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Treaty Of Saigon (1862)
The Treaty of Saigon was signed on 5 June 1862 between representatives of the French Empire and the last precolonial emperor of the House of Nguyen, Emperor Tự Đức. Based on the terms of the accord, Tự Đức ceded Saigon, the island of Poulo Condor and three southern provinces of what was to become known as Cochinchina (Bien Hoa, Gia Dinh, and Dinh Tuong) to the French. The treaty was confirmed by the Treaty of Hué signed on 14 April 1863. See also *Western imperialism in Asia References Saigon, Treaty of, Encyclopædia Britannica 2006, Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 30 Mar. 2006*
{{Nguyễn dynasty topics Category:1862 in Vietnam
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Second French Empire
The Second French Empire (), officially the French Empire (), was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France. Historians in the 1930s and 1940s often disparaged the Second Empire as a precursor of fascism. That interpretation is no longer promulgated, and by the late 20th century they were celebrating it as leading example of a modernising regime. Historians have generally given the Empire negative evaluations on its foreign policy, and somewhat more positive evaluations of domestic policies, especially after Napoleon III liberalised his rule after 1858. He promoted French business and exports. The greatest achievements came in material improvements, in the form of a grand railway network that facilitated commerce and tied the nation together and centered it on Paris. It had the effect of stimulating economic growth, and bringing prosperity to most regions of the country. The Second Empire is ...
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Western Imperialism In Asia
Western imperialism in Asia refers to the influence of Western Europe and associated states (such as Russia, Japan and the United States) in Asian territories. It originated in the 15th-century search for trade routes to India and Southeast Asia that led directly to the Age of Discovery, and additionally the introduction of early modern warfare into what Europeans first called the East Indies and later the Far East. By the early 16th century, the Age of Sail greatly expanded Western European influence and development of the spice trade under colonialism. European-style colonial empires and imperialism operated in Asia throughout six centuries of colonialism, formally ending with the independence of the Portuguese Empire's last colony East Timor in 2002. The empires introduced Western concepts of nation and the multinational state. This article attempts to outline the consequent development of the Western concept of the nation state. European political power, commerce, and culture ...
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France–Vietnam Relations
French–Vietnamese relations started as early as the 17th century with the mission of the Jesuit father Alexandre de Rhodes. Various traders would visit Vietnam during the 18th century, until the major involvement of French forces under Pigneau de Béhaine from 1787 to 1789 helped establish the Nguyễn Dynasty. France was heavily involved in Vietnam in the 19th century under the pretext of protecting the work of Catholic missionaries in the country. First contacts One of the early missionaries in Vietnam was the Jesuit priest Alexandre de Rhodes, who arrived there in 1624. He was from Avignon (at that time part of the Papal States), nows in France. He wrote the first catechism in Vietnamese alphabet. Alexandre de Rhodes returned to Europe in 1650, to advocate the dispatch of bishops in order to better accompany the development of Roman Catholicism in Vietnam (at that time around 100,000 converts), and the dispatch of bishops in order to create a strong native clergy and, to av ...
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Treaties Of The Nguyen Dynasty
A treaty is a formal legally binding written agreement between actors in international law. It is usually entered into by sovereign states and international organizations, but can sometimes include individuals, business entities, and other legal persons. A treaty may also be known as an international agreement, protocol, covenant, convention, pact, or exchange of letters, among other terms. Regardless of terminology, only instruments that are legally binding upon the parties are considered treaties pursuant to, and governed by, international law. Treaties are roughly analogous to contracts, in that they establish the rights, duties, and binding obligations of the parties. They vary significantly in form, substance, and complexity, and may govern a wide variety of matters, such as territorial boundaries, trade and commerce, mutual defense, and more. Treaties establishing international institutions often serve as the constitution thereof, such as the Rome Statute of the Internat ...
