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Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
( listen) is the capital city of Quảng Bình Province in the north central coast of Vietnam. The city's area is 155.71 km2 (60.12 sq mi). Population as per the 2013 census was 160,000.[1] It is served by National Highway 1A, the Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
Railway Station, and airport. By road, Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
is 486 kilometres (302 mi) south of Hanoi, 195 kilometres (121 mi) south of Vinh, 160 kilometres (99 mi) north of Huế
Huế
and 1,204 kilometres (748 mi) north of Hồ Chí Minh City.[2] It borders Quảng Ninh District
Quảng Ninh District
on the west and south, the South China Sea
South China Sea
on the east, Bố Trạch District
Bố Trạch District
on the north.[3][4] Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
has a 12-km-long coastline with white sand beaches.[5] It is the closest city to Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park, UNESCO's World Natural Heritage Site, 50 km north.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Location 2.2 Transportation

3 Climate

3.1 Topography and geology

4 Administration 5 Tourism 6 Economy 7 Education 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Archaeological excavation in this area proved that humans lived in what is now Quảng Bình province in the Stone Age. Many artifacts, such as ceramic vases, stone tools, and china, have been unearthed in Quảng Bình.[4][6] In 1926, French archaeologist Madeleine Colani discovered and excavated many artifacts in caves and grottoes in west mountainous areas of Quảng Bình. She concluded that the Hòa Bình culture existed in this region. Through C14 testing, the artifacts dated back to 10,509 (plus or minus 950) ago. From Quy Đạt
Quy Đạt
township (Tuyên Hóa District) to south-west about 150 m, the Hum grotto contains many stone tools and animal stones from an ancient human community. Inside Khai grotto near the Quy Đạt
Quy Đạt
township, similar artifacts were found, including ceramics from Đông Sơn culture. Additionally, artifacts of the Stone Age
Stone Age
were unearthed in grottoes in the Quảng Bình region. Owners of these artifacts lived in the caves and grottoes and hunted for their food.[4] Human settlement in Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
can be traced 5,000 years back. Many relics and remnants have been found in Bau Tro, a lake in the city, most of which date to the Stone Age. Around 2880 BC, the site of modern Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
was a territory of the Viet Thuong tribe of Văn Lang during the reign of king Hùng Vương. The site was a long-disputed territory between the Champa
Champa
kingdom and Đại Việt. It officially became Đại Việt
Đại Việt
territory in 1069 after Lý Thường Kiệt took victory over Champa
Champa
as a result of the Đại Việt- Champa
Champa
War (1069). The area ceased to be the southernmost of Đại Việt
Đại Việt
following the political marriage of the Trần Dynasty
Trần Dynasty
princess, Huyền Trân, to Champa
Champa
king, Jaya Sinhavarman III (Vietnamese: Chế Mân). Princess Huyền Trân
Huyền Trân
was king Trần Nhân Tông's daughter and king Trần Anh Tông's younger sister. Political matches made to acquire land was a traditional practice by Champa
Champa
kings. Thanks to this marriage, Đại Việt
Đại Việt
acquired lands (as dowry) of what is now Quảng Trị Province and Thừa Thiên– Huế
Huế
Province (provinces which were then known respectively as Chau O and Chau Ri or Chau Ly).[7][8] During the time of the Trịnh–Nguyễn War
Trịnh–Nguyễn War
(1558–1775), Vietnam was divided into two countries: Dang Trong (South) and Dang Ngoai (North) with the Gianh River
Gianh River
as frontier line. Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
was an important fortress of the southern Nguyễn lords. The Đồng Hới Wall (Vietnamese: Thành Đồng Hới) was considered the barrier that protected the Nguyễn lords
Nguyễn lords
from the attack by the northern Trịnh family. During the First Indochina War
First Indochina War
(between the French and the Viet Minh in the 1950s), the Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
airbase was used by the French to attack the Viet Minh
Viet Minh
in north-central Vietnam
Vietnam
and the Laotian Pathet Lao army in central and southern Laos. During the Vietnam
Vietnam
War, Đồng Hới was heavily devastated by bombardments from the United States B-52
B-52
due to its location near the 17th parallel and the DMZ between North Vietnam
Vietnam
and South Vietnam.[9][10] On February 11, 1965 bombing destroyed much of the city. The Tam Tòa Church, a Catholic cathedral, was severely damaged. Today the bell tower remains near the town center as a monument.

Ruins of Tam Tòa Church.

