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Sinaloa Cartel
The Sinaloa Cartel ( es|Cártel de Sinaloa), also known as the CDS, the Guzmán-Loera Organization, the Pacific Cartel, the Federation and the Blood Alliance, is a large international drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime syndicate established during the late 1980s. The cartel is primarily based in the city of Culiacán, Sinaloa, with operations in the Mexican states of Baja California, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua. The "Federation" was partially splintered when the Beltrán-Leyva brothers broke apart from the Sinaloa Cartel. The United States Intelligence Community considers the Sinaloa Cartel to be one of the most powerful drug trafficking organizations in the world, making it perhaps even more influential and capable than the infamous Medellín Cartel of Colombia during its prime in the 1980s and early 1990s. It has repeatedly been said to be one of the world's strongest criminal organizations and indisputably the most powerful in Mexico since at least the l ...
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Sinaloa Cartel
The Sinaloa Cartel ( es|Cártel de Sinaloa), also known as the CDS, the Guzmán-Loera Organization, the Pacific Cartel, the Federation and the Blood Alliance, is a large international drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime syndicate established during the late 1980s. The cartel is primarily based in the city of Culiacán, Sinaloa, with operations in the Mexican states of Baja California, Durango, Sonora, and Chihuahua. The "Federation" was partially splintered when the Beltrán-Leyva brothers broke apart from the Sinaloa Cartel. The United States Intelligence Community considers the Sinaloa Cartel to be one of the most powerful drug trafficking organizations in the world, making it perhaps even more influential and capable than the infamous Medellín Cartel of Colombia during its prime in the 1980s and early 1990s. It has repeatedly been said to be one of the world's strongest criminal organizations and indisputably the most powerful in Mexico since at least the l ...
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Tepic
Tepic () is the capital and largest city of the western Mexican state of Nayarit. It is located in the central part of the state, at . It stands at an altitude of above sea level, on the banks of the Río Mololoa and the Río Tepic, approximately north-west of Guadalajara, Jalisco. Nearby are the extinct volcano and its crater lake. Tepic is the primary urban center of this rich agricultural region; major crops include sugarcane, tobacco and citrus fruits. The city was founded in 1531 as ''Villa del Espíritu Santo de la Mayor España''. Population Indigenous population Tepic has the second-largest indigenous population in the State of Nayarit, 4,375. The most prominent groups among them are the Huichol or Wixárika (3,276), Cora (527) and Purépecha (101). Religion Catholicism is the most prominent religion in Tepic with 94.2% of the population. Its Catedral de la Purísima Concepción, dedicated to the Immaculate Conception, is the cathedral episcopal see of the Roman ...
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Roy Godson
Roy Godson (born 1942) is an academic and scholar within the fields of international politics and national security, and a professor emeritus at Georgetown University. Education Godson graduated with a PhD from Columbia University, with a focus on international politics and national security. Career He is a Georgetown University emeritus professor of government. Godson testified before the United States House of Representatives, United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs, as an expert on violence in Central America. He testified before the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence in 2017, to give background on the Senate investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections. He has served as president of the National Strategy Information Center, Washington, D.C. Godson has authored and edited multiple books on covert operations and intelligence, including: ''Dezinformatsia: Active Measures in Soviet Strategy'', ''Dirty Tricks or Trump Card ...
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Quintana Roo
Quintana Roo ( , ), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Quintana Roo ( es|Estado Libre y Soberano de Quintana Roo), is one of the 32 states which compose the federal entities of Mexico. It is divided into 11 municipalities and its capital city is Chetumal. Quintana Roo is located on the eastern part of the Yucatán Peninsula and is bordered by the states of Campeche to the west and Yucatán to the northwest, and by the Orange Walk and Corozal districts of Belize, along with an offshore borderline with Belize District to the south. As Mexico's easternmost state, Quintana Roo has a coastline to the east with the Caribbean Sea and to the north with the Gulf of Mexico. The state previously covered and shared a small border with Guatemala in the southwest of the state. However, in 2013, Mexico's Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation resolved the boundary dispute between Quintana Roo, Campeche, and Yucatán stemming from the creation of the Calakmul municipality by Campeche in ...
