Đồng Hới ( listen) is the capital city of Quảng Bình
Province in the north central coast of Vietnam. The city's area is
155.71 km2 (60.12 sq mi). Population as per the 2013
census was 160,000. It is served by National Highway 1A, the
Đồng Hới Railway Station, and airport. By road,
Đồng Hới is
486 kilometres (302 mi) south of Hanoi, 195 kilometres
(121 mi) south of Vinh, 160 kilometres (99 mi) north of
Huế and 1,204 kilometres (748 mi) north of Hồ Chí Minh
City. It borders
Quảng Ninh District
Quảng Ninh District on the west and south, the
South China Sea
South China Sea on the east,
Bố Trạch District
Bố Trạch District on the north.
Đồng Hới has a 12-km-long coastline with white sand beaches.
It is the closest city to Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park, UNESCO's
World Natural Heritage Site, 50 km north.
3.1 Topography and geology
8 See also
10 External links
Archaeological excavation in this area proved that humans lived in
what is now Quảng Bình province in the Stone Age. Many artifacts,
such as ceramic vases, stone tools, and china, have been unearthed in
In 1926, French archaeologist
Madeleine Colani discovered and
excavated many artifacts in caves and grottoes in west mountainous
areas of Quảng Bình. She concluded that the Hòa Bình culture
existed in this region. Through C14 testing, the artifacts dated back
to 10,509 (plus or minus 950) ago. From
Quy Đạt township (Tuyên
Hóa District) to south-west about 150 m, the Hum grotto contains many
stone tools and animal stones from an ancient human community. Inside
Khai grotto near the
Quy Đạt township, similar artifacts were
found, including ceramics from Đông Sơn culture. Additionally,
artifacts of the
Stone Age were unearthed in grottoes in the Quảng
Bình region. Owners of these artifacts lived in the caves and
grottoes and hunted for their food.
Human settlement in
Đồng Hới can be traced 5,000 years back. Many
relics and remnants have been found in Bau Tro, a lake in the city,
most of which date to the Stone Age. Around 2880 BC, the site of
Đồng Hới was a territory of the Viet Thuong tribe of Văn
Lang during the reign of king Hùng Vương. The site was a
long-disputed territory between the
Champa kingdom and Đại Việt.
It officially became
Đại Việt territory in 1069 after Lý
Thường Kiệt took victory over
Champa as a result of the Đại
Champa War (1069).
The area ceased to be the southernmost of
Đại Việt following the
political marriage of the
Trần Dynasty princess, Huyền Trân, to
Jaya Sinhavarman III (Vietnamese: Chế Mân). Princess
Huyền Trân was king Trần Nhân Tông's daughter and king Trần
Anh Tông's younger sister. Political matches made to acquire land was
a traditional practice by
Champa kings. Thanks to this marriage,
Đại Việt acquired lands (as dowry) of what is now Quảng Trị
Province and Thừa Thiên–
Huế Province (provinces which were then
known respectively as Chau O and Chau Ri or Chau Ly).
During the time of the
Trịnh–Nguyễn War (1558–1775), Vietnam
was divided into two countries: Dang Trong (South) and Dang Ngoai
(North) with the
Gianh River as frontier line.
Đồng Hới was an
important fortress of the southern Nguyễn lords. The Đồng Hới
Wall (Vietnamese: Thành Đồng Hới) was considered the barrier
that protected the
Nguyễn lords from the attack by the northern
First Indochina War
First Indochina War (between the French and the Viet Minh
in the 1950s), the
Đồng Hới airbase was used by the French to
Viet Minh in north-central
Vietnam and the Laotian Pathet
Lao army in central and southern Laos. During the
Vietnam War, Đồng
Hới was heavily devastated by bombardments from the United States
B-52 due to its location near the 17th parallel and the DMZ between
Vietnam and South Vietnam.
On February 11, 1965 bombing destroyed much of the city. The Tam Tòa
Church, a Catholic cathedral, was severely damaged. Today the bell
tower remains near the town center as a monument.
Ruins of Tam Tòa Church.
On 19 April 1972, during a major North
Vietnam offensive, a task force
of four US ships were sailing off the coast of
Vietnam — the
USS Oklahoma City, USS Sterett, the USS Lloyd Thomas
and the USS Higbee. They were attacked by three North Vietnamese
MiGs in the battle of Đồng Hới. In an attempt to surprise the
task force, the MiGs came in low, described as getting their feet wet.
Despite the official stories, they did not surprise the task force,
which had spotted them long before engagement range and were ready to
shoot. Two ships, the Oklahoma City and the Sterett, had anti-aircraft
missiles, while the Higbee and the Lloyd Thomas were armed with dual
purpose 5" guns. All ships were at battle stations.
