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President Of The Constitutional Court Of Spain
The president of the Constitutional Court ( es|Presidente del Tribunal Constitucional) of Spain is the head of the Constitutional Court, the highest body with the power to determine the constitutionality of acts of the Spanish central and regional governments. It is defined in Part IX (i.e. section 160) of the Constitution of Spain, and further governed by Organic Laws 2/1979 (a.k.a. Law of the Constitutional Court of October 3, 1979). The court is the "supreme interpreter" of the Constitution, but since the court is not a part of the Spanish Judiciary, the Supreme Court is the highest court for all judicial matters. The president, as the highest authority of the Court, exercises its representation and he or she presides over the Plenary, as well as presides over the First Chamber. He or she is appointed by the Monarch at the proposal of the rest of the Court's magistrates, who elect him or her by majority and for a three-year term with the possibility of a single reelection. In cas ...
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Juan José González Rivas
Juan José González Rivas (born 10 May 1951) is a Spanish jurist and magistrate. He is the President of the Spanish Constitutional Court since 22 March 2017, of which he has been a member since 2012. References Category:1951 births Category:Spanish jurists Category:Living people {{Spain-law-bio-stub ...
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Cortes Generales
The Cortes Generales (; en|Spanish Parliament|lit=General Courts) are the bicameral legislative chambers of Spain, consisting of the Congress of Deputies (the lower house), and the Senate (the upper house). The Congress of Deputies meets in the Palacio de las Cortes. The Senate meets in the Palacio del Senado. Both are in Madrid. The Cortes are elected through universal, free, equal, direct and secret suffrage, with the exception of some senatorial seats, which are elected indirectly by the legislatures of the autonomous communities. The Cortes Generales are composed of 616 members: 350 Deputies and 266 Senators. The members of the Cortes Generales serve four-year terms, and they are representatives of the Spanish people. In both chambers, the seats are divided by constituencies that correspond with the fifty provinces of Spain, plus Ceuta and Melilla. However, the Canary and Balearic islands form different constituencies in the Senate. As a parliamentary system, the Cortes con ...
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Pedro Cruz Villalón
Pedro Cruz Villalón (born 25 May 1946) is a Spanish jurist who currently is one of the Advocates General at the European Court of Justice.http://curia.europa.eu/jcms/jcms/Jo2_7026/ He was chief justice of the Constitutional Court of Spain (1998–2001). Cruz Villalón was awarded Hijo Predilecto de Andalucía in 2001. See also * List of members of the European Court of Justice References Category:1946 births Category:Living people Category:Spanish jurists Category:Advocates General of the European Court of Justice Category:Spanish officials of the European Union {{Spain-law-bio-stub ...
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Álvaro Rodríguez Bereijo
Álvaro (, , ) is a Spanish, Galician and Portuguese male given name and surname (see Spanish naming customs) of Visigothic origin. Some claim it may be related to the Old Norse name Alfarr, formed of the elements ''alf'' "elf" and ''arr'' "warrior", but the absence of Visigothic names containing the particle "alf" or "elf" evident in Kremer's Onomastik suggests that it may come from other forms, like "all" and maybe "ward". Given name Artists *Alvaro (DJ), a DJ *Álvaro Díaz González (born 1972), Chilean screenwriter, producer and director *Álvaro Guerrero, Mexican film actor *Álvaro Guevara, Chilean painter *Álvaro López, British drummer *Álvaro Mutis, Colombian poet, novelist, and essayist *Álvaro Pierri, Uruguayan classical guitarist *Álvaro Soler, Spanish singer and songwriter *Álvaro Torres, Salvadoran singer and songwriter Politicians and statesmen *Álvaro Alsogaray (1913 - 2005), Argentine liberal politician. *Álvaro Arzú (1946–2018), President of Guatemala f ...
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Miguel Rodríguez-Piñero Y Bravo-Ferrer
Miguel is a given name and surname, the Portuguese and Spanish form of the Hebrew name Michael. It may refer to: Places *Pedro Miguel, a parish in the municipality of Horta and the island of Faial in the Azores Islands *São Miguel (other), various locations in Azores, Portugal, Brazil and Cape Verde People * Miguel (surname) Arts, entertainment, and media *Miguel (singer) (born 1985), Miguel Jontel Pimentel, American recording artist *Miguel Bosé (born 1956), Spanish pop new wave musician and actor *Miguel Calderón (born 1971), artist and writer *Miguel Cancel (born 1968), former American singer *Miguel Córcega (1929–2008), Mexican actor and director *Miguel de Cervantes (1547–1616), Spanish author *Miguel Delibes (1920–2010), Spanish novelist *Miguel Ferrer (1955–2017), American actor *Miguel Galván (1957–2008), Mexican actor *Miguel Gómez (photographer) (born 1974), Colombian / American photographer. *Miguel Ángel Landa (born 1936), Venezuelan actor, s ...
