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Japanese Animation Creators Association
The or JAniCA, is a non-profit organization dedicated to improving working conditions for workers in the anime industry. The group was formed in June 2007. History On October 15, 2007 over 500 animators gathered together to announce the formation of JAniCA under its president Toyoo Ashida. Among the other creators who spoke at the October 13 press conference were director Satoshi Kon, animation director Moriyasu Taniguchi, Tokyo University graduate school professor Yasuki Hamano, editor Nobuyuki Takahashi and animation director Akihiro Kanayama. In June 2008 JAniCA was legally incorporated as an Unlimited liability company intermediary corporation to further continue improving the work conditions in the Japanese animation industry. In 2010 JAniCA launched their . The group received 214.5 million yen (about US$2.27 million) from the Japanese government's Agency for Cultural Affairs, and it distributed most of those funds to studios to train young animators on-the-job during the ye ...
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Yasuhiro Irie
is a Japanese animator, character designer and anime director. Biography Beginning his career at Sunrise, he has worked as an animation director and animator on several productions, and made his debut as a director with volumes 2 to 4 of ''Alien 9'' and the 2004 television series ''Kurau Phantom Memory''. He also directed ''Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood''. He is a member of the Japan Animation Creators Association (JAniCA). Works Anime television series *''Mama wa Shōgaku 4 Nensei'' (1992; key animation) *''Genki Bakuhatsu Ganbaruger'' (1992; key animation) *''Nekketsu Saikyō Go-Saurer'' (1993; key animation) *''Vision of Escaflowne'' (1994–1996; animation director, animation assistance, key animation) *''Mobile Fighter G Gundam'' (1994; key animation) *''Revolutionary Girl Utena'' (1997; key animation) *''Cowboy Bebop'' (1998; key animation) *''Bakusō Kyōdai Let's & Go!! MAX'' (1998; key animation) *''Uchū Kaizoku Mito no Daibōken'' (1999; key animation) *''Sorcerous ...
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Tokyo
Tokyo ( , ; Japanese: 東京, ''Tōkyō'' ), officially the Tokyo Metropolis (Japanese: 東京都, ''Tōkyō-to''), is the de facto capitalNo Japanese law has designated Tokyo as the Japanese capital. and most populous prefecture of Japan. Located at the head of Tokyo Bay, the prefecture forms part of the Kantō region on the central Pacific coast of Japan's main island of Honshu. Tokyo is the political and economic center of the country, as well as the seat of the Emperor of Japan and the national government. As of 2021, the prefecture has an estimated population of 13,960,236. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.393 million residents as of 2020. Originally a fishing village, named Edo, the city became a prominent political center in 1603, when it became the seat of the Tokugawa shogunate. By the mid-18th century, Edo was one of the most populous cities in the world at over one million. Following the end of the ...
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Toyoo Ashida
was an anime character designer, animation director and director. He was most notable for directing the original ''Vampire Hunter D'' anime, as well as for providing character designs for ''Vifam'', ''Mashin Hero Wataru'', ''Minky Momo'' and ''F-Zero GP Legend''. He is the founder of the anime production studio, Studio Live and as well as the Japanese Animation Creators Association (JAniCA) along with Satoshi Kon. His designs are similar to those of Akira Toriyama. Toyoo got his style while working on Dr. Slump. He was also heavily inspired by Tex Avery, Bob Clampett, the Fleischer Brothers, Harvey Kurtzman and Jack Davis. Notable works as character design and animator * ''Uchū Shōnen Soran'' (1965) (in-between animation) * ''Space Boy Soran'' (1965) (animation) * ''Bōken Gabotenjima'' (1967) (animation) * ''Moomin'' (1969) (animation director) * ''Cleopatra'' (1970) (animation) * ''New Moomin'' (1972) (animation director) * ''Wansa-kun'' (1973) (art director) * ''Heidi, Girl ...
