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Plaek Phibunsongkhram
Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram ( th|แปลก พิบูลสงคราม ; alternatively transcribed as ''Pibulsongkram'' or ''Pibulsonggram''; 14 July 1897 – 11 June 1964), locally known as Marshal P. ( th|จอมพล ป.;), contemporarily known as Phibun (''Pibul'') in the West, was a Thai military officer and politician who served as the Prime Minister of Thailand and dictator from 1938 to 1944 and 1948 to 1957. Phibunsongkhram was a member of the Royal Siamese Army wing of Khana Ratsadon, the first political party in Thailand, and a leader of the Siamese revolution of 1932 transforming Thailand from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. Phibun became the third Prime Minister of Thailand in 1938 as Commander of the Royal Siamese Army, established a ''de facto'' military dictatorship inspired by the Italian anti-communist Benito Mussolini, promoted Thai nationalism and sinophobia, and allied Thailand with Imperial Japan in World War II. Phibun ...
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Order Of Chula Chom Klao
The Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Klao ( th|เครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์จุลจอมเกล้า; ) was established on 16 November 1873 by King Rama V of The Kingdom of Siam (now Thailand) to commemorate the 90th Jubilee of the Chakri Dynasty and bears his name (จุลจอมเกล้า ''Chula Chom Klao''). The pink colour reflects the Tuesday birthday colour for King Rama V. Insignia The full insignia for the Order consists of: * Pendant - The pendant design varies between classes. * Sash - Female: The pendant is suspended from a pink sash 7.5 cm wide, worn over the left shoulder to the right hip. It can also be attached onto the silk ribbon of 5 cm wide, to wear on the front left shoulder. * Star - The star design varies between classes. * Collar - The collar consists of sixteen Royal Ciphers of King Rama V in pink enamel and seventeen gold rosettes fastened to each other by chain links. The centre of the col ...
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Pisan Sunavinvivat
Pisa ( , or ) is a city and ''comune'' in Tuscany, central Italy, straddling the Arno just before it empties into the Ligurian Sea. It is the capital city of the Province of Pisa. Although Pisa is known worldwide for its leaning tower (the bell tower of the city's cathedral), the city of over 91,104 residents (around 200,000 with the metropolitan area) contains more than 20 other historic churches, several medieval palaces, and various bridges across the Arno. Much of the city's architecture was financed from its history as one of the Italian maritime republics. The city is also home to the University of Pisa, which has a history going back to the 12th century and also has the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, founded by Napoleon in 1810, and its offshoot, the Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, as the best-sanctioned Superior Graduate Schools in Italy.
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Ministry Of Culture (Thailand)
Ministry may refer to: Government * Ministry (collective executive), the complete body of government ministers under the leadership of a prime minister * Ministry (government department), a department of a government Religion * Christian ministry, activity by Christians to spread or express their faith ** Minister (Christianity), clergy authorized by a church or religious organization to perform teaching or rituals ** Ordination, the process by which individuals become clergy * Ministry of Jesus, activities described in the Christian gospels * ''Ministry'' (magazine), a magazine for pastors published by the Seventh-day Adventist Church Music * Ministry (band), an American industrial metal band * Ministry of Sound, a London nightclub and record label Fiction * Ministry (comics), a horror comic book created by writer-artist Lara J. Phillips * Ministry of Magic, governing body in the ''Harry Potter'' series * Ministry of Darkness, a professional wrestling stable led by The Unde ...
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Siri Siriyothin
Siri ( ) is a virtual assistant that is part of Apple Inc.'s iOS, iPadOS, watchOS, macOS, and tvOS operating systems. The assistant uses voice queries, gesture based control, focus-tracking and a natural-language user interface to answer questions, make recommendations, and perform actions by delegating requests to a set of Internet services. The software adapts to users' individual language usages, searches, and preferences, with continuing use. Returned results are individualized. Siri is a spin-off from a project originally developed by the SRI International Artificial Intelligence Center. Its speech recognition engine was provided by Nuance Communications, and Siri uses advanced machine learning technologies to function. Its original American, British, and Australian voice actors recorded their respective voices around 2005, unaware of recordings' eventual usage in Siri. The voice assistant was released as an app for iOS in February 2010, and it was acquired by Apple two mon ...