On 19 April 1972, during a major North Vietnam
Vietnam
offensive, a task force of four US ships were sailing off the coast of Vietnam
Vietnam
— the USS Oklahoma City, USS Sterett, the USS Lloyd Thomas and the USS Higbee. They were attacked by three North Vietnamese MiGs in the battle of Đồng Hới. In an attempt to surprise the task force, the MiGs came in low, described as getting their feet wet. Despite the official stories, they did not surprise the task force, which had spotted them long before engagement range and were ready to shoot. Two ships, the Oklahoma City and the Sterett, had anti-aircraft missiles, while the Higbee and the Lloyd Thomas were armed with dual purpose 5" guns. All ships were at battle stations. This city is the narrowest land of Vietnam
Vietnam
(around 40 km from the east to the west). After the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975, Quảng Bình province was merged into Bình Trị Thiên province (Bình Trị Thiên is the abbreviation of Quảng Bình, Quảng Trị, and Thừa Thiên provinces). In 1990, Bình Trị Thiên was once again separated into three provinces as it had been before. Đồng Hới then became the capital of Quảng Bình province. Geography[edit] Location[edit]

Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
seen from the air

Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
is on the National Route 1A, North–South Railway, and Ho Chi Minh Highway, at the coordinates 17 21' N and 106 10’ E. This city is in the heart of Quảng Bình Province. It borders Bố Trạch on the north, Quảng Ninh on the south, the South China
China
Sea on the east and Quảng Ninh on the west. It is 50 km south of Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park, 50 km north of Bang Spa, 180 km south-east of Cha Lo border gate with Laos. It has a coastline of 12 km. Nhật Lệ River
Nhật Lệ River
is the only river that runs through the city. Tro Lake is the source of fresh water. The Nhật Lệ Beach is endowed with fine and white sand.[3] Transportation[edit] There are many ways to get to Dong Hoi from Hue, such as local bus at Hue North Bus Station. There are taxis from city center bus station (6 km). The bus fare is around $8. It takes 3.5 hours to drive to Dong Hoi/Quang Binh Town. Climate[edit] Like all provinces in north and north central of Vietnam, there are four distinct seasons in Đồng Hới. In the spring, it is cool, humid and foggy. The average annual temperature is 24.40C, average rainfall varies from 1,300 to 4,000 mm, total sunshine hours per year is 1,786 hours, average annual moisture is around 84%. The city has monsoon climate with three types of wind: south-east (gió nồm), south-west (gió nam), and north-east. Although the city is by the sea, its climate is subject to drought in the summer. This is largely due to the dry south-west wind from Gulf of Thailand (this flow of wind is wet but when it passes to Vietnam, Annamite Range
Annamite Range
mountain range keeps its humidity to cause rains in Laos but drought in central Vietnam). It is rainy in the fall but the weather is comfortable with the temperature around 26 to 31 degrees Celsius. In the winter, due to the north-east wind blowing from the Chinese mainland, the temperature may go down below 18 degrees Celsius, and there may be slight rain. The highest precipitation gets highest level in August (118.4 mm), compared to just 38.9 mm in January.[11]

Climate data for Đồng Hới

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 34.4 (93.9) 37.2 (99) 39.4 (102.9) 41.1 (106) 42.2 (108) 41.7 (107.1) 41.1 (106) 41.7 (107.1) 41.1 (106) 37.2 (99) 35.0 (95) 29.4 (84.9) 42.2 (108)

Average high °C (°F) 22.2 (72) 22.8 (73) 25.0 (77) 28.9 (84) 32.8 (91) 34.4 (93.9) 34.4 (93.9) 33.9 (93) 31.1 (88) 28.3 (82.9) 25.6 (78.1) 22.8 (73) 28.5 (83.3)

Daily mean °C (°F) 19.7 (67.5) 20.3 (68.5) 22.2 (72) 25.6 (78.1) 28.9 (84) 30.6 (87.1) 30.6 (87.1) 30.0 (86) 27.8 (82) 25.3 (77.5) 22.8 (73) 20.3 (68.5) 25.3 (77.5)

Average low °C (°F) 17.2 (63) 17.8 (64) 19.4 (66.9) 22.2 (72) 25.0 (77) 26.7 (80.1) 26.7 (80.1) 26.1 (79) 24.4 (75.9) 22.2 (72) 20.0 (68) 17.8 (64) 22.1 (71.8)

