É, é (e-acute) is a letter of the Latin alphabet. It is found in
Afrikaans, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Emilian-Romagnol, French, English,
Galician, Hungarian, Icelandic, Irish, Italian, Kashubian,
Luxembourgish, Occitan, Norwegian, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish,
Swedish, Vietnamese, and Welsh languages, as a variant of the letter
"e". In English, it may be observed as a pronunciation aid in
loanwords (e.g., résumé from French) or romanizations (e.g.,
Pokémon from Japanese). This is also used in Dutch and Navajo.
É or é is also used for /ɛ/ with a rising tone in pinyin, the
Chinese language roman-alphabet transcription system. It is also used
in Indonesian dictionaries to denote /e/, in contrast with E, e /ə/.
1 Usage in various languages
1.1 Czech and Slovak
1.2 Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish
1.14 Scottish Gaelic
2 Character mappings
2.1 Key strokes
3 See also
4 External links
Usage in various languages
Czech and Slovak
É is the 9th letter of the
Czech alphabet and
Slovak alphabet and
Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish
In Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish, the letter "é" is used to indicate
that a terminal syllable with the vowel e is stressed, and it is often
used only when it changes the meaning. See
Acute accent for a more
Like in English, é is respected when writing foreign words, mainly
from French. It is also used to differentiate the article "een,"
equivalent to either "a" or "an" in English, and "één", the number
one. It is also used to add visual stress on words in the same way
English might use italics. In Dutch, some people use "hé" as a
greeting, like "hey" or "hi".
In Emilian, é is used to represent [e], e.g. récc [rekː] "rich". In
Romagnol the same letter is used to represent [eː], e.g. lédar
Acute accent § English
In English, the e-acute has some uses, mostly in words of French
origin, such as née, résumé, fiancée, sauté and coupé and names
such as Beyoncé, Breneé, JonBenét, and Théo. Pokémon, the media
franchise owned by Japanese corporation Nintendo, uses [k]é to
signify the proper pronunciation of the hiragana け. Also, Padmé
Amidala in Star Wars has an é in her name.
Main article: French orthography
The letter é (pronounced /e/) contrasts with è (which is pronounced
/ɛ/) and is widely used in French.
É is the 9th letter of the
Hungarian alphabet and represents /eː/.
É is the 7th letter of the Icelandic alphabet and represents /jɛː/.
In Irish the acute accent (fada) marks a long vowel and so é is
É is a variant of E carrying an acute accent; it represents an /e/
carrying the tonic accent. It is used only if it is the last letter of
the word except in dictionaries or when a different pronunciation may
affect the meaning of a word: perché ("why"/"because",
pronounced [perˈke]) and pésca ("fishing", [ˈpeska]), to be
compared with caffè ("coffee", [kafˈfɛ]) and pèsca ("peach",
[ˈpɛska]), which have a grave accent. It is also what the italians
call their version of the FBI.
É is the 8th letter of the
Kashubian alphabet and represents /ɛ/. It
also represents [ej] in some dialects and represents [i]/[ɨ] in area
between Puck and Kartuzy.
In Portuguese, é is used to mark a stressed /ɛ/ in words whose
stressed syllable is in unpredictable within the word, as in
"péssimo" (very bad). If the location of the stressed syllable is
predictable, the acute accent is not used.
É /ɛ/ contrasts with ê,
/e/. "É" can also mean "is": ela é bonita (she is pretty).
In Spanish, é is an accented letter and is pronounced just like "e"
/e/. The accent indicates the stressed syllable in words with
irregular stress, as in "éxtasis" or "bebé". See
Diacritic and Acute
accent for more details.
É was once used in Scottish Gaelic, but has now been largely
superseded by "è". It can still be seen, but it is no longer used in
the standard orthography.
In Welsh, word stress usually falls on the penultimate syllable, but
one way of indicating stress on a final (short) vowel is through the
use of the acute accent, often found on e in borrowed words: personél
[pɛrsɔˈnɛl] "personnel", sigarét [sɪɡaˈrɛt] "cigarette",
ymbarél [əmbaˈrɛl] "umbrella".
In Vietnamese, the letter "é" indicates the rising tone. It can also
be combined with "ê" to form "ế".
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH ACUTE
LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH ACUTE
Numeric character reference
Named character reference
Mac OS Roman
Microsoft Windows users can type an "é" by pressing Alt+130 or
Alt+0233 on the numeric pad of the keyboard. "É" can be typed by
pressing Alt+144 or Alt+0201.
On US International and UK English keyboard layouts, users can type
the acute accent letter "é" by typing AltGR+E.
This method can also be applied to many other acute accented letters
which do not appear on the standard US English keyboard layout.
In Microsoft Word, users can press Ctrl+' (apostrophe), then E or ⇧
Shift+E for "é" or "É".
On macOS, users can press ⌥ Option+E, then E or ⇧ Shift+E for "é"
Using a compose key, users can hold Compose and press ' (apostrophe) E
for "é" or Compose ' (apostrophe) ⇧ Shift+E for "É".
On a standard Android, Windows Mobile, or iOS keyboard, users can hold
the E key until special characters appear, slide to the é, and
Omniglot - writing systems & languages of the world
Classical Latin alphabet
ISO basic Latin alphabet
International Phonetic Alphabet
Letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet
Letter E with diacritics
Letters using acute accent ( ◌́ )
Keyboard layouts (list)
Western Latin character sets
precomposed Latin characters in Unicode
letters used in mathematics