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Satoshi Kon
was a Japanese film director, animator, screenwriter and manga artist from Sapporo, Hokkaidō and a member of the Japanese Animation Creators Association (JAniCA). He was a graduate of the Graphic Design department of the Musashino Art University. He is best known for his acclaimed anime films ''Perfect Blue'' (1997), ''Millennium Actress'' (2001), ''Tokyo Godfathers'' (2003), and ''Paprika'' (2006). Biography Early life Satoshi Kon was born on October 12, 1963. Due to his father's job transfer, Kon's education from the fourth elementary grade up to the second middle school grade was based in Sapporo. Kon was a classmate and close friend of manga artist Seihō Takizawa. While attending Hokkaido Kushiro Koryo High School, Kon aspired to become an animator. His favorite works were ''Space Battleship Yamato'' (1974), ''Heidi, Girl of the Alps'' (1974), ''Future Boy Conan'' (1978) and ''Mobile Suit Gundam'' (1979), as well as Katsuhiro Otomo's ''Domu: A Child's Dream''. Yasutaka Ts ...
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Rintaro
is the pseudonym of , a well-known director of anime. He works frequently with the animation studio Madhouse (which he co-founded), though he is a freelance director not employed directly by any one studio. He began working in the animation industry—at age 17—as an in-between animator on the 1958 film ''Hakujaden''. His works have won and been nominated for multiple awards, including a nomination for Best Film (''Metropolis'') at the 2001 Festival de Cine de Sitges. Rintaro is a fan of science fiction, and has been influenced by American westerns, gangster films, film noir, and French films. Additionally, he was influenced by Osamu Tezuka, and worked with him on ''Kimba the White Lion'' and ''Astro Boy''. He said that when he was making ''Metropolis'', which was based on Tezuka's manga of the same name, he "wanted to communicate Tezuka's spirit". Rintaro personally introduced the film at the Big Apple Anime Fest in 2001, where it was screened before its theatrical release by T ...
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Koji Morimoto
Koji, Kōji, Kohji or Kouji may refer to: *Kōji (given name), a masculine Japanese given name *Kōji (Heian period) (康治), Japanese era, 1142–1144 *Kōji (Muromachi period) (弘治), Japanese era, 1555–1558 *Koji orange, a Japanese citrus cultivar *Andrew Koji Shiraki (born 1987), singer/songwriter known as ''Koji'' *Koji Sueyoshi, Japanese actor also known simply as ''Koji''; see ''Seijuu Sentai Gingaman'' *Koji, the software that builds RPM packages for the Fedora project *''Koji'', the common name of the fungus ''Aspergillus oryzae'' *Koji, an interactive content creation tool from GoMeta See also *Kojii, music project by Kojii Helnwein *''Coji-Coji'' (コジコジ), an anime series sometimes romanized ''Koji Koji'' {{disambiguation ...
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Anime
is hand-drawn and computer animation originating from Japan. In Japan and in Japanese, (a term derived from the English word ''animation'') describes all animated works, regardless of style or origin. However, outside of Japan and in English, ''anime'' is colloquial for ''Japanese animation'' and refers specifically to animation produced in Japan. Animation produced outside of Japan with similar style to Japanese animation is referred to as ''anime-influenced animation''. The earliest commercial Japanese animations date to 1917. A characteristic art style emerged in the 1960s with the works of cartoonist Osamu Tezuka and spread in following decades, developing a large domestic audience. Anime is distributed theatrically, through television broadcasts, directly to home media, and over the Internet. In addition to original works, anime are often adaptations of Japanese comics (manga), light novels, or video games. It is classified into numerous genres targeting various broad a ...
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Unlimited Liability Company
An unlimited company or private unlimited company is a hybrid company (corporation) incorporated with or without a share capital (and similar to its limited company counterpart) but where the legal liability of the members or shareholders is not limited: that is, its members or shareholders have a joint and several non-limited obligation to meet any insufficiency in the assets of the company to enable settlement of any outstanding financial liability in the event of the company's formal liquidation. Characteristics The joint and several non-limited liability of the members or shareholders of such an unlimited company to meet any insufficiency in the assets of the company (to settle its outstanding liabilities if any exist) applies only upon the formal liquidation of the company. Therefore, prior to any such formal liquidation of the company, any creditors or security holders of the company may have recourse only to the assets of the company, not those of its members or shareholders ...
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Intermediary Corporation
An is a type of corporation which existed under Japanese law from 2002 until 2008. It was superseded by the on December 1, 2008. The intermediary corporation was designed to bridge the gap between companies which work for profits and NGO and other nonprofit organizations which work for public interest. Prior to the enforcement of the law on April 1, 2002, excepting the labor union whose establishing rules were regulated under specific laws, voluntary groups such as a condo association board and hobby club were operated under informal agreements and their assets were registered with one or more of group members. However, this meant that in the absence or negligence of the goodwill by the member registering assets, group's assets could be appropriated without becoming a criminal case. While they could be reclaimed through a civil suit, this does not resolve the problem of the ownership of assets. The intermediary corporation and its associated laws were designed to protect the group's ...
