Standards Organizations In The United States
Standard may refer to: Symbols * Colours, standards and guidons, kinds of military signs * Standard (emblem), a type of a large symbol or emblem used for identification Norms, conventions or requirements * Standard (metrology), an object that bears a defined relationship to a unit of measure used for calibration of measuring devices * Standard (timber unit), an obsolete measure of timber used in trade * Breed standard (also called bench standard), in animal fancy and animal husbandry * BioCompute Standard, a standard for next generation sequencing * ''De facto'' standard, product or system with market dominance * Gold standard, a monetary system based on gold; also used metaphorically for the best of several options, against which the others are measured * Internet Standard, a specification ratified as an open standard by the Internet Engineering Task Force * Learning standards, standards applied to education content * Standard displacement, a naval term describing the weig ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Colours, Standards And Guidons
In military organizations, the practice of carrying colours (or colors), standards, flags, or guidons, both to act as a rallying point for troops and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Ancient Egypt some 5,000 years ago. The Roman Empire also made battle Vexillum, standards a part of their vast armies. It was formalized in the armies of Europe in the High Middle Ages, with standards being emblazoned with the commander's coat of arms. General use As armies became trained and adopted set formations, each regiment's ability to keep its formation was potentially critical to its, and therefore its army's, success. In the chaos of battle, not least due to the amount of dust and smoke on a battlefield, soldiers needed to be able to determine where their regiment was. Regimental flags are generally awarded to a regiment by a head of state during a ceremony. They were therefore treated with reverence as they represented the honour and traditi ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Standard Operating Procedure
A standard operating procedure (SOP) is a set of stepbystep instructions compiled by an organization to help workers carry out routine operations. SOPs aim to achieve efficiency, quality output, and uniformity of performance, while reducing miscommunication and failure to comply with industry regulations. Some military services (e.g., in the U.S. and the UK) use the term standing (rather than ''standard'') operating procedure, since a military SOP refers to a unit's unique procedures, which are not necessarily standard to another unit. The word "standard" could suggest that only one (standard) procedure is to be used across all units. The term is sometimes used facetiously to refer to practices that are unconstructive, yet the norm. In the Philippines, for instance, "SOP" is the term for pervasive corruption within the government and its institutions. Clinical research and practice In clinical research, the '' International Council for Harmonisation'' (ICH) defines SOPs as "de ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Standard, Illinois
Standard is a village in Putnam County, Illinois, United States. The population was 220 at the 2010 census, down from 256 in 2000. It is part of the Ottawa Micropolitan Statistical Area. History The B.F. Berry Coal Company, a division of the Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railroad, hired John Cherry in 1905 to sink a new mine. They set up a new railroad between Granville and Oglesby to service the shaft. The village was called Berry until 1908 when it was changed to Taft. Then in 1914 it was renamed Standard because of confusion with another town named Taft. Initially the town was just two large boarding houses for the miners, but later the company built houses for those with families. The mine closed in 1924.Bluemer, R.G. (2001). Black Diamond Mines. Granville, Illinois: Grand Village Press. Geography Standard is located at (41.256450, 89.179014). According to the 2010 census, Standard has a total area of , all land. Demographics As of the census of 2000, there were 2 ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

United States Military Standard
A United States defense standard, often called a military standard, "MILSTD", "MILSPEC", or (informally) "MilSpecs", is used to help achieve standardization objectives by the U.S. Department of Defense. Standardization is beneficial in achieving interoperability, ensuring products meet certain requirements, commonality, reliability, total cost of ownership, compatibility with logistics systems, and similar defenserelated objectives. Defense standards are also used by other nondefense government organizations, technical organizations, and industry. This article discusses definitions, history, and usage of defense standards. Related documents, such as defense handbooks and defense specifications, are also addressed. Definition of document types Although the official definitions differentiate between several types of documents, all of these documents go by the general rubric of "military standard", including defense specifications, handbooks, and standards. Strictly speaking, ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Standardtype Battleship
The Standardtype battleship was a series of twelve battleships across five classes ordered for the United States Navy between 1911 and 1916 and commissioned between 1916 and 1923. These were considered superdreadnoughts, with the ships of the final two classes incorporating many lessons from the Battle of Jutland. Each vessel was produced with a series of progressive innovations, which contributed to the pre–World War I arms race. The twelve vessels constituted the US Navy's main battle line in the interwar period, while many of the ten earlier dreadnoughts were scrapped or relegated to secondary duties. Restrictions under the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty limited total numbers and size of battleships and had required some under construction to be cancelled, so it was not until the onset of World War II that new battleships were constructed. On December 7, 1941, eight were at Pearl Harbor, one at Bremerton, Washington, and three were assigned to the Atlantic Fleet. Doctri ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Standardized Rate
