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Imperial Japanese Army General Staff Office
The , also called the Army General Staff, was one of the two principal agencies charged with overseeing the Imperial Japanese Army Imperial is that which relates to an empire, emperor, or imperialism. Imperial or The Imperial may also refer to: Places United States * Imperial, California * Imperial, Missouri * Imperial, Nebraska * Imperial, Pennsylvania * Imperial, Texas * .... Role The was created in April 1872, along with the Navy Ministry, to replace the Ministry of Military Affairs (''Hyōbushō'') of the early Meiji government. Initially, the Army Ministry was in charge of both administration and operational command of the Imperial Japanese Army; however, from December 1878, the Imperial Army General Staff Office took over all operational control of the Army, leaving the Army Ministry only with administrative functions. The Imperial Army General Staff was thus responsible for the preparation of war plans; the military training and employment of combined arms; mili ...
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IJA General Staff HQ
IJA may refer to: * Imperial Japanese Army * ''International Journal of Astrobiology'' * International Jugglers' Association * ''International Journal of Audiology'' * International Juridical Association (1931–1942) {{disambiguation ...
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North German Confederation
The North German Confederation (german: Norddeutscher Bund) was the Germans, German federal state which existed from July 1867 to December 1870. The Confederation came into existence after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 over the lordship of two small danish duchies (Schleswig-Holstein) claimed by Kingdom of Prussia, Prussia in 1866. Although ''de jure'' a Confederation, confederacy of equal states, the Confederation was ''de facto'' controlled and led by the largest and most powerful member, Prussia, which exercised its influence to bring about the formation of the German Empire. Some historians also use the name for the alliance of 22 German states formed on 18 August 1866 ('). The growing power of Prussia was worrying other great powers, especially Second French Empire, France, and his emperor, Napoleon III and his regime, the Second French Empire. In 1868, Glorious Revolution (Spain), Spain overthrew queen Isabella II, and a German prince was a candidate for her throne. Fra ...
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