Æthelred (/ˈæθəlrɛd/; died after 704) was
King of Mercia
King of Mercia from
675 until 704. He was the son of
Penda of Mercia
Penda of Mercia and came to the
throne in 675, when his brother, Wulfhere of Mercia, died. Within a
year of his accession he invaded Kent, where his armies destroyed the
city of Rochester. In 679 he defeated his brother-in-law, Ecgfrith of
Northumbria, at the Battle of the Trent: the battle was a major
setback for the Northumbrians, and effectively ended their military
involvement in English affairs south of the Humber. It also
permanently returned the kingdom of Lindsey to Mercia's possession.
Æthelred was unable to re-establish his predecessors'
domination of southern Britain.
He was known as a pious and devout Christian king, and he made many
grants of land to the church. It was during his reign that Theodore,
the Archbishop of Canterbury, reorganized the church's diocesan
structure, creating several new sees in
Mercia and Northumbria.
Æthelred befriended Bishop
Wilfrid of York when
Wilfrid was expelled
from his see in Northumbria;
Wilfrid Bishop of the
Middle Angles during his exile and supported him at the synod of
Austerfield in about 702, when
Wilfrid argued his case for the return
of the ecclesiastical lands he had been deprived of in Northumbria.
Æthelred's wife, Osthryth, was a daughter of King Oswiu, one of the
dominant 7th-century Northumbrian kings.
Osthryth was murdered in
unknown circumstances in 697, and in 704
Æthelred abdicated, leaving
the throne to Wulfhere's son Coenred.
Æthelred became a monk at
Bardney, a monastery which he had founded with his wife, and was
buried there. Ceolred, who was Æthelred's son (though apparently not
by Osthryth), became king after Coenred; it is also possible that
Æthelred had another son named Ceolwald who was briefly king before
Mercia in the seventh century
2 Ancestry and early reign
3 Relations with Northumbria
4 The southern kingdoms
5 Abdication and final years
6 See also
9 External links
Mercia in the seventh century
The kingdoms of England and Wales in the late 7th century
By the 7th century, England was almost entirely divided into kingdoms
ruled by the
Anglo-Saxons who had come to Britain two hundred years
before. The kingdom of
Mercia occupied what is now the English
midlands. The origin of the kingdom is not recorded, but royal
genealogies preserved in the
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and the Anglian
collection agree that the royal houses were descended from a founder
named Icel; the Mercian royal house is hence known as the Iclingas.
The earliest Mercian king about whom definite historical information
has survived is Penda of Mercia, Æthelred's father. The larger
neighbouring kingdoms included Northumbria to the north, recently
united from its constituent kingdoms of
Bernicia and Deira, East
Anglia to the east, and Wessex, the kingdom of the West Saxons, to the
According to Ecclesiastical History of the English People, a history
of the English church written by the 8th-century monk Bede, there were
seven early Anglo-Saxon rulers who held imperium, or overlordship,
over the other kingdoms. The fifth of these was Edwin of
Northumbria, who was killed at the battle of Hatfield Chase by a
combined force including Cadwallon, a British king of Gwynedd, and
Penda. After Edwin's death, Northumbria briefly fell apart into
its two subkingdoms of
Bernicia and Deira. Within a year Oswald,
Edwin's nephew, killed Cadwallon and reunited the kingdoms,
subsequently re-establishing Northumbrian hegemony over the south of
England. In 642 Penda killed Oswald at the battle of Maserfield,
and Northumbria was again divided. Oswald's son Oswiu succeeded to the
throne of Bernicia, and Osric's son Oswine to Deira, the southern of
the two kingdoms.
In 655, Oswiu defeated and killed Penda at the Battle of the
Winwaed. Oswiu installed Peada, a son of Penda, as king of southern
Mercia and ruled the northern half himself; after Peada was murdered
in 656 Oswiu took direct control of all of Mercia. A coup in 658 threw
off Northumbrian overlordship and established Wulfhere as king. By
the early 670s, Wulfhere had become the most powerful king in southern
Britain, with an effective hegemony over all the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms
except for Northumbria.
The main source for this period is Bede's History, completed in about
731. Despite its focus on the history of the church, this work also
provides valuable information about the early Anglo-Saxon kingdoms.
