Somali Diaspora
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Somali Diaspora
The Somali diaspora refers to Somalis who were born in Greater Somalia and reside in areas of the world that they were not born in. The Somali Civil War, civil war in Somalia greatly increased the size of the Somali diaspora, as many Somalis moved from Greater Somalia primarily to the Europe, North America, Southern Africa and Australia. There are also small Somali populations in other pockets of Europe and Asia. The UN estimates that in 2015, approximately 2 million people from Somalia were living outside of the country's borders. Global distribution The distribution of Somalis abroad is uncertain, primarily due to confusion between the number of ethnic Somalis and the number of Somalia nationals. Whereas most recent Somali migrants in the diaspora emigrated as refugees and asylum seekers, many have since obtained either permanent residency, permanent residence or citizenship. A 2008 publication estimated the ethnic Somali international migrant population as 1,010,000, including aro ...
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Arabian Peninsula
The Arabian Peninsula (; ar, شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, , "Arabian Peninsula" or , , "Island of the Arabs The Arabs (singular Arab ; singular ar, عَرَبِيٌّ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: , plural ar, عَرَبٌ, ISO 233: , Arabic pronunciation: ) are an ethnic group mainly inhabiting the Arab world. In modern usage the term refers ...") is a peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland from which it extends. The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though ... of Western Asia Western Asia, also West Asia, is the westernmost subregion of Asia. It is entirely a part of the Greater Middle East. It includes Anatolia, the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Mesopotamia, the Levant region, the island of Cyprus, the Sinai Peninsula, and ..., situated northeast of Africa Africa is th ...
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Asylum Seeker
An asylum seeker is a person who leaves their country of residence, enters another country and applies for asylum (i.e., international protection) in this other country. An asylum seeker is an immigrant Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or citizenship ... who has been forcibly displaced Forced displacement (also forced migration) is an involuntary or coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region. The UNHCR defines 'forced displacement' as follows: displaced "as a result of persecution, conflict, g ... and might have fled their home country because of war or other factors harming them or their family. If their case is accepted, they become considered a refugee A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross nat ...
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Minority Group
A minority group, by its original definition, refers to a group of people whose practices, race, religion, ethnicity, or other characteristics are fewer in numbers than the main groups of those classifications. However, in present-day sociology, a minority group refers to a Categorization, category of people who experience relative disadvantage as compared to members of a dominant social group. Minority group membership is typically based on differences in observable characteristics or practices, such as: Ethnic group, ethnicity (ethnic minority), Race (human categorization), race (racial minority), religion (Minority religion, religious minority), sexual orientation (sexual minority), or disability. Utilizing the framework of intersectionality, it is important to recognize that an individual may simultaneously hold membership in multiple minority groups (e.g. both a racial and religious minority). Likewise, individuals may also be part of a minority group in regard to some characte ...
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Bantus (Somalia)
The Somali Bantus (also called Gosha, and Jareer Wayne officially) are a Bantu-speaking origin ethnic marginalized group(s) in Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒕𐒖; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe ''Federal Republic of Somalia'' is the country's name per Article 1 of thProvisional Constitutio ... who primarily reside in the southern part of the country, primarily near the Jubba and Shabelle rivers. The Somali Bantus are descendants of enslaved Bantus from various Bantu Bantu may refer to: *Bantu languages, constitute the largest sub-branch of the Niger–Congo languages *Bantu peoples, over 400 peoples of Africa speaking a Bantu language *Afro-textured hair#Styling, Bantu knots, a type of African hairstyle *Blac ... ethnic groups from Southeast Africa Southeast Africa or Southeastern Africa is an African region that is intermediate between East Africa and Southern Africa. It comprises th ...
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USAID
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is an Independent agencies of the United States government, independent agency of the United States federal government that is primarily responsible for administering civilian United States foreign aid, foreign aid and development assistance. With a budget of over $27 billion, USAID is one of the List of development aid country donors, largest official aid agencies in the world and accounts for more than half of all U.S. foreign assistance—the highest in the world in absolute dollar terms. Congress passed the Foreign Assistance Act on September 4, 1961, which reorganized U.S. foreign assistance programs and mandated the creation of an agency to administer economic aid. USAID was subsequently established by the executive order of President John F. Kennedy, who sought to unite several existing foreign assistance organizations and programs under one agency. USAID became the first U.S. foreign assistance organization who ...