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Treaties Of The Second French Empire
A treaty is a formal legally binding written agreement between actors in international law. It is usually entered into by sovereign states and international organizations, but can sometimes include individuals, business entities, and other legal persons. A treaty may also be known as an international agreement, protocol, covenant, convention, pact, or exchange of letters, among other terms. Regardless of terminology, only instruments that are legally binding upon the parties are considered treaties pursuant to, and governed by, international law. Treaties are roughly analogous to contracts, in that they establish the rights, duties, and binding obligations of the parties. They vary significantly in form, substance, and complexity, and may govern a wide variety of matters, such as territorial boundaries, trade and commerce, mutual defense, and more. Treaties establishing international institutions often serve as the constitution thereof, such as the Rome Statute of the Internat ...
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1862 Treaties
Year 186 (CLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Aurelius and Glabrio (or, less frequently, year 939 ''Ab urbe condita''). The denomination 186 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Events By place Roman Empire * Peasants in Gaul stage an anti-tax uprising under Maternus. * Roman governor Pertinax escapes an assassination attempt, by British usurpers. New Zealand * The Hatepe volcanic eruption extends Lake Taupo and makes skies red across the world. However, recent radiocarbon dating by R. Sparks has put the date at 233 AD ± 13 (95% confidence). Births * Ma Liang, Chinese official of the Shu Han state (d. 222) Deaths * April 21 – Apollonius the Apologist, Christian martyr * Bian Zhang, Chinese official and general (b. 133) * ...
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19th Century In Vietnam
19 (nineteen) is the natural number following 18 and preceding 20. It is a prime number. Mathematics 19 is the 8th prime number, the seventh Mersenne prime exponent, and the second base-10 repunit prime exponent. 19 is the maximum number of fourth powers needed to sum up to any natural number, and in the context of Waring's problem, 19 is the fourth value of g(k). In addition, 19 is a Heegner number and a centered hexagonal number. 19 is also a centered triangular number, being the smallest such number that is also prime. Moreover, there exists only one nontrivial normal magic hexagon: the one composed of 19 cells. Science * 19 is the atomic number of potassium. * 19 years is very close to 235 lunations. See Metonic cycle. * COVID-19 is the shortened name of Coronavirus disease 2019, the cause of the global pandemic that began in 2019. Religion Islam * The number of angels guarding Hell ("Hellfire") ("Saqar") according to the Qur'an: ''"Over it are nineteen"'' (74:30), after ...
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1862 In France
Year 186 (CLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Aurelius and Glabrio (or, less frequently, year 939 ''Ab urbe condita''). The denomination 186 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Events By place Roman Empire * Peasants in Gaul stage an anti-tax uprising under Maternus. * Roman governor Pertinax escapes an assassination attempt, by British usurpers. New Zealand * The Hatepe volcanic eruption extends Lake Taupo and makes skies red across the world. However, recent radiocarbon dating by R. Sparks has put the date at 233 AD ± 13 (95% confidence). Births * Ma Liang, Chinese official of the Shu Han state (d. 222) Deaths * April 21 – Apollonius the Apologist, Christian martyr * Bian Zhang, Chinese official and general (b. 133) * ...
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1862 In Vietnam
Year 186 (CLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Aurelius and Glabrio (or, less frequently, year 939 ''Ab urbe condita''). The denomination 186 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Events By place Roman Empire * Peasants in Gaul stage an anti-tax uprising under Maternus. * Roman governor Pertinax escapes an assassination attempt, by British usurpers. New Zealand * The Hatepe volcanic eruption extends Lake Taupo and makes skies red across the world. However, recent radiocarbon dating by R. Sparks has put the date at 233 AD ± 13 (95% confidence). Births * Ma Liang, Chinese official of the Shu Han state (d. 222) Deaths * April 21 – Apollonius the Apologist, Christian martyr * Bian Zhang, Chinese official and general (b. 133) * ...
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Treaty Of Hué (1863)
The Treaty of Hué may refer to: *The Treaty of Hué (1863), which confirms the First Treaty of Saigon *The Treaty of Hue (1883), which cedes the regions of Annam and Tonkin to the French Empire *The Treaty of Hue (1884), which confirms the 1883 Treaty of Hué {{disambig ...