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Congress Of Deputies
The Congress of Deputies ( es|link=no|Congreso de los Diputados; eu|Diputatuen Kongresua; ca|Congrés dels Diputats; gl|Congreso dos Deputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch. The Congress meets in the Palace of the Parliament (') in Madrid. It has 350 members elected by constituencies (matching fifty Spanish provinces and two autonomous cities) by closed list proportional representation using the D'Hondt method. Deputies serve four-year terms. The presiding officer is the President of the Congress of Deputies, who is elected by the members thereof. It is the analogue to a speaker. In the Congress, MPs from the political parties, or groups of parties, form parliamentary groups. Groups must be formed by at least 15 deputies, but a group can also be formed with only five deputies if the parties got at least 5% of the nationwide vote, or 15% of the votes in the constituencies in which they ran. The deputies belonging to parties who cannot ...
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Francisco Tomás Y Valiente
Francisco Tomás y Valiente (8 December 1932 – 14 February 1996) was a Spanish jurist, historian, and writer. He was professor of history of law in the Autonomous University of Madrid. He presided Spain's Constitutional Court from 1986 to 1992. He was assassinated by ETA in 1996. His killing led to between 850,000 to 1 million people marching in protest through Madrid, headed by the then Prime Minister, Felipe González (PSOE), and the leaders of all mainstream political parties. Regarding the definition of "state", Tomás y Valiente declared that without a state there could be neither Law nor rights, only chaos ("Sin Estado no hay ni Derecho ni derechos, solo hay caos"). Likewise, as an expert in the history of Law, he was convinced that the Law does not suffice without goodwill, and he was especially concerned about two particular risks, of four, that he perceived in Spain's political system: the lack of goodwill in co-operating and the autonomous communities' haste in reach ...
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Juan Carlos I
Juan Carlos I (;, * ca|Joan Carles I, * gl|Xoán Carlos I, Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón, born 5 January 1938) is a member of the Spanish royal family who reigned as King of Spain from November 1975 until his abdication in June 2014. In Spain, since his abdication, Juan Carlos has usually been referred to as the ''Rey Emérito'' ("King Emeritus"). Juan Carlos is the grandson of Alfonso XIII, the last king of Spain before the abolition of the monarchy in 1931 and the subsequent declaration of the Second Spanish Republic. Juan Carlos was born in Rome during his family's exile. Francisco Franco took over the government of Spain after his victory in the Spanish Civil War in 1939, yet in 1947 Spain's status as a monarchy was affirmed and a law was passed allowing Franco to choose his successor. Juan Carlos's father, Juan, was the third son of King Alfonso, who had renounced his claims to the throne in January 1941. Juan was seen by Franco to be too lib ...
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Senate Of Spain
The Senate ( es|Senado) is the upper house of the Cortes Generales, which along with the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber—comprises the Parliament of the Kingdom of Spain. The Senate meets in the Palace of the Senate in Madrid. The composition of the Senate is established in Part III of the Spanish Constitution. The Senate is composed of senators, each of whom represents a province, an autonomous city or an autonomous community. Each mainland province, regardless of its population size, is equally represented by four senators; in the insular provinces, the big islands are represented by three senators and the minor islands are represented by a single senator. Likewise, the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla elect two senators each. This direct election results in the election of 208 senators by the citizens. In addition, the regional legislatures also designate their own representatives, one senator for each autonomous community and another for every million person, des ...
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Escudo De España (mazonado)
and Charles I. 1504-1555. AV Escudo (24 mm, 3.38 g, 9 h). Seville mint. Image:PRT002.JPG|Portuguese coin of 1 escudo, 1987 The escudo (Portuguese: "shield") is a unit of currency historically used in Portugal and its colonies in South America, Asia, and Africa. It was originally worth 16 silver ''reais''. The Cape Verdean escudo and the former Portuguese escudo (PTE), each subdivided into 100 ''centavos'', are named after the historical currency. Its symbol is the ''Cifrão'', a letter S with two vertical bars superimposed used between the units and the subdivision (for example, 2550). Other currencies named "escudo" Circulating *Cape Verdean escudo Obsolete *Angolan escudo *Chilean escudo *Mozambican escudo *Portuguese escudo *Portuguese Guinean escudo *Portuguese Indian escudo *Portuguese Timorese escudo *São Tomé and Príncipe escudo *Spanish escudo References Category:Denominations (currency) {{coin-stub ...
