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Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Halil Pasha
Pasha
(died 1 June 1453), known as the Younger, was a highly influential Ottoman grand vizier under the sultans Murad II and, for the first few years of his reign, Mehmed II
Mehmed II
(from 1439 to 1 June 1453 precisely).[1] He was a member of the Çandarlı
Çandarlı
family, a highly influential political family in the Ottoman Empire. His grandfather and namesake, Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Kara Halil Hayreddin Pasha ( Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Halil Pasha
Pasha
the Elder), also earlier served as grand vizier, under Murad I.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Popular culture 3 See also 4 References

Biography[edit] Halil Pasha
Pasha
was the fourth and penultimate member of the Çandarlı family to hold the position of grand vizier in the Ottoman Empire. His father, Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
the Elder, his uncle, Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Ali Pasha, and his grandfather Çandarlı Halil Pasha the Elder
Çandarlı Halil Pasha the Elder
had also held the position in the past. His own son, Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Ibrahim Pasha the Younger, would also become grand vizier in the future. Twice during his reign, sultan Murad II, a man more interested in religion and the arts than politics, retired to the city of Manisa. For the sultan's protection, Halil Pasha
Pasha
had a castle built in a nearby town, renaming it Çandarlı
Çandarlı
after his own family (the castle is still the most famous landmark in Çandarlı
Çandarlı
today). During these times of Murad II's retirement, Halil Pasha
Pasha
held effective control of the empire in the capital Edirne
Edirne
with Mehmed II, then still a child, as the nominal sultan. On both occasions, with the dangers presented by allied European armies attacking Ottoman territories, Çandarlı called back Murad II
Murad II
and deposed the teenaged Mehmed II
Mehmed II
to replace him with his more capable father. These two incidents led to lasting resentment by Mehmed II
Mehmed II
towards Çandarlı. The fact that the Çandarlı
Çandarlı
family, which had become extremely wealthy from their influence in the empire for over a century, possibly more so than even the ruling Ottoman family itself, further strained tensions between Mehmed II
Mehmed II
and Halil Pasha, the scion of the Çandarlı
Çandarlı
family. When Mehmed II
Mehmed II
became sultan, the Byzantine emperor Constantine XI sent a messenger to the Ottomans, asking for an increase of the annuity of Orhan or otherwise to release him.[2] Orhan was a distant Ottoman family member and could claim himself as pretender for the throne and potentially start a civil war.[2] This strategy of disruption was used by the Byzantines several times before.[2] Halil Pasha
Pasha
became infuriated at the message and replied to the messengers:[2]

You stupid Greeks, I have known your cunning ways for long enough. The late sultan was a lenient and conscientious friend to you. The present sultan Mehmed is not of the same mind. If Constantinople
Constantinople
eludes his bold and impetuous grip, it will only be because God continues to overlook your devious and wicked schemes. You are fools to think that you can frighten us with your fantasies when the ink on our recent treaty of peace is barely dry. We are not children without strength or sense. If you think that you can start something, do so. If you want to proclaim Orhan as sultan in Thrace, go ahead. If you want to bring the Hungarians across the Danube, let them come. If you want to recover places that you lost long since, try it. But know this: you will make no headway in any of these things. All that you will do is lose what little you have.[2]

In 1453, one of the first acts committed by the (then fully reigning) Emperor Mehmed II
Mehmed II
immediately after the conquest of Constantinople
Constantinople
was to execute Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Halil Pasha
Pasha
and confiscate his property. It is interesting to note that the city had been taken on 29 May 1453 and Halil Pasha's execution took place on 1 June 1453, suggesting that this design had been premeditated by the sultan long ago. Mehmed II
Mehmed II
thus ended the Çandarlı
Çandarlı
era in the Ottoman Empire, and the later members of the family, whose descendants survive to the present day, became no more than provincial notables based in İznik, although they were to give yet another, short-term, grand vizier to the Ottoman Empire at the end of the 15th century (Halil's son Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
the Younger). Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Halil Pasha
Pasha
was, as such, the first Ottoman grand vizier to be executed by the sultan. Popular culture[edit]

Reşit Gürzap portrayed Halil Pasha
Pasha
in Turkish film İstanbul'un Fethi (1951). Halil Pasha
Pasha
is played by Erden Alkan in Turkish film Fetih 1453 (2012).

