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Sanam Luang
Sanam Luang ( th|สนามหลวง, ; lit: 'royal turf') is a open field and public square in front of Wat Phra Kaew and the Grand Palace, Bangkok, Thailand. Sanam Luang is in the Phra Nakhon District, the historic center of Bangkok. In the ''Royal Chronicle'' it was written that, "In front of Wat Mahathat, Sanam Luang lies between the Royal Palace and the Front Palace. When royal cremation was held at the Phra Men Ground, the pyre set up in the centre with the Royal Palace Pavilion to the south and the one of the Prince of the Front Palace to the north. The music from the Royal Palace and from the Palace to the Front would be played on opposite sides of Sanam Luang". Sanam Luang was officially known as "Thung Phra Men" (the royal cremation ground) (Thai: ทุ่งพระเมรุ). It has been used as a site for the cremation of kings, queens, and high-ranking princes since the reign of King Rama I. In 1855, King Rama IV changed its name from "Thung Phra Men" to " ...
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Sanam Luang Bangkok
Sanam may refer to: Places * Sanam, Iran, a village in Iran * Sanam, Niger, a commune in Niger * Sanam, Sudan, a village in Sudan Entertainment * ''Sanam'' (1997 film), a 1997 Hindi drama film * ''Sanam'' (1951 film), a 1951 Bollywood romantic film * ''Sanam'' (TV series), 2016 Pakistani TV series * Sanam (dance), music and dance of the Uyghur people * Sanam (band), Indian band People * Sanam Baloch (born 1986), Pakistani television actress * Sanam Jung, Pakistani television actress * Sanam Marvi (born 1986), Pakistani singer * Sanam Puri, Indian singer * Sanam Saeed, Pakistani film and television actress * Sanam Chaudhry, Pakistani actress Other uses * ''Sanam'' (yacht), a 2015 super-yacht * Sanam Tehran Sports Club {{disambiguation|geo|given name ...
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The Royal Crematorium Of Princess Galyani At Sanam Luang (1)
''The'' () is a grammatical article in English, denoting persons or things already mentioned, under discussion, implied or otherwise presumed familiar to listeners, readers or speakers. It is the definite article in English. ''The'' is the most commonly used word in the English language; studies and analyses of texts have found it to account for seven percent of all printed English-language words. It is derived from gendered articles in Old English which combined in Middle English and now has a single form used with pronouns of either gender. The word can be used with both singular and plural nouns and with a noun that starts with any letter. This is different from many other languages which have different forms of the definite article for different genders or numbers. Pronunciation In most dialects, "the" is pronounced as (with the voiced dental fricative followed by a schwa) when followed by a consonant sound, and as (homophone of pronoun ''thee'') when followed by a vowel s ...
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Savang Vadhana
Sri Savarindira ( th|ศรีสวรินทิรา; , 10 September 1862 – 17 December 1955), also known as Savang Vadhana ( th|สว่างวัฒนา; ), was a consort and half-sister of Chulalongkorn (Rama V), but she was not the ''Rajini'' or the highest ranked consort. After her first grandson's accession to power in 1935, she became known as Somdetch Phra Phan Vassa Ayika Chao (สมเด็จพระพันวัสสาอัยยิกาเจ้า; ; "the Queen Grandmother").Finestone, Jeffrey. ''The Royal Family of Thailand: The Descendants of King Chulalongkorn''. Bangkok : Phitsanulok Publishing, 1989, p. 64 All her children died before her, so she lived to see her grandsons Ananda Mahidol and Bhumibol Adulyadej take the throne. Life She was the 27th daughter of King Rama IV (King Mongkut or Rama IV) and Princess Consort Piam and thus her husband's half-sister. Her marriage to Chulalongkorn produced the following children: * Crown Prince Ma ...
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Ananda Mahidol
Ananda Mahidol ( th|พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาอานันทมหิดล; ; 20 September 1925 – 9 June 1946), posthumous reigning title Phra Athamaramathibodin, was the eighth monarch of Siam from the Chakri dynasty as Rama VIII. At the time he was recognised as king by the National Assembly in March 1935, he was a nine-year-old boy living in Switzerland. He returned to Thailand in December 1945, but six months later, in June 1946, he was found shot dead in his bed. Although at first thought to have been an accident, his death was ruled a murder by medical examiners, and three royal pages were later executed following very irregular trials. The mysterious circumstances surrounding his death have been the subject of much controversy. Name "Ananda Mahidol" ( th|อานันทมหิดล) is one word in Thai and is his given name. King Vajiravudh, his uncle, sent a telegram on 13 October 1925 giving him this name. I ...