Standardized rates are a statistical measure of any rates in a population. These are adjusted rates that take into account the vital differences between populations that may affect their birthrates or death rates. Examples The most common are birth, death and unemployment Unemployment, according to the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development), is people above a specified age (usually 15) not being in paid employment or selfemployment but currently available for Work (human activity), w ... rates. For example, in a community made up of primarily young couples, the birthrate might appear to be high when compared to that of other populations. However, by calculating the standardized birthrates that is by comparing the same age group in other populations), a more realistic picture of childbearing capacity will be developed. Formula The formula for standardized rates is as follows: : Σ(crude rate for age group × standard population for age group) / Σst ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Standard Young Tableau
In mathematics, a Young tableau (; plural: tableaux) is a combinatorial object useful in representation theory and Schubert calculus. It provides a convenient way to describe the group representations of the symmetric and general linear groups and to study their properties. Young tableaux were introduced by Alfred Young, a mathematician at Cambridge University, in 1900. They were then applied to the study of the symmetric group by Georg Frobenius in 1903. Their theory was further developed by many mathematicians, including Percy MacMahon, W. V. D. Hodge, G. de B. Robinson, GianCarlo Rota, Alain Lascoux, MarcelPaul Schützenberger and Richard P. Stanley. Definitions ''Note: this article uses the English convention for displaying Young diagrams and tableaux''. Diagrams A Young diagram (also called a Ferrers diagram, particularly when represented using dots) is a finite collection of boxes, or cells, arranged in leftjustified rows, with the row lengths in nonincreasing o ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Standard Part Function
In nonstandard analysis, the standard part function is a function from the limited (finite) hyperreal numbers to the real numbers. Briefly, the standard part function "rounds off" a finite hyperreal to the nearest real. It associates to every such hyperreal x, the unique real x_0 infinitely close to it, i.e. xx_0 is infinitesimal. As such, it is a mathematical implementation of the historical concept of adequality introduced by Pierre de Fermat,Karin Usadi Katz and Mikhail G. Katz (2011) A Burgessian Critique of Nominalistic Tendencies in Contemporary Mathematics and its Historiography. Foundations of Science.Searxiv The authors refer to the FermatRobinson standard part. as well as Leibniz's Transcendental law of homogeneity. The standard part function was first defined by Abraham Robinson who used the notation ^x for the standard part of a hyperreal x (see Robinson 1974). This concept plays a key role in defining the concepts of the calculus, such as continuity, the derivati ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Standard Score
In statistics, the standard score is the number of standard deviations by which the value of a raw score (i.e., an observed value or data point) is above or below the mean value of what is being observed or measured. Raw scores above the mean have positive standard scores, while those below the mean have negative standard scores. It is calculated by subtracting the population mean from an individual raw score and then dividing the difference by the population standard deviation. This process of converting a raw score into a standard score is called standardizing or normalizing (however, "normalizing" can refer to many types of ratios; see normalization for more). Standard scores are most commonly called ''z''scores; the two terms may be used interchangeably, as they are in this article. Other equivalent terms in use include zvalues, normal scores, standardized variables and pull in high energy physics. Computing a zscore requires knowledge of the mean and standard dev ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Standard Deviation
In statistics, the standard deviation is a measure of the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of values. A low standard deviation indicates that the values tend to be close to the mean (also called the expected value) of the set, while a high standard deviation indicates that the values are spread out over a wider range. Standard deviation may be abbreviated SD, and is most commonly represented in mathematical texts and equations by the lower case Greek letter σ (sigma), for the population standard deviation, or the Latin letter '' s'', for the sample standard deviation. The standard deviation of a random variable, sample, statistical population, data set, or probability distribution is the square root of its variance. It is algebraically simpler, though in practice less robust, than the average absolute deviation. A useful property of the standard deviation is that, unlike the variance, it is expressed in the same unit as the data. The standard deviation of a popu ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Standard Algorithms
In elementary arithmetic, a standard algorithm or method is a specific method of computation which is conventionally taught for solving particular mathematical problems. These methods vary somewhat by nation and time, but generally include exchanging, regrouping, long division, and long multiplication using a standard notation, and standard formulas for average, area, and volume. Similar methods also exist for procedures such as square root and even more sophisticated functions, but have fallen out of the general mathematics curriculum in favor of calculators (or tables and slide rules before them). The concepts of reform mathematics which the NCTM introduced in 1989 favors an alternative approach. It proposes a deeper understanding of the underlying theory instead of memorization of specific methods will allow students to develop individual methods which solve the same problems. Students' alternative algorithms are often just as correct, efficient, and generalizable as the stand ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 