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New High German
New High German (NHG) is the term used for the most recent period in the history of the German language, starting in the 17th century. It is a loan translation of the German (). The most important characteristic of the period is the development of a standard written German, followed by the standardisation of the spoken language. For this reason, the term New High German (or simply High German) is also used as a synonym for modern standard German. Periodisation The German term was originally coined in 1819 by Jacob Grimm for the period from around 1450 to the present day, following on from Middle High German (). However, in 1878 Wilhelm Scherer proposed a transitional period, 1350–1650, for which he coined the new term (Early New High German), thus dating New High German from the mid 17th century. In spite of many alternative proposals, Scherer's remains the most widely adopted periodisation of German. There are both linguistic and extra-linguistic reasons for regarding th ...
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Germany
Germany (german: Deutschland, ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in . It is the in Europe after , and the most populous . Germany is situated between the and seas to the north, and the to the south; it covers an area of , with a population of over 83 million within its 16 . It borders to the north, and the to the east, and to the south, and , , , and the to the west. The nation's capital and is , and its financial centre is ; the largest urban area is the . Various have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since . A region named was documented before AD 100. In the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the . During the 16th century, became the centre of the . Following the and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the was formed in 1815. In 1871, Germany became a nation-state when into the n-dominated . After and the , the Empire was replaced by the semi-presidential . The in 1933 led to the esta ...
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