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King Rama IX
Bhumibol Adulyadej ( th|ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช; ; ; 5 December 192713 October 2016), conferred with the title King Bhumibol the Great in 1987 (officially conferred by King Vajiralongkorn in 2019), was the ninth monarch of Thailand from the Chakri dynasty, titled Rama IX. Reigning since 9 June 1946, he was the world's longest-reigning current head of state from the death of Emperor Hirohito of Japan in 1989 until his own death in 2016, and is both the second-longest reigning monarch of all time and the longest-reigning monarch to have reigned only as an adult, reigning for 70 years and 126 days. During his reign, he was served by a total of 30 prime ministers beginning with Pridi Banomyong and ending with Prayut Chan-o-cha. ''Forbes'' estimated Bhumibol's fortune – including property and investments managed by the Crown Property Bureau, a body that is neither private nor government-owned (assets managed by the Bureau were owned by the crown as an institution, ...
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Royal Crematorium Of Bhumibol Adulyadej - 2017-10-21 (08)
Royal may refer to: People * Royal (name), a list of people with either the surname or given name * A member of a royal family Places United States * Royal, Arkansas, an unincorporated community * Royal, Illinois, a village * Royal, Iowa, a city * Royal, Missouri, an unincorporated community * Royal, Nebraska, a village * Royal, Beaufort County, North Carolina * Royal, Franklin County, North Carolina, an unincorporated area * Royal, Utah, a ghost town * Royal, West Virginia, an unincorporated community * Royal Gorge, on the Arkansas River in Colorado * Royal Township (other) Elsewhere * Mount Royal, a hill in Montreal, Canada * Royal Canal, Dublin, Ireland * Royal National Park, New South Wales, Australia Arts, entertainment, and media * ''The Royal'', a British medical drama television series * ''The Royal Magazine'', a monthly British literary magazine published between 1898 and 1939 * ''Royal'' (Indian magazine), a men's lifestyle bimonthly * Royal Tenenbaum, protago ...
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King Rama VI
Vajiravudh, also known as King Rama VI, reigning title Phra Mongkut Klao Chao Yu Hua ( th|วชิราวุธ; ; 1 January 188126 November 1925), was the sixth monarch of Siam under the Chakri dynasty, ruling from 1910 until his death in 1925. King Vajiravudh is known for his efforts to create and promote Siamese nationalism. His reign was characterized by Siam's movement further towards democracy and minimal participation in World War I. Education Prince Vajiravudh was born on 1 January 1881 to Chulalongkorn and one of his four queens of half sister, Saovabha Phongsri. In 1888, upon coming of age, Vajiravudh received the title ''Krom Khun'' Thep Dvaravati (Prince of Ayudhia). Prince Vajiravudh was first educated in the royal palace in Thai and English. In 1895, his half-brother Crown Prince Vajirunhis died and Vajiravudh was appointed the new Crown Prince of Siam. He continued his education in Britain, at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst in 1898 and was commissioned b ...
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Tamarind
Tamarind (''Tamarindus indica'') is a leguminous tree (family Fabaceae) bearing edible fruit that is indigenous to tropical Africa. The genus ''Tamarindus'' is monotypic, meaning that it contains only this species. The tamarind tree produces brown, pod-like fruits that contain a sweet, tangy pulp, which is used in cuisines around the world. The pulp is also used in traditional medicine and as a metal polish. The tree's wood can be used for woodworking and tamarind seed oil can be extracted from the seeds. Tamarind's tender young leaves are used in Indian and Filipino cuisine. Because tamarind has multiple uses, it is cultivated around the world in tropical and subtropical zones. Etymology The name derives from ar|تمر هندي, romanized ''tamar hindi'', "Indian date". Several early medieval herbalists and physicians wrote ''tamar indi'', medieval Latin use was ''tamarindus'', and Marco Polo wrote of ''tamarandi''. In Colombia, Ecuador, Cuba, Dominica, Guatemala, El Salv ...
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Java
Java ( id|Jawa, ; jv|ꦗꦮ; su| ) is one of the islands of the Greater Sunda Islands in Indonesia, bordered by the Indian Ocean to the south and the Java Sea on the north. With a population of over 148 million (Java only) or 152 million (including the inhabitants of its surrounding islands), Java constitutes 56.1 percent of the Indonesian population and is the world's most-populous island. The Indonesian capital city, Jakarta, is on its northwestern coast. Much of the well-known part of Indonesian history took place on Java. It was the centre of powerful Hindu-Buddhist empires, the Islamic sultanates, and the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies. Java was also the center of the Indonesian struggle for independence during the 1930s and 1940s. Java dominates Indonesia politically, economically and culturally. Four of Indonesia's eight UNESCO world heritage sites are located in Java: Ujung Kulon National Park, Borobudur Temple, Prambanan Temple, and Sangiran Early Man ...
