ØJVIND WINGE (May 19, 1886 – April 5, 1964) was a Danish biologist
and a pioneer in yeast genetics.
* 1 Education
* 2 Career
* 3 Awards and honours
* 4 Selected bibliography
* 5 References
Winge was born in the city of
Jutland , the mainland of
Denmark. After completing secondary school he travelled to the
University of Copenhagen to study law but found himself more suited to
the biological sciences into which he transferred. He graduated with a
master's degree in the year 1910. From
Copenhagen he travelled to
Chicago , studying mainly chromosomal cytology
before finally returning to the
University of Copenhagen to do a
doctoral thesis entitled The Chromosomes: Their Numbers and General
Importance. In 1910 Winge was appointed chair of genetics at the Royal
Veterinary and Agricultural University , Copenhagen, where amongst
other works he wrote The Textbook in Genetics, published in 1928.
In 1933 Winge was offered and accepted the position of Director of
the Physiology Department in the
Carlsberg Laboratory , Copenhagen.
Here he dedicated his research to the 3 principal lifeforms of
interest to his benefactors; hops , barley and yeast , although his
studies became increasingly dedicated to yeast. He developed and used
techniques to achieve the micromanipulation of single yeast cells and
spores in order to investigate them on a genetic level. He found that
yeast spores are diploid and haploid cells occur as a result of
conjugation of two haploid cells or self-diploidisation. This was
important as it revealed that the species exhibits alternation and
that strains can be genetically manipulated by specific mating. Winge
also demonstrated that the traits of the organisms were mainly
governed by simple Mendelian rules . He continued his research and his
lab produced a steady output of genetics papers until 1961.
Winge's work was of critical importance to the basic formation of
early genetic engineering and biotechnology . He helped to establish a
firm basis for what have now developed into important and lucrative
scientific fields. For this reason he is often attributed the title of
'The Father of
AWARDS AND HONOURS
Winge was elected foreign member of the
Royal Society in 1947.
* Ferdinandsen, C. & Winge, Ø. (1910) Fungi from Professor
Warming\'s expedition to
Venezuela and the West Indies . Botanisk
Tidsskrift , 30, 211-.
* Ferdinandsen, C. 3rd end. 1945. København .
* Winge Ø. (1931) X- and Y-linked inheritance in Melandrium .
Hereditas, 15, 127-165.
* Winge, Ø. (1935) On haplophase and diplophase of some
Saccharomycetes . Comptes Rendus des Travaux du Laboratoire Carlsberg.
Série Physiologique, 21, 77-111.
* Winge, Ø. (1950) Inheritance in dogs: with special reference to
hunting breeds. Ithaca, New York. 153 p.
* ^ A B C D E Westergaard, M. (1964). "Ojvind Winge 1886-1964".
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the
Royal Society . 10: 356–369.
doi :10.1098/rsbm.1964.0020 .
* ^ IPNI . Winge.
* ^ Szybalski, W. A. (2001). "My road to Øjvind Winge, the father
of yeast genetics" . Genetics. 158 (1): 1–6. PMC 1461622 . PMID
* ^ Barnett, J. A. (2007). "A history of research on yeasts 10:
Foundations of yeast genetics1". Yeast. 24 (10): 799–845. PMID
17638318 . doi :10.1002/yea.1513 .
* ^ Volume jubilaire en l’honneur du professeur Øjvind Winge
pour son 70ième anniversaire. Comptes Rendus des Travaux du
Laboratoire Carlsberg. Série Physiologique, 26 (1-25): 1-443. 1956.
* ^ Winge, Ö. (1927). "The location of eighteen genes inLebistes
reticulatus". Journal of Genetics. 18: 1–18. doi :10.1007/BF03052599
* ^ Winge, O. (1960). "Priority in gene-conversion". Comptes-rendus
des travaux du Laboratoire Carlsberg. 31: 343–347. PMID 13845218 .
* ^ "Royal Society: New Foreign Members: Prof. Øjvind Winge".
Nature. 159 (4046): 668. 1947. doi :10.1038/159668e0 .
* WorldCat Identities
* VIAF : 50746516
* LCCN : n87828631
* ISNI : 0000 0000 2710 2630
* SUDOC : 128554576
* Botanist : Winge