HOME
The Info List - Éire Nua


--- Advertisement ---



ÉIRE NUA, or "New Ireland", was a proposal supported by the Provisional IRA
Provisional IRA
and Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
during the 1970s and early 1980s for a federal United Ireland
United Ireland
. The proposal was particularly associated with the Dublin
Dublin
-based leadership group centered on Ruairí Ó Brádaigh and Dáithí Ó Conaill , who were the authors of the policy.

Éire Nua is still supported by the Continuity IRA
Continuity IRA
, Republican Sinn Féin , Na Fianna Éireann and Cumann na mBan
Cumann na mBan
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Ideology * 2 Irish reactions and decline in popularity * 3 U.S. reactions * 4 References * 5 External links

IDEOLOGY

Éire Nua envisaged an all- Ireland
Ireland
republic that would be created when the British withdrew from Northern Ireland
Ireland
. It also involved the dissolution of the existing Republic of Ireland
Ireland
, which many republicans considered an illegitimate entity imposed by the British in 1922. Under Éire Nua, Ireland
Ireland
would become a federal state with parliaments for each of its four historic provinces , as well as a central parliament based in Athlone
Athlone
.

The purpose of the federal structure was twofold. Firstly, it was intended to show unionists in Northern Ireland
Ireland
that they would have some kind of self-government in a united Ireland
Ireland
. This would be achieved by the provision of a parliament, Dáil Uladh, for Ulster
Ulster
. However, by including all of historic Ulster—nine counties instead of the six in Northern Ireland—it was intended that the unionist majority would be slim enough to prevent abuses against the Catholic/nationalist population in the province.

Secondly, the federal parliaments were intended to redress the perceived economic imbalance between the eastern and western parts of Ireland, and was hoped to enable prosperity in the poorer west of the country.

IRISH REACTIONS AND DECLINE IN POPULARITY

Many members of Sinn Féin, particularly in Northern Ireland, objected to Éire Nua on the grounds that it would perpetuate the dominance of Protestant unionists in the north of the country. Despite this, Éire Nua committees were established at least in Ulster
Ulster
and Connacht, largely due to the efforts of Desmond Fennell
Desmond Fennell
and Emmett O'Connell. Nevertheless, the scheme was dismissed as unworkable by some influential Republicans. When Northern Republicans grouped around Gerry Adams
Gerry Adams
gained control of the IRA and Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
in the late 1970s, they attacked the policy. In 1982, the Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Ard Fheis voted to drop the policy, and the following year all reference to it in the Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Constitution and rules was removed, and it was removed as the policy of the Republican movement in favour of the creation of a unitary Irish Republic.

Ó Brádaigh and his supporters walked out of the 1986 Ard Fheis after a motion was passed that ended the Republican policy of abstentionism to the Oireachtas
Oireachtas
and reconvened the Ard Fheis at the West County Hotel in the village of Chapelizod
Chapelizod
just west of Dublin. Henceforth referring to itself as Republican Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
to distinguish itself from former associates, the party still advocates the Éire Nua agenda.

U.S. REACTIONS

The reaction of the U.S. Administration to Éire Nua was mixed. Due in large part to Irish-American
Irish-American
pressure at home, a synopsis of Éire Nua was entered into the Congressional Record
Congressional Record
as a solution that "merits consideration" to the crisis in Ireland. Officials in Ireland were less optimistic, placing more hope in the Sunningdale Agreement
Sunningdale Agreement
. Ambassador John Moore did note, however: “In long term, some sort of federated Ireland
Ireland
seems a real possibility, but path to it seems more likely to be the pragmatic Sunningdale route than the dramatic one advocated by Boal and the Provos.”

REFERENCES

* ^ See White, Robert William and Ed Moloney, Ruairí Ó Brádaigh: the life and politics of an Irish Revolutionary (2006), especially Chapter 11 "The Politics of Revolution." * ^ Fagan Jack, "Sinn Fein (Kevin Street) Plan for New Ireland", Irish Times, June 29, 1972 (pp. 1, 7). * ^ Jackson, Alvin. Home Rule : An Irish History, 1800–2000. Weidenfeld Friday June 29, 1973. * ^ Moore, John (1974-02-05). "Catholic and Protestant Extremists Discuss Similar Solutions". WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
. WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
cable : 1974DUBLIN00184_b. Retrieved 2014-05-25.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* The Irish Left

.