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Ministry Of Agriculture And Cooperatives (Thailand)
The Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (Abrv: MOAC; th|กระทรวงเกษตรและสหกรณ์, ) is a cabinet ministry in the government of Thailand. The ministry is one of the oldest ministries in the government, tracing its existence to the 14th century. The ministry is responsible for the administration of agricultural policies, forestry, water resources, irrigation, promotion and development of farmers and cooperative systems, including agricultural manufacturing and products. As Thailand is an agricultural country with a strong agrarian tradition, the ministry is one of the most important departments in the government. The ministry is headed by a Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives. , the Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives is General Chalermchai Sreeon assisted by three deputy ministers. History During the Kingdom of Ayutthaya one of the king's four ministries was the "Kromma Na" ( th|กรมนา) or Farm Ministry. Created in 1350, ...
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Luang Wichitwathakan
Major-General Luang Wichitwathakan (also known as just Wichit Wichitwathakan) (Thai หลวงวิจิตรวาทการ, วิจิตร วิจิตรวาทการ; Chinese 金良) (11 August 1898–31 March 1962) was a Thai politician, diplomat, historian, novelist, and playwright. He was the originator and prime mover responsible for changing the name of the country from Siam to Thailand. Luang Wichitwathakan was prominently engaged in politics and the modernization of Thailand and was in his time the most important figure in the establishment of Thai national identity. He was the chief ideologue and creator of cultural campaigns during the pre-World War II military rule of Field Marshal Plaek Pibulsonggram, aimed at increasing the sense of nationalism of the Thais. Early life Wichitwathakan was born Kim Liang (Chinese: 金良), the son of a merchant in Uthai Thani Province. According to a cousin, Wichitwathakan's paternal grandfather was Chinese. ...
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Direk Jayanama
Direk Jayanama (, ; January 18, 1905 – May 1, 1967) was a Thai diplomat and politician. He was one of the civilian Promoters of the Siamese Revolution of 1932 that changed the country's form of government from absolute to constitutional monarchy. He was closely associated with Pridi Banomyong. In the government of Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs, but resigned when Phibunsongkhram led Thailand into World War II alongside Japan. Direk became a member of the Free Thai Movement ''(Seri Thai)'' alongside Pridi, who fought for the full sovereignty of Thailand and against collaboration with Japan. After the end of war, he served as Minister of Justice, Finance, Foreign Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister in several short-lived cabinets. From 1949 to 1952 he was the first dean of the Faculty of Political Science, Thammasat University. Notability From 1938 to 1947, Direk served in many important posts in the Thai government during the early ye ...
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Ministry Of Foreign Affairs (Thailand)
Ministry may refer to: Government * Ministry (collective executive), the complete body of government ministers under the leadership of a prime minister * Ministry (government department), a department of a government Religion * Christian ministry, activity by Christians to spread or express their faith ** Minister (Christianity), clergy authorized by a church or religious organization to perform teaching or rituals ** Ordination, the process by which individuals become clergy * Ministry of Jesus, activities described in the Christian gospels * ''Ministry'' (magazine), a magazine for pastors published by the Seventh-day Adventist Church Music * Ministry (band), an American industrial metal band * Ministry of Sound, a London nightclub and record label Fiction * Ministry (comics), a horror comic book created by writer-artist Lara J. Phillips * Ministry of Magic, governing body in the ''Harry Potter'' series * Ministry of Darkness, a professional wrestling stable led by The Unde ...
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Phichit Kriangsakphichit
Lieutenant-General Luang Kriangsakphichit (personal name Phichit Kriangsakphichit, th|พิชิต เกรียงศักดิ์พิชิต; 20 July 1896 – 29 July 1964) was a former army commander in the Franco-Thai War. He also served as Minister of Defence, Minister of Public Health, Member of Parliament, and was a member of Khana Ratsadon.ราชกิจจานุเบกษประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรีเรื่องพระราชทานพระบรมราชานุญาตให้ข้าราชการกราบถวายยังคมลาออกจากบรรดาศักดิ์/ref> References {{DEFAULTSORT:Phichit Kriangsakphichit Category:1896 births Category:1964 deaths Category:Commanders-in-chief of the Royal Thai Army Category:Thai generals Category:People from Bangkok Category:Ministers of Defence of Thailand Category:Ministers of Public Health of Thailand ...
