Đồng Khánh (Chữ Hán: 同慶; 19 February 1864 – 28 January 1889), born Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Kỷ (阮福膺祺) or Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Đường (阮福膺禟), also known as Chánh Mông, was the ninth emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. He reigned three years between 1885 and 1889. His royal temple name was Nguyễn Cảnh Tông (阮景宗).
Đồng Khánh was given birth in 19/12/1864 at Imperial city of Huế. He got the childhood name Chánh Mông when he was brought up in Chánh Mông palace. Đồng Khánh was the eldest son of Prince Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Cai (son of emperor Thiệu Trị) and Concubine Bùi Thị Thanh.
As his uncle, Emperor Tự Đức, had no children, Đồng Khánh was adopted and made the title Kiên Giang quận công (Duke of Kiên Giang).
After the French armies captured the city of Huế and the Purple Forbidden City of was fallen to French, hen court regents Nguyễn Văn Tường and Tôn Thất Thuyết took the young Emperor Hàm Nghi escaped from the Purple Forbidden City of Huế, and took him to the mountains as the figurehead of a revolutionary movement against the French. To take away the legitimacy of Hàm Nghi general de Courcy sai de Champeaux of France asked the empress dowager Nghi Thiên to enthrone prince Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Kỷ (Hàm Nghi's elder half brother). In 19/09/1885, Prince Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Kỷ had to go to the governor of Annam to attend his cornoration, he became the ninth emperor of Đại Nam with the era name of Đồng Khánh.
The emperor showed himself as the Pro-French ruler and this thing was also mentioned in Diary of Trần Trọng Kim:
"Emperor Đồng Khánh had a gentle personality, loved to wear luxurious jewelry and adopted French culture therefore French colonial government gave favor to him. After the dethroned emperor Hàm Nghi fled to Quảng Bình, Đồng Khánh accepted the French request of travelling to Quảng Bình to persuade Hàm Nghi and his loyal subjects surrender but unsuccessful. After that, Hàm Nghi was betrayed by his loyal subject Trương Quang Ngọc, then he was captured by French and exiled in Algérie."
In 28/01/1889, Đồng Khánh passed away at aged 24 after reigning in 3 years.he was granted the Posthumous name as Hoằng Liệt Thông Thiết Mẫn Huệ Thuần Hoàng Đế (弘烈聰哲敏惠純皇帝), with temple name Cảnh Tông (景宗). In 1916, his son (Emperor Khải Định) granted him as Phối Thiên Minh Vận Hiếu Đức Nhân Vũ Vĩ Công Hoằng Liệt Thông Thiết Mẫn Huệ Thuần Hoàng Đế (配天明運孝德仁武偉功弘烈聰哲敏惠純皇帝). He was burial in Tư Lăng mausoleum (思陵) where is located at Dương Xuân Thượng village, Hương Thuỷm commune, Thừa Thiên Province
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Đồng KhánhBorn: 19 February 1864 Died: 28 January 1889
|Emperor of Vietnam