Wessex and Kent,
Bede had informants who supplied him with details
of the church's history in each province, but he appears to have had
no such contact in Mercia, about which he is less well-informed. A
further source for this period is the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, compiled
at the end of the 9th century in Wessex. The Chronicle's anonymous
scribe appears to have incorporated much information recorded in
Ancestry and early reign
Æthelred's immediate relations
Æthelred was the son of Penda of Mercia. Penda's queen, Cynewise, is
named by Bede, who does not mention her children; no other wives of
Penda are known and so it is likely but not certain that she was
Æthelred's mother. The
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle gives Penda's
age as fifty in 626, and credits him with a thirty-year reign, but
this would put Penda at eighty years old at the time of his death,
which is generally thought unlikely as two of his sons (Wulfhere and
Æthelred) were young when he was killed. At least as likely is that
Penda was fifty years old at his death, rather than at his
accession. Æthelred's date of birth is unknown, but Bede
describes Wulfhere as a youth at the time of his accession in 658, so
it is likely he and
Æthelred were in their middle teens at that
time. The early sources do not say whether
Æthelred was older or
younger than Wulfhere.
Nothing is known of Æthelred's childhood. He had another brother,
Peada, and two sisters, Cyneburh and Cyneswith; it is also
possible that Merewalh, king of the Magonsæte, was Æthelred's
In 674, according to Stephen of Ripon, Wulfhere "stirred up all the
southern nations against [Northumbria]", but he was defeated by
Oswiu's son Ecgfrith who forced him to surrender Lindsey, and to pay
tribute. Wulfhere survived the defeat, but died in 675, possibly
of disease, and
Æthelred became king.
The first recorded act of Æthelred's reign is in 676, when his armies
ravaged Kent, destroying Rochester, the seat of the bishops of West
Kent. The reason for his attack is not recorded, but he may have
wished to prevent King
Hlothhere of Kent
Hlothhere of Kent from regaining control of
Surrey, which had been recently brought into the Mercian orbit by
Wulfhere. It may also be that
Æthelred wished for revenge for the
murder of the sons of Eormenred of Kent; the murders had been
instigated by Ecgberht of Kent, Hlothhere's brother, and it is
Æthelred was the uncle of the murdered princes. A
third suggestion is that the kings of Essex solicited the invasion, in
response to recent Kentish attempts to gain dominance over the East
Saxons. Regardless of the reason, Hlothhere was likely then forced
to accept Æthelred's overlordship. The damage to the see of
Rochester was so great that the incumbent bishop, Putta, retired from
his diocese; his appointed successor, Cwichhelm, also gave up the see
"because of its poverty".
Early in Æthelred's reign, Theodore, the Archbishop of Canterbury,
began a substantial reorganization of the church in Mercia. In 675 he
removed Winfred from his position as Bishop of Lichfield, and over the
next four years he divided the vast Mercian see into the five dioceses
of Leicester, Lichfield, Worcester, Dorchester and Hereford.
Æthelred was a devout king, "more famed for his pious disposition
than his skill in war", and he made several gifts of land to the
expanding church, including grants at Tetbury, Long Newnton, and
Somerford Keynes. There is also a tradition that
associated with the founding of Abingdon Abbey, in southern
Relations with Northumbria
Mercia had been in conflict with Northumbria since at least 633, when
Penda of Mercia
Penda of Mercia defeated and killed
Edwin of Northumbria
Edwin of Northumbria at the Battle
of Hatfield Chase. However, there were diplomatic marriages between
the two kingdoms: Æthelred's sister Cyneburh married Alhfrith, a son
of Oswiu of Northumbria, and both
Æthelred and his brother Peada
married daughters of Oswiu. Cyneburh's marriage to Alhfrith took place
in the early 650s, and Peada's marriage, to Ealhflæd, followed
shortly afterwards; Æthelred's marriage, to Osthryth, is of unknown
date but must have occurred before 679, since
Bede mentions it in
describing the Battle of the Trent, which took place that
Bede does not mention the cause of the battle, simply saying that it
occurred in the ninth year of Ecgfrith's reign. He is more informative
on the outcome. Ælfwine, the young subking of Deira, was killed;
Ælfwine was brother to
Osthryth and Ecgfrith, and was well liked in
Mercia and Northumbria since Æthelred's marriage to Osthryth.