See also[edit]

Çandarlı
Çandarlı
family Çandarlı, a town named by Halil Pasha List of Ottoman Grand Viziers

References[edit]

^ İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 10. (Turkish) ^ a b c d e The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261-1453, Donald M. Nicol, page 375, 1993

Political offices

Preceded by Koca Mehmed Nizamüddin Pasha Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire 1439–1453 Succeeded by Zagan Pasha

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
– Rise (1299–1453)

Hacıkemaleddinoğlu Alaeddin Pasha
Pasha
(1320–1331) Mahmudoğlu Nizamüddin Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1331–1348) Hacı Pasha
Pasha
(1348–1349) Sinanüddin Fakih Yusuf Pasha
Pasha
(1349–1364) Çandarlı Halil Pasha the Elder
Çandarlı Halil Pasha the Elder
(1364–1387) Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1387–1406) Osmancıklı Imamzade Halil Pasha
Pasha
(1406–1413) Amasyalı Bayezid Pasha
Pasha
(1413–1421) Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
the Elder (1421–1429) Osmancıklı Koca Mehmed Nizamüddin Pasha
Pasha
(1429–1439) Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Halil Pasha
Pasha
the Younger (1439–1453)

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
– Classical Age (1453–1550)

Zagan Pasha
Pasha
(1453–1456) Veli Mahmud Pasha
Pasha
(1456–1466) Rum Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1466–1469) Ishak Pasha
Pasha
(1469–1472) Veli Mahmud Pasha
Pasha
(1472–1474) Gedik Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1474–1477) Karamani Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1477–1481) Ishak Pasha
Pasha
(1481–1482) Koca Davud Pasha
Pasha
(1482–1497) Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1497–1498) Çandarlı
Çandarlı
Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
the Younger (1498–1499) Yakub Pasha
Pasha
(1499–1501) Mesih Pasha
Pasha
(1501) Hadim Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1501–1503) Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1503–1506) Hadim Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1509–1511) Koca Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1511–1512) Dukakinzade Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1512–1515) Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1515–1516) Hadım Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1516–1517) Yunus Pasha
Pasha
(1517) Piri Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1517–1523) Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1523–1536) Ayas Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1536–1539) Lütfi Pasha
Pasha
(1539–1541) Hadım Suleiman Pasha
Pasha
(1541–1544) Rüstem Pasha
Pasha
(1544–1553)

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
– Transformation (1550–1700)

Kara Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1553–1555) Rüstem Pasha
Pasha
(1555–1561) Semiz Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1561–1565) Sokollu Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1565–1579) Şemsi Pasha
Pasha
(1579–1580) Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1580) Koca Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1580–1582) Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
(1582–1584) Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha
Pasha
(1584–1585) Hadim Mesih Pasha
Pasha
(1585–1586) Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
(1586–1589) Koca Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1589–1591) Serdar Ferhad Pasha
Pasha
(1591–1592) Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
(1592–1593) Koca Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1593–1595) Serdar Ferhad Pasha
Pasha
(1595) Lala Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1595) Koca Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1595–1596) Damat Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1596) Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha
Pasha
(1596) Damat Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1596–1597) Hadım Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1597–1598) Cerrah Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1598–1599) Damat Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1599–1601) Yemişçi Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1601–1603) Yavuz Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1603–1604) Sokolluzade Lala Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1604–1606) Boşnak Derviş Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1606) Kuyucu Murad Pasha
Pasha
(1606–1611) Nasuh Pasha
Pasha
(1611–1614) Öküz Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1614–1616) Damat Halil Pasha
Pasha
(1616–1619) Öküz Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1619–1619) Güzelce Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1619–1621) Ohrili Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
(1621) Dilaver Pasha
Pasha
(1621–1622) Kara Davud Pasha
Pasha
(1622) Mere Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
(1622) Lefkeli Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1622) Gürcü Hadım Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1622–1623) Mere Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
(1623) Kemankeş Kara Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1623–1624) Çerkes Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1624–1625) Filibeli Hafız Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1625–1626) Damat Halil Pasha
Pasha
(1626–1628) Gazi Ekrem Hüsrev Pasha
Pasha
(1628–1631) Hafiz Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1631–1632) Topal Recep Pasha
Pasha
(1632) Tabanıyassı Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1632–1637) Bayram Pasha
Pasha
(1637–1638) Tayyar Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1638) Kemankeş Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1638–1644) Civankapıcıbaşı Sultanzade Semiz Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1644–1645) Nevesinli Salih Pasha
Pasha
(1645–1647) Kara Musa Pasha
Pasha
(1647) Hezarpare Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1647–1648) Sofu Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1648–1649) Kara Murat Pasha
Pasha
(1649–1650) Melek Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1650–1651) Abaza Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
I (1651) Gürcü Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1651–1652) Tarhoncu Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1652–1653) Bıyıklı Koca Derviş Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1653–1654) Ibşir Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1654–1655) Kara Dev Murad Pasha
Pasha
(1655) Ermeni Süleyman Pasha
Pasha
(1655) Gazi Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
(1656) Zurnazen Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1656) Abaza Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
I (1656) Boynuyaralı Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1656) Köprülü Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1656–1661) Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed
Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed
Pasha
Pasha
(1661–1676) Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1676–1683) Bayburtlu Kara Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1683–1685) Sarı Süleyman Pasha
Pasha
(1685–1687) Abaza Siyavuş Pasha
Pasha
II (1687–1688) Ayaşlı Ismail Pasha
Pasha
(1688) Tekirdağlı Bekri Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1688–1689) Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1689–1691) Bahadırzade Arabacı Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1691–1692) Merzifonlu Çalık Hacı Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1692–1693) Bozoklu (Bıyıklı) Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1694) Sürmeli Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1694–1695) Elmas Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1695–1697) Köprülü Amcazade Hacı Hüseyin Pasha
Pasha
(1697–1702)

