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É, é (e -acute ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet . It is found in Afrikaans , Catalan , Czech , Danish , Emilian-Romagnol , English , French , Galician , Hungarian , Icelandic , Irish , Italian , Kashubian , Luxembourgish , Occitan , Norwegian , Portuguese , Slovak , Spanish , Swedish , Vietnamese , and Welsh languages, as a variant of the letter "e". In English , it may be observed as a pronunciation aid in loanwords (e.g., résumé from French) or romanizations (e.g., Pokémon
Pokémon
from Japanese ). This is also used in Dutch and Navajo .

É or é is also used for /ɛ / with a rising tone in pinyin , the Chinese language
Chinese language
roman-alphabet transcription system. It is also used in Indonesian dictionaries to denote /e /, in contrast with E, e /ə /.

CONTENTS

* 1 Usage in various languages

* 1.1 Czech and Slovak * 1.2 Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish * 1.3 Dutch * 1.4 Emilian-Romagnol * 1.5 English * 1.6 French * 1.7 Hungarian * 1.8 Icelandic * 1.9 Irish * 1.10 Italian * 1.11 Kashubian * 1.12 Portuguese * 1.13 Spanish * 1.14 Scottish Gaelic * 1.15 Welsh * 1.16 Vietnamese

* 2 Character mappings

* 2.1 Key strokes

* 3 See also * 4 External links

USAGE IN VARIOUS LANGUAGES

CZECH AND SLOVAK

É is the 5th letter of the Czech alphabet and Slovak alphabet
Slovak alphabet
and represents /ɛː/.

DANISH, NORWEGIAN, AND SWEDISH

In Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish, the letter "é" is used to indicate that a terminal syllable with the vowel e is stressed, and it is often used only when it changes the meaning. See Acute accent for a more detailed description.

DUTCH

Like in English, é is respected when writing foreign words, mainly from French. It is also used to differentiate the article "een," equivalent to either "a" or "an" in English, and "één", the number one. It is also used to add visual stress on words in the same way English might use italics. In Dutch, some people use "hé" as a greeting, like "hey" or "hi".

EMILIAN-ROMAGNOL

In Emilian , é is used to represent , e.g. récc "rich". In Romagnol the same letter is used to represent , e.g. lédar "thieves".

ENGLISH

Main article: Acute accent § English

In English, the e-acute has some uses, mostly in words of French origin, such as née , résumé , fiancée , sauté and coupé and names such as Beyoncé , Breneé, Jon Benét , and Théo. Pokémon
Pokémon
, the media franchise owned by Japanese corporation Nintendo
Nintendo
, has also come into common use. Also, Padmé Amidala in Star Wars has an é in her name.

FRENCH

Main article: French orthography
French orthography

The letter é (pronounced /e/) contrasts with è (which is pronounced /ɛ/) and is widely used in French.

HUNGARIAN

É is the 9th letter of the Hungarian alphabet
Hungarian alphabet
and represents /eː/.

ICELANDIC

É is the 7th letter of the Icelandic alphabet and represents /jɛː/.

IRISH

In Irish the acute accent (fada) marks a long vowel and so é is pronounced /eː/.

ITALIAN

É is a variant of E carrying an acute accent; it represents an /e / carrying the tonic accent. It is used only if it is the last letter of the word except in dictionaries or when a different pronunciation may affect the meaning of a word: perché ("why"/"because", pronounced ) and pésca ("fishing", ), to be compared with caffè ("coffee", ) and pèsca ("peach", ), which have a grave accent.

KASHUBIAN

É is the 8th letter of the Kashubian alphabet and represents /ɛ/. It also represents in some dialects and represents / in area between Puck and Kartuzy.

PORTUGUESE

In Portuguese, é is used to mark a stressed /ɛ / in words whose stressed syllable is in unpredictable within the word, as in "péssimo" (very bad). If the location of the stressed syllable is predictable, the acute accent is not used. É /ɛ / contrasts with ê, /e /. "É" can also mean "is": ela é bonita (she is pretty).

SPANISH

In Spanish, é is an accented letter and is pronounced just like "e" /e/. The accent indicates the stressed syllable in words with irregular stress, as in "éxtasis" or "bebé". See Diacritic
Diacritic
and Acute accent for more details.

SCOTTISH GAELIC

É was once used in Scottish Gaelic , but has now been largely superseded by "è". It can still be seen, but it is no longer used in the standard orthography.

WELSH

In Welsh, word stress usually falls on the penultimate syllable, but one way of indicating stress on a final (short) vowel is through the use of the acute accent, often found on e in borrowed words: personél "personnel", sigarét "cigarette", ymbarél "umbrella".

VIETNAMESE

In Vietnamese, the letter "é" indicates the rising tone. It can also be combined with "ê" to form "ế".

CHARACTER MAPPINGS

CHARACTER É é

UNICODE NAME LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH ACUTE LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH ACUTE

ENCODINGS DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX

Unicode
Unicode
201 U+00C9 233 U+00E9

UTF-8
UTF-8
195 137 C3 89 195 169 C3 A9

Numeric character reference

Named character reference

ISO 8859 -1 /2 /3 /4 /9 /10 /13 /14 /15 /16 201 C9 233 E9

Mac OS Roman 131 83 142 8E

KEY STROKES

* Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows
users can type an "é" by pressing Alt+130 or Alt+0233 on the numeric pad of the keyboard. "É" can be typed by pressing Alt+144 or Alt+0201.

* On US International and UK English keyboard layouts, users can type the acute accent letter "é" by typing AltGR+E.

* This method can also be applied to many other acute accented letters which do not appear on the standard US English keyboard layout.

* In Microsoft Word
Microsoft Word
, users can press Ctrl+' (apostrophe), then E or ⇧ Shift+E for "é" or "É". * On macOS , users can press ⌥ Option+E, then E or ⇧ Shift+E for "é" or "É". * Using a compose key , users can hold Compose and press ' (apostrophe) E for "é" or Compose ' (apostrophe) ⇧ Shift+E for "É". * On a standard Android , Windows Mobile
Windows Mobile
, or iOS keyboard, users can hold the E key until special characters appear, slide to the é, and release.

SEE ALSO

* Acute accent

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Omniglot - writing systems

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