École Militaire (French pronunciation: [ekɔl militɛʁ],
Military School) is a vast complex of buildings housing various
military training facilities located in the 7th arrondissement of
Paris, France, southeast of the Champ de Mars.
It was founded in 1750, after the War of the Austrian Succession, by
Louis XV on the basis of a proposal of Marshal
Maurice de Saxe
Maurice de Saxe and
with the support of
Madame de Pompadour
Madame de Pompadour and the financier Joseph Paris
Duverney, with the aim of creating an academic college for cadet
officers from poor noble families. It was designed by Ange-Jacques
Gabriel, and construction began in 1752 on the grounds of the farm of
Grenelle, but the school did not open until 1760. The Comte de
Saint-Germain reorganised it in 1777 under the name of the École des
Cadets-gentilshommes (School of Young Gentlemen), which accepted the
young Napoleon Bonaparte in 1784. He graduated from this school in
only one year instead of two.
It now hosts:
The École de guerre (War School), and
Institut des hautes études de défense nationale (IHEDN)
(Institute of Advanced Studies in National Defense)
The vast complex formed by the École militaire.
École de guerre
École Militaire from the Place de Fontenoy
St Louis Chapel at the École Militaire
The École de guerre (War School) is a French institution for military
higher education. It succeeds the former Collège interarmées de
Défense (Joint Service Defense College), itself the result of the
merger of the four Écoles supérieures de guerre of the French Army,
French Air Force
French Air Force and National Gendarmerie, and the Cours
supérieur interarmées since 1 September 1993. It is located in the
École Militaire, and is subordinated to the Chief of the Defence
Staff (France). Teaching is selective, diversified, and focused on
joint warfare, international relations, and planning.
The École de guerre teaches junior officers from the three services,
the National Gendarmerie, Services (
Service de santé des armées or
Service des essences des armées), or Délégation générale pour
l'Armement. Candidate students are recruited by competitive
examination, each promotion featuring nationals of over 70 countries.
Once admitted, they are trained to assume staff positions in their
armies of origin, in joint staffs, on interallied staffs, or any other
position where defence policies are crafted and implemented.
Attendance to the school is usually a necessary step for achieving
field officers positions.
The École de guerre can be compared to the Joint Services Command and
Staff College, UK, and the Command and General Staff College, US.
Military history portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to École Militaire.
Official website of CID (in French)
This article about a French university, college, or other educational
institution is a stub. You can help by expandi