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Yucatán
Yucatán (, also , , ), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Yucatán,. is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 106 municipalities, and its capital city is Mérida. It is located on the north part of the Yucatán Peninsula. It is bordered by the states of Campeche to the southwest and Quintana Roo to the southeast, with the Gulf of Mexico off its north coast. Before the arrival of Spaniards to the Yucatán Peninsula, the name of this region was ''Mayab''. In the Yucatec Maya language, ''mayab'' is translated as "flat", and is the source of the word "Maya" itself. It was a very important region for the Maya civilization, which reached the peak of its development here, where the Mayans founded the cities of Chichen Itza, Izamal, Motul, Mayapan, Ek' Balam and Ichcaanzihóo (also called T'ho), now Mérida. After the Spanish conquest of Yucatán, the Peninsula was a single administrative and political entity, the Captaincy Gene ...
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Campeche
Campeche (), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Campeche ( es|Estado Libre y Soberano de Campeche), is one of the 31 states which make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. Located in southeast Mexico, it is bordered by the states of Tabasco to the southwest, Yucatán to the northeast, and Quintana Roo to the east; to the southeast by the Orange Walk district of Belize, and by the Petén department of Guatemala to the south. It has a coastline to the west with the Gulf of Mexico. The state capital, also called Campeche, was declared a World Heritage Site in 1997. The formation of the state began with the city, which was founded in 1540 as the Spanish began the conquest of the Yucatán Peninsula. The city was a rich and important port during the colonial period, but it declined after Mexico's independence. Campeche was part of the province of Yucatán but split off in the mid-19th century, mostly due to political friction with the city of Mérida. Much of the state's recent e ...
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Tabasco
Tabasco (), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Tabasco ( es|Estado Libre y Soberano de Tabasco), is one of the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 17 municipalities and its capital city is Villahermosa. It is located in the southeast of the country, bordering the states of Campeche to the northeast, Veracruz to the west, and Chiapas to the south and the Petén department of Guatemala to the southeast. It has a coastline to the north with the Gulf of Mexico. Most of the state is covered in rainforest as, unlike most other areas of Mexico, it has plentiful rainfall year-round. The state is also home to La Venta, the major site of the Olmec civilization, considered to be the origin of later Mesoamerican cultures. It produces significant quantities of petroleum and natural gas. Geography and environment The state is located in the southeast of Mexico, bordering the states of Campeche, Chiapas, and Veracruz, with the Gulf of Mexico to the north and the country o ...
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Chiapas
Chiapas (), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Chiapas ( es|Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas), is one of the states that make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is divided into 124 municipalities and its capital city is Tuxtla Gutiérrez. Other important population centers in Chiapas include Ocosingo, Tapachula, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Comitán and Arriaga. It is the southernmost state in Mexico, and it borders the states of Oaxaca to the west, Veracruz to the northwest and Tabasco to the north, and the Petén, Quiché, Huehuetenango, and San Marcos departments of Guatemala to the east and southeast. Chiapas has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the south. In general, Chiapas has a humid, tropical climate. In the north, in the area bordering Tabasco, near Teapa, rainfall can average more than per year. In the past, natural vegetation in this region was lowland, tall perennial rainforest, but this vegetation has been almost completely cleared to allow ag ...
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Oaxaca
) |population_note = |population_rank = 10th |timezone1 = CST |utc_offset1 = −6 |timezone1_DST = CDT |utc_offset1_DST = −5 |postal_code_type = Postal code |postal_code = 68–71 |area_code_type = Area code |area_code = |iso_code = MX-OAX |blank_name_sec1 = HDI |blank_info_sec1 = 0.710 HighRanked 31st of 32 |blank_name_sec2 = GDP |blank_info_sec2 = US$ 10,076.45 mil |website = |footnotes = a. The state's GDP was 128,978,508 thousand of pesos in 2008, amount corresponding to 10,076,445.9 thousand of dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value of June 3, 2010). Oaxaca ( , also , , from nci|Huāxyacac ), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca ( es|Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca), is one of the 32 states that compose the Federative Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 570 mu ...
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Guerrero
Guerrero (), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Guerrero ( es|Estado Libre y Soberano de Guerrero), is one of the 32 states which comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 81 municipalities and its capital city is Chilpancingo and its largest city is Acapulco. It is located in Southwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Michoacán to the north and west, the State of Mexico and Morelos to the north, Puebla to the northeast and Oaxaca to the east. In addition to the capital city, the state's largest cities include Acapulco, Petatlán, Ciudad Altamirano, Taxco, Iguala, Ixtapa, Zihuatanejo, and Santo Domingo. Today, it is home to a number of indigenous communities, including the Nahuas, Mixtecs, Tlapanecs, Amuzgos, and formerly Cuitlatecs. It is also home to communities of Afro-Mexicans in the Costa Chica region. The state was named after Vicente Guerrero, one of the most prominent leaders in the Mexican War of Independence and the second President ...