This city is the narrowest land of
Vietnam (around 40 km from the
east to the west). After the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975, Quảng
Bình province was merged into Bình Trị Thiên province (Bình
Trị Thiên is the abbreviation of Quảng Bình, Quảng Trị, and
Thừa Thiên provinces). In 1990, Bình Trị Thiên was once again
separated into three provinces as it had been before. Đồng Hới
then became the capital of Quảng Bình province.
Đồng Hới seen from the air
Đồng Hới is on the National Route 1A, North–South Railway, and
Ho Chi Minh Highway, at the coordinates 17 21' N and 106 10’ E. This
city is in the heart of Quảng Bình Province. It borders Bố
Trạch on the north, Quảng Ninh on the south, the South
on the east and Quảng Ninh on the west. It is 50 km south of
Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park, 50 km north of Bang Spa,
180 km south-east of Cha Lo border gate with Laos. It has a
coastline of 12 km.
Nhật Lệ River
Nhật Lệ River is the only river that runs
through the city. Tro Lake is the source of fresh water. The Nhật
Lệ Beach is endowed with fine and white sand.
There are many ways to get to Dong Hoi from Hue, such as local bus at
Hue North Bus Station. There are taxis from city center bus station
(6 km). The bus fare is around $8. It takes 3.5 hours to drive to
Dong Hoi/Quang Binh Town.
Like all provinces in north and north central of Vietnam, there are
four distinct seasons in Đồng Hới. In the spring, it is cool,
humid and foggy. The average annual temperature is 24.40C, average
rainfall varies from 1,300 to 4,000 mm, total sunshine hours per
year is 1,786 hours, average annual moisture is around 84%. The city
has monsoon climate with three types of wind: south-east (gió nồm),
south-west (gió nam), and north-east.
Although the city is by the sea, its climate is subject to drought in
the summer. This is largely due to the dry south-west wind from Gulf
of Thailand (this flow of wind is wet but when it passes to Vietnam,
Annamite Range mountain range keeps its humidity to cause rains in
Laos but drought in central Vietnam). It is rainy in the fall but the
weather is comfortable with the temperature around 26 to 31 degrees
Celsius. In the winter, due to the north-east wind blowing from the
Chinese mainland, the temperature may go down below 18 degrees
Celsius, and there may be slight rain. The highest precipitation gets
highest level in August (118.4 mm), compared to just 38.9 mm
Climate data for Đồng Hới
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Source: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial
Topography and geology
The city has diverse topographical and geological features, including
hill, mountainous, half mountainous, coastal plains and coastal sand
The hilly region is in the west, stretching from north to south (in
parts of communes: Dong Son, Thuan Duc) with an average elevation of
12–15 m, with total area of 64.93 km², 41.7% of the city total
area. Residents here live on agriculture, forestry, farming. The soil
in this area is poor in nutrition, infertile and subject to continuous
erosion due to its slope of 7-10%.
The half hilly region surrounds a plain with an average elevation of
10 m from north-east - north to north-west – south-west and south
– south-east.[clarification needed] This region covers commues and
wards of Bắc Lý, Nam Lý, Nghĩa Ninh, Bắc Nghĩa, Đức Ninh,
Đức Ninh Đông, Lộc Ninh and Phú Hải with total area of
62.87 km², or accounts for 40.2% of the city total area.
Residents here lives on industrial, handcraft, trading and a small
percentage lives on farming. This region is not very fertile, subject
to alum. However, thanks to the heavy distribution of rivers and
lakes, ponds and pools, it's better for agriculture than the hilly
region. The plain with the average of 2.1 m, with little slope,
accounting for 0.2% of the city area (5.76 km²). Most of the
city's commercial, administrative and main streets concentrate in this
narrow regions. Coastal sand dune area is on the east of the city,
with an area of 21.98 km², making up 14,3% of the total
Đồng Hới is subdivided into 16 subdivisions: 10 urban wards
(phường) and 6 rural communes (xã).
Inner wards (phường):
Đức Ninh Đông
Total inner wards
Suburban communes (xã):
Total suburban communes
10 phường, 6 xã
Nhật Lệ River
Bảo Ninh Beach
Đồng Hới is endowed with beautiful beaches with fine sand and
clean water of Nhật Lệ. The Da Nhay and Ly Hoa beaches (60 km
north of the city) are popular tourist destinations. The
Bang Spa (hot
mineral spring) is ideal for those who enjoy spa baths. The city is
50 km south of the
World Heritage Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National
Park which is ideal for cave and grotto exploration and biological
research activities (mainly
Phong Nha Cave
Phong Nha Cave and, from September 2010,
Thiên Đường Cave
Thiên Đường Cave and
Sơn Đoòng Cave
Sơn Đoòng Cave are available for
Đồng Hới is included in former battlefield tours where travelers
can visit once-dangerous fields along the
Annamite Range and the Hồ
Chí Minh trail.
