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President Of Syria
The president of Syria, officially the president of the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic: رئيس سوريا; French: Président de la Syrie), is the head of state of the Syrian Arab Republic. He is vested with sweeping powers that may be delegated, at his sole discretion, to his vice presidents. He appoints and dismisses the prime minister and other members of the Council of Ministers (the cabinet) and military officers. Bashar al-Assad is the 20th and current president of Syria. Bashar is the son of former president, Hafez al-Assad, who was the longest-serving president serving 29 years. Bashar is currently the second longest-serving president marking the 20th year of his presidency in 2020 when he entered the post on 17 July 2000. Term of office Article 88 of the 2012 constitution states that the President serves a seven year term and "can be elected for only one more successive term." Article 155 states that Article 88 applies to the President "as of the next presidential elections ...
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His Excellency
Excellency is an honorific style given to certain high-level officers of a sovereign state, officials of an international organization, or members of an aristocracy. Once entitled to the title "Excellency", the holder usually retains the right to that courtesy throughout their lifetime, although in some cases the title is attached to a particular office, and is held only for the duration of that office. Generally people addressed as ''Excellency'' are heads of state, heads of government, governors, ambassadors, Catholic bishops and high ranking ecclesiastics and others holding equivalent rank (e.g., heads of international organizations). Members of royal families generally have distinct addresses (Majesty, Highness, etc.) It is sometimes misinterpreted as a title of office in itself, but in fact is an honorific that precedes various titles (such as Mr. President, and so on), both in speech and in writing. In reference to such an official, it takes the form ''His'' or ''Her Exc ...
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Hafez Al-Assad
Hafez al-Assad ', , ) (6 October 1930 – 10 June 2000) was a Syrian politician who served as President of Syria from 1971 to 2000. He was also Prime Minister of Syria from 1970 to 1971, as well as regional secretary of the regional command of the Syrian regional branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party and secretary general of the National Command of the Ba'ath Party from 1970 to 2000. Assad participated in the 1963 Syrian coup d'état which brought the Syrian regional branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party to power, and the new leadership appointed him commander of the Syrian Air Force. In February 1966, Assad participated in a second coup, which toppled the traditional leaders of the Ba'ath Party and brought a radical military faction headed by Salah Jadid to power. Assad was appointed defence minister by the new government. Four years later, Assad initiated a third coup which ousted Jadid, and appointed himself as the undisputed leader of Syria. Assad de-radicalise ...
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Hassan Al-Nouri
Hassan al-Nouri (born September 2, 1960) is a Syrian politician who was a candidate for the Syrian presidential election in June 2014. Nouri was born in Damascus, and obtained a bachelor in Economics and Commerce from the Damascus University in 1982, as well as a PhD in General Management from John F. Kennedy University in 1989. He was the Secretary of the Damascus Chamber of Industry from 1997 to 2000. Nouri lost the 2014 election to Bashar Al Assad, with 4.3% or 500,279 votes, according to SANA (Syrian Arab News Agency). References Category:Syrian politicians Category:1960 births Category:Living people {{Syria-politician-stub ...
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Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region
The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region ( ar|حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي – قطر سوريا ''Ḥizb al-Ba‘th al-'Arabī al-Ishtirākī – Quṭr Sūriyā''), officially the Syrian Regional Branch (Syria being a "region" of the Arab nation in Ba'ath ideology), is a neo-Ba'athist organisation founded on 7 April 1947 by Michel Aflaq, Salah al-Din al-Bitar and followers of Zaki al-Arsuzi. It was first the regional branch of the original Ba'ath Party (1947–1966) before it changed its allegiance to the Syrian-dominated Ba'ath movement (1966–present) following the 1966 split within the original Ba'ath Party. The party has ruled Syria continuously since the 1963 Syrian coup d'état which brought the Ba'athists to power. History Founding and early years: 1947–1963 The Ba'ath Party, and indirectly the Syrian Regional Branch, was established on 7 April 1947 by Michel Aflaq (a Christian), Salah al-Din al-Bitar (a Sunni Muslim) and Zaki al-Arsuz ...