According to Bede, his death threatened to cause further strife
between the two kingdoms, but Theodore, the Archbishop of Canterbury,
Theodore, the beloved of God, enlisting God's help, smothered the
flames of this awful peril by his wholesome advice. As a result, peace
was restored between the kings and peoples, and in lieu of further
bloodshed the customary compensation was paid to King Ecgfrith for his
Æthelred took possession of Lindsey again after the battle; the
change in control this time was lasting, and Lindsey remained part of
Mercia until the Viking invasion of the 9th century remade the map of
England. Conflict between Northumbria and
Mercia did not
completely cease after this date: Scottish annals record that
Æthelbald, an 8th-century Mercian king, ravaged Northumbrian
territory in 740 while King
Eadberht of Northumbria
Eadberht of Northumbria was absent
fighting the Picts. However, the
Battle of the Trent
Battle of the Trent effectively
ended Northumbrian involvement in southern Britain.
A conflict between Bishop
Wilfrid of York and the church and secular
establishment led to Wilfrid's expulsion from Northumbria and the
division of his vast diocese, and
Æthelred sided with Ecgfrith
against Wilfrid. After Ecgfrith's death in 685, Archbishop Theodore
arranged a reconciliation between
Wilfrid and Aldfrith, Ecgfrith's
successor, but in 692 Aldfrith and
Wilfrid fell out and
into exile in Mercia.
Æthelred now supported Wilfrid, making
him bishop of the Middle Angles, and defending him at the Council of
Austerfield in about 702, when
Wilfrid argued his case before an
assembly of bishops led by Archbishop
Berhtwald of Canterbury.
Æthelred's support for
Wilfrid embroiled him in dispute with both
Canterbury and Northumbria, and it is not clear what his motive was,
though it may be relevant that some of Wilfrid's monasteries were in
The southern kingdoms
Two charters of 681 show
Æthelred granting land near Tetbury, on what
is now the border between
Gloucestershire and Wiltshire.
This may indicate that
Æthelred was able to extend Mercian influence
further into the territory of the West Saxons, as Wulfhere had done
before him. The West Saxons managed a significant military
resurgence under Cædwalla, king of
Wessex from about 685 to 688, but
when Cædwalla departed for Rome on pilgrimage there may have been
internal strife before Ine, his successor, took the throne. Cædwalla
had successfully conquered the kingdoms of Sussex and Kent, and his
abdication may have contributed to the unsettled history of the
southeast over the next few years. In Kent, Oswine emerged as
king, though only in eastern Kent; the western half of the kingdom was
ruled by Swæfheard, son of Sæbbi, the king of Essex. It is possible
Æthelred provided support to both
Swæfheard and Oswine; for
each king a charter survives in which
Æthelred confirms land grants
they made in Kent, and Æthelred's invasion of Kent in 676 indicates
his opposition to the traditional Kentish royal house.
A charter of Swæfheard's dated 691 is also of interest as it
Æthelred had invaded Kent; it has been suggested that
Æthelred intended to place
Wilfrid in the Archbishop's seat at
Canterbury, but if so he was unsuccessful. Alternatively,
Æthelred may have needed assistance in Kent from the East Saxons who
may have been independent of
Mercia for a decade or more by that
time. The East Saxons did return to the Mercian orbit over the
next few years: a charter of Æthelred's, dated between 693 and 704,
shows him granting land to Wealdhere, the bishop of London, and in 704
Æthelred consented to a grant made by Swæfheard. The
latter charter also appears to show that a comes, or local official,
was put in place by the Mercians to protect their interests.
Despite this evidence of Mercian involvement in the southeast there is
very little indication that
Æthelred had expansionist ambitions to
the south. The increasing strength of the West Saxons under
Cædwalla and Ine would have limited Mercian opportunities in that
direction. The Northumbrians were no longer a distraction; they
had been contained north of the
Humber since the Battle of the Trent,
and became even less of a threat after their disastrous defeat in 685
at the hands of the Picts. A possible explanation is that Æthelred
was preoccupied with war with the Welsh. It was also at this time that
Hwicce came more definitely into the Mercian orbit. The last
Hwiccean ruler to take the title of king was Oshere, who died in 685;
but from the mid-670s he sought Æthelred's consent for his grants,
Æthelred regarded him as a subking. Further evidence of
Æthelred's involvement among the
Hwicce comes from a charter in which
he grants land for a minster in Gloucestershire, in Hwiccean
territory; the charter is generally thought to be a fabrication, but
it appears to be based on an authentic earlier source.
