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An École des Beaux-Arts
École des Beaux-Arts
(French pronunciation: ​[ekɔl de bozaʁ], School of Fine Arts) is one of a number of influential art schools in France. The most famous is the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, now located on the left bank in Paris, across the Seine
Seine
from the Louvre, at 14 rue Bonaparte (in the 6th arrondissement). The school has a history spanning more than 350 years, training many of the great artists in Europe. Beaux Arts style was modeled on classical "antiquities", preserving these idealized forms and passing the style on to future generations.

Contents

1 History 2 Institutions 3 Notable instructors, Paris 4 Notable alumni, Paris 5 See also 6 Notes 7 External links

History[edit] The origins of the school go back to 1648 when the Académie des Beaux-Arts was founded by Cardinal Mazarin
Cardinal Mazarin
to educate the most talented students in drawing, painting, sculpture, engraving, architecture and other media. Louis XIV
Louis XIV
was known to select graduates from the school to decorate the royal apartments at Versailles, and in 1863 Napoleon III
Napoleon III
granted the school independence from the government, changing the name to "L'École des Beaux-Arts". Women were admitted beginning in 1897. The curriculum was divided into the "Academy of Painting and Sculpture" and the "Academy of Architecture". Both programs focused on classical arts and architecture from Ancient Greek and Roman culture. All students were required to prove their skills with basic drawing tasks before advancing to figure drawing and painting. This culminated in a competition for the Grand Prix de Rome, awarding a full scholarship to study in Rome. The three trials to obtain the prize lasted for nearly three months. [1] Many of the most famous artists in Europe were trained here, to name but a few, they include Géricault, Degas, Delacroix, Fragonard, Ingres, Moreau, Renoir, Seurat, Cassandre, and Sisley. Rodin however, applied on three occasions but was refused entry. The buildings of the school are largely the creation of French architect Félix Duban, who was commissioned for the main building in 1830. His work realigned the campus, and continued through 1861, completing an architectural program out towards the Quai Malaquais. The Paris school is the namesake and founding location of the Beaux Arts architectural movement in the early twentieth century. Known for demanding classwork and setting the highest standards for education, the École attracted students from around the world—including the United States, where students returned to design buildings that would influence the history of architecture in America, including the Boston Public Library, 1888–1895 (McKim, Mead & White) and the New York Public Library, 1897–1911 (Carrère and Hastings). Architectural graduates, especially in France, are granted the title élève. The architecture department was separated from the École after the May 1968 student strikes at the Sorbonne. The name was changed to École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, and now over 500 students make use of an extensive collection of classical art, with modern additions to the curriculum including photography and hypermedia. Institutions[edit]

ENSA École nationale des beaux arts de Dijon ENSA École nationale des beaux arts de Bourges ENSBA École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
Lyon European Academy of Art (EESAB) in Lorient, Rennes, Quimper, and Brest ESADMM École supérieure d'art et de design Marseille-Méditerranée ENSA École nationale des beaux arts de Nancy École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
(ENSBA), Paris ESAD École supérieure d'art et design de Valence (fr), Valence

Notable instructors, Paris[edit]

Marina Abramović Pierre Alechinsky Mirra Alfassa Louis-Jules André Antoine Berjon François Boisrond Christian Boltanski Léon Bonnat Duchenne de Boulogne Jean-Marc Bustamante Alexandre Cabanel Pierre Carron César Jean-François Chevrier Claude Closky Jules Coutan Richard Deacon Aimé-Jules Dalou Lin Fengmian Louis Girault Fabrice Hybert Francois Jouffroy Victor Laloux Paul Landowski Jean-Paul Laurens Charles Le Brun Michel Marot Annette Messager Gustave Moreau Jean-Louis Pascal Auguste Perret, Emmanuel Pontremoli Paul Richer Louis Sullivan, American architect, left after one year Pan Yuliang

Notable alumni, Paris[edit]