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People's Assembly Of Syria
The People's Assembly ( ar|مَجْلِسُ الشَّعْبِ, ''Majlis al-Sha'ab''; french: Assemblée du peuple) is Syria's legislative authority. It has 250 members elected for a four-year term in 15 multi-seat constituencies. There are two main political fronts; the National Progressive Front and Popular Front for Change and Liberation. The 2012 elections, held on 7 May, resulted in a new parliament that, for the first time in four decades, is based on a multi-party system. In 1938, Fares Al-Khoury became the first Christian to be elected Speaker. In 2016 Hadiya Khalaf Abbas, Ph.D., representing Deir Ezzor since 2003, became the first woman elected to be the Speaker. In 2017, Hammouda Sabbagh became the first Orthodox Christian to have held the post. The assembly meets at least three times a year and in special occasions called by the council's president or the president of the country. Latest elections The last elections were held on the 19 July 2020. Several lists were allo ...
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Constitution Of Syria
The current Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic was adopted on 26 February 2012, replacing one that had been in force since 13 March 1973. The current constitution delineates the basic function of that state's government. Among other things, it determines Syria's character to be Arab, democratic, and republican. Further, in line with pan-Arab ideology, it describes the country as a region of the wider Arab world and its people as an integral part of the Arab nation. History Early Constitutions The Syrian Constitution of 1930, drafted by a committees under Ibrahim Hananu, was the founding constitution of the Syrian Republic under the French Mandate. The constitution required the President to be of Muslim faith (article 3). It was replaced by the Constitution of 5 September 1950, which was restored following the Constitution of 10 July 1953 and the Provisional Constitution of the United Arab Republic. It was eventually replaced by the Provisional Constitution of 25 April 1964 ...
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Syrian Constitution Of 1973
The 1973 Constitution of the Syrian Arab Republic was adopted on 13 March 1973 and was in use until 27 February 2012. It describes Syria's character to be Arab, democratic, and republican. Further, in line with pan-Arab ideology, it positions the country as a region of the wider Arab world and its people as an integral part of the Arab nation. It entrenched the power of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party, its Article 8 describing the party as "the leading party in the society and the state", even if Syria was not, as is often believed, a one-party system in formal terms. History The Constitution of 1973 replaced a Provisional Constitution of 1 May 1969. The constitution was amended in 2000 to change the minimum age of the President from 40 to 34. During the 2011–2012 Syrian uprising, a new constitution based on the 1973 constitution was put to a referendum, which resulted in its adoption. The new constitution came into force on 27 February 2012, thus superseding the Constituti ...
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Demographics Of Syria
Syria's estimated population is about 22 ±.5 million (pre–Syrian Civil War 2011) permanent inhabitants, which include 21,124,000 Syrians, as well as Iraqi, Palestinian, The war makes an accurate count of the Syrian population difficult, as the numbers of Syrian refugees, internally displaced Syrians and casualty numbers are in flux. The
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Tsar
, by Ivan Makarov Tsar ( or ), also spelled ''czar'', ''tzar'', or ''csar'', is a Royal and noble ranks|title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe, originally the Bulgarian monarchs from 10th century onwards, much later a title for two rulers of the Serbian Empire, and from 1547 the supreme ruler of the Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire. In this last capacity it lends its name to a system of government, tsarist autocracy or tsarism. The term is derived from the Latin word ''caesar'', which was intended to mean "emperor" in the European medieval sense of the term—a ruler with the same rank as a Roman emperor, holding it by the approval of another emperor or a supreme ecclesiastical official (the Pope or the Ecumenical Patriarch)—but was usually considered by western Europeans to be equivalent to king, or to be somewhat in-between a royal and imperial rank. "Tsar" and its variants were the official titles of the following ...
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Maharaja
Mahārāja ; (also spelled Maharajah, Maharaj) is a Sanskrit title for a "great ruler", "great king" or "high king". A few ruled mighty states informally called empires, including ruler Maharaja Sri Gupta, founder of the ancient Indian Gupta Empire and Chandragupta Maurya. 'Title inflation' soon led to most being rather mediocre or even petty in real power, which led to compound titles (among other efforts) being used in an attempt to distinguish some among their ranks. The female equivalent, Maharani (or Maharanee, Mahārājñī, Maharajin), denotes either the wife of a Maharaja (or Maharana etc.), and also in states where it was customary, a woman ruling without a husband. The widow of a Maharaja is known as a Rajmata "queen mother". Maharajakumar generally denotes a son of a Maharaja, but more specific titulatures are often used at each court, including Yuvaraja for the heir (the crown prince). The form "Maharaj" (without "-a") indicates a separation of noble and religious ...