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Ethiopia
Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea and Djibouti to the north, Somaliland to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south, South Sudan to the west and Sudan to the Ethiopia–Sudan border, northwest. Ethiopia has a total area of and over 117 million inhabitants and is the List of countries and dependencies by population, 12th-most populous country in the world and the List of African countries by population, 2nd-most populous in Africa. The national capital and largest city, Addis Ababa, lies several kilometres west of the East African Rift that splits the country into the African Plate, African and Somali Plate, Somali tectonic plates. Early modern human, Anatomically modern humans emerged from modern Ethiopia and set out to the Near East and elsewhere beginning in the Middle Paleolithic. In Neolithic times, Afro-Asiatic speaking people reportedly settled ...
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Yemen
) , image_map = Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Sana'a Sanaa ( ar, صَنْعَاء, ' , Yemeni Arabic: ; Old South Arabian: 𐩮𐩬𐩲𐩥 ''Ṣnʿw''), also spelled Sanaʽa or Sana, is the largest city in Yemen ) , image_map = File:Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption ... (''De jure In law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is described by its ...'')Aden Aden ( , ; ar, عدن ' Yemeni: ) is a city, and since 2015, the temporary capital of Yemen ) , image_map = File:Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Sana'a (''Houthi takeover in Yemen, ... (Temporary capitalA temporary capital or a provisiona ...
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Kenya
) , national_anthem = " Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"() , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Nairobi Nairobi () is the Capital city, capital and the largest city of Kenya. The name comes from the Maasai language, Maasai phrase ''Enkare Nairobi'', which translates to "cool water", a reference to the Nairobi River which flows through the city. T ... , coordinates = , largest_city = Nairobi Nairobi () is the Capital city, capital and the largest city of Kenya. The name comes from the Maasai language, Maasai phrase ''Enkare Nairobi'', which translates to "cool water", a reference to the Nairobi River which flows through the city. T ... , official_languages = , languages_type = National language , languages = Swahili Swahili may refer to: * Swahili language, a Bantu language official in Kenya, Tanzania and ...
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UNHCR
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is a United Nations System, UN agency mandated to aid and protect refugees, Internally displaced person, forcibly displaced communities, and Statelessness, stateless people, and to assist in their voluntary return, voluntary repatriation, local integration or third country resettlement, resettlement to a third country. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, with over 17,300 staff working in 135 countries. Background UNHCR was created in 1950 to address the refugee crisis that resulted from World War II. The 1951 refugee convention, 1951 Refugee Convention established the scope and legal framework of the agency's work, which initially focused on Europeans uprooted by the war. Beginning in the late 1950s, displacement caused by other conflicts, from the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Hungarian Uprising to the Decolonisation of Africa, decolonization of Africa and Asia, broadened the scope of UNHCR's operations. Commen ...
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Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)
Yemeni Civil War may refer to several historical events which have taken place in Yemen: *Alwaziri coup, February – March 1948 *Yemeni–Adenese clan violence, 1956–60 *North Yemen Civil War, 1962–70 *Aden Emergency, 1963–67 *South Yemen#Disputes with North Yemen, North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972 *Yemenite War of 1972 *NDF Rebellion, 1978–82 *Yemenite War of 1979 *South Yemen Civil War, January 13–25, 1986 *Yemeni Civil War (1994) *Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen, 1998–2014 *Houthi insurgency in Yemen, 2004–15 *South Yemen insurgency, 2009–15 *Yemeni Crisis (2011–present) *Yemeni Revolution, 2011–12 *Yemeni Civil War (2014–present), ongoing **Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, March 26, 2015 – ongoing **Lahij insurgency, March 27 – August 4, 2015 **Aden unrest (2015–2019), October 6, 2015 – August 29, 2019 **Hadramaut insurgency, April 26, 2016 – April 29, 2018 See also

*Insurgency in Yemen (other) *List of wars involv ...
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South Africa
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the Southern Africa, southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 60 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital cities: executive Pretoria, judicial Bloemfontein and legislative Cape Town. The largest city is Johannesburg. About 80% of South Africans are of Bantu peoples in South Africa, Black African ancestry, divided among a Ethnic groups in South Africa, variety of ethnic groups speaking Languages of South Africa, different African languages. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of Demographics of Europe, European (White South Africans), Asian people, Asian (Indian South Africans and Chinese South Africans), and Multiracial (Coloureds, Coloured South Africans) ancestry. It is bounded to the south by of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along ...
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