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Nguyễn Dynasty
Nguyễn is the most common Vietnamese family name. Outside of Vietnam, the surname is commonly rendered without diacritics as Nguyen. Nguyên is a different surname. By some estimates forty percent of Vietnamese people bear this surname.Lê Trung Hoa, ''Họ và tên người Việt Nam'', NXB Khoa học - Xã hội, 2005 Origin and usage Nguyễn is the Vietnamese romanisation/pronunciation of 阮 via Chữ Hán-Nôm conventions. The same Han character is often romanized as Ruan in Mandarin, Yuen in Cantonese, Gnieuh or Nyoe¹ in Wu Chinese, or Nguang in Hokchew. . Hanja reading (Korean) is 완 (''Wan'') or 원 (''Won'') and in Hiragana, it is げん (''Gen''), old reading as け゚ん (Ngen),. The first Nguyen known in Vietnam was in 317 CE. , an Eastern Jin Dynasty officer and his family migrated to Jiaozhou. Many events in Vietnamese history have contributed to the name’s prominence. In 1232, after usurping the Lý Dynasty, Trần Thủ Độ forced the descendants of th ...
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Dinh Tuong
Dinh may refer to: Dinh ''pronounced "zinh" or "yinh"'' *Dinh River (Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu), river in Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu, one of five rivers named Sông Dinh in Vietnam. *núi Dinh, hills in Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu, Vietnam Đình ''pronounced "dinh"'' *Đình, Vietnamese communal temple Đinh Đinh Dynasty * Đinh Dynasty, the imperial dynasty of Vietnam from 968 to 980 ** Đinh Bộ Lĩnh (924–979), considered the first king in the history of Vietnam ** Đinh Phế Đế (974–1001), second and last king of the Dinh dynasty and son of Dinh Bo Linhand surname People: * Dinh (surname), a Vietnamese family name See also Other given names: * Lê Long Đĩnh (986–1009), last king (1005–09) of the Anterior Lê Dynasty of Vietnam * Khải Định (1885–1925), 12th emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty in Vietnam * Tôn Thất Đính (born c. 1926), South Vietnamese lieutenant general and a key figure in the 1963 coup that deposed President Ngô Đình Diệm * Trương Định ( ...
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Gia Dinh
''Gia'' is a 1998 American biographical drama television film about the life and times of one of the first supermodels, Gia Carangi. The film stars Angelina Jolie as Gia and Faye Dunaway as Wilhelmina Cooper, with Mercedes Ruehl and Elizabeth Mitchell. It was directed by Michael Cristofer and written by Cristofer and Jay McInerney. The original music score was composed by Terence Blanchard. Plot Gia Carangi is a Philadelphia native who moves to New York City to become a fashion model, and immediately catches the attention of powerful agent Wilhelmina Cooper. Gia's attitude and beauty help her rise quickly to the forefront of the modeling industry, but her persistent loneliness, especially after the death of Wilhelmina, drives her to experiment with mood-altering drugs such as cocaine and heroin. She becomes entangled in a passionate affair with Linda, a make-up artist. Their love affair first starts when both pose nude for a photo shoot and make love afterward. Gia tries to get c ...
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French Cochinchina
French Cochinchina (sometimes spelled ''Cochin-China''; french: Cochinchine française, vi|Nam Kỳ, Hán tự: 南圻) was a colony of French Indochina, encompassing the whole region of Lower Cochinchina or Southern Vietnam from 1867 to early 1945. In 1946, it was established as the ''Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina'', a controversial decision that helped trigger the First Indochina War. In 1948, the autonomous republic, whose legal status had never been formalized, was renamed as the ''Provisional Government of Southern Vietnam'', not to be confused with the 1969–76 Viet Cong government. It was reunited with the rest of Vietnam in 1949. ''Nam Kỳ'' originated from the reign of Minh Mạng of the Nguyễn dynasty, but became a name associated with the French colonial period and so Vietnamese, especially nationalists, prefer the term ''Nam Bộ'' to refer to Southern Vietnam. French conquest For a series of complex reasons, the Second French Empire of Napoleon III, with ...
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