David Adler, architect, American Nadir Afonso, painter Rodolfo Amoedo, painter Émile André, architect, French Paul Andreu, French architect, 1968 graduate [1] Théodore Ballu, architect Edward Bennett, architect, city planner Jules Benoit-Levy, painting Étienne-Prosper Berne-Bellecour, painter Robert Bery, painter Alexander Bogen, painter Wim Boissevain, painter, Dutch-Australian Maurice Boitel, painter Pierre Bonnard, painter Jacques Borker, tapestry designer, painter, sculptor, French artist. Joseph-Félix Bouchor, painter William-Adolphe Bouguereau, painter Antoine Bourdelle, sculptor, French Louis Bourgeois, architect, French Canadian Bernard Buffet, painter Carlo Bugatti, designer and furniture maker, Italian John James Burnet, architect Mary Cassatt, painter Paul Chalfin, painter and designer, American Araldo Cossutta, architect, Yugoslavian-American Suzor-Coté, painter Henri Crenier, sculptor John Walter Cross, architect, American Henry Dangler, architect, American Jacques-Louis David, painter Gabriel Davioud, architect Marie-Abraham Rosalbin de Buncey, painter, French Edgar Degas, painter, French Eugène Delacroix, painter, French Jenny Eakin Delony, painter, American Constant-Désiré Despradelle, architect, French Henry d'Estienne
Henry d'Estienne
painter, French Félix Duban, architect, French Thomas Eakins, painter, American Ernest Flagg, architect, American Jean-Honoré Fragonard, painter, French Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, sculptor, painter, poet, American Charles Garnier, architect, French Tony Garnier, architect, French Adrien Étienne Gaudez, sculptor, French Théodore Géricault, painter, French Heydar Ghiaï-Chamlou, architect, Iranian[2] Georges Gimel, painter, French Charles Ginner, painter Louis Girault, architect, French Hubert de Givenchy, fashion designer André Godard, designer of University of Tehran
University of Tehran
main campus L. Birge Harrison, painter Thomas Hastings, architect, American Yves Hernot, Painting, photographer Mary Rockwell Hook, architect, American Richard Morris Hunt, architect, American Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, painter, French Sadik Kaceli, painter, Albanian Mati Klarwein, painter Constantin Kluge, painter, Russian György Kornis, painter, Hungarian Victor Laloux, architect, French Jules Lavirotte, architect, French Paul Leroy
Paul Leroy
painter, French Charles-Amable Lenoir
Charles-Amable Lenoir
painter, French Stanton Macdonald-Wright, painter, American Joseph Margulies, painter Albert Marquet, painter, French William Sutherland Maxwell, architect Bernard Maybeck, architect, American Annette Messager, installationist, multi-media Jean-François Millet, painter, Norman Gustave Moreau, painter, French Julia Morgan, architect, American Ngo Viet Thu, architect, Vietnamese Victor Nicolas, sculptor, French Francisco Oller, painter, Puerto Rican Ong Schan Tchow
Ong Schan Tchow
(alias Yung Len Kwui), painter Alphonse Osbert, painter, French J. Harleston Parker, architect, American Jean-Louis Pascal, architect Théophile Poilpot, painter, French John Russell Pope, architect, American Robert Poughéon, painter, French S. H. Raza, painter, Indian Neel Reid, architect, American Pierre-Auguste Renoir, painter Arthur W. Rice, architect, American Gustave Rives, architect Cécilia Rodhe, sculptor James Gamble Rogers, architect, American Kanuty Rusiecki, painter, Lithuanian Augustus Saint-Gaudens, sculptor, American Bojan Šarčević, sculptor Louis-Frederic Schützenberger, painter, French Georges Seurat, painter, French Joann Sfar, designer Amrita Sher-Gil, painter, Indian Nicolas Sicard
Nicolas Sicard
painter, French Alfred Sisley, painter Clarence Stein, designer Yehezkel Streichman, painter Lorado Taft, sculptor Agnes Tait, painter, lithographer Vedat Tek, architect, Turkish Albert-Félix-Théophile Thomas, architect Edward Lippincott Tilton, architect, American Roland Topor, designer George Oakley Totten, Jr., architect, American Morton Traylor, painter, American Guillaume Tronchet, architect Valentino, fashion designer William Van Alen, architect Vann Molyvann, architect, Cambodian Agnes Varda, film director Lydia Venieri, painter, Greek Carlos Raúl Villanueva, architect Lucien Weissenburger, architect Norval White, architect, American Ivor Wood, animator and director, Anglo-French Alice Morgan Wright, sculptor, American Marion Sims Wyeth, architect, American Georges Zipélius, illustrator, French Jacques Zwobada, sculptor, French of Czech origins Yasuo Mizui, sculptor, Japanese

See also[edit]

Académie des Beaux-Arts Architecture of Paris Beaux-Arts architecture Comité des Étudiants Américains de l' École des Beaux-Arts
École des Beaux-Arts
Paris Paris Salon

Notes[edit]

^ " Paul Andreu
Paul Andreu
- French architect and engineer mostly noted for his numerous airport designs". structurae.net. Retrieved 2015-09-13.  ^ Heydar, Ghiai, designer of the Iran Senate House

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts.

The Ecole des Beaux-Arts – Historical essay École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
– Official website École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts
– History

Coordinates: 48°51′24″N 2°20′01″E / 48.85667°N 2.33361°E /

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