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The ŚVēTāMBARA (/ʃwɛˈtʌmbərə/ ; Sanskrit : श्वेतांबर or श्वेतपट _śvētapaṭa_; also spelled _Svetambar_, _Shvetambara_, _Shvetambar_, _Swetambar_ or _Shwetambar_) is one of the two main sects of Jainism
Jainism
, the other being the _ Digambara
Digambara
_. Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
"white-clad" is a term describing its ascetics ' practice of wearing white clothes, which sets it apart from the _Digambara_ "sky-clad" Jainas, whose ascetic practitioners go naked. Śvētāmbaras, unlike Digambaras, do not believe that ascetics must practice nudity.

Śvētāmbaras also believe that women are able to obtain moksha . Śvētāmbaras maintain that the 19th Tirthankara
Tirthankara
, Māllīnātha , was a woman.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Denominations * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References

HISTORY

The Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
tradition follows the lineage of Acharya Sthulabhadra . The Kalpa Sūtra mentions some of the lineages in ancient times. The Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
monastic orders are branches of the Vrahada Order, which was founded in 937 CE. The most prominent among the classical orders today are the Kharatara (founded 1024 CE), the Tapa (founded 1228 CE) and the Tristutik .

A major dispute was initiated by Lonka Shaha, who started a movement opposed to idol worship in 1476. The Sthanakvasi
Sthanakvasi
and Terapanthi orders are branches of this movement.

Major reforms by Vijayananda Suri of the Tapa Order in 1880 led a movement to restore orders of wandering monks, which brought about the near-extinction of the Yati institutions. Acharya Rajendrasuri restored the shramana organization in the Tristutik Order.

Some Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
monks and nuns cover their mouth with a white cloth or muhapatti to practise ahimsa even when they talk. By doing so they minimize the possibility of inhaling small organisms.

DENOMINATIONS

Tirth Pat on display at Prince of Wales museum
Prince of Wales museum
, Mumbai

The Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
sect was divided into different panths . First some saints left Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
sect to form Lonka sect in 1474 CE,, which eventually lead to forming of Sthānakavāsī in 1653 CE. In 1760 CE 13 Saints started their own panth called "Terapanth" .

So now at present there are 3 panths in the Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
sect: Murtipujaka (Deravasi) , Sthānakavāsī and Terapanth . The Sthānakavāsī believe in praying to Saints rather than to an idol in a temple, the same philosophy is carried on by "Terapanth". Other difference between Deravasi Jains and Sthānakavāsī Jains is that the saints (monks) of Deravasi do not wear white cloth "muhapatti " near their mouth to cover it, they hold it in hand. Sthānakavāsī and Terapanthi saints wear muhapatti held in place by white cotton thread tied to their ears. They do not keep Idols in a worship place called Sthanak or Derasar but pray and bow to Panch Mahamantar. Murtipujaka people keep idols of Tirthankar at their derasars and worship them.

SEE ALSO

* Tirth Pat

NOTES

* ^ Dundas 2002 , p. 45. * ^ http://www.jainworld.com/jainbooks/antiquity/svetsubs.htm

REFERENCES

* Mary Pat Fisher , _Living Religions_ (5th Edition) (2003), p. 130 * Dundas, Paul (2002) , _The Jains_ (Second ed.), Routledge , ISBN 0-415-26605-X

* v * t * e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

GODS

* Tirthankara
Tirthankara
* Ganadhara * Arihant

PHILOSOPHY

* Ethics

* Ahimsa
Ahimsa

* Epistemology

* Kevala Jñāna

* Jaina logic

* Anekāntavāda

* Jain cosmology

* Siddhashila
Siddhashila
* Naraka * Heavenly beings

* Karma

* Types * Causes

* Gunasthana

* Dravya
Dravya

* Jīva

* Ajiva

* Pudgala
Pudgala
* Dharma

* Tattva

* Asrava * Bandha * Samvara
Samvara
* Nirjara * Mokṣa

* Death * Saṃsāra * Ratnatraya
Ratnatraya
* Kashaya

BRANCHES

DIGAMBARA

* Mula Sangh

* Balatkara Gana
Balatkara Gana
* Kashtha Sangh
Kashtha Sangh

* Taran Panth * Bispanthi
Bispanthi
* Terapanth * Yapaniya

ŚVēTāMBARA

* Murtipujaka

* Gaccha
Gaccha

* Kharatara * Tapa * Tristutik

* Sthānakavāsī * Terapanth

PRACTICES

* Sallekhana
Sallekhana

* Meditation

* Sāmāyika

* Monasticism * Vegetarianism * Fasting * Rituals

* Festivals

* Paryushana
Paryushana
* Kshamavani * Mahamastakabhisheka

* Upadhan * Tapas * Pratikramana
Pratikramana

LITERATURE

* Agama

* Satkhandagama * Kasayapahuda
Kasayapahuda

* Mantra

* Namokar Mantra
Namokar Mantra
* Bhaktamara Stotra
Bhaktamara Stotra

* Tattvartha Sutra * Samayasara
Samayasara
* Aptamimamsa
Aptamimamsa
* Kalpa Sūtra

SYMBOLS

* Jain flag
Jain flag
* Siddhachakra
Siddhachakra

* Ashtamangala

* Srivatsa * Nandavarta
Nandavarta

* Auspicious dreams * Swastika
Swastika

ASCETICS

* Digambara
Digambara
monk * Aryika * Kshullak
Kshullak
* Pattavali
Pattavali
* Acharya

SCHOLARS

* Nalini Balbir * Colette Caillat * Chandabai * John E. Cort * Paul Dundas * Virchand Gandhi
Virchand Gandhi
* Hermann Jacobi * Champat Rai Jain
Champat Rai Jain
* Padmanabh Jaini * Jeffery D. Long * Hampa Nagarajaiah * Claudia Pastorino * Bal Patil * Jinendra Varni * Robert J. Zydenbos

COMMUNITY

* Śrāvaka * Sarak
Sarak
* Tamil

* Organisations

* Digambar Jain Mahasabha * Vishwa Jain Sangathan
Vishwa Jain Sangathan
* JAINA
JAINA

JAINISM IN

INDIA

* Bundelkhand * Delhi * Goa * Gujarat * Haryana

* Karnataka

* North

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* Maharashtra

* Mumbai

* Rajasthan * Uttar Pradesh

OVERSEAS

* Canada * Europe * United States * Japan * Singapore * Hong Kong * Pakistan * Belgium * Africa * Southeast Asia * Australia

JAINISM AND

* Buddhism * Hinduism * Islam * Sikhism * Non-creationism

DYNASTIES AND EMPIRES

* Ikshvaku * Maurya * Kalinga * Kadamba * Ganga * Chalukya * Rashtrakuta * Hoysala * Pandayan

RELATED

* History

* Timeline

* Pañca-Parameṣṭhi * Pratima * Śalākāpuruṣa * Tirtha * Samavasarana
Samavasarana

* Jain calendar

* Samvatsari

* Panch Kalyanaka
Panch Kalyanaka
* Statue of Ahimsa
Ahimsa
* Temple * Sculpture * Art * Law * Nigoda * Jain terms and concepts * Sexual differences

LISTS

* List of Jains
List of Jains
* List of Jain temples * List of Jain ascetics * List of Digambar Jain ascetics
List of Digambar Jain ascetics
* Topics List (index)

NAVBOXES

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AUTHORITY CONTROL

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