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Sarit Thanarat
Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat (also spelt ''Dhanarajata''; th|สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์, ; 16 June 1908 – 8 December 1963) was a Thai general who staged a coup in 1957, replacing Plaek Phibunsongkhram as Thailand's prime minister until Sarit died in 1963. He was born in Bangkok, but grew up in his mother's home town in Lao-speaking northeastern Thailand and considered himself from Isan. His father, Major Luang Ruangdetanan (birth name Thongdi Thanarat), was a career army officer best known for his translations into Thai of Cambodian literature.Gale, T. 2005. Encyclopedia of World Biographies. He had partial Chinese ancestry. Military career Sarit Thanarat was educated at a monastery school, and entered Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy in 1919, not completing his military studies until 1928, after which he was commissioned as a second lieutenant. During World War II he served as commander of an infantry battalion and took part in the invasion and occupation ...
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Suk Chatnakrob
Suk or SUK may refer to: Places *Suk, Iran, a village in Bushehr Province *Suk Qazqan, a village in Markazi Province, Iran *Seh Suk, a village in Lorestan Province, Iran *Suk Samran District, a district of Ranong Province, Thailand *Santi Suk, Chiang Mai, a subdistrict of Doi Lo District, Thailand *Santi Suk, Chiang Rai, a subdistrict of Phan District, Thailand Acronyms * The ISO 639 language code for the Sukuma language * The IATA airport code for the Sakkyryr Airport * The ICAO airline code for the Superior Aviation Services of Kenya Other * Josef Suk (composer) (1874–1935), Czech composer and violinist **Suk Chamber Orchestra, named after composer *Josef Suk (violinist) (1929–2011), the composer's grandson, Czech violinist and conductor **Suk Trio, a Czech piano trio founded in 1951 *Suk School, a fictional medical school in Frank Herbert's Dune universe *Suk tribe, Kenya See also *Suk (name) *Suck (other) *souk, an open-air Arab marketplace {{disambiguation ...
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List Of Defence Ministers Of Thailand
This is list of Minister of Ministry of Defence of Thailand. Aside from Prime Ministers holding the post concurrently, all ministers have been active-duty or retired flag officers. Minister of Defence of Siam List of Siamese Ministers of Defense ( th|เสนาบดีกลาโหม, ''Senabodi Kalahom'') Minister of Defence of Thailand List of Minister of Defence of Thailand (Thai: รัฐมนตรีว่าการกระทรวงกลาโหม ''Ratthamontri Wakarn Kasuang Kalahom'') See also *Ministry of Defence References External links List of ministers- Ministry of Defence (Thailand) {{Use dmy dates|date=September 2011 Category:Ministers of Defence of Thailand Category:Lists of political office-holders in Thailand ...
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Phraya Phahonphonphayuhasena
Phraya Phahonphonphayuhasena, (29 March 1887 – 14 February 1947) (short form: Phraya Phahon), born as Phot Phahonyothin, was a Thai military leader and politician. He became the second prime minister of Siam in 1933 after ousting his predecessor in a coup d'état. He retired in 1938 after serving five years as prime minister. Early life Phot was born in Phra Nakhon Province (present-day Bangkok) to a Teochew Thai Chinese father, Colonel Kim Phahonyothin (), and a Thai Mon mother, Chap Phahonyothin (). After attending the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, in 1903 he was sent by royal scholarship to study at the Prussian Military Academy (''Preußische Hauptkadettenanstalt'') in the town of Lichterfelde, near Berlin, Germany, where he was apparently a classmate of Hermann Göring and became acquainted with Hideki Tojo through sword duels. Phot was then sent to study at the Engineering College of Copenhagen in Denmark, he was however only able to complete one year as ...
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