Łańcut (Polish pronunciation: [ˈwaɲt͡sut]; German: Landshut,
Yiddish: לאַנצוט-Lantzut), is a town in south-eastern
Poland, with 18,004 inhabitants, as of 2 June 2009. Situated in the
Subcarpathian Voivodeship (since 1999), it is the capital of Łańcut
2 Main sights
4 International relations
4.1 Twin towns — sister cities
5 See also
7 External links
Archeological investigations carried out in the region of Łańcut
confirm the existence of human settlements from about 4000 years
The first owner of the town was Otton (z Pilczy) Pilecki, who was
Łańcut estate by the Polish king, Casimir III the Great,
in 1349, as a reward for his service. At the same time, the king also
Łańcut its city rights according to Magdeburg law. In
Łańcut was officially named a ‘town’ for the first time, by
Otton Pilecki, in the foundation charter of the town. Łańcut
remained under the ownership of the Pilecki family up to 1586.
The city was then owned consecutively by aristocratic Polish families
of Stadnicki, Lubomirski, and Potocki.
Łańcut was purchased by
Stanisław Lubomirski in 1629, at which time he secured the services
of architect Matteo (Polish: ‘Maciej’) Trapola and the stuccoist
Giovanni Battista Falconi, in order to build a fortified residence in
Łańcut Castle, completed in 1641 and reconstructed many
times since. Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski, fearing attack from the
Swedes, further strengthened the fortifications. To perform these
works he employed Tylman van Gameren, a Dutchman and one of the most
prominent foreign architects to ever work in Poland.
The castle is situated in the centre of the town and constructed in
the style of a grand aristocratic palace-residence. It was last owned
until 1944 by the Potocki family, and made infamous in late 16th
century during the times of Stanisław Stadnicki, who was known as
'the Devil of Łańcut' (Polish: diabeł łańcucki) for his violent
behaviour. After 1775 the palace was owned by Izabella Lubomirska, who
extended it and had the interiors remodelled. The palace is currently
a museum particularly well known for its large collection of historic
carriages. Since 1961, a well-known classical music festival is held
In 1772, after Poland's First Partition,
Łańcut became part of the
Habsburg Monarchy where it remained until 1918 when it became part of
At the end of the 18th century,
Duchess Izabela Lubomirska established
a distillery on the vast estate of the
Lubomirski family in Łańcut.
Count Alfred Wojciech Potocki, a grandson and heir of the Duchess,
started to run the
Łańcut and Lwów Lubomirski estates in
1823. He modernised the management of these properties. The
distillery has changed ownership several times and now exists under
the name of Polmos Łańcut. It is well known for producing flavoured
and sweetened vodkas.
Jews began to settle in
Łańcut in the 16th century: the earliest
mention of a settler is 1554. The landowner Stanisław Lubomirski
employed a Jewish factor for his
Łańcut estate in 1629. in 1707 the
Council of Four Lands
Council of Four Lands (the Polish Jewish parliament). met in Łańcut.
A wooden synagogue burnt down in 1716 and new brick synagogue was
commenced in 1726. The project was supported by the Lubomirski family
and the synagogue, which still stands, was completed in 1761 (see
below). Local Jewish cemeteries are the resting place of the famous
Rabbi Zvi Naftali Horowitz, the Grand Rabbi of Ropshitz (Ropczyce) and
Rabbi Ahron Moshe Leifer, the Grand Rabbi of Żołynia. Every
year, followers of the
Hasidic Judaism come to pray at their graves.
Prior to World War II,
Łańcut had a thriving Jewish community
constituting about one-third of the city population. In 1939 there
were 2750 Jews in Łańcut. From 1942 onwards the German occupiers
began transportation and murder of the Jewish community; very few of
the community survived.
The last owner of Łańcut, Alfred Antoni Potocki, (14 June 1886 –
30 March 1958), was one of the richest men in prewar Poland,
accumulating a fantastic collection of art during his
tenancy. Shortly before the arrival of the
Red Army in
1944, he loaded 11 railway carriages of a specially chartered train to
Vienna, with his most valuable possessions (about 700 boxes of movable
property) and fled to Liechtenstein. Most of these valuables were
gradually sold off to finance a lavish lifestyle
The Music Festival in
Łańcut has been an annual event since 1961.
The Festival is a series of modern and classical music concerts
performed by distinguished European soloists, ensembles and choirs.
Łańcut Castle, sometimes called the Potocki Palace. It was built
in 1628–1641 by Stanisław Lubomirski, rebuilt in 1894–1903 in the
style of French Neo-baroque. In the castle grounds there is a park
with the little romantic castle, a coachhouse with a collection of
carriages and a guest-house in the English style.
