HOME
The Info List - Île-de-France



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i)

ÎLE-DE-FRANCE (English: /ˌiːl də ˈfrɑːns/ , French : ( listen ), "Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("PARISIAN REGION"; see Etymology ), is one of the 18 regions of France
France
, and includes the city of Paris. It covers 12,012 square kilometres (4,638 square miles), and has its own regional council and president. It has a population of 12,005,077 as of January 2014, equivalent to 18.2% of the population of France.

The region is made up of eight administrative departments : Paris
Paris
, Essonne
Essonne
, Hauts-de-Seine
Hauts-de-Seine
, Seine-Saint-Denis
Seine-Saint-Denis
, Seine-et-Marne
Seine-et-Marne
, Val-de-Marne
Val-de-Marne
, Val-d\'Oise and Yvelines
Yvelines
. Created as the "District of the Paris
Paris
Region" in 1961, it was renamed after the historic province of Île-de- France
France
in 1976 when its administrative status was aligned with the other French administrative regions created in 1972. Residents are sometimes referred to as "Franciliens", an administrative word created in the 1980s.

The GDP of the region in 2015 was €660 billion (or US$780 billion at market exchange rates ). It has the highest per-capita GDP among regions in France, and the third-highest of regions in the European Union. In 2014, thirty companies from the Fortune Global 500 had their headquarters in the Paris
Paris
region.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Geography * 4 Economy

* 5 Regional government and politics

* 5.1 Holders of the executive office * 5.2 Political tendencies

* 6 Demographics

* 6.1 Petite Couronne * 6.2 Grande Couronne * 6.3 Historical population * 6.4 Immigration

* 7 International relations

* 7.1 Twin regions

* 8 See also * 9 Notes and references * 10 External links

ETYMOLOGY

Although the modern name "Île-de-France" literally means "Island of France", the etymology is in fact unclear. The "island" may refer to the land between the rivers Oise , Marne and Seine
Seine
, or it may also have been a reference to the Île de la Cité
Île de la Cité
, in which case "Island of France" was originally a pars pro toto or perhaps a metonym .

Yet another possibility is that the term is a corruption of a hypothesized Frankish language
Frankish language
term "Liddle Franke" meaning "Little France" or "little Frankish land", so the modern reference to an "island" may be coincidental. However, this theory might be anachronistic , since the name "L'Île-de-France" (including the definite article) is not documented prior to 1387.

HISTORY

Royal flag, sometimes used unofficially as a flag for the Region Main article: History of Île-de- France
France

The ancient regime ISLE OF FRANCE (then referred as such in English) is one of the historical provinces of France
France
, and the one at the centre of power during most of French history . The province was centred on Paris, seat of the Crown of France
France
. The area around Paris was the original personal domain of the king of France
France
, as opposed to areas ruled by feudal lords of whom he was the suzerain . This is reflected by divisions such as the Vexin
Vexin
Français and the Vexin Normand, the former being within the King of France's domain, the latter being within the Duke of Normandy
Duke of Normandy
's fief.

The old provinces were abolished during the French Revolution
French Revolution
in the late 18th century and divided between newly devised subdivisions called departments. An area not entirely corresponding to the historical Île-de- France
France
province was created in 1959 as district de la région de Paris
Paris
("District of the Paris
Paris
Region"). The district was reconstituted as the Île-de- France
France
region on 6 May 1976 and increased administrative and political powers devolved in the process of regionalisation in the 1980s and 1990s. Traditional counties of the province of Île-de- France
France
The modern departements covered by the historical Île-de- France
France
Modern region of Île-de- France
France
and departements

GEOGRAPHY

Nature of Île-de-France: view of Fontainebleau Forest
Fontainebleau Forest
.

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (June 2008)

Île-de- France
France
has a land area of 12,011 km2 (4,637 sq mi). It is composed of eight departments centered on its innermost department and capital, Paris. Around the department of Paris, urbanization fills a first concentric ring of three departments commonly known as the petite couronne ("small ring"), and extends into a second outer ring of four departments known as the grande couronne ("large ring"). The former department of Seine
Seine
, abolished in 1968, included the city proper and parts of the petite couronne.

The PETITE COURONNE consists of the departments of Hauts-de-Seine
Hauts-de-Seine
, Seine-Saint-Denis
Seine-Saint-Denis
, and Val-de-Marne
Val-de-Marne
, and the GRANDE COURONNE of those of Seine-et-Marne
Seine-et-Marne
, Yvelines
Yvelines
, Essonne
Essonne
, and Val-d\'Oise .

