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É, é (e-acute) is a letter of the Latin alphabet. It is found in Afrikaans, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Emilian-Romagnol, French, English, Galician, Hungarian, Icelandic, Irish, Italian, Kashubian, Luxembourgish, Occitan, Norwegian, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Vietnamese, and Welsh languages, as a variant of the letter "e". In English, it may be observed as a pronunciation aid in loanwords (e.g., résumé from French) or romanizations (e.g., Pokémon
Pokémon
from Japanese). This is also used in Dutch and Navajo. É or é is also used for /ɛ/ with a rising tone in pinyin, the Chinese language
Chinese language
roman-alphabet transcription system. It is also used in Indonesian dictionaries to denote /e/, in contrast with E, e /ə/.

Contents

1 Usage in various languages

1.1 Czech and Slovak 1.2 Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish 1.3 Dutch 1.4 Emilian-Romagnol 1.5 English 1.6 French 1.7 Hungarian 1.8 Icelandic 1.9 Irish 1.10 Italian 1.11 Kashubian 1.12 Portuguese 1.13 Spanish 1.14 Scottish Gaelic 1.15 Welsh 1.16 Vietnamese

2 Character mappings

2.1 Key strokes

3 See also 4 External links

Usage in various languages[edit] Czech and Slovak[edit] É is the 9th letter of the Czech alphabet and Slovak alphabet and represents /ɛː/. Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish[edit] In Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish, the letter "é" is used to indicate that a terminal syllable with the vowel e is stressed, and it is often used only when it changes the meaning. See Acute accent
Acute accent
for a more detailed description. Dutch[edit] Like in English, é is respected when writing foreign words, mainly from French. It is also used to differentiate the article "een," equivalent to either "a" or "an" in English, and "één", the number one. It is also used to add visual stress on words in the same way English might use italics. In Dutch, some people use "hé" as a greeting, like "hey" or "hi". Emilian-Romagnol[edit] In Emilian, é is used to represent [e], e.g. récc [rekː] "rich". In Romagnol the same letter is used to represent [eː], e.g. lédar [ˈleːdar] "thieves". English[edit] Main article: Acute accent
Acute accent
§ English In English, the e-acute has some uses, mostly in words of French origin, such as née, résumé, fiancée, sauté and coupé and names such as Beyoncé, Breneé, JonBenét, and Théo. Pokémon, the media franchise owned by Japanese corporation Nintendo, uses [k]é to signify the proper pronunciation of the hiragana け. Also, Padmé Amidala in Star Wars has an é in her name. French[edit] Main article: French orthography The letter é (pronounced /e/) contrasts with è (which is pronounced /ɛ/) and is widely used in French. Hungarian[edit] É is the 9th letter of the Hungarian alphabet
Hungarian alphabet
and represents /eː/. Icelandic[edit] É is the 7th letter of the Icelandic alphabet and represents /jɛː/. Irish[edit] In Irish the acute accent (fada) marks a long vowel and so é is pronounced /eː/. Italian[edit] É is a variant of E carrying an acute accent; it represents an /e/ carrying the tonic accent. It is used only if it is the last letter of the word except in dictionaries or when a different pronunciation may affect the meaning of a word: perché ("why"/"because", pronounced [perˈke]) and pésca ("fishing", [ˈpeska]), to be compared with caffè ("coffee", [kafˈfɛ]) and pèsca ("peach", [ˈpɛska]), which have a grave accent. It is also what the italians call their version of the FBI.[citation needed] Kashubian[edit] É is the 8th letter of the Kashubian alphabet
Kashubian alphabet
and represents /ɛ/. It also represents [ej] in some dialects and represents [i]/[ɨ] in area between Puck and Kartuzy. Portuguese[edit] In Portuguese, é is used to mark a stressed /ɛ/ in words whose stressed syllable is in unpredictable within the word, as in "péssimo" (very bad). If the location of the stressed syllable is predictable, the acute accent is not used. É /ɛ/ contrasts with ê, /e/. "É" can also mean "is": ela é bonita (she is pretty). Spanish[edit] In Spanish, é is an accented letter and is pronounced just like "e" /e/. The accent indicates the stressed syllable in words with irregular stress, as in "éxtasis" or "bebé". See Diacritic
Diacritic
and Acute accent for more details. Scottish Gaelic[edit] É was once used in Scottish Gaelic, but has now been largely superseded by "è". It can still be seen, but it is no longer used in the standard orthography. Welsh[edit] In Welsh, word stress usually falls on the penultimate syllable, but one way of indicating stress on a final (short) vowel is through the use of the acute accent, often found on e in borrowed words: personél [pɛrsɔˈnɛl] "personnel", sigarét [sɪɡaˈrɛt] "cigarette", ymbarél [əmbaˈrɛl] "umbrella". Vietnamese[edit] In Vietnamese, the letter "é" indicates the rising tone. It can also be combined with "ê" to form "ế". Character mappings[edit]

