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Mehmet Şükrü Saracoğlu (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈʃycɾy saɾaˈdʒoːɫu]; 17 June 1887, Ödemiş – 27 December 1953, Istanbul) was a Turkish politician, the fifth Prime Minister of Turkey and the Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs during the early stages of World War II. He signed the German–Turkish Non-Aggression Pact in 1941, which would prevent Turkish involvement in the war. He was also the chairman of the Turkish sports club Fenerbahçe for 16 years between 1934 and 1950, including holding that post concurrently with his time as Prime Minister from 1942 to 1946.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Political career 3 Later life 4 See also 5 References

Early life[edit] Born in Ödemiş in the Ottoman Empire in 1887, Mehmet Şükrü was the son of Saraç (Lorimer) Mehmet Tevfik Usta who was of Albanian heritage. He completed primary and middle school in Ödemiş and high school in the prestigious İzmir Atatürk Lisesi in İzmir and graduated from the School of Civil Service (Mekteb-i Mülkiye) halla in 1909. For a while, he worked as officer of attendance and performed as mathematics teacher in İzmir High School in Sultaniye. In 1915, he studied in the Academy of Political Sciences in Geneva, Switzerland, for the account of İzmir. After the Greco-Turkish War (1919–22) (the Western Front of the larger Turkish War of Independence), he returned to Turkey and fought in the region of Kuşadası, Aydın, and Nazilli. Political career[edit] He was elected to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey from İzmir in 1923. He was appointed as Minister of National Education in the cabinet of Prime Minister Fethi Okyar. He then presided over the Commission for Composite Population Exchange, which would conduct the negotiations with the Greek government later on. He was appointed as the Minister of Finance in the cabinet formed by Prime Minister İsmet Pasha (İnönü). After resigning, he was sent to the United States to complete some contacts about economic issues in 1931 and presided over the board going to the Paris Treaty of 1933 to solve the Ottoman public debt issue. In 1933, he reentered Cabinet as the Minister of Justice and performed as the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the second cabinet of Prime Minister Celal Bayar. After the 1934 Surname Law, which required all Turkish citizens to adopt a surname, Mehmet Şükrü took on the surname "Saracoğlu", meaning "son of Saraç", Saraç being the epithet of his father. In the closing days of World War II, he took place in the negotiations with the Soviet Union in Moscow for months. Upon the death of Refik Saydam in 1942, he was assigned as the Prime Minister and resigned because of illness. He was elected as the President of the Grand National Assembly in 1948 and remained until 1950. Later life[edit] Saracoğlu, who retired from political life in 1950, was fluent in French and English. He was married and had three children. He died on 27 December 1953. The home of the Turkish football club Fenerbahçe, Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, is named after him.

Sükrü Saracoğlu in his early days

Şükrü Saracoğlu during the opening ceremony of the Fenerbahçe Stadium in 1934

Sükrü Saracoğlu in 1941

Şükrü Saracoğlu with his wife

The grave of Şükrü Saracoğlu in Istanbul

See also[edit]

13th government of Turkey

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Şükrü Saracoğlu.

Biography, Biyografi.info (in Turkish) [1], BASVEKIL SUKRU SARACOGLU'NDAN ANILAR (in Turkish)

Political offices

Preceded by Abdülhalik Renda Minister of Finance of Turkey 11 November 1927 – 25 December 1930 Succeeded by Abdülhalik Renda

Preceded by Tevfik Rüştü Aras Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey 11 November 1938 – 13 August 1942 Succeeded by Numan Menemencioğlu

Preceded by Refik Saydam Prime Minister of Turkey 9 July 1942 – 7 August 1946 Succeeded by Mehmet Recep Peker

Preceded by Ali Fuat Cebesoy Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey 1 November 1948 – 22 May 1950 Succeeded by Refik Koraltan

Honorary titles

Preceded by Hayri Celal Atamer President of Fenerbahçe S.K. 1934–1950 Succeeded by Ali Muhittin Hacıbekir

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Fenerbahçe S.K. – presidents

Ziya Songülen (1907–1908) Ayetullah Bey (1908–1909) Tevfik Taşçı (1909–1910) Galip Kulaksızoğlu (1910–1911) Osman Fuat Efendi (1911–1912) Hamit Hüsnü Kayacan (1912–1914) Salih Hulusi Kezrak (1914–1915) Mehmet Sabri Toprak (1915–1916) Nazım Bey (1916–1918) Refik Ahmet Nuri Sekizinci (1918–1919) Ömer Faruk Efendi (1920–1923) Nasuhi Baydar (1924–1927) Muvaffak Menemencioğlu (1928–1932) Sait Selahattin Cihanoğlu (1932–1933) Hayri Celal Atamer (1933–1934) Şükrü Saraçoğlu (1934–1950) Ali Muhittin Hacı Bekir (1950–1951) Osman Kavrakoğlu (1951–1953) Bedii Yazıcı (1953–1954) Zeki Rıza Sporel (1955–1957) Agah Erozan (1958–1959) Medeni Berk (1960) Hasan Kamil Sporel (1960–1961) Razi Trak (1961–1962) İsmet Uluğ (1962–1966) Faruk Ilgaz (1966–1974) Emin Cankurtaran (1974–1976) Faruk Ilgaz (1976–1980) Razi Trak (1980–1981) Ali Şen (1981–1983) Faruk Ilgaz (1983–1984) Fikret Arıcan (1984–1986) Tahsin Kaya (1986–1989) Metin Aşık (1989–1993) Güven Sazak (1993–1994) Hasan Özaydın (1994) Ali Şen (1994–1998) Aziz Yıldırım (1998–present)

