ÉIRE NUA, or "New Ireland", was a proposal supported by the
Provisional IRA and
Sinn Féin during the 1970s and early 1980s for a
United Ireland . The proposal was particularly associated with
Dublin -based leadership group centered on Ruairí Ó Brádaigh
Dáithí Ó Conaill , who were the authors of the policy.
Éire Nua is still supported by the
Continuity IRA , Republican Sinn
Na Fianna Éireann and
Cumann na mBan
Cumann na mBan .
* 1 Ideology
* 2 Irish reactions and decline in popularity
* 3 U.S. reactions
* 4 References
* 5 External links
Éire Nua envisaged an all-
Ireland republic that would be created
when the British withdrew from Northern
Ireland . It also involved the
dissolution of the existing Republic of
Ireland , which many
republicans considered an illegitimate entity imposed by the British
in 1922. Under Éire Nua,
Ireland would become a federal state with
parliaments for each of its four historic provinces , as well as a
central parliament based in
The purpose of the federal structure was twofold. Firstly, it was
intended to show unionists in Northern
Ireland that they would have
some kind of self-government in a united
Ireland . This would be
achieved by the provision of a parliament, Dáil Uladh, for
However, by including all of historic Ulster—nine counties instead
of the six in Northern Ireland—it was intended that the unionist
majority would be slim enough to prevent abuses against the
Catholic/nationalist population in the province.
Secondly, the federal parliaments were intended to redress the
perceived economic imbalance between the eastern and western parts of
Ireland, and was hoped to enable prosperity in the poorer west of the
IRISH REACTIONS AND DECLINE IN POPULARITY
Many members of Sinn Féin, particularly in Northern Ireland,
Éire Nua on the grounds that it would perpetuate the
dominance of Protestant unionists in the north of the country. Despite
Éire Nua committees were established at least in
Connacht, largely due to the efforts of
Desmond Fennell and Emmett
O'Connell. Nevertheless, the scheme was dismissed as unworkable by
some influential Republicans. When Northern Republicans grouped around
Gerry Adams gained control of the IRA and
Sinn Féin in the late
1970s, they attacked the policy. In 1982, the
Sinn Féin Ard Fheis
voted to drop the policy, and the following year all reference to it
Sinn Féin Constitution and rules was removed, and it was
removed as the policy of the Republican movement in favour of the
creation of a unitary Irish Republic.
Ó Brádaigh and his supporters walked out of the 1986 Ard Fheis
after a motion was passed that ended the Republican policy of
abstentionism to the
Oireachtas and reconvened the Ard Fheis at the
West County Hotel in the village of
Chapelizod just west of Dublin.
Henceforth referring to itself as Republican
Sinn Féin to distinguish
itself from former associates, the party still advocates the Éire Nua
The reaction of the U.S. Administration to
Éire Nua was mixed. Due
in large part to
Irish-American pressure at home, a synopsis of Éire
Nua was entered into the
Congressional Record as a solution that
"merits consideration" to the crisis in Ireland. Officials in Ireland
were less optimistic, placing more hope in the
Sunningdale Agreement .
Ambassador John Moore did note, however: “In long term, some sort of
Ireland seems a real possibility, but path to it seems more
likely to be the pragmatic Sunningdale route than the dramatic one
advocated by Boal and the Provos.”
* ^ See White, Robert William and Ed Moloney, Ruairí Ó Brádaigh:
the life and politics of an Irish Revolutionary (2006), especially
Chapter 11 "The Politics of Revolution."
* ^ Fagan Jack, "Sinn Fein (Kevin Street) Plan for New Ireland",
Irish Times, June 29, 1972 (pp. 1, 7).
* ^ Jackson, Alvin. Home Rule : An Irish History, 1800–2000.
Weidenfeld Friday June 29, 1973.
* ^ Moore, John (1974-02-05). "Catholic and Protestant Extremists
Discuss Similar Solutions".
WikiLeaks cable :
1974DUBLIN00184_b. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
* The Irish Left