MARIE ÉMILE FAYOLLE (14 May 1852 – 27 August 1928) was a Marshal
* 1 Early life * 2 Military career * 3 Legacy * 4 Decorations * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Additional Reading * 8 External links
Fayolle studied at the
During his career he served in the artillery. He participated in the Pacification of Tunisia in 1881. Promoted to Captain he entered the école de Guerre in 1889 and graduated with distinction in 1891. From 1897 to 1908 he taught artillery at the École supérieure de Guerre. He retired in 1914 with the rank of Brigadier General.
With the outbreak of the
First World War
In May, 1915 Fayolle succeeded Pétain in command of the 33rd Corps. In this command he participated in the Artois Offensive.
In 1916, Fayolle was given command of the Sixth Army , which he commanded at the battle of the Somme , under the command of Ferdinand Foch 's Northern Army Group. In preparation for the Somme offensive, the French Sixth Army under Fayolle would attack with 8 divisions, a force reduced from the original 40 divisions because of the French needs at Verdun . During the offensive, Fayolle is credited with successfully using a combination of artillery resources and infantry tactics to push the less well-defended Germans back across an 8-mile long segment of his front. In August, as the Battle of the Somme continued, General Foch, commander of French forces on the Somme, visited British General Haig at Val Vion. Foch appointed Fayolle, one of the most successful army commanders of July, to fight alongside the British forces between their right flank and the north bank of the River Somme. During the British and French Somme offensive from August 1 to September 12, Fayolle decided without consulting the high command that his troops were too exhausted to launch a major offensive. He then reduced his command's participation in the battle to 1 division. The British had lost significant French support on their right during the offensive. In October, French forces led by Fayolle advanced almost to Sailly Saillisol by successfully using the artillery-barrage system.
On 31 December 1916, Fayolle was transferred to command the First
Army . When
On 16 November 1917, after the Italians met disaster at Caporetto ,
Fayolle was transferred to
He also has a statue in front of the
* Légion d\'honneur
* Knight - 30 December 1890 * Officer - 30 December 1911 * Commander - 11 October 1914 * Grand Officer - 3 October 1916 * Grand Cross - 10 July 1918
This article includes a list of references , but ITS SOURCES REMAIN UNCLEAR because it has INSUFFICIENT INLINE CITATIONS . Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (February 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )
* ^ A B C D E F G H I Tucker, Spencer (2014). World War I: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection. ABC-CLIO. pp. 555, 556. ISBN 1-85109-965-4 . Retrieved 14 July 2015. * ^ Gilbert, Martin (2006). The Somme: Heroism and Horror in the First World War. New York: Henry Holt and Company. p. 49. ISBN 0-8050-8127-5 . * ^ Gilbert, Martin (2006). The Somme: Heroism and Horror in the First World War. New York: Henry Holt and Company. p. 86. ISBN 0-8050-8127-5 . * ^ Gilbert, Martin (2006). The Somme: Heroism and Horror in the First World War. New York: Henry Holt and Company. p. 144. ISBN 0-8050-8127-5 . * ^ Prior, Wilson, Robin, Trevor (2005). The Somme. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 164. ISBN 0-300-11963-1 . * ^ Gilbert, Martin (2006). The Somme: Heroism and Horror in the First World War. New York: Henry Holt and Company. p. 209. ISBN 0-8050-8127-5 .
* Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Fayolle, Marie-Emile". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York. * "Fayolle, Emile" in Who Was Who, Oxford University Press, 2014.
* Auclair, Elie J. Pau, Fayolle, Foch au Canada. Montreal: Librarie
Beauchamin, Itee., 1922.
* Rawson, Andrew. The Somme Campaign. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Pen border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">
* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 39370616 * GND : 123488850 * SUDOC : 154222038 * BNF : cb112537637 (data) * Léonore : LH/950/27