HOME TheInfoList
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff


Fan Hu Ta
Bhadravarman or Phạm Hồ Đạt (, Sanskrit ''Bhadravarman'', literally "Blessed armour" but also meaning the ''Jasminum sambac'' flower), was the king of Champa from 380 to 413. In 380, Bhadravarman, the son or grandson of Fan Fo,Higham, C., 2014, Early Mainland Southeast Asia, Bangkok: River Books Co., Ltd., took the throne with the regal name Dharmamahārāja Śrī Bhadravarman I, "Great King of the Law Bhadravarman".Maspero, G., 2002, The Champa Kingdom, Bangkok: White Lotus Co., Ltd., He is the first Champa king to have ''varman'' suffixed to his name. The use of the honorific title ''varman'', very common amongst the Pallava dynasty kings, was borrowed by the kings of Cambodia. Also the same year, the King moved the capital to Indrapura in Quảng Nam Province. He built temples and palaces, all facing north, at Mỹ Sơn and Trà Kiệu. Significantly, Bhadravarman was a renowned scholar, well-versed in all four Vedas and the author of several inscriptions in Sanskri ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



King Of Champa
King of Champa is the title ruler of Champa. Champa rulers often use two Hinduist style titles: ''raja-di-raja'' ( "raja of rajas") or ''po-tana-raya'' ( "lord of all territories"). The regnal name of the Champa rulers originated from the Hindu tradition, often consisting of titles and aliases. Titles (prefix) like: Jaya ( "victory"), Maha ( "great"), Sri ( "glory"). Aliases (stem) like: Bhadravarman, Vikrantavarman, Rudravarman, Simhavarman, Indravarman, Paramesvaravarman, Harivarman... Among them, the suffix -varman belongs to the Kshatriya class and is only for those leaders of the Champa Alliance. The last king of Champa was deposed by Minh Mạng in 1832.Quốc sử quán triều Nguyễn, Cao Xuân Dục (chủ biên) ''Quốc triều chánh biên toát yếu'', 1908, quyển III, trang 81. List of kings of Champa Lâm Ấp (Linyi) Chiêm Thành (Zhancheng) Panduranga See also * History of Champa * Maharaja * King of Kings References Ðặt lại vấn đề về biê ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Vietnam
| image_map = | map_caption = | capital = Hanoi | coordinates = | largest_city = Ho Chi Minh City | languages_type = National language | languages = Vietnamese | ethnic_groups = | religion = | demonym = Vietnamese | government_type = Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic | leader_title1 = General Secretary | leader_name1 = Nguyễn Phú Trọng | leader_title2 = President | leader_name2 = Nguyễn Xuân Phúc | leader_title3 = Vice-President | leader_name3 = Võ Thị Ánh Xuân | leader_title4 = Prime Minister | leader_name4 = Phạm Minh Chính | leader_title5 = Chairman of National Assembly | leader_name5 = Vương Đình Huệ | leader_title6 = Chief Justice | leader_name6 ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

5th-century Monarchs In Asia
The 5th century is the time period from 401 (CDI) through 500 (D) ''Anno Domini'' (AD) or Common Era (CE) in the Julian calendar. The 5th century is noted for being a period of migration and political instability throughout Eurasia. It saw the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, which came to an end in 476 AD. This empire had been ruled by a succession of weak emperors, with the real political might being increasingly concentrated among military leaders. Internal instability allowed a Visigoth army to reach and ransack Rome in 410. Some recovery took place during the following decades, but the Western Empire received another serious blow when a second foreign group, the Vandals, occupied Carthage, capital of an extremely important province in Africa. Attempts to retake the province were interrupted by the invasion of the Huns under Attila. After Attila's defeat, both Eastern and Western empires joined forces for a final assault on Vandal North Africa, but this campaign was a spec ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