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Young Animator Training Project
The is an annual project launched in 2010, and funded by the Japanese government's Agency for Cultural Affairs in order to support training animators. The project culminates in a series of anime shorts produced by various animation studios each year called: *Project A, released in 2011 *, released in 2012–2015 *, released since 2016 History The project was launched by Japanese Animation Creators Association (JAniCA) in 2010. The animation labor group received 214.5 million yen (about US$2.27 million) from the Japanese government's Agency for Cultural Affairs, and it distributed most of those funds to studios to train young animators on-the-job during the year. One of the reasons for the support of the Agency for Cultural Affairs is the concern that more of the Japanese animation process is being outsourced overseas—thus leading to a decline in opportunities to teach animation techniques within Japan. In 2011 the Agency once again provided funding for JAniCA to select more young t ...
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US Dollar
The United States dollar (symbol: ; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ or U.S. Dollar, to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies; referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, American dollar, or colloquial buck) is the official currency of the United States and its territories per the Coinage Act of 1792. One dollar is divided into 100 cents (symbol: ¢), or into 1000 mills for accounting and taxation purposes (symbol: ₥). The Coinage Act of 1792 created a decimal currency by creating the dime, nickel, and penny coins, as well as the dollar, half dollar, and quarter dollar coins, all of which are still minted in 2021. Several forms of paper money were introduced by Congress over the years, the latest of which being the Federal Reserve Note that was authorized by the Federal Reserve Act of 1913. While all existing U.S. currency remains legal tender, issuance of the previous form of the currency (U.S. notes) was discontinued in January 1971. As a result, paper money th ...
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Agency For Cultural Affairs
The is a special body of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). It was set up in 1968 to promote Japanese arts and culture. The agency's budget for FY 2018 rose to ¥107.7 billion. The agency's Cultural Affairs Division disseminated information about the arts within Japan and internationally, and the Cultural Properties Protection Division protected the nation's cultural heritage. The Cultural Affairs Division is concerned with such areas as art and culture promotion, art copyrights, and improvements in the national language. It also supports both national and local arts and cultural festivals, and it funds traveling cultural events in music, theater, dance, art exhibitions, and film-making. Special prizes are offered to encourage young artists and established practitioners, and some grants are given each year to enable them to train abroad. The agency funds national museums of modern art in Kyoto and Tokyo and The National Museum of ...
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The Association Of Japanese Animations
is an industry group consisting of 52 affiliate animation production companies. AJA's Duties AJA's scope of duties are to work on various issues concerning the Japanese animation industry, which most members are a part of. Most of AJA's members are small to medium-sized companies, hence the need for AJA to unite together to overcome some of the bigger problems, such as infringement of intellectual properties, rampant piracy and illegal file sharing has risen following the introduction and widespread adoption of P2P networking software. Besides the aforementioned, AJA also serves to resolve conflicts, and provide improvements of the general production environment, talents and oversea operations. AJA also releases annual reports on the anime industry. According to the 2017 report, overseas markets expanded 1.5 times the previous year to a record high. In terms of contracts, China placed first while the United States dropped to 4th place. In 2019, the United States placed first ...
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2007 Establishments In Japan
7 (seven) is the natural number following 6 and preceding 8. It is the only prime number preceding a cube, and is often considered lucky in Western culture, and is often seen as highly symbolic. It is the first number whose pronunciation contains more than one syllable, not counting 0. Evolution of the Arabic digit In the beginning, Indians wrote 7 more or less in one stroke as a curve that looks like an uppercase vertically inverted. The western Ghubar Arabs' main contribution was to make the longer line diagonal rather than straight, though they showed some tendencies to making the digit more rectilinear. The eastern Arabs developed the digit from a form that looked something like our 6 to one that looked like an uppercase V. Both modern Arab forms influenced the European form, a two-stroke form consisting of a horizontal upper stroke joined at its right to a stroke going down to the bottom left corner, a line that is slightly curved in some font variants. As is the case with ...
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