Character É é

Unicode
Unicode
name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH ACUTE LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH ACUTE

Encodings decimal hex decimal hex

Unicode 201 U+00C9 233 U+00E9

UTF-8 195 137 C3 89 195 169 C3 A9

Numeric character reference É É é é

Named character reference É é

ISO 8859-1/2/3/4/9/10/13/14/15/16 201 C9 233 E9

Mac OS Roman 131 83 142 8E

Key strokes[edit]

Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows
users can type an "é" by pressing Alt+130 or Alt+0233 on the numeric pad of the keyboard. "É" can be typed by pressing Alt+144 or Alt+0201. On US International and UK English keyboard layouts, users can type the acute accent letter "é" by typing AltGR+E.

This method can also be applied to many other acute accented letters which do not appear on the standard US English keyboard layout.

In Microsoft Word, users can press Ctrl+' (apostrophe), then E or ⇧ Shift+E for "é" or "É". On macOS, users can press ⌥ Option+E, then E or ⇧ Shift+E for "é" or "É". Using a compose key, users can hold Compose and press ' (apostrophe) E for "é" or Compose ' (apostrophe) ⇧ Shift+E for "É". On a standard Android, Windows Mobile, or iOS keyboard, users can hold the E key until special characters appear, slide to the é, and release.

See also[edit]

Acute accent

External links[edit]

Omniglot - writing systems & languages of the world

Hungarian language Icelandic language Kashubian language Czech language Slovak language Uyghur language

v t e

Latin script

History Spread Romanization Roman numerals

Alphabets (list)

Classical Latin alphabet ISO basic Latin alphabet phonetic alphabets

International Phonetic Alphabet X-SAMPA

Spelling alphabet

Letters (list)

Letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

Letter E with diacritics

Éé Èè Ĕĕ Êê Ếế Ềề Ễễ Ểể Ê̄ê̄ Ê̌ê̌ Ěě Ëë Ẽẽ Ėė Ė́ė́ Ė̃ė̃ Ȩȩ Ḝḝ Ęę Ę́ę́ Ę̃ę̃ Ēē Ḗḗ Ḕḕ Ẻẻ Ȅȅ

E̋e̋ Ȇȇ Ẹẹ Ệệ Ḙḙ Ḛḛ Ɇɇ E̩e̩ È̩è̩ É̩é̩ ᶒ ⱸ ꬴ ꬳ

Letters using acute accent ( ◌́ )

Áá Ćć Éé Ǵǵ Í í Ḱḱ Ĺĺ Ḿḿ Ńń Óó Ṕṕ Ŕŕ Śś Úú Ẃẃ X́x́ Ýý Źź

Multigraphs

Digraphs

ch cz dž dz gh ij ll ly nh ny sh sz th

Trigraphs

dzs eau

Tetragraphs

ough

Pentagraphs

tzsch

Keyboard layouts (list)

QWERTY QWERTZ AZERTY

Standards

ISO/IEC 646 Unicode Western Latin character sets

Lists

precomposed Latin characters in Unicode letters used in mathematics

Diacr

.