The river Seine
Seine
runs through the region. The Seine
Seine
has many tributaries, including the rivers Oise and Aube. It is France's second largest river after the Loire. The region is in an area of lowland called the Paris
Paris
Basin. South of this region lies the Massif Central
Massif Central
, an area of highlands that are higher than the surrounding countryside but far lower than the Alps.

ECONOMY

Paris
Paris
as an engine of the global economy: the skyscrapers of La Défense , the largest purpose-built business district of Europe, with 3.35 million m² (36 million sq. ft) of office space.

The Paris
Paris
region is France's premier center of economic activity, with a 2012 gross domestic product (GDP) of € 612 billion (US$760 billion). Its GDP is estimated to reach €650 billion (US$904 billion) by 2015. In 2011, its GDP ranked second among the regions of Europe and its per-capita GDP was the fourth-highest in Europe. While the Paris
Paris
region's population accounted for 18.8 percent of metropolitan France
France
in 2011, the Paris
Paris
region's GDP accounted for 30.1 percent of metropolitan France's GDP. It hosts the world headquarters of 30 Fortune Global 500 companies.

The regional economy has been gradually shifting towards high-value-added service industries (finance , IT services, etc.) and high-tech manufacturing (electronics, optics, aerospace, etc.).

The Paris
Paris
region's most intense economic activity takes place in the central Hauts-de-Seine
Hauts-de-Seine
department and suburban La Défense
La Défense
business district, in a triangle between the Opéra Garnier , La Défense
La Défense
and the Val de Seine
Seine
. While the Paris
Paris
economy is dominated by services , and employment in manufacturing sector has declined sharply, the region remains an important manufacturing centre, particularly for aeronautics, automobiles, and "eco" industries.

The per-capita income of the region is the largest of NUTS-1 Regions in the European Union and is third per capita after Luxembourg and Brussels with $71 126.

Tourism in Paris
Paris
is a major component of the regional economy, since the region includes both Paris
Paris
and Disneyland Paris
Paris
. The Paris
Paris
region received 32.3 million visitors in 2013, putting the region just ahead of London as the world's top tourist destination region, measured by hotel occupancy. The largest numbers of foreign tourists to the Paris region came in order from the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany, Italy
Italy
and China.

According to the 2011 census, 59.0 percent of the regional workforce is in commerce, transportation, and market services: 26.8 percent worked in non-market services (public administration, education, human health and social work activities); 8.6 percent worked in manufacturing, mining, and utilities; 5.3 percent worked in construction; and 0.3 percent worked in agriculture. Median income in the Île-de- France
France
Region, 2010

The majority of the region's salaried employees fill 370 000 businesses services jobs, concentrated in the north-western 8th, 16th and 17th arrondissements. Paris' financial service companies are concentrated in the central-western 8th and 9th arrondissement banking and insurance district. Paris' department store district in the 1st, 6th, 8th and 9th arrondissements employs 10 percent of mostly female Paris
Paris
workers, with 100 000 of these registered in the retail trade. Fourteen percent of Parisians work in hotels and restaurants and other services to individuals. Nineteen percent of Paris
Paris
employees work for the state in either administration or education. The majority of Paris' health care and social workers work at the hospitals and social housing concentrated in the peripheral 13th, 14th, 18th, 19th and 20th arrondissements. Outside Paris, the western Hauts-de-Seine
Hauts-de-Seine
department La Défense
La Défense
district specializing in finance, insurance and scientific research district is the largest dedicated business district in all of Europe and employs more than 150 000 as of 2012 and estimated to reach 200 000 by 2015 and 300 000 by 2019. and the north-eastern Seine-Saint-Denis
Seine-Saint-Denis
audiovisual sector has 200 media firms and 10 major film studios.

Paris' manufacturing is centered in its suburbs: the city itself has 75 000 manufacturing workers, with most of these in the textile, clothing, leather goods and shoe trades. Paris
Paris
region manufacturing specializes in transportation, mainly automobiles, aircraft and trains, but this is in a sharp decline: Paris
Paris
proper manufacturing jobs dropped by 64 percent between 1990 and 2010, and the Paris
Paris
region lost 48 percent during the same period. Most of this is due to companies relocating outside the Paris
Paris
region. The Paris
Paris
region's 800 aerospace companies employed 100 000. Four hundred automobile industry companies employ another 100 000 workers: many of these are in the Yvelines
Yvelines
department around the Renault and PSA- Citroën
Citroën
plants (this department alone employs 33 000), but the industry as a whole suffered a major loss with the 2014 closing of a major Aulnay-sous-Bois
Aulnay-sous-Bois
Citroën
Citroën
assembly plant.