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Querétaro
Querétaro, formally Querétaro de Arteaga (), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Querétaro de Arteaga ( es|Estado Libre y Soberano de Querétaro de Arteaga|links=no; Otomi: ''Hyodi Ndämxei''),), is one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is divided into 18 municipalities. Its capital city is Santiago de Querétaro. It is located in North-Central Mexico, in a region known as Bajío. It is bordered by the states of San Luis Potosí to the north, Guanajuato to the west, Hidalgo to the east, México to the southeast and Michoacán to the southwest. The state is one of the smallest in Mexico, but it is also one of the most heterogeneous geographically, with ecosystems varying from deserts to tropical rainforest, especially in the Sierra Gorda, which is filled with microecosystems. The area of the state was located on the northern edge of Mesoamerica, with both the Purépecha Empire and Aztec Empire having influence in the extreme south, but neither really dominating it. ...
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Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes (; ), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Aguascalientes ( es|Estado Libre y Soberano de Aguascalientes), is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. At 22°N and with an average altitude of above sea level it is predominantly of semi-arid climate (Bhs and Bhk), and it is located in the northern part of the Bajío region, in north-central Mexico, bordered by Zacatecas to the north, east and west, and by Jalisco to the south. As of 2019, Aguascalientes has a population of 1.4 million inhabitants, most of whom live in its capital city. Its name means "hot waters" and originated from the abundance of hot springs originally found in the area. The demonym for the state's inhabitants is ''hidrocálido'' or ''aguascalentense''. Aguascalientes is one of the smallest states of Mexico, either by population or land, being the 27th most populated state and the 29th biggest states by area, nonetheless, it is the 4th state by population density ...
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Colima
Colima (), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Colima ( es|Estado Libre y Soberano de Colima), is one of the 31 states that make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It shares its name with its capital and main city, Colima. Colima is a small state of Western Mexico on the central Pacific coast, and includes the four oceanic Revillagigedo Islands. Mainland Colima shares borders with the states of Jalisco and Michoacán. In addition to the capital city of Colima, the main cities are Manzanillo and Tecomán. Colima is the fourth smallest state in Mexico and has the smallest population, but has one of Mexico's highest standards of living and the lowest unemployment. Geography and environment The state covers a territory of 5,455 km2 and is the fourth smallest federal entity after Tlaxcala, Morelos and the Federal District of Mexico City, containing only 0.3% of the country's total territory. The state is in the middle of Mexico's Pacific coast, bordered by the Pacif ...
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Zacatecas
| image_map = Zacatecas in Mexico (location map scheme).svg | map_caption = State of Zacatecas within Mexico | coordinates = | coor_pinpoint = | coordinates_footnotes = | subdivision_type = Country | subdivision_name = Mexico | subdivision_type1 = Capital | subdivision_name1 = Zacatecas City | subdivision_type2 = Largest city | subdivision_name2 = Zacatecas | subdivision_type3 = Municipalities | subdivision_name3 = 58 | established_title = Admission | established_date = December 23, 1823 | established_title2 = Order | established_date2 = 10th | founder = | seat_type = | seat = | government_footnotes = | leader_party = | leader_title = Governor | leader_name = Alejandro Tello Cristerna (PRI) | leader_title1 = Senators | leader_name1 = María So ...
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Toluca
Toluca , officially called Toluca de Lerdo , is the state capital of the State of Mexico as well as the seat of the Municipality of Toluca. It is the center of a rapidly growing urban area, now the fifth largest in Mexico. It is located west-southwest of Mexico City, about 40 minutes by car to the western edge of the city. According to the 2020 census, the city of Toluca has a population of 910,608. The city is the fifth largest in Mexico by population. The municipality of Toluca, along with thirteen other municipalities, make up the metropolitan population of 2,347,692 in Greater Toluca , making it the fifth most populous metropolitan area in Mexico. Etymology When Toluca was founded by the Matlatzincas, its original name was ''Nepintahihui'' (land of corn, ''tierra del maíz''). The current name is based on the Náhuatl name for the area when it was renamed by the Aztecs in 1473. The name has its origin in the word ''tollocan'' that comes from the name of the god, ''Tolo'', plu ...
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