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
– Old Regime (1700–1789)

Daltaban Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1702–1703) Rami Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1703) Sührablı Kavanoz Nişancı Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1703) Damat Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1703–1704) Kalaylıkoz Hacı Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1704) Baltacı Mehmet Pasha
Pasha
(1704–1706) Çorlulu Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1706–1710) Köprülü Numan Pasha
Pasha
(1710) Baltacı Mehmet Pasha
Pasha
(1710–1711) Gürcü Ağa Yusuf Pasha
Pasha
(1711–1712) Silahdar Süleyman Pasha
Pasha
(1712–1713) Kel Hoca Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1713) Silahdar Damat Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1713–1716) Hacı Halil Pasha
Pasha
(1716–1717) Tevkii Nişancı Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1717–1718) Nevşehirli Damat Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1718–1730) Silahdar Damat Mehmet Pasha
Pasha
(1730–1731) Kabakulak Ibrahim Pasha
Pasha
(1731) Topal Osman Pasha
Pasha
(1731–1732) Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1732–1735) Gürcü Ismail Pasha
Pasha
(1735–1736) Silahdar Seyyid Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1736–1737) Muhsinzade Abdullah Pasha
Pasha
(1737) Yeğen Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1737–1739) Ivaz Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1739–1740) Nişancı Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1740–1742) Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1742–1743) Seyyid Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1743–1746) Tiryaki Hacı Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1746–1747) Seyyid Abdullah Pasha
Pasha
(1747–1750) Divitdar Mehmed Emin Pasha
Pasha
(1750–1752) Çorlulu Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1752–1755) Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1755) Naili Abdullah Pasha
Pasha
(1755) Silahdar Bıyıklı Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1755) Yirmisekizzade Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1755–1756) Çorlulu Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1756–1757) Koca Ragıp Pasha
Pasha
(1757–1763) Tevkii Hamza Hamid Pasha
Pasha
(1763) Çorlulu Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1763–1765) Muhsinzade Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1765–1768) Silahdar Hamza Mahir Pasha
Pasha
(1768) Yağlıkçızade Nişancı Hacı Mehmed Emin Pasha
Pasha
(1768–1769) Moldovancı Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1769) Ivazzade Halil Pasha
Pasha
(1769–1770) Silahdar Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1770–1771) Muhsinzade Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1771–1774) Izzet Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1774–1775) Moralı Derviş Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1775–1777) Darendeli Cebecizade Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1777–1778) Kalafat Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1778–1779) Silahdar Karavezir Seyyid Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1779–1781) Izzet Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1781–1782) Yeğen Hacı Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1782) Halil Hamid Pasha
Pasha
(1782–1785) Hazinedar Şahin Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1785–1786) Koca Yusuf Pasha
Pasha
(1786–1789) Kethüda Meyyit Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1789)

v t e

Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
– Decline and Modernization (1789–1922)

Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1789–1790) Çelebizade Şerif Hasan Pasha
Pasha
(1790–1791) Koca Yusuf Pasha
Pasha
(1791–1792) Melek Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1792–1794) Safranbolulu Izzet Mehmet Pasha
Pasha
(1794–1798) Kör Yusuf Ziyaüddin Pasha
Pasha
(1798–1805) Hafiz Ismail Pasha
Pasha
(1805–1806) Ibrahim Hilmi Pasha
Pasha
(1806–1807) Çelebi Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1807–1808) Alemdar Mustafa Pasha
Pasha
(1808) Çavuşbaşı Memiş Pasha
Pasha
(1808–1809) Kör Yusuf Ziyaüddin Pasha
Pasha
(1809–1811) Laz Aziz Ahmed Pasha
Pasha
(1811–1812) Hurshid Pasha
Pasha
(1812–1815) Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha
Pasha
(1815–1818) Dervish Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1818–1820) Seyyid Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1820–1821) Benderli Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1821) Hacı Salih Pasha
Pasha
(1821–1822) Deli Abdullah Pasha
Pasha
(1822–1823) Silahdar Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1823) Mehmed Said Galip Pasha
Pasha
(1823–1824) Mehmed Selim Pasha
Pasha
(1824–1828) Topal Izzet Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1828–1829) Reşid Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1829–1833) Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha
Pasha
(1833–1839) Koca Hüsrev Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1839–1840) Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha
Pasha
(1840–1841) Topal Izzet Mehmed Pasha
Pasha
(1841–1842) Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha
Pasha
(1842–1846) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1846–1848) Ibrahim Sarim Pasha
Pasha
(1848) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1848–1852) Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha
Pasha
(1852) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1852) Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha
Pasha
(1852) Damat Mehmed Ali Pasha
Pasha
(1852–1853) Mustafa Naili Pasha
Pasha
(1853–1854) Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha
Pasha
(1854) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1854–1855) Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha
Pasha
(1855–1856) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1856–1857) Mustafa Naili Pasha
Pasha
(1857) Mustafa Reşid Pasha
Pasha
(1857–1858) Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha
Pasha
(1858–1859) Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha
Pasha
(1859) Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Pasha
(1859–1860) Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha
Pasha
(1860–1861) Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha
Pasha
(1861) Mehmed Fuad Pasha
Pasha
(1861–1866) Yusuf Kamil Pasha
Pasha
(1863) Mehmed Fuad Pasha
Pasha
(1863–1866) Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Pasha
(1866–1867) Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha
Pasha
(1866–1871) Mahmud Nedim Pasha
Pasha
(1871–1872) Midhat Pasha
Pasha
(1872) Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Pasha
(1872–1873) Ahmed Esad Pasha
Pasha
(1873) Şirvanlızade Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha
Pasha
(1873–1874) Hüseyin Avni Pasha
Pasha
(1874–1875) Ahmed Esad Pasha
Pasha
(1875) Mahmud Nedim Pasha
Pasha
(1875–1876) Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Pasha
(1876–1876) Midhat Pasha
Pasha
(1876–1877) Ibrahim Edhem Pasha
Pasha
(1877–1878) Ahmed Hamdi Pasha
Pasha
(1878) Ahmed Vefik Pasha
Pasha
(1878) Mehmed Sadık Pasha
Pasha
(1878) Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Pasha
(1878) Saffet Pasha
Pasha
(1878) Hayreddin Pasha
Pasha
(1878–1879) Ahmed Arifi Pasha
Pasha
(1879) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1879–1880) Kadri Pasha
Pasha
(1880) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1880–1882) Abdurrahman Nureddin Pasha
Pasha
(1882) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1882) Ahmed Vefik Pasha
Pasha
(1882) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1882–1885) Kâmil Pasha
Pasha
(1885–1891) Ahmed Cevad Pasha
Pasha
(1891–1895) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1895) Kâmil Pasha
Pasha
(1895) Halil Rifat Pasha
Pasha
(1895–1901) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1901–1903) Mehmed Ferid Pasha
Pasha
(1903–1908) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1908) Kâmil Pasha
Pasha
(1908–1909) Hüseyin Hilmi Pasha
Pasha
(1909) Ahmet Tevfik Pasha
Pasha
(1909) Hüseyin Hilmi Pasha
Pasha
(1909–1910) Ibrahim Hakki Pasha
Pasha
(1910–1911) Mehmed Said Pasha
Pasha
(1911–1912) Gazi Ahmed Muhtar Pasha
Pasha
(1912) Kâmil Pasha
Pasha
(1912–1913) Mahmud Shevket Pasha
Pasha
(1913) Said Halim Pasha
Pasha
(1913–1917) Mehmed Talat Pasha
Pasha
(1917–1918) Ahmed Izzet Pasha
Pasha
(1918) Ahmet Tevfik Pasha
Pasha
(1918–1919) Damat Ferid Pasha
Pasha
(1919) Ali Rıza Pasha
Pasha
(1919–1920) Salih Hulusi Pasha
Pasha
(1920) Damat Ferid Pasha
Pasha
(1920) Ahmet Tevfik Pasha
Pasha
(1920–1922)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 39297815 LCCN

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