The southern Essonne
Essonne
department specialises in science and technology, and the south-eastern Val-de-Marne
Val-de-Marne
, with its wholesale Rungis food market , specialises in food processing and beverages. The Paris
Paris
region's manufacturing decline is quickly being replaced by eco-industries: these employ about 100 000 workers. In 2011, while only 56 927 construction workers worked in Paris
Paris
itself, its metropolitan area employed 246 639, in an activity centred largely around the Seine-Saint-Denis
Seine-Saint-Denis
(41 378) and Hauts-de-Seine
Hauts-de-Seine
(37 303) departments and the new business-park centres appearing there.

REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

Seat of the regional council of Île-de- France
France
in Paris
Paris
(2008)

The Regional Council is the legislative body of the region. Its seat is in Paris, at 33 rue Barbet-de-Jouy in the 7th arrondissement. On December 15, 2015, a list of candidates of the Union of the Right, a coalition of centrist and right-wing parties, led by Valérie Pécresse , narrowly won the regional election, defeating the Union of the Left, a coalition of Socialists and ecologists. The socialists had governed the region for the preceding seventeen years. In 2016, the new regional council will have 121 members from the Union of the Right, 66 from the Union of the Left and 22 from the extreme right National Front.

HOLDERS OF THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE

* Delegates General for the District of the Paris
Paris
Region

* 1961–1969: Paul Delouvrier
Paul Delouvrier
(civil servant) – Very influential term. Responsible for the creation of the RER express subway network in the Île-de- France
France
and beyond. * 1969–1975: Maurice Doublet (civil servant) * 1975–1976: Lucien Lanier (civil servant)

* Presidents of the Regional Council of Île-de- France
France

* 1976–1988: Michel Giraud (RPR politician) – (1st time) * 1988–1992: Pierre-Charles Krieg (RPR politician) * 1992–1998: Michel Giraud (RPR politician) – (2nd time) * 1998-2015: Jean-Paul Huchon
Jean-Paul Huchon
(PS ) * 2016- Valérie Pécresse
Valérie Pécresse
(Union of the Right)

POLITICAL TENDENCIES

ELECTION UNION FOR A POPULAR MOVEMENT (CENTRE-RIGHT) SOCIALIST PARTY (CENTRE-LEFT)

2012 Presidential election (2nd round) 46.68% (Nicolas Sarkozy) 53.32 % (François Hollande)

Regional Council (2010) 67 (UMP-UDI-DVD) 142 (PS-PRG-EELV-PCF-MRC-DVG)

Departmental Council (2015) 5 3

Deputies (2012) 44 53

Senators (2011) 23 30

DEMOGRAPHICS

Paris
Paris
's demographic development, represented by the Paris Metropolitan Area , fills most of the Île-de-France: its central built-up area, or pôle urbain ("urban cluster" ) extends beyond the Île-de-France's inner three petite couronne departments, and this is surrounded by a commuter belt "rim" that extends beyond the Region's four outer grande couronne departments in places.

DEPARTMENTS OF ÎLE-DE-FRANCE AND THEIR POPULATIONS ( INSEE 2011 census)

CONCENTRIC AREA DEPARTMENT population (Jan. 2011 estimate) AREA population density annual pop. growth 2006–2011

the centre PARIS (75) 2 249 975 105 km² 21 428/km² +0.62%

the inner ring (petite couronne ) HAUTS-DE-SEINE (92) 1 581 628 176 km² 8 987/km² +0.59%

SEINE-SAINT-DENIS (93) 1 529 928 236 km² 6 483/km² +0.50%

VAL-DE-MARNE (94) 1 333 702 245 km² 5 444/km² +0.54%

subtotal for the inner ring 4 445 258 657 km² 6 766/km² +0.54%

the outer ring (grande couronne ) SEINE-ET-MARNE (77) 1 338 427 5 915 km² 226/km² +1.00%

