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Patani United Liberation Organisation
The Patani United Liberation Organisation ( ms|Pertubuhan Pembebasan Bersatu Patani; abbreviated PULO) is a separatist insurgent group in Thailand, calling for an independent Patani. The PULO, along with others, is currently fighting for the independence of Thailand's predominantly Malay Muslim south. PULO's platform is highlighted by its Islamic nationalist goals, calling the Thai presence in Pattani "a colonisation" and an "illegal occupation." Its stated aims are to secede from Thailand through military and political means, and to create a state named Patani Darul Makrif (Pattani, Land of Good deeds). The PULO flag has four red and white stripes and a blue rectangle on the upper left with a crescent and a star similar to other Malaysian Malay states History PULO was founded in 1968 reportedly around the leadership of Kabir Abdul Rahman (Bira Kotanila), a Patani Malay scholar, who served as its chairman until his death in 2008. By late 1992, the organisation had split into thr ...
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Patani Kingdom
Pattani (Patani) or the Sultanate of Patani was a Malay sultanate in the historical Patani Region. It covered approximately the area of the modern Thai provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and much of the northern part of modern Malaysia. The 2nd–15th century state of Langkasuka and 6–7th century state of Pan Pan may or may not have been related. The golden age of Patani started during the reign of the first of its four successive queens, Raja Hijau (The Green Queen), who came to the throne in 1584 and was followed by Raja Biru (The Blue Queen), Raja Ungu (The Purple Queen) and Raja Kuning (The Yellow Queen). During this period the kingdom's economic and military strength was greatly increased to the point that it was able to fight off four major Siamese invasions. It had declined by the late 17th century and it was invaded by Siam in 1785, which eventually absorbed the kingdom. Predecessors An early kingdom in the Patani area was the Hindu-Buddhist Langkasuka, founded in ...
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Rebel Groups In Thailand
A rebel is a participant in a rebellion. Rebel or rebels may also refer to: People * Rebel (given name) * Rebel (surname) * Patriot (American Revolution), during the American Revolution * Johnny Reb, or Johnny Rebel, the national personification of the Southern states of the United States * American Southerners, as a form of self-identification; see Southern United States *In professional wrestling: **Rebel (wrestler), American professional wrestler ** Rockin Rebel, American professional wrestler ** The Rebel, a nickname for American professional wrestler Dick Slater Organizations and brands *Rebel (company), a sport equipment retailer in Australia and New Zealand *Rebel (entertainment complex), an entertainment complex in Toronto, Ontario, Canada * Rebel (Denmark), a Danish youth organization * REBEL (chess), a chess program * Rebel (train), a type of train * Reaching Everyone By Exposing Lies, a New Jersey anti-tobacco program * Rebels Motorcycle Club, Australia, New Zealand * R ...
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Flag Of The Pattani United Liberation Organisation (2005-present)
A flag is a piece of fabric (most often rectangular or quadrilateral) with a distinctive design and colours. It is used as a symbol, a signalling device, or for decoration. The term ''flag'' is also used to refer to the graphic design employed, and flags have evolved into a general tool for rudimentary signalling and identification, especially in environments where communication is challenging (such as the maritime environment, where semaphore is used). The study of flags is known as "vexillology" from the Latin ''vexillum'', meaning "flag" or "banner". National flags are patriotic symbols with widely varied interpretations that often include strong military associations because of their original and ongoing use for that purpose. Flags are also used in messaging, advertising, or for decorative purposes. Some military units are called "flags" after their use of flags. A ''flag'' (Arabic: لواء) is equivalent to a brigade in Arab countries. In Spain, a ''flag'' (Spanish: ''ban ...
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Original PULO Flag
Originality is the aspect of created or invented works as being new or novel, and thus reproductions, clones, forgeries, or derivative works. An original work is one not received from others nor one copied from or based upon the work of others. It is a work created with a unique style and substance. The term "originality" is often applied as a compliment to the creativity of artists, writers, and thinkers. The modern idea of originality is tied to Romanticism, by a notion that is often called romantic originality.Smith (1924)Waterhouse (1926)Macfarlane (2007) The concept of originality is culturally contingent. At the time of Shakespeare, it was more common to appreciate the similarity with an admired classical work, and Shakespeare himself avoided "unnecessary invention".Royal Shakespeare Company (2007) ''The RSC Shakespeare - William Shakespeare Complete Works'', Introduction to the Comedy of Errors, p. 215 quote: while we applaud difference, Shakespeare's first audiences fovou ...
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Flag Of The Pattani United Liberation Organisation (1989-2005)
A flag is a piece of fabric (most often rectangular or quadrilateral) with a distinctive design and colours. It is used as a symbol, a signalling device, or for decoration. The term ''flag'' is also used to refer to the graphic design employed, and flags have evolved into a general tool for rudimentary signalling and identification, especially in environments where communication is challenging (such as the maritime environment, where semaphore is used). The study of flags is known as "vexillology" from the Latin ''vexillum'', meaning "flag" or "banner". National flags are patriotic symbols with widely varied interpretations that often include strong military associations because of their original and ongoing use for that purpose. Flags are also used in messaging, advertising, or for decorative purposes. Some military units are called "flags" after their use of flags. A ''flag'' (Arabic: لواء) is equivalent to a brigade in Arab countries. In Spain, a ''flag'' (Spanish: ''ban ...
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Organisation Of Islamic Cooperation
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC; ar|منظمة التعاون الإسلامي|Munaẓẓama at-Taʿāwun al-ʾIslāmiyy; french: Organisation de la coopération islamique), formerly the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with a collective population of over 1.8 billion as of 2015 with 49 countries being Muslim-majority countries. The organisation states that it is "the collective voice of the Muslim world" and works to "safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony". The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union. The official languages of the OIC are Arabic, English, and French. History Al-Aqsa fire On 21 August 1969 a fire was started in the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. Amin al-Husseini, the former Mufti of Jerusalem, called the arson a "Jewish crime" and called for all Mus ...
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Original PULO Flag
Originality is the aspect of created or invented works as being new or novel, and thus reproductions, clones, forgeries, or derivative works. An original work is one not received from others nor one copied from or based upon the work of others. It is a work created with a unique style and substance. The term "originality" is often applied as a compliment to the creativity of artists, writers, and thinkers. The modern idea of originality is tied to Romanticism, by a notion that is often called romantic originality.Smith (1924)Waterhouse (1926)Macfarlane (2007) The concept of originality is culturally contingent. At the time of Shakespeare, it was more common to appreciate the similarity with an admired classical work, and Shakespeare himself avoided "unnecessary invention".Royal Shakespeare Company (2007) ''The RSC Shakespeare - William Shakespeare Complete Works'', Introduction to the Comedy of Errors, p. 215 quote: while we applaud difference, Shakespeare's first audiences fovou ...
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