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Spanish Pronouns
Spanish pronouns in some ways work quite differently from their English counterparts. Subject pronouns are often omitted, and object pronouns can appear either as proclitics that come before the verb or Clitic#Enclitic, enclitics attached to the end of it in different linguistic environments. There is also regional variation in the use of pronouns, particularly the use of the informal second-person singular ''voseo, vos'' and the informal second-person plural ''vosotros''. Personal pronouns Personal pronouns in Spanish have distinct forms according to whether they stand for a subject (nominative case, nominative), a direct object (accusative case, accusative), an indirect object (dative case, dative), or a reflexive pronoun, reflexive object. Several pronouns further have special forms used after prepositions. Spanish is a pro-drop language with respect to subject pronouns. Like French language, French and other languages with the T–V distinction, modern Spanish has a distinctio ...
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English Personal Pronouns
The English personal pronouns are a subset of English pronouns taking various forms according to number A number is a mathematical object used to counting, count, measurement, measure, and nominal number, label. The original examples are the natural numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, and so forth. Numbers can be represented in language with number words. More un ..., person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason, morality, consciousness or self-consciousness, and being a part of a culturally established form of social relations such as kinship, ownersh ..., case and natural gender. Modern English Modern English (sometimes New English or NE (ME) as opposed to Middle English Middle English (abbreviated to ME) was a form of the English language spoken after the Norman conquest of England, Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th centur ... has very little inflection In linguistic morphology, inflection (or infle ...
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Accusative
The accusative case (list of glossing abbreviations, abbreviated ) of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb. The same case is used in many languages for the objects of (some or all) prepositions. It is usually combined with the nominative case (for example in Latin). The English term, "accusative", derives from the Latin , which, in turn, is a translation of the Greek . The word may also mean "causative", and this may have been the Greeks' intention in this name, but the sense of the Roman translation has endured and is used in some other modern languages as the grammatical term for this case, for example in Russian (). The accusative case is typical of early Indo-European languages and still exists in some of them (including Armenian language, Armenian, Latin, Sanskrit, Greek language, Greek, German language, German, Polish language, Polish, Russian language, Russian, and Serbian language, Serbian), in the Finno-Ugric languages (such a ...
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Prescriptivist
Linguistic prescription, or prescriptive grammar, is the attempt to establish rules defining preferred or correct usage The usage of a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) and writing. Most languages have a writing system composed of glyphs to in ... of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) and writing. Most languages have a writing system composed of glyphs to inscribe the original soun .... These rules may address such linguistic Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods for studying and modeling them. The traditional areas of linguistic analysis include phonetics, phonet ... aspects as spelling Spelling is a set of conventions that ...
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Real Academia Española
The Royal Spanish Academy ( es, Real Academia Española, generally abbreviated as RAE) is Spain's official royal institution with a mission to ensure the stability of the Spanish language. It is based in Madrid, Spain, but is affiliated with national language academies in 22 other hispanophone nations through the Association of Spanish Language Academies, Association of Academies of the Spanish Language. The RAE's emblem is a fiery crucible, and its motto is ("To clean, make certain, and give splendor"). The RAE dedicates itself to language planning by applying linguistic prescription aimed at promoting linguistic unity within and between various territories, to ensure a common standard. The proposed language guidelines are shown in a number of works. History Image:Estatutos rae 1715big.jpg, left, 200px, Title page of (Foundation and statutes of the Royal Spanish Academy) (1715) The Royal Spanish Academy was founded in 1713, modeled after the Accademia della Crusca (1582), ...
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Diccionario Panhispánico De Dudas
The ''Diccionario panhispánico de dudas'' (Pan-Hispanic Dictionary of Doubts) or ''DPD'' is an elaborate work undertaken by the Real Academia Española The Royal Spanish Academy ( es, Real Academia Española, generally abbreviated as RAE) is Spain's official royal institution with a mission to ensure the stability of the Spanish language. It is based in Madrid, Spain, but is affiliated with n ... (RAE – Royal Spanish Academy) and the Association of Spanish Language Academies with the goal of resolving questions related to the proper use of the Spanish language Spanish () or Castilian (, ) is a Romance languages, Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. Today, it is a world language, global language with nearly 500 million native speakers, mainly in Spain and the Americas. .... Like other publications of the Academy, such as the '' Diccionario de la lengua española de la Real Academia Española'', the work follows a linguistically prescripti ...
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Reduced Relative Clause
A reduced relative clause is a relative clause that is ''not'' marked by an explicit relative pronoun or complementizer such as ''who'', ''which'' or ''that''. An example is the clause ''I saw'' in the English sentence "This is the man ''I saw''." Unreduced forms of this relative clause would be "This is the man ''that I saw''." or "...''whom I saw''." Another form of reduced relative clause is the "reduced object passive relative clause", a type of nonfinite clause headed by a past participle, such as the clause ''found here'' in: "The animals ''found here'' can be dangerous." Reduced relative clauses are given to ambiguity or garden path effects, and have been a common topic of psycholinguistics, psycholinguistic study, especially in the field of sentence processing. Finite types Regular relative clauses are a class of dependent clause (or "subordinate clause") that usually modifies a noun.Li & Thompson 1981:579–580.Carrol 2008:294. They are typically introduced by one ...
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