Record low °C (°F) 7.8 (46) 7.8 (46) 10.6 (51.1) 11.7 (53.1) 15.0 (59) 20.6 (69.1) 20.6 (69.1) 22.2 (72) 18.3 (64.9) 16.1 (61) 12.2 (54) 10.0 (50) 7.8 (46)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 66.0 (2.598) 43.2 (1.701) 45.7 (1.799) 53.3 (2.098) 109.2 (4.299) 81.3 (3.201) 91.4 (3.598) 139.7 (5.5) 421.7 (16.602) 543.6 (21.402) 360.7 (14.201) 134.6 (5.299) 2,090.4 (82.299)

Source: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial[12]

Topography and geology[edit] The city has diverse topographical and geological features, including hill, mountainous, half mountainous, coastal plains and coastal sand dunes. The hilly region is in the west, stretching from north to south (in parts of communes: Dong Son, Thuan Duc) with an average elevation of 12–15 m, with total area of 64.93 km², 41.7% of the city total area. Residents here live on agriculture, forestry, farming. The soil in this area is poor in nutrition, infertile and subject to continuous erosion due to its slope of 7-10%. The half hilly region surrounds a plain with an average elevation of 10 m from north-east - north to north-west – south-west and south – south-east.[clarification needed] This region covers commues and wards of Bắc Lý, Nam Lý, Nghĩa Ninh, Bắc Nghĩa, Đức Ninh, Đức Ninh Đông, Lộc Ninh and Phú Hải with total area of 62.87 km², or accounts for 40.2% of the city total area. Residents here lives on industrial, handcraft, trading and a small percentage lives on farming. This region is not very fertile, subject to alum. However, thanks to the heavy distribution of rivers and lakes, ponds and pools, it's better for agriculture than the hilly region. The plain with the average of 2.1 m, with little slope, accounting for 0.2% of the city area (5.76 km²). Most of the city's commercial, administrative and main streets concentrate in this narrow regions. Coastal sand dune area is on the east of the city, with an area of 21.98 km², making up 14,3% of the total area.[citation needed] Administration[edit] Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
is subdivided into 16 subdivisions: 10 urban wards (phường) and 6 rural communes (xã).[1]

No. Name Population 2009 Area (km²)

Inner wards (phường):

1. Bắc Lý 18,158 10.19

2. Bắc Nghĩa 6,981 7.76

3. Đồng Mỹ 2,757 0.58

4. Đồng Phú 8,646 3.81

5. Đồng Sơn 9,127 19.65

6. Đức Ninh Đông 5,031 3.13

7. Hải Đình 3,878 8.822

8. Hải Thành 4,774 2.45

9. Nam Lý 16,412 3.9

10. Phú Hải 3,581 3.06

Total inner wards 10 phường 71,620 55.47

Suburban communes (xã):

11. Bảo Ninh 8,906 16.3

12. Đức Ninh 7,526 5.21

13. Lộc Ninh 8,647 13.4

14. Nghĩa Ninh 4,642 16.22

15. Quang Phú 3,178 3.23

16. Thuận Đức 3,788 45.28

Total suburban communes 6 xã 36,906 100.24

10 phường, 6 xã 108,526 155.71

Tourism[edit]

Nhật Lệ River

Bảo Ninh Beach

Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
is endowed with beautiful beaches with fine sand and clean water of Nhật Lệ. The Da Nhay and Ly Hoa beaches (60 km north of the city) are popular tourist destinations. The Bang Spa
Bang Spa
(hot mineral spring) is ideal for those who enjoy spa baths. The city is 50 km south of the World Heritage
World Heritage
Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park which is ideal for cave and grotto exploration and biological research activities (mainly Phong Nha Cave
Phong Nha Cave
and, from September 2010, Thiên Đường Cave
Thiên Đường Cave
and Sơn Đoòng Cave
Sơn Đoòng Cave
are available for visitors). Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
is included in former battlefield tours where travelers can visit once-dangerous fields along the Annamite Range
Annamite Range
and the Hồ Chí Minh trail.[13] Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
is accessible by road (National Highway 1A, Hồ Chí Minh Highway), by rail at Đồng Hới Railway Station
Đồng Hới Railway Station
on the Hà Nội–Hồ Chí Minh City Railway, or by air from Hà Nội or Hồ Chí Minh City at Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
Airport.

Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
Airport

Đồng Hới Airport
Đồng Hới Airport
was put into use on 18 May 2008,[14] and the first commercial flight was from Hanoi's Noi Bai International Airport, followed by air link with Ho Chi Minh City's Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport from 1 July 2009.[15] The city provides tourists with 98 hotels and guest-houses from 1 to 3-star hotels like Cosevco Hotel, Saigon-Quảng Bình Hotel and the 4-star resort of Sun Spa Resort. The cuisine includes seafood, the traditional "hot pot", Vietnamese and European-style meals. In 2005, the city welcomed nearly 300,000 visitors.[citation needed] Flagstick broke ground on another new project on February 1 – FLC Dong Hoi Golf Links in Quang Binh Province. A complex of 10 contiguous golf courses, three clubhouses, more than 1,000 villas, a large resort hotel, commercial village and convention centre is under construction in seaside area of Dong Hoi and Quang Ninh District, Le Thuy District, which is scheduled to achieve the completion of all construction of the first phase by November 2016, with spring 2017 set as the opening date for play.[16] Economy[edit] The Hòn La bay is 4-km2, with the depth up to 15 m, suitable to develop into a deep-water sea port. A port is currently (as of 2006[update]) under construction north of Đồng Hới. When finished it will be able to accommodate ships up to 50,000 metric tons, on a 32ha of land, has a loading capacity of 10-12 million tonnes per year and is expected to facilitate business for Quảng Bình's industrial and economic zones.[17][18] Two industrial parks (north-west Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
Industrial Park and Hòn La Industrial Park) are under construction and partially available to investors. The city achieved an average economic growth rate of 12.32% during 2010–2013 period. The economic contributors for 2013 were as follows: industry and construction accounting for 35.5%, services 50.9%, agriculture-forestry-fishery 13.6%. GDP per capita in 2015 was $3871,3.[19] Education[edit] Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
is home to Quảng Bình University, a multidisciplinary university. There are several schools here, notably Võ Nguyên Giáp Gifted High School, and Đào Duy Từ High School. See also[edit]

Bàu Tró Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
on wikimapia Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
by images Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
Citadel

References[edit]

^ a b Official website ^ Du lịch đường bộ ^ a b Quang Binh ^ a b c Quảng Bình, Nuoc non huyen dieu, Van Nghe Publishing House, 2000, pp. 14-17. ^ [1] ^ "Evidence for Culture Development in Vietnam
Vietnam
during the Middle Holocene". Retrieved 2008-03-05.  ^ Trần Dynasty ^ "Kingdom of Champa". ancientworld. Retrieved 2008-03-06.  ^ U. S. Hits Dong Hoi Again, Russ Say ^ B-52's Raid Supply Routes South of the 20th Parallel; U. S. Planes, by Mistake, Bomb Base at Da Nang and Wound 10 Emergency Program Ordered Loss of A-7 Reported 2 Cambodian Villages Periled ^ msn weather ^ " Vietnam
Vietnam
- Dong Hoi". Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved November 11, 2013.  ^ Hồ Chí Minh Trail & Vietnam
Vietnam
War Retrospective by award-winning veteran combat photographer ^ "Construction begins on new Quang Binh airport". Vietnam
Vietnam
News. 1 September 2004. Retrieved 27 February 2008.  ^ "Flag carrier to launch HCMC – Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
route in early July". Communist Party of Vietnam. 15 June 2009.  ^ "Flagstick to the Fore as Golf Takes Off in Vietnam". golfbusinessnews.com. 2016-02-12. Retrieved 2016-06-15.  ^ "Hon La Port to be linked with mainland (Shipping News in brief)". Ecnext. 2003-06-09. Retrieved 2008-03-06.  ^ "President Triet tours provinces". Vietnamnews. 2008-01-28. Retrieved 2008-03-06.  ^ [2]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dong Hoi.

Dong Hoi travel guide from Wikivoyage Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
town became city Website office of Đồng Hới
Đồng Hới
city

v t e

Districts of North Central Coast (Bắc Trung Bộ)

Thanh Hóa
Thanh Hóa
Province

Thanh Hóa Sầm Sơn Bỉm Sơn Bá Thước Cẩm Thủy Đông Sơn Hà Trung Hậu Lộc Hoằng Hóa Lang Chánh Mường Lát Ngọc Lặc Như Thanh Như Xuân Nông Cống Quan Hóa Quan Sơn Quảng Xương Thạch Thành Thiệu Hóa Thọ Xuân Thường Xuân Tĩnh Gia Triệu Sơn Vĩnh Lộc Yên Định