Abdication and final years
Osthryth was murdered in 697, for reasons unknown; according to Bede
the murderers were "her own people, the Mercian chieftains". Bede
records that Peada's death, forty years earlier, stemmed from "the
treachery, it is said, of his own wife"; Peada's wife was
Ealhflæd, Osthryth's sister. Hence Osthryth's murder may have been in
revenge for Peada's assassination, though it has also been
interpreted more directly as a sign of continuing hostility between
Northumbria and Mercia.
Osthryth was buried at
Lindsey, the monastery where, at her urging, the relics of her uncle,
Oswald of Northumbria, were kept and revered, though evidence
of resistance at
Bardney to the cult of Oswald is also indicative of
the poor relations between the two kingdoms.
Æthelred abdicated to become a monk and abbot at Bardney,
leaving the kingship to his nephew Coenred. Seventh century
Mercian rulers often patronised religious establishments outside the
Mercian heartlands, perhaps as a way of gaining support in outlying
provinces. Æthelred's and Osthryth's interest in
consistent with this pattern. The encouragement of the cult of royal
saints in areas beyond the central Mercian lands also seems to have
been a deliberate policy, and both
Osthryth were later
revered as saints at Bardney. It appears that
to have influence in the kingdom after his abdication: a passage in
Stephen of Ripon's Life of
Æthelred summoning Coenred
to him and advising him to make peace with Wilfrid. The date
of Æthelred's death is not recorded; though it is known that he was
buried at Bardney.
Æthelred had at least one son, Ceolred. According to the
thirteenth-century Chronicon Abbatiae de Evesham, Ceolred was not the
son of Osthryth, although it does not name Ceolred's mother, and in
the view of the historian Ann Williams this may mean that Æthelred
remarried after Osthryth's death. However, Susan Kelly states that
Osthryth was "most likely (though not certainly)" Ceolred's mother.
Ceolred succeeded to the throne in 709, after Coenred abdicated in 709
to go to Rome on pilgrimage. One version of the regnal
Mercia shows a king named Ceolwald reigning after Ceolred,
and it is possible that Ceolwald, if he existed, was also a son of
List of monarchs of Mercia
^ Yorke, Barbara, "The Origins of Mercia" in Brown & Farr, Mercia,
^ Barbara Yorke, "The Origins of Mercia" in Brown & Farr, Mercia,
^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, II, 5, p. 111.
^ a b c Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, pp. 103–104.
^ a b Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 83.
^ Kirby, Earliest English Kings, pp. 88–90.
^ a b Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, p. 78.
^ Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, pp. 96–97.
^ a b Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 115.
^ Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, p. 100.
^ Simon Keynes, "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle", in Blackwell Encyclopedia,
^ Stafford, Pauline, "Political Women in Mercia" in Brown & Farr,
Mercia, p. 36
^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, III, 24, pp. 183–185.
^ Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 82.
^ Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 113.
^ a b Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 93.
^ Swanton, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, sub anno 656, p. 29
^ Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, p. 107, accepts the account in the
Life of St Mildburh, which makes
Æthelred brothers, as
genuine. Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 93, expresses doubts.
^ Eddius Stephanus, Life of Wilfrid, 20, in Age of Bede,
^ Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 116; Williams, Kingship and
Government, p. 23.
^ Henry of Huntingdon, sub anno 670.
^ a b Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, p. 105.
^ A detailed discussion of Æthelred's likely accession date can be
found in Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 113.
^ a b Bede, Ecclesiastical History, IV, 12, p. 223.
^ a b c d e Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 117.
^ The suggestion is due to D.W. Rollason, and is described by Kirby,
Earliest English Kings, p. 137, n. 14.
^ a b Zaluckyj, Mercia, p. 130, quoting Leonard Dutton's
^ Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, p. 106.
^ Kirby, Making of Early England, p. 49.
^ Quoted in Sarah & John Zaluckyj, "The Age of Mercian Supremacy",
in Zaluckyj et al., Mercia, p. 129.
^ Sarah & John Zaluckyj, "The Age of Mercian Supremacy", in
Zaluckyj et al., Mercia, p. 131.
^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, IV, 21, p. 240.
^ This translation is by Leo Sherley-Price, from Bede, Ecclesiastical
History, IV, 21, p. 240; except that "Ecgfrith" has been
substituted for "Egfrid" to keep the spelling consistent within this
^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, IV, 12, p. 225.
^ Anderson, Scottish Annals, pp. 55–56.
^ Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England, p. 85.
^ Alan Thacker, "St Wilfrid", in Lapidge et al., "Blackwell
Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England", pp. 474–476.