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Centennial
{{Other uses A centennial, or centenary in British English, is a 100th anniversary or otherwise relates to a century, a period of 100 years. Notable events Notable centennial events at a national or world-level include: * Centennial Exhibition, 1876, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. First official World's Fair in the United States, celebrating the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia. About 10 million visitors attended, equivalent to about 20% of the population of the United States at the time. The exhibition ran from May 10, 1876, to November 10, 1876. (It included a monorail.) * New Zealand Centennial Exhibition, 1939–1940, celebrated one hundred years since the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840 and the subsequent mass European settlement of New Zealand. 2,641,043 (2.6 million) visitors attended the exhibition, which ran from 8 November 1939 until 4 May 1940. * 1967 International and Universal Exposition, better known as ''Exp ...
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King Rama V
Chulalongkorn, also known as King Rama V, reigning title Phra Chula Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua) (Thai: จุฬาลงกรณ์; RTGS: Chunlalongkorn ; 20 September 1853 – 23 October 1910), was the fifth monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri. He was known to the Siamese of his time as ''Phra Phuttha Chao Luang'' (พระพุทธเจ้าหลวง, the Royal Buddha). His reign was characterised by the modernisation of Siam, governmental and social reforms, and territorial concessions to the British and French. As Siam was surrounded by European colonies, Chulalongkorn, through his policies and acts, ensured the independence of Siam. All his reforms were dedicated to ensuring Siam's independence given the increasing encroachment of Western powers, so that Chulalongkorn earned the epithet ''Phra Piya Maharat'' (พระปิยมหาราช, the Great Beloved King). Early life King Chulalongkorn was born on 20 September 1853 to King Mongkut and Queen Debs ...
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Royal Ploughing Ceremony
The Royal Ploughing Ceremony ( km|ព្រះរាជពិធីបុណ្យច្រត់ព្រះនង្គ័ល ; si|වප් මඟුල් ''Vap Magula;'' th|พระราชพิธีจรดพระนังคัลแรกนาขวัญ ''Phra Ratcha Phithi Charot Phra Nangkhan Raek Na Khwan''), also known as The Ploughing Festival, is an ancient royal rite held in many Asian countries to mark the traditional beginning of the rice growing season. The royal ploughing ceremony, called ''Lehtun Mingala'' (, ) or ''Mingala Ledaw'' (), was also practiced in pre-colonial Burma until 1885 when the monarchy was abolished The pre-Ramayana tradition In the various versions of Ramayana, Sita, the heroine appears from the ploughed earth as a baby when Janaka, the king of Videha ploughs the field in the royal ceremony. This is the earliest historical account of this agricultural ritual. This tradition is a pan-Greater Indian agricultural ritual. Southeast A ...
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Cambodia
Cambodia (; also Kampuchea ; km|កម្ពុជា, ), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. The sovereign state of Cambodia has a population of over 15 million. Buddhism is enshrined in the constitution as the official state religion, and is practised by more than 97% of the population. Cambodia's minority groups include Vietnamese, Chinese, Chams and 30 hill tribes. The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh, the political, economic and cultural centre of Cambodia. The kingdom is an elective constitutional monarchy with a monarch, currently Norodom Sihamoni, chosen by the Royal Council of the Throne as head of state. The head of government is the Prime Minister, currently Hun Sen, the longest serving non-royal leader in Southeast Asia, ruling ...
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Vietnam
| image_map = | map_caption = | capital = Hanoi | coordinates = | largest_city = Ho Chi Minh City | languages_type = National language | languages = Vietnamese | ethnic_groups = | religion = | demonym = Vietnamese | government_type = Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic | leader_title1 = General Secretary | leader_name1 = Nguyễn Phú Trọng | leader_title2 = President | leader_name2 = Nguyễn Xuân Phúc | leader_title3 = Vice-President | leader_name3 = Võ Thị Ánh Xuân | leader_title4 = Prime Minister | leader_name4 = Phạm Minh Chính | leader_title5 = Chairman of National Assembly | leader_name5 = Vương Đình Huệ | leader_title6 = Chief Justice | leader_name6 ...
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Nangklao
Nangklao ( th|พระบาทสมเด็จพระนั่งเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) or Rama III (31 March 1788 – 2 April 1851) was the third monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri, ruling from 21 July 1824 to 2 April 1851. He succeeded his father, Rama II, as the King of Siam. His succession was unusual according to the traditions because Nangklao was a son of a concubine rather than that of a queen. His accession was perceived by foreign observers as having usurped the prior claim of Prince Mongkut, who was a legitimate son of Rama II born to a queen, Srisuriyendra. Under the old concept of Thai monarchy, however, a proper king must emulate Maha Sammata in that he must be "elected by the people." Ironically, Prince Mongkut may have later contributed to this misconception, when he feared that his own accession might be perceived by foreign observers as a usurpation. During Nangklao's reign, the military hegemony of Siam was established ...
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