YVELINES (78) 1 413 635 2 284 km² 619/km² +0.25%

ESSONNE (91) 1 225 191 1 804 km² 679/km² +0.45%

VAL-D\\'OISE (95) 1 180 365 1 246 km² 947/km² +0.40%

subtotal for the outer ring 5 157 618 11 249 km² 458/km² +0.52%

TOTAL

11 852 851 12 011 KM² 987/KM² +0.55%

PETITE COURONNE

"Petite Couronne" redirects here. For the municipality in Upper Normandy, see Petit-Couronne
Petit-Couronne
. Map of the Petite Couronne with Paris
Paris
Locator map showing the municipalities in which the Petite Couronne is divided. Paris
Paris
is divided into its 20 arrondissements

The PETITE COURONNE (Little Crown, i.e. Inner Ring) is the hub of the urban agglomeration of Paris
Paris
. It is formed by the 3 departments of Île-de- France
France
bordering with the French capital and forming a geographical crown around it. The departments, until 1968 part of the disbanded Seine
Seine
department, are Hauts-de-Seine
Hauts-de-Seine
, Seine-Saint-Denis
Seine-Saint-Denis
and Val-de-Marne
Val-de-Marne
. The most populated towns of the Petite Couronne are Boulogne-Billancourt
Boulogne-Billancourt
, Montreuil , Saint-Denis , Nanterre
Nanterre
and Créteil .

The table below shows some statistical information about the area including Paris:

DEPARTMENT AREA (KM²) POPULATION (2011) MUNICIPALITIES

PARIS (75) 105.4 2 249 975 1 ( Paris
Paris
)

HAUTS-DE-SEINE (92) 176 1 581 628 36 (list)

SEINE-SAINT-DENIS (93) 236 1 529 928 40 (list)

VAL-DE-MARNE (94) 245 1 333 702 47 (list)

PETITE COURONNE 657 4 445 258 123

PARIS + PETITE COURONNE 762.4 6 695 233 124

GRANDE COURONNE

The GRANDE COURONNE (Greater Crown, i.e. Outer Ring) includes the towns of the metropolitan area part of the other 4 departments of Île-de- France
France
not bordering with Paris. They are Seine-et-Marne
Seine-et-Marne
(77), Yvelines
Yvelines
(78), Essonne
Essonne
(91) and Val-d\'Oise (95). The latter three departments formed the Seine-et-Oise
Seine-et-Oise
department until this was disbanded in 1968. The city of Versailles is part of this area.

HISTORICAL POPULATION

Population of Île-de- France
France
1801 census 1806 census 1821 census 1826 census 1831 census 1836 census 1841 census 1846 census 1851 census 1856 census 1861 census 1866 census

1 352 280 1 407 272 1 549 811 1 780 900 1 707 181 1 882 354 1 998 862 2 180 100 2 239 695 2 552 980 2 819 045 3 039 043

1872 census 1876 census 1881 census 1886 census 1891 census 1896 census 1901 census 1906 census 1911 census 1921 census 1926 census 1931 census

3 141 730 3 320 162 3 726 118 3 934 314 4 126 932 4 368 656 4 735 580 4 960 310 5 335 220 5 682 598 6 146 178 6 705 579

1936 census 1946 census 1954 census 1962 census 1968 census 1975 census 1982 census 1990 census 1999 census 2006 census 2011 census 2014 estimate

6 785 750 6 597 758 7 317 063 8 470 015 9 248 631 9 878 565 10 073 059 10 660 554 10 952 011 11 532 398 11 852 851 12 005 077

Census returns until 2011; official January estimates from INSEE from 2012 on.