Đồng Hới is accessible by road (National Highway 1A, Hồ Chí
Minh Highway), by rail at
Đồng Hới Railway Station
Đồng Hới Railway Station on the Hà
Nội–Hồ Chí Minh City Railway, or by air from Hà Nội or Hồ
Chí Minh City at
Đồng Hới Airport.
Đồng Hới Airport
Đồng Hới Airport
Đồng Hới Airport was put into use on 18 May 2008, and the
first commercial flight was from Hanoi's Noi Bai International
Airport, followed by air link with Ho Chi Minh City's Tân Sơn Nhất
International Airport from 1 July 2009.
The city provides tourists with 98 hotels and guest-houses from 1 to
3-star hotels like Cosevco Hotel, Saigon-Quảng Bình Hotel and the
4-star resort of Sun Spa Resort. The cuisine includes seafood, the
traditional "hot pot", Vietnamese and European-style meals. In 2005,
the city welcomed nearly 300,000 visitors. Flagstick
broke ground on another new project on February 1 – FLC Dong Hoi
Golf Links in Quang Binh Province.
A complex of 10 contiguous golf courses, three clubhouses, more than
1,000 villas, a large resort hotel, commercial village and convention
centre is under construction in seaside area of Dong Hoi and Quang
Ninh District, Le Thuy District, which is scheduled to achieve the
completion of all construction of the first phase by November 2016,
with spring 2017 set as the opening date for play.
The Hòn La bay is 4-km2, with the depth up to 15 m, suitable to
develop into a deep-water sea port. A port is currently (as of
2006[update]) under construction north of Đồng Hới. When finished
it will be able to accommodate ships up to 50,000 metric tons, on a
32ha of land, has a loading capacity of 10-12 million tonnes per year
and is expected to facilitate business for Quảng Bình's industrial
and economic zones.
Two industrial parks (north-west
Đồng Hới Industrial Park and
Hòn La Industrial Park) are under construction and partially
available to investors. The city achieved an average economic growth
rate of 12.32% during 2010–2013 period. The economic contributors
for 2013 were as follows: industry and construction accounting for
35.5%, services 50.9%, agriculture-forestry-fishery 13.6%. GDP per
capita in 2015 was $3871,3.
Đồng Hới is home to Quảng Bình University, a multidisciplinary
university. There are several schools here, notably Võ Nguyên Giáp
Gifted High School, and Đào Duy Từ High School.
Đồng Hới on wikimapia
Đồng Hới by images
Đồng Hới Citadel
^ a b Official website
^ Du lịch đường bộ
^ a b Quang Binh
^ a b c Quảng Bình, Nuoc non huyen dieu, Van Nghe Publishing House,
2000, pp. 14-17.
^ "Evidence for Culture Development in
Vietnam during the Middle
Holocene". Retrieved 2008-03-05.
^ Trần Dynasty
^ "Kingdom of Champa". ancientworld. Retrieved 2008-03-06.
^ U. S. Hits Dong Hoi Again, Russ Say
^ B-52's Raid Supply Routes South of the 20th Parallel; U. S. Planes,
by Mistake, Bomb Base at Da Nang and Wound 10 Emergency Program
Ordered Loss of A-7 Reported 2 Cambodian Villages Periled
^ msn weather
Vietnam - Dong Hoi". Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas.
Retrieved November 11, 2013.
^ Hồ Chí Minh Trail &
Vietnam War Retrospective by
award-winning veteran combat photographer
^ "Construction begins on new Quang Binh airport".
Vietnam News. 1
September 2004. Retrieved 27 February 2008.
^ "Flag carrier to launch HCMC –
Đồng Hới route in early July".
Communist Party of Vietnam. 15 June 2009.
^ "Flagstick to the Fore as Golf Takes Off in Vietnam".
golfbusinessnews.com. 2016-02-12. Retrieved 2016-06-15.
^ "Hon La Port to be linked with mainland (Shipping News in brief)".
Ecnext. 2003-06-09. Retrieved 2008-03-06.
^ "President Triet tours provinces". Vietnamnews. 2008-01-28.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dong Hoi.
Dong Hoi travel guide from Wikivoyage
Đồng Hới town became city
Website office of
Đồng Hới city
North Central Coast (Bắc Trung Bộ)
Thanh Hóa Province
Nghệ An Province
Hà Tĩnh Province
Quảng Bình Province
Ba Đồn (District-level Town)
Quảng Trị Province
Quảng Bình Province
Capital: Đồng Hới
Đức Ninh Đông
Bố Trạch District
Lệ Thủy District
Nông Trường Lệ Ninh
Minh Hóa District
Quảng Ninh District
Quảng Trạch District
Tuyên Hóa District