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Untouchability
Untouchability is the practice of ostracising a group of people regarded as 'untouchables', as ascribed in the Vedic Hindu literature to persons of "low caste" or to persons excluded from the caste system resulting in the segregation and persecutions from the people regarded as "higher" caste. The term is most commonly associated with treatment of the Dalit communities in the Indian subcontinent who were considered "polluting". The term has also been used to refer to other groups, including the ''Burakumin'' of Japan, the Baekjeong of Korea, and the Ragyabpa of Tibet, as well as the Romani people and Cagot in Europe, and the Al-Akhdam in Yemen Traditionally, the groups characterized as untouchable were those whose occupations and habits of life involved ritually "polluting" activities, such as fishermen, manual scavengers, sweepers and washermen. Untouchability is believed to have been first mentioned in ''Dharmashastra,'' according to the religious Hindu text, untouchables were n ...
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Robert D
The name Robert is an ancient Germanic given name, from Proto-Germanic "fame" and "bright" (Hrōþiberhtaz). Compare Old Dutch ''Robrecht'' and Old High German ''Hrodebert'' (a compound of ''Hruod'' (Old Norse: Hróðr) "fame, glory, honour, renown" and ''berht'' "bright, shining"). It is the second most frequently used given name of ancient Germanic origin. It is also in use as a surname. After becoming widely used in Continental Europe it entered England in its Old French form ''Robert'', where an Old English cognate form (''Hrēodbēorht'', ''Hrodberht'', ''Hrēodbēorð'', ''Hrœdbœrð'', ''Hrœdberð'', ''Hrōðberχtŕ'') had existed before the Norman Conquest. The feminine version is Roberta. The Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish form is ''Roberto''. Robert is also a common name in many Germanic languages, including English, German, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Scots, Danish, and Icelandic. It can be used as a French, Polish, Irish, Finnish, Romanian, and Estonian name ...
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Aleppo
)), is an adjective which means "white-colored mixed with black". | motto = | image_map = | mapsize = | map_caption = | image_map1 = | mapsize1 = | map_caption1 = | pushpin_map = Syria Aleppo#Syria | pushpin_label_position = left | pushpin_relief = yes | pushpin_mapsize = | pushpin_map_caption = Location of Aleppo in Syria | coordinates = | subdivision_type = Country | subdivision_name = | subdivision_type1 = Governorate | subdivision_type2 = District | subdivision_type3 = Subdistrict | subdivision_name1 = Aleppo Governorate | subdivision_name2 = Mount Simeon (Jabal Semaan) | subdivision_name3 = Mount Simeon (Jabal ...
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Homs
ar|حمصي|Himsi | population_urban = | population_density_urban_km2 = | population_density_urban_sq_mi = | population_blank1_title = Ethnicities | population_blank1 = | population_blank2_title = Religions | population_blank2 = | population_density_blank1_km2 = | population_density_blank1_sq_mi = | timezone = EET | utc_offset = +2 | timezone_DST = EEST | utc_offset_DST = +3 | coordinates = | elevation_footnotes = | elevation_m = 501 | elevation_ft = | postal_code_type = | postal_code = | area_code = 031 | geocode = C2528 | blank_name = Climate | blank_info = Csa | blank1_name = | blank1_info = | ...
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Hama
| timezone = EET | utc_offset = +2 | timezone_DST = EEST | utc_offset_DST = +3 | postal_code_type = | postal_code = | area_code = 33 | geocode = C2987 | blank_name = Climate | blank_info = BSh | website = | footnotes = | name = Hama ( ar|حَمَاة ', ; syr|ܚܡܬ ''Ḥmṭ'', ''"fortress"''; Biblical Hebrew: ''Ḥamāṯ'') is a city on the banks of the Orontes River in west-central Syria. It is located north of Damascus and north of Homs. It is the provincial capital of the Hama Governorate. With a population of 854,000 (2009 census), Hama is the fourth-largest city in Syria after Damascus, Aleppo and Homs. The city is renowned for its seventeen norias used for watering the gardens, which are l ...
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