Čiovo (pronounced [tʃîɔv̞ɔ]; Italian: Bua) is a small island
located off the Adriatic coast in
Croatia with an area of 28.8 square
kilometres (11.1 sq mi) (length 15.3 km (9.5 mi),
width up to 3.5 km (2.2 mi)), population of 5,908
inhabitants (2011) and its highest peak is 218 m (Rudine).
The centre of the island has geographical coordinates 43°30′N
16°17′E / 43.500°N 16.283°E / 43.500; 16.283, and the
annual rainfall is about 900 mm (35 in).
4 External links
Čiovo is located in central Dalmatia, protecting the city of Trogir
Kaštela gulf. On its SE part it is only two km distant from the
cape Marjan, on its northern part it is connected to the mainland with
a small bascule bridge in the old centre of Trogir, and actually
Trogir spread itself onto the island. Besides the portion of Trogir,
on the island there are several villages: Arbanija, Žedno, Okrug
Gornji, Okrug Donji,
Slatine and Prizidnica.
The vegetation is typically Mediterranean, consisting mainly in
understory (holm oak, myrtle, wormwood, juniper etc.). On the northern
side (exposed to the wind bura) are forests of pine and cypress. Major
crops include olives, figs, almonds, vines and citrus fruit.
In the Middle Ages,
Čiovo had many villages and it was a place for
lepers. Remains of the pre-Romanesque church of St. Peter have been
found near Slatine, in the Supetar cove. The medieval church of St.
Maurice (Sv. Mavro) has been preserved in
Žedno and the
pre-Romanesque church of Our Lady near the Sea (Gospa pokraj mora).
The population of
Čiovo increased in the 15th century through the
settlement of refugees who fled from the Turks. Simultaneously, the
suburban areas of
Trogir also extended to Čiovo.
^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004).
"Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the
Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of
1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria. Zadar. 9 (1): 5–32. Retrieved
^ Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistički ljetopis
Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of
Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia
(in Croatian and English). 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics.
p. 47. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
Croatia by Robin and Jenny McKelvie
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Čiovo.
Adriatic islands of Croatia
Lists: Complete list
> 100 km2
Smokvica Vela (Kornat)
Inhabited islands of Croatia