voiceless pharyngeal
fricative (/ħ/) and is still among
The ability to pronounce the
Ḥet is one of the few Hebrew consonants that can take a vowel at the end of a word. This occurs when patach gnuva comes under the Ḥet at the end of the word. The combination is then pronounced /-aχ/ rather than /-χa/. For example: פתוח (/ˌpaˈtuaχ/), and תפוח (/ˌtaˈpuaχ/).
Ḥet, along with Aleph , Ayin , Resh , and He , cannot receive a dagesh . As pharyngeal fricatives are difficult for most English speakers to pronounce, loanwords are usually Anglicized to have /h/. Thus challah (חלה), pronounced by native Hebrew speakers as /χala/ or /ħala/ is pronounced /halə/ by most English speakers, who cannot often perceive the difference between and .
In gematria , Ḥet represents the number eight.
In chat rooms , online forums , and social networking the letter Ḥet repeated (חחחחחחחחחח) denotes laughter, just as in english, in the saying 'Haha'.
CHARACTER ח ح ܚ ࠇ
UNICODE NAME HEBREW LETTER HET ARABIC LETTER HAH SYRIAC LETTER HETH SAMARITAN LETTER HIT
ENCODINGS DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX
Unicode 1495 U+05D7 1581 U+062D 1818 U+071A 2055 U+0807
UTF-8 215 151 D7 97 216 173 D8 AD 220 154 DC 9A 224 160 135 E0 A0 87
CHARACTER 𐎈 𐡇 𐤇
UNICODE NAME UGARITIC LETTER HOTA IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER HETH PHOENICIAN LETTER HET
ENCODINGS DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX
Unicode 66440 U+10388 67655 U+10847 67847 U+10907
UTF-8 240 144 142 136 F0 90 8E 88 240 144 161 135 F0 90 A1 87 240 144 164 135 F0 90 A4 87
UTF-16 55296 57224 D800 DF88 55298 56391 D802 DC47 55298 56583 D802 DD07
* Ħ, ħ : Latin letter H with stroke
* ^ Bouchentouf, Amine (2006).
Wikimedia Commons has media related to ח .
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