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María Emilia Casas
María Emilia Casas Baamonde (born 30 November 1950) is a Spanish jurist. She was the country's first woman Professor of Labor and Social Security Law. In 1998, she joined the Constitutional Court of Spain, becoming the youngest member in the history of the institution. In 2004, she was the Constitutional Court's first woman president, and she continued in that role until 2011. During her presidency, progress was made in anti-discrimination and equality law. Biography Originally from Monforte de Lemos, where a street is named for her grandfather Roberto Baamonde Robles, a politician and cavalry commander, María Emilia Casas was born in León, where her father was the property registrar. She studied law at the Complutense University of Madrid, where she graduated ''Premio Extraordinario'', and received a Ph.D. with the same qualification as a pupil of the Complutense professor emeritus of Law, . She also has a degree in Philosophy and Literature. Academic career Casas has been Prof ...
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Pascual Sala
Pascual Sala Sánchez (born 18 June 1935 in Valencia) is a Spanish jurist. He was previously president of the Spanish Supreme Court and of the General Council of the Judiciary (1990-1996), and was later president of the Spanish Constitutional Court (2011-2013). Early life Sala was born on 18 June 1935 in Valencia, and went on to study a law degree at the University of Valencia. He became a judge in 1962, and in 1970 became a magistrate of administrative disputes, presiding over courts in Valencia, Albacete and Santa Cruz de Tenerife. During the same decade, he formed part of Justicia Democrática, a movement composed of lawyers and other legal professionals in opposition to Franco's dictatorship in Spain and in favour of democracy. After the end of Franco's dictatorship, Sala became a member of the professional association Judges for Democracy until he took up his post as the President of the Supreme Court and the General Council of the Judiciary. In 1982, he became the member of t ...
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Absolute Majority
A supermajority, supra-majority, qualified majority or special majority, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of more than one-half used for a majority. Supermajority rules in a democracy can help to prevent a majority from eroding fundamental rights of a minority. Changes to constitutions, especially those with entrenched clauses, commonly require supermajority support in a legislature. Parliamentary procedure requires that any action of a deliberative assembly that may alter the rights of a minority have a supermajority requirement, such as a two-thirds vote. Related concepts regarding alternatives to the majority vote requirement include a majority of the entire membership and a majority of the fixed membership. A supermajority can also be specified based on the entire membership or fixed membership rather than on those present and voting. History The first known use of a supermajority rule was in the 100s BCE ...
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King Of Spain
| coatofarms = Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch.svg | coatofarms_article = Coat of arms of the King of Spain | image = (Felipe de Borbón) Inauguración de FITUR 2018 (39840659951) (cropped).jpg | incumbent = Felipe VI | incumbentsince = 19 June 2014 | his/her = His | heir_presumptive = Leonor, Princess of Asturias | first_monarch = Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (Catholic Monarchs of Spain) | date = | appointer = Hereditary | residence = Royal Palace of Madrid (official)Palace of Zarzuela (private) | website The Spanish Monarchy The Monarchy of Spain ( es|Monarquía Española), constitutionally referred to as The Crown ( es|La Corona), is a constitutional institution and the highest office of Spain. The monarchy comprises the reigning monarch, his or her family, and the royal household organization which supports and facilitates the monarch in the exercise of his dutie ...
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General Council Of The Judiciary
The General Council of the Judiciary (GCJ) ( es|Consejo General del Poder Judicial, (CGPJ) is the national council of the judiciary of Spain. It is the constitutional body that governs all the Judiciary of Spain, such as courts, and judges, as it is established by the Spanish Constitution of 1978, article 122 and developed by the Organic Law 6/1985 of the Judicial Power (LOPJ). The President of the CGJP is also the president of the Supreme Court. Constitutional nature The Constitution of 1978 regulates the General Council of the Judiciary in paragraphs 2 and 3 of the section 122. This means that, the Constitution only detail the way of election of the eight members of the GCJ that they will be chosen between the most renowned jurists. It requires a minimum of 15 years of experience. Four of them must to be chosen by the Congress and the other four by the Senate. Both case requires a majority of three fourths of the members of every Chamber to be elected member of the GCJ. Ot ...
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