Nghệ An Province

Vinh Cửa Lò Thái Hòa Anh Sơn Con Cuông Diễn Châu Đô Lương Hưng Nguyên Kỳ Sơn Nam Đàn Nghi Lộc Nghĩa Đàn Quế Phong Quỳ Châu Quỳ Hợp Quỳnh Lưu Tân Kỳ Thanh Chương Tương Dương Yên Thành

Hà Tĩnh
Hà Tĩnh
Province

Hà Tĩnh Cẩm Xuyên Can Lộc Đức Thọ Hồng Lĩnh Hương Khê Hương Sơn Kỳ Anh Lộc Hà Nghi Xuân Thạch Hà Vũ Quang

Quảng Bình Province

Đồng Hới Bố Trạch Lệ Thủy Minh Hóa Quảng Ninh Quảng Trạch Tuyên Hóa Ba Đồn
Ba Đồn
(District-level Town)

Quảng Trị
Quảng Trị
Province

Quảng Trị Đông Hà Cam Lộ Cồn Cỏ Đa Krông Gio Linh Hải Lăng Hướng Hóa Triệu Phong Vĩnh Linh

Thừa Thiên- Huế
Huế
Province

Huế A Lưới Huong Thuy Hương Trà Nam Đông Phong Điền Phú Lộc Phú Vang Quảng Điền

v t e

Quảng Bình Province

Capital: Đồng Hới

Đồng Hới

Bắc Nghĩa Đồng Mỹ Đồng Phú Đồng Sơn Đức Ninh Đông Hải Đình Hải Thành Nam Lý Phú Hải Bảo Ninh Đức Ninh Lộc Ninh Nghĩa Ninh Quang Phú Thuận Đức

Ba Đồn

Ba Đồn Quảng Long Quảng Phong Quảng Phúc Quảng Thọ Quảng Thuận Quảng Hải Quảng Hòa Quảng Lộc Quảng Minh Quảng Sơn Quảng Tân Quảng Thủy Quảng Tiên Quảng Trung Quảng Văn

Bố Trạch
Bố Trạch
District

Hoàn Lão Bắc Trạch Cự Nẫm Đại Trạch Đồng Trạch Đức Trạch Hạ Trạch Hải Trạch Hòa Trạch Hoàn Trạch Hưng Trạch Lâm Trạch Liên Trạch Lý Trạch Mỹ Trạch Nam Trạch Nhân Trạch Phú Định Phú Trạch Phúc Trạch Sơn Lộc Sơn Trạch Tân Trạch Tây Trạch Thanh Trạch Thượng Trạch Trung Trạch Vạn Trạch Xuân Trạch

Lệ Thủy District

Kiến Giang Nông Trường Lệ Ninh An Thủy Cam Thủy Dương Thủy Hải Thủy Hoa Thủy Hồng Thủy Hưng Thủy Kim Thủy Lộc Thủy Liên Thủy Mai Thủy Mỹ Thủy Ngân Thủy Ngư Thủy Ngư Hòa Phong Thủy Phú Thủy Sen Thủy Sơn Thủy Tân Thủy Thái Thủy Thanh Thủy Trường Thủy Văn Thủy

Minh Hóa District

Quy Đạt Xuân Hoá Yên Hoá Trung Hoá Tân Hoá Minh Hoá Hồng Hoá Hóa Tiến Hóa Hợp Hóa Sơn Hóa Phúc Hóa Thanh Dân Hoá Thượng Hoá Trọng Hóa Quy Hóa

Quảng Ninh District

Quán Hàu Võ Ninh Lương Ninh Hải Ninh Duy Ninh Vĩnh Ninh Hàm Ninh Hiền Ninh Xuân Ninh An Ninh Gia Ninh Tân Ninh Vạn Ninh Trường Xuân Trường Sơn

Quảng Trạch District

Cảnh Dương Cảnh Hóa Phù Hóa Quảng Châu Quảng Đông Quảng Hợp Quảng Hưng Quảng Kim Quảng Liên Quảng Lưu Quảng Phú Quảng Phương Quảng Thạch Quảng Thanh Quảng Tiến Quảng Trường Quảng Tùng Quảng Xuân

Tuyên Hóa District

Đồng Lê Lâm Hóa Hương Hóa Thanh Hóa Thanh Thạch Kim Hóa Sơn Hóa Lê Hóa Thuận Hóa Đồng Hóa Thạch Hóa Nam Hóa Đức Hóa Phong Hóa Mai Hóa Ngư Hóa Tiến Hóa Châu Hóa Cao

.