^ a b c Williams, "Æthelred"
^ a b c d e f g Kirby, Earliest English Kings, pp. 126–127.
^ Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England, p. 143.
^ "Anglo-Saxons.net: S 71". Sean Miller. Retrieved 11 March
^ "Anglo-Saxons.net: S 73". Sean Miller. Retrieved 11 March
^ a b Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 122.
^ Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, p. 30.
^ "Anglo-Saxons.net: S 10". Sean Miller. Retrieved 11 March
^ "Anglo-Saxons.net: S 12". Sean Miller. Retrieved 11 March
^ Brooks, Early History of the Church at Canterbury, p. 77.
^ a b Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 123.
^ "Charters of St. Paul's: 2". Trinity College, Cambridge. Archived
from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2008.
^ a b "Anglo-Saxons.net: S 65". Sean Miller. Retrieved 11 March
^ Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, p. 109.
^ "Anglo-Saxons.net: S 70". Sean Miller. Retrieved 11 March
^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, V, 24, p. 327.
^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, III, 24, p. 185.
^ a b Collins & McClure, Ecclesiastical History of the English
People, p. 390., n. 127.
^ Bede, Ecclesiastical History, III, 11, p. 160.
^ a b c Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, p. 111.
^ Yorke, Kings and Kingdoms, pp. 109–110
^ Eddius Stephanus, Life of Wilfrid, in Age of Bede,
^ Swanton, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, sub anno 716, p. 42.
^ Kirby, Earliest English Kings, p. 128.
^ Kelly, "Osthryth"
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Æthelred 2 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England
Ælle of Sussex
Ceawlin of Wessex
Æthelberht of Kent
Rædwald of East Anglia
Edwin of Deira
Oswald of Bernicia
Oswy of Northumbria
Wulfhere of Mercia 1
Æthelred of Mercia 1
Æthelbald of Mercia 1
Offa of Mercia 1
Cœnwulf of Mercia 1
Egbert of Wessex
1 Not listed in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, but held equivalent or
Monarchs of Mercia
Kingdom of Mercia
Oswiu of Northumbria
Ecgberht of Wessex
1Also King of Kent and East Anglia
2Also King of East Anglia
3Recognising West Saxon overlordship
King of Mercia
King of Mercia during the temporary separation of
Mercia and Wessex
Saints of Anglo-Saxon England
British / Welsh
Alban of St Albans
Aldatus of Oxford
Amphibalus of St Albans
Arilda of Oldbury
Barloc of Norbury
Brannoc of Braunton
Branwalator of Milton
Credan of Bodmin
Congar of Congresbury
Dachuna of Bodmin
Decuman of Watchet
Elfin of Warrington
Ivo of Ramsey
Judoc of Winchester
Juthwara of Sherbourne
Melorius of Amesbury
Nectan of Hartland
Neot of St Neots
Patrick of Glastonbury
Rumon of Tavistock
Samson of Dol
Sativola of Exeter
Urith of Chittlehampton
Æthelberht of East Anglia
Æthelburh of Faremoutiers
Æthelflæd of Ramsey
Æthelthryth of Ely
Æthelwine of Lindsey
Athwulf of Thorney
Blitha of Martham
Botwulf of Thorney
Cissa of Crowland
Cuthbald of Peterborough
Eadmund of East Anglia
Eadnoth of Ramsey
Guthlac of Crowland
Herefrith of Thorney
Hiurmine of Blythburgh
Huna of Thorney
Pega of Peakirk
Regenhere of Northampton
Seaxburh of Ely
Tancred of Thorney
Torthred of Thorney
Tova of Thorney
Walstan of Bawburgh
Wihtburh of Ely
Wulfric of Holme
Æthelburh of Barking
Hildelith of Barking
Sæbbi of London
and Old Saxon
Balthild of Romsey
Bertha of Kent
Felix of Dommoc
Grimbald of St Bertin
Monegunda of Watton
Odwulf of Evesham