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Foreign Ministers of Turkey

Bekir Sami Kunduh (1920–21) Ahmet Muhtar Mollaoğlu (1921) Yusuf Kemal Tengirşenk (1921–22) İsmet İnönü (1922–24) Şükrü Kaya(1924–25) Tevfik Rüştü Aras (1925–38) Şükrü Saracoğlu (1938–42) Hüseyin Numan Menemencioğlu (1942–44) Hasan Saka (1944–47) Necmettin Sadak (1947–50) Mehmet Fuat Köprülü (1950–56) Adnan Menderes (1956–57) Fatin Rüştü Zorlu (1957–60) Selim Sarper (1960–62) Feridun Cemal Erkin (1962–65) Hasan Esat Işık (1965) İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil (1965–71) Osman Olcay (1971) Ümit Haluk Bayülken (1971–74) Turan Güneş (1974) Melih Esenbel (1974–75) İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil (1975–77) Gündüz Ökçün (1977) İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil (1977–78) Ahmet Gündüz Ökçün (1978–79) Hayrettin Erkmen (1979–80) İlter Türkmen (1980–83) Vahit Melih Halefoğlu (1983–87) Mesut Yılmaz (1987–90) Ali Bozer (1990) Ahmet Kurtcebe Alptemoçin (1990–91) Safa Giray (1991) Hikmet Çetin (1991–94) Mümtaz Soysal (1994) Murat Karayalçın (1994–95) Erdal İnönü (1995) Coşkun Kırca (1995) Deniz Baykal (1995–96) Emre Gönensay (1996) Tansu Çiller (1996–97) İsmail Cem (1997–2002) Şükrü Sina Gürel (2002) Yaşar Yakış (2002–03) Abdullah Gül (2003–07) Ali Babacan (2007–09) Ahmet Davutoğlu (2009–14) Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu (2014–15) Feridun Sinirlioğlu (2015–15) Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu (2015–

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Ministers of Finance of Turkey

Hasan Fehmi Ataç Abdülhalik Renda Recep Peker Hasan Saka Şükrü Saracoğlu Fuat Ağralı Nurullah Esat Sümer Halit Nazmi Keşmir Hasan Şevket Adalan İsmail Rüştü Aksal Halil Ayan Hasan Polatkan Nedim Ökmen Ekrem Alican Mustafa Kemal Kurdaş Osman Şefik İnan Ferit Melen İhsan Gürsan Nevzat Cihat Bilgehan Ali Mesut Erez Sait Naci Ergin Ziya Müezzinoğlu Sadık Tekin Müftüoğlu Deniz Baykal Bedri Gürsoy Yılmaz Ergenekon Besim Üstünel İsmet Sezgin Kaya Erdem Adnan Başer Kafaoğlu Vural Arıkan Ahmet Kurtcebe Alptemoçin Ekrem Pakdemirli Adnan Kahveci Sümer Oral İsmet Attila Lütfullah Kayalar Abdüllatif Şener Zekeriya Temizel İbrahim Nami Çağan Kemal Unakıtan Mehmet Şimşek Naci Ağbal

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Prime Minister of Turkey

Government of the Grand National Assembly (1920–1923)

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Fevzi Çakmak Rauf Orbay Fethi Okyar

Republic of Turkey (since 1923)

İsmet İnönü Fethi Okyar İsmet İnönü Celâl Bayar Refik Saydam Ahmet Fikri Tüzer Şükrü Saracoğlu Recep Peker Hasan Saka Şemsettin Günaltay Adnan Menderes Cemal Gürsel Fahri Özdilek İsmet İnönü Suat Hayri Ürgüplü Süleyman Demirel Nihat Erim Ferit Melen Naim Talu Bülent Ecevit Sadi Irmak Süleyman Demirel Bülent Ecevit Süleyman Demirel Bülent Ecevit Süleyman Demirel Bülent Ulusu Turgut Özal Ali Bozer Yıldırım Akbulut Mesut Yılmaz Süleyman Demirel Erdal İnönü Tansu Çiller Mesut Yılmaz Necmettin Erbakan Mesut Yılmaz Bülent Ecevit Abdullah Gül Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Ahmet Davutoğlu Binali Yıldırım

Italics denote acting prime ministers.