IMMIGRATION

Main article: Immigration in Île-de- France
France

2012 CENSUS PARIS REGION

COUNTRY/TERRITORY OF BIRTH POPULATION

Metropolitan France
France
9,115,215

Algeria
Algeria
289,826

Portugal
Portugal
241,385

Morocco
Morocco
227,903

Tunisia
Tunisia
109,349

Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
80,402

Martinique
Martinique
76,586

Turkey
Turkey
69,338

China
China
61,806

Mali
Mali
55,466

Italy
Italy
55,057

Côte d\'Ivoire 48,532

Senegal
Senegal
46,365

Spain
Spain
46,359

Democratic Republic of Congo 42,872

Poland
Poland
39,482

OTHER COUNTRIES/TERRITORIES

Romania
Romania
38,865

Cameroon
Cameroon
38,093

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
36,918

Vietnam
Vietnam
36,084

Haiti
Haiti
33,417

Republic of the Congo
Republic of the Congo
33,223

Cambodia
Cambodia
32,120

Réunion
Réunion
30,341

Serbia
Serbia
27,317

India
India
24,318

Germany
Germany
22,880

Mauritius
Mauritius
19,903

Lebanon
Lebanon
19,616

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
19,029

Madagascar
Madagascar
18,504

United States
United States
18,117

Russia
Russia
16,493

Pakistan
Pakistan
16,055

Belgium
Belgium
14,942

Other countries and territories 795,871

Paris
Paris
and the Île-de- France
France
region hosts one of the largest concentrations of immigrants in Europe. As of 2006 , about 35% of people (4,000,000 people) living in the region were either immigrant (17%) or born to at least one immigrant parent (18%).

At the 2010 census, 23.0% of the total population in the Île-de- France
France
region had been born outside Metropolitan France
France
, up from 19.7% at the 1999 census.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France
France

TWIN REGIONS

Île-de- France
France
is twinned with:

* Comunidad de Madrid
Comunidad de Madrid
in Spain
Spain
(since 2000) * Yerevan
Yerevan
in Armenia
Armenia
(since 2011)

SEE ALSO

* List of European regions by GDP
List of European regions by GDP
* Véligo

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ A B INSEE . "Estimation de population au 1er janvier, par région, sexe et grande classe d\'âge – Année 2014" (in French). Retrieved 2015-03-29. * ^ Eurostat. "2015 GDP per capita in 276 EU regions". Retrieved 2016-10-07. * ^ The flag is the France
France
Moderne coat of arms (a simplified version of the France
France
Ancien reduced the number of fleurs-de-lis to three), emblem of the French Monarchy
French Monarchy
, symbole of Île-de-France's prominence * ^ Paris
Paris
Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Contribution des CCI de Paris
Paris
- Île-de- France
France
à la révision du SDRIF, page 110. "TEM Paris – La Défense
La Défense
– QCA" (PDF) (in French). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-03-02. Retrieved 2007-09-01. * ^ A B "Produits Intérieurs Bruts Régionaux (PIBR) en valeur en millions d\'euros" (XLS) (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 5 May 2013. * ^ INSEE statistics on GDPs of European regions * ^ "The Most Dynamic Cities of 2025". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2 November 2014. * ^ "Estimation de population au 1er janvier, par région, sexe et grande classe d\'âge". Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (in French). Retrieved 5 May 2013. * ^ Fortune . "Global Fortune 500". Retrieved 17 November 2014. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L "L\'Industrie en Île-de-France, Principaux Indicateurs Régionaux" (PDF). INSEE. Retrieved 24 November 2014. * ^ (in French)GDP per capita of french departments in 2005 ranks second in Europe after * ^ " Paris
Paris
named as the world\'s top tourist destination". Daily Mail. Retrieved 28 November 2014. * ^ A B "EMP2 - Emplois au lieu de travail par sexe, statut et secteur d\'activité économique - Aire urbaine 2010 de Paris
Paris
(001)" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 17 November 2014. * ^ A B C D E "Île-de- France
France
- A la Page Nº288 - INSEE 2007" (PDF) (Press release). November 2007. Retrieved 24 November 2014. * ^ "Emplois au lieu de travail - Département de Paris
Paris
(75)". INSEE. * ^ "EMP2 - Emplois au lieu de travail par sexe, statut et secteur d\'activité économique - Département de la Seine-Saint-Denis
Seine-Saint-Denis
(93)" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 17 November 2014. * ^ "EMP2 - Emplois au lieu de travail par sexe, statut et secteur d\'activité économique - Département des Hauts-de-Seine
Hauts-de-Seine
(92)" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 17 November 2014. * ^ Île-de- France
France
Region official site. "Results of 2015 Regional Elections". Retrieved 16 December 2015. * ^ INSEE - Definitions and Methods - Pôle Urbain * ^ INSEE - Definitions and Methods - Couronne * ^ A B C INSEE . "Estimation de population au 1er janvier, par département, sexe et grande classe d\'âge – Année 2011" (in French). Retrieved 2014-02-20. * ^ (in French) CIG "Petite Couronne" website (Centre Interdépartemental de Gestion) * ^ (in French) CIG "Grande Couronne" website (Centre Interdépartemental de Gestion) * ^ INSEE . "Données harmonisées des recensements de la population de 1968 à 2012" (in French). Retrieved 2015-11-19. * ^