Wulfram of Grantham
Irish and Scottish
Aidan of Lindisfarne
Boisil of Melrose
Echa of Crayke
Ultan the Scribe
Indract of Glastonbury
Maildub of Malmesbury
Æbbe of Thanet (Domne Eafe)
Æthelberht of Kent
Æthelburh of Kent
Æthelred of Kent
Albinus of Canterbury
Berhtwald of Canterbury
Deusdedit of Canterbury
Edburga of Minster-in-Thanet
Eanswith of Folkestone
Eormengyth of Thanet
Mildrith of Thanet
Nothhelm of Canterbury
Sigeburh of Thanet
Ælfnoth of Stowe
Ælfthryth of Crowland
Æthelberht of Bedford
Æthelmod of Leominster
Æthelred of Mercia
Æthelwynn of Sodbury
Aldwyn of Coln
Beonna of Breedon
Beorhthelm of Stafford
Coenwulf of Mercia
Cotta of Breedon
Credan of Evesham
Cyneburh of Castor
Cyneburh of Gloucester
Cynehelm of Winchcombe
Cyneswith of Peterborough
Eadburh of Bicester
Eadburh of Pershore
Eadburh of Southwell
Eadgyth of Aylesbury
Eadweard of Maugersbury
Ealdgyth of Stortford
Earconwald of London
Egwin of Evesham
Freomund of Mercia
Frithuric of Breedon
Frithuswith of Oxford
Frithuwold of Chertsey
Hæmma of Leominster
Mildburh of Wenlock
Mildrith of Thanet
Milred of Worcester
Oda of Canterbury
Oswald of Worcester
Osburh of Coventry
Rumwold of Buckingham
Tibba of Ryhall
Werburgh of Chester
Wigstan of Repton
Wulfhild of Barking
Acca of Hexham
Æbbe "the Elder" of Coldingham
Æbbe "the Younger" of Coldingham
Ælfflæd of Whitby
Ælfwald of Northumbria
Æthelburh of Hackness
Æthelgyth of Coldingham
Æthelsige of Ripon
Æthelwold of Farne
Æthelwold of Lindisfarne
Alchhild of Middleham
Alchmund of Hexham
Alkmund of Derby
Balthere of Tyningham
Beda of Jarrow
Bega of Copeland
Bercthun of Beverley
Billfrith of Lindisfarne
Bosa of York
Botwine of Ripon
Ceadda of Lichfield
Cedd of Lichfield
Ceolfrith of Monkwearmouth
Ceolwulf of Northumbria
Cuthbert of Durham
Dryhthelm of Melrose
Eadberht of Lindisfarne
Eadfrith of Leominster
Eadfrith of Lindisfarne
Eadwine of Northumbria
Ealdberht of Ripon
Eardwulf of Northumbria
Eata of Hexham
Ecgberht of Ripon
Eosterwine of Monkwearmouth
Hilda of Whitby
Iwig of Wilton
John of Beverley
Osana of Howden
Osthryth of Bardney
Oswald of Northumbria
Oswine of Northumbria
Sicgred of Ripon
Sigfrith of Monkwearmouth
Tatberht of Ripon
Wihtberht of Ripon
Wilfrith of Hexham
Wilgils of Ripon
Anselm of Canterbury
Augustine of Canterbury
Firmin of North Crawley
Birinus of Dorchester
Florentius of Peterborough
Hadrian of Canterbury
Honorius of Canterbury
Justus of Canterbury
Laurence of Canterbury
Mellitus of Canterbury
Paulinus of York
Theodore of Canterbury
Cuthflæd of Lyminster
Cuthmann of Steyning
Leofwynn of Bishopstone
Æbbe of Abingdon
Ælfgar of Selwood
Ælfgifu of Exeter
Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury
Ælfheah of Canterbury
Ælfheah of Winchester
Æthelflæd of Romsey
Æthelgar of Canterbury
Æthelnoth of Canterbury
Æthelwine of Athelney
Æthelwold of Winchester
Aldhelm of Sherborne
Benignus of Glastonbury
Beocca of Chertsey
Beorhthelm of Shaftesbury
Beornstan of Winchester
Beornwald of Bampton
Centwine of Wessex
Cuthburh of Wimborn
Cwenburh of Wimborne
Dunstan of Canterbury
Eadburh of Winchester
Eadgar of England
Eadgyth of Polesworth
Eadgyth of Wilton
Eadweard the Confessor
Eadweard the Martyr
Eadwold of Cerne
Earmund of Stoke Fleming
Edor of Chertsey
Frithestan of Winchester
Hædde of Winchester
Humbert of Stokenham
Hwita of Whitchurch Canonicorum
Mærwynn of Romsey
Margaret of Dunfermline
Swithhun of Winchester
Wulfsige of Sherborne
Wulfthryth of Wilton
Rumbold of Mechelen