In many national currencies, the cent, commonly represented by the
cent sign (a minuscule letter "c" crossed by a diagonal stroke or a
vertical line: ¢; or a simple "c") is a monetary unit that equals
1⁄100 of the basic monetary unit. Etymologically, the word cent
derives from the
Latin word "centum" meaning hundred. Cent also refers
to a coin worth one cent.
In the United States, the 1¢ coin is generally known by the nickname
penny, alluding to the British coin and unit of that name.
In Canada, the 1¢ coin is no longer produced since 2012.
3 See also
"¢" redirects here. For the musical symbol, see cut time.
A cent is commonly represented by the cent sign, a minuscule letter
"c" crossed by a diagonal stroke or a vertical line: ¢; or a simple
"c", depending on the currency (see below). Cent amounts from 1 cent
to 99 cents can be represented as one or two digits followed by the
appropriate abbreviation (2¢, 5¢, 75¢, 99¢), or as a subdivision
of the base unit ($0.99).
Back in the days of typewriters, the cent sign appeared as the shift
of the 6 key. The cent sign has not survived the changeover from
typewriters to computer keyboards (replaced positionally by the
caret). There are alternative ways, however, to create the character
(offset 162) in most common code pages, including
On DOS- or Windows-based computers, hold Alt while typing 0162 or 155
on the numeric keypad. For the US International keyboard: <Right
Alt> <Shift> c (Windows).
Macintosh systems, hold ⌥ Option and press 4 on the number row.
Linux systems with a compose key, Compose++C is a typical
The cent sign has
Unicode code point:
U+00A2 ¢ cent sign (HTML ¢ · ¢),
U+FFE0 ￠ fullwidth cent sign (HTML ￠).
When written in English, the cent sign (¢ or c) follows the amount
(with no space between), in contrast with a larger currency symbol,
which is placed before the amount. For example, 2¢ and $0.02, or 2c
The Ghanaian cedi's symbol is ₵.
Examples of currencies around the world featuring centesimal
(1⁄100) units called cent, or related words from the same root
such as céntimo, centésimo, centavo or sen, are:
Argentine peso (as centavo)
Bolivian boliviano (as centavo)
Brazilian real (as centavo)
Brunei dollar (as sen)
Cayman Islands dollar
Chilean peso (as centavo). Centavos officially exist and are
considered in financial transactions; however, there are no current
Cook Islands dollar
Cook Islands dollar (cent, although one "50 tene" coin
Cuban peso (as centavo)
East Caribbean dollar
Estonian kroon (as sent)
Euro – the coins bear the text "EURO CENT". Greek coins have
ΛΕΠΤΟ ("lepto") on the obverse of the one-cent coin and
ΛΕΠΤΑ ("lepta") on the obverse of the others. Actual usage varies
depending on language.
Hong Kong dollar
Hong Kong dollar (as "dimes")
Indonesian rupiah (as sen)
Malaysian ringgit (as sen)
Mexican peso (as centavo)
Moroccan dirham (as santim)
Netherlands Antillean gulden
New Zealand dollar
Panamanian balboa (as centésimo)
Peruvian nuevo sol
Peruvian nuevo sol (as céntimo)
Philippine peso (as centavo)
Sierra Leonean leone
South African rand
Sri Lankan rupee
New Taiwan dollar
Tongan paʻanga (as seniti)
Trinidad and Tobago dollar
Ugandan shilling (cent discontinued in 2013)
United States dollar
Uruguayan peso (as centésimo)
Examples of currencies featuring centesimal (1⁄100) units not
British pound – divided into 100 pence (singular: penny) since
Bulgarian lev (as stotinka, Bulgarian: стотинка ("hundredth")
Chinese Yuan/Renminbi – divided into 100 fēn (分); in general
usage, divided into 10 jiǎo (角).
Croatian kuna – divided into 100 lipa
Danish krone – divided into 100 øre
Estonian mark – divided into 100 penni (nominative: penn)
Indian rupee – divided into 100 paise
Israeli new shekel – divided into 100 agorot
Macao pataca – divided into 100 avos
Macedonian denar – divided into 100 deni
Norwegian krone – divided into 100 øre
Pakistani rupee – divided into 100 paise
Polish złoty – divided into 100 groszy (singular: grosz)
Romanian and Moldovan leu – divided into 100 bani
Russian ruble – divided into 100 kopeks
Saudi Arabian Riyals;– divided into 100 halalas
Serbian dinar – divided into 100 paras
Swedish krona – divided into 100 öre
Swiss franc – divided into 100 rappen (known as centime in
French and centesimo in Italian)
Thai baht – divided into 100 satang
Turkish Lira – divided into 100 kuruş
United Arab Emirates dirham – divided into 100 fils
Ukrainian hrywnia – divided into 100 kopijkas.
Examples of currencies which do not feature centesimal (1⁄100)
Czech koruna – no fractional denomination in circulation,
formerly divided into 100 hellers
Japanese yen – no fractional denomination in circulation,
formerly divided into 100 sen and 1000 rin.
South Korean Won
South Korean Won no fractional denomination in circulation, formerly
divided into 100 jeon.
Icelandic króna – no fractional denomination in circulation,
formerly divided into 100 eyrir.
Kuwaiti dinar – divided into 1000 fils
Omani rial – divided into 1000 baisa
Mauritanian ouguiya – divided into 5 khoums
Malagasy ariary – divided into 5 iraimbilanja
Examples of currencies which use the cent symbol for other purpose:
Costa Rican colón – The common symbol '¢' is frequently used
locally to represent '₡', the proper colón designation
Ghanaian cedi – The common symbol '¢' is sometimes used to
represent '₵', the proper cedi designation
Alt code for more information.
Currency symbols (¤)