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Speakers of the Parliament of the Republic of Turkey

Grand National Assembly Büyük Millet Meclisi (1920–1960)

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Fethi Okyar Kâzım Özalp Abdülhalik Renda Kâzım Karabekir Ali Fuat Cebesoy Şükrü Saracoğlu Refik Koraltan

House of Representatives Temsilciler Meclisi (1961)

Kâzım Orbay

National Assembly Millet Meclisi (1961–1980)

Fuat Sirmen Ferruh Bozbeyli Sabit Osman Avcı Kemal Güven Cahit Karakaş

Consultative Assembly Danışma Meclisi (1981–1983)

Sadi Irmak

Grand National Assembly Büyük Millet Meclisi (since 1983)

Necmettin Karaduman Yıldırım Akbulut İsmet Kaya Erdem Hüsamettin Cindoruk İsmet Sezgin Mustafa Kalemli Hikmet Çetin Ömer İzgi Bülent Arınç Köksal Toptan Mehmet Ali Şahin Cemil Çiçek İsmet Yılmaz İsmail Kahraman

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Ministers of the Interior of Turkey

Cami Baykut Hakkı Behiç Bayiç Nazım Resmor Refet Bele Ata Atalay Refet Bele Fethi Okyar İsmail Safa Özler Fethi Okyar Ahmet Ferit Tek Recep Peker Cemil Uybadın Şükrü Kaya Refik Saydam Faik Öztrak Ahmet Fikri Tüzer Recep Peker Hilmi Uran Şükrü Sökmen Süer Münir Hüsrev Göle Mehmet Emin Erişirgil Rüknettin Nasuhioğlu Halil İbrahim Özyörük Fevzi Lütfi Karaosmanoğlu İbrahim Ethem Menderes Namık Gedik İbrahim Ethem Menderes Namık Gedik Muharrem İhsan Kızıloğlu Emin Fahrettin Özdilek Ahmet Topaloğlu Kemal Sahir Kurutluoğlu Hıfzı Oğuz Bekata İlyas Seçkin Orhan Öztrak İsmail Hakkı Akdoğan İzzet Gener Mehmet Faruk Sükan Salih Ragıp Üner Haldun Menteşeoğlu Hamdi Ömeroğlu Ferit Kubat Mukadder Öztekin Oğuzhan Asiltürk Mukadder Öztekin Oğuzhan Asiltürk Sabahattin Özbek Mustafa Necdet Uğur Korkut Özal İrfan Özaydınlı Hasan Fehmi Güneş Vecdi İlhan Mustafa Gülcügil Orhan Eren Selahattin Çetiner Ali Tanrıyar Yıldırım Akbulut Ahmet Selçuk Mustafa Kalemli Abdülkadir Aksu Mustafa Kalemli Sabahattin Çakmakoğlu İsmet Sezgin Mehmet Gazioğlu Nahit Menteşe Teoman Ünüsan Ülkü Güney Mehmet Ağar Meral Akşener Murat Başesgioğlu Kutlu Aktaş Cahit Bayar Sadettin Tantan Rüştü Kazım Yücelen Muzaffer Ecemiş Abdülkadir Aksu Osman Güneş Beşir Atalay Osman Güneş İdris Naim Şahin Muammer Güler Efkan Ala Sebahattin Öztürk Selami Altınok Efkan Ala Süleyman Soylu

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Ministers of National Education of Turkey

Pre Republic Turkey (1920-1923)

Rıza Nur • Hamdullah Suphi • Mehmet Vehbi Bolak

1923-1960

İsmail Safa Özler • Vasıf Çınar • Şükrü Saraçoğlu • Hamdullah Suphi • Mustafa Necati Uğural • Vasıf Çınar • Hüsnü Taray • Esat Sagay • Reşit Galip • Hikmet Bayur • Zeynel Abidin Özmen • Saffet Arıkan • Hasan Âli Yücel • Şemsettin Sirer • Tahsin Banguoğlu • Avni Başman • Tevfik İleri • Rıfkı Salim Burçak • Celal Yardımcı • Ahmet Özel • Atıf Benderlioğlu

1960-1980

Fehmi Yavuz • Bedrettin Tuncel • Turhan Feyzioğlu • Ahmet Tahtakılıç • Mehmet Hilmi İncesulu • Şevket Raşit Hatipoğlu • İbrahim Öktem • Cihat Bilgehan • Orhan Dengiz • İlhami Ertem • Orhan Oğuz • Şinasi Orel • İsmail Hakkı Arar • Sabahattin Özbek • Orhan Dengiz • Mustafa Üstündağ • Sefa Reisoğlu • Ali Naili Erdem • Nahit Menteşe  • Necdet Uğur • Orhan Cemal Fersoy

After 1980

Hasan Sağlam • Vehbi Dinçerler • Metin Emiroğlu • Hasan Celal Güzel • Avni Akyol • Köksal Toptan • Nahit Menteşe  • Nevzat Ayaz • Turhan Tayan • Mehmet Sağlam • Hikmet Uluğbay • Metin Bostancıoğlu • Necdet Tekin • Erkan Mumcu • Hüseyin Çelik • Nimet Çubukçu  • Ömer Dinçer • Nabi Avcı • İsmet Yılmaz

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 65100903 LCCN: nr94007139 ISNI: 0000 0000 5338 1653 GND: 129967513 BNF: cb1705

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