Łańcut Synagogue, completed in 1761. German invaders in 1939
attempted to burn the synagogue down, but were prevented by Count
Alfred Antoni Potocki. Although plain on the exterior, the
interior walls and ceiling are decorated with restorations of
paintings and stuccowork from the 18th century and polychromies from
the 19th – 20th centuries.
The architectural complex of the ancient Church and the Dominican
monastery (Rynek) rebuilt repeatedly, the oldest phase of the
construction going back to the 15th century.
The Parish Church (Farna Street) going back to the 15th century.
Rebuilt in 1884–1900.
ancient Church and the Dominican monastery
Łańcut is located on the main West-East European E40 Highway, which
France via Belgium, across Germany, Poland,
Ukraine and on to
Russia and Kazakhstan. Circa 2008, the A4 highway
was announced. Despite it was meant to be done before Euro 2012, it
was not finished by July 2014. This caused a large worker protest,
after which the contract was broken. However, now the A4 north of
Łańcut is expected to be completed sometime in 2016 Other Polish
cities located by the E40 highway are Wrocław, Opole, Katowice,
Rzeszów and Przemyśl.
The nearest airport is
Rzeszów-Jasionka Airport located in the
village of Jasionka, north of Rzeszów. It is about 18 kilometres (11
miles) north-west of
Łańcut on the A881 and takes about 25–30
minutes by car. Scheduled passenger services include flights to:
Warsaw (WAW), Dublin, London (Stansted), Bristol, UK, Birmingham, UK,
New York City
New York City (JFK Airport, and Newark Liberty International Airport).
Łańcut has a railway station, located at Kolejowa Street 1. It is on
the main line,
Kraków Main station — Medyka. The line then
continues on to Ukraine.
The bus station is located at the crossroads of Kościuszko Street and
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland
Twin towns — sister cities
Łańcut is twinned with:
Litomyšl, Czech Republic
Łańcut (vodka) is a brand of vodka.
Cicochny, Macin et al. (2010). Łańcut: The Hasidic route. Warsaw:
FODZ. ISBN 9788361306092
"Central Statistical Office(GUS) – TERYT(National Register of
Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-01-09.
Łańcut Official Website". © 2008 Urząd Miejski w Łańcucie, Plac
Sobieskiego 18, 37–100 Łańcut. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
Polski Słownik Biograficzny t. 27 s. 760
Stanisław Mossakowski, Tilman van Gameren: Leben und Werk, Deutscher
Kunstverlag, München 1994, XIII, 366 S., ISBN 3-422-06097-9
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on
^ Approximately "wine-suit"
^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division" (PDF).
Central Statistical Office. February 2016.
^ a b c d e "
Łańcut Official Website". © 2008 Urząd Miejski w
Łańcucie, Plac Sobieskiego 18, 37–100 Łańcut. Retrieved
^ Danuta Szmit-Zawierucha (July 2003). "
Tylman van Gameren
Tylman van Gameren of Warsaw".
Warsaw Voice.pl. Retrieved November 30, 2012. (in
^ Jacek Komuda, Warchoły i pijanice, Fabryka Słów, 2004,
^ Jurzak, Ryszard. "Genealogia dynastyczna". grocholski.pl.
^ email@example.com, Marek Jerzy Minakowski. "Alfred Potocki z Podhajec
h. Pilawa (Srebrna)". sejm-wielki.pl.
^ Rogala, Jan. Gorzałka czyli historia i zasady wypalania mocnych
trunków, Baobab: 2004. ISBN 83-89642-70-0
^ Cicohny (2010), pp. 8-9.
^ Mańko, Sławomir. "Ropczyce: The Chassidic Route", page 11. ©
Polish Jews Heritage 2008.
^ Cichocki (2010), pp. 15-16.
^ Chmura, Barbara (2009). NR49 (PDF) (in Polish). Rzeszów: Nasz Dom
^ Łojek J. (1980, wyd. I), Potomkowie Szczęsnego. Dzieje fortuny
Potockich z Tulczyna 1799–1921 s. 265, Lublin, Wydawnictwo
Lubelskie, ISBN 83-222-0119-2.
^ a b Tamże, s. 264–274.
^ a b c d "
Łańcut Official Website – Information". © 2008
Urząd Miejski w Łańcucie, Plac Sobieskiego 18, 37–100 Łańcut.
^ Cichocki (2010), p. 15.
^ a b c d e f g h i j "
Łańcut Official Website – Foreign
contacts". © 2008 Urząd Miejski w Łańcucie, Plac Sobieskiego 18,
37–100 Łańcut. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Łańcut.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Łańcut.
Łańcut official website
Łańcut Castle website
Łańcut County, Touristic Informant
Coordinates: 50°4′N 22°14′E / 50.067°N 22.233°E /
Łańcut (urban gmina)
Seat (not part of the gmina)