4th-century Monarchs In Asia
The 4th century (per the Julian calendar and Anno Domini/Common era) was the time period which lasted from 301 (CCCI) through 400 (CD). In the West, the early part of the century was shaped by Constantine the Great, who became the first Roman emperor to adopt Christianity. Gaining sole reign of the empire, he is also noted for re-establishing a single imperial capital, choosing the site of ancient Byzantium in 330 (over the current capitals, which had effectively been changed by Diocletian's reforms to Milan in the West, and Nicomedeia in the East) to build the city soon called Nova Roma (New Rome); it was later renamed Constantinople in his honor. The last emperor to control both the eastern and western halves of the empire was Theodosius I. As the century progressed after his death, it became increasingly apparent that the empire had changed in many ways since the time of Augustus. The two emperor system originally established by Diocletian in the previous century fell into regul ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Cham Rulers
Cham or CHAM may refer to: Ethnicities and languages *Chams, people in Vietnam and Cambodia **Cham language, the language of the Cham people ***Cham script ***Cham (Unicode block), a block of Unicode characters of the Cham script *Cham Albanians, also spelled Çam, a people originating in northern Greece of Albanian descent **Cham Albanian dialect People *Cham (singer) (born 1979), Jamaica reggae singer known for the single "Ghetto Story" *Cham., standard author abbreviation for botanist Adelbert von Chamisso (1781–1838) *Chamillionaire (born 1979), American rapper *Cham Prasidh (born 1951), Cambodian Minister of Trade *Adongo Agada Cham (1959–2011), king of the Anuak people of Sudan and Ethiopia *Jorge Cham (born 1976), comic-book artist *Patrick Cham (born 1959), French basketball player *Amédée de Noé (1818–1879), French artist whose pseudonym was "Cham" *Ham (son of Noah), also spelt Cham *Cham, a variant in Gambia of the surname Thiam Places *Cham, Germany, town *Ch ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Fan Fo
Fan commonly refers to: * Fan (machine), a machine for producing airflow, often for cooling ** Hand fan, an implement held and waved by hand to move air * Fan (person), short for fanatic; an enthusiast or supporter, especially with regard to entertainment or sports Fan or fans may also refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Music * "Fan" (song), by Pascal Obispo * ''Fans'' (album), a 1984 album by Malcolm McLaren * "Fans" (song), a 2007 album track on ''Because of the Times'' by the Kings of Leon Other uses in arts, entertainment, and media * ''Fan'' (film), a 2016 Indian Hindi film * Fan, a character in the video game ''Yie Ar Kung-Fu'' Biology * Free amino nitrogen, in brewing and winemaking, amino acids available for yeast metabolism * Sea fan, a marine animal of the cnidarian phylum Computing and mathematics * Fan (geometry), the set of all planes through a given line * Fan (order), a class of preorderings on a field * Fan triangulation, a fast method to decompose a conve ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Jiuzhen
Jiuzhen (Vietnamese: Cửu Chân, Chinese: 九真) was a Chinese commandery within Jiaozhou. It is located in present-day Thanh Hóa Province, Vietnam. References Category:Former commanderies of China in Vietnam Category:Commanderies of the Han dynasty {{Vietnam-hist-stub ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Rinan
Rinan (, p ''Rìnán''; vi|Nhật Nam), formerly known as Jih-nan, was the southernmost commandery of the Han Empire. It was located in the central area of modern Vietnam between Quảng Bình and Bình Định provinces. It was administered by a local mandarin under direction from the capital of Jiaozhi at Leilou or Longbian (after  200) near modern Hanoi. It was part of Trưng Trắc's revolt in AD 39. The concept of "Rinan" (lit "South of the Sun", referring to the Southern Hemisphere) was originally astronomical: above the Tropic of Cancer, the Chinese always faced south during religious ceremonies concerning the sun. In his ''Records of the Grand Historian'', Sima Qian claimed the Qin Empire had spread so far as ''Rinan'', where the houses faced north instead of south.Trương Thái Du.A New Approach on Old Issues of Ancient Vietnamese History. Institute of Vietnamese Studies. The Han claimed this conceptual region as early as 111 BC upon their conquest of Nany ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Vedas
upright=1.2|The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (; Sanskrit: ', "knowledge") are a large body of religious texts originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. There are four Vedas: the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda. Each Veda has four subdivisions – the Samhitas (mantras and benedictions), the Aranyakas (text on rituals, ceremonies, sacrifices and symbolic-sacrifices), the Brahmanas (commentaries on rituals, ceremonies and sacrifices), and the Upanishads (texts discussing meditation, philosophy and spiritual knowledge).Gavin Flood (1996), ''An Introduction to Hinduism'', Cambridge University Press, , pp. 35–39A Bhattacharya (2006), ''Hindu Dharma: Introduction to Scriptures and Theology'', , pp. 8–14; George M. Williams (2003), Handbook of Hindu Mythology, Oxford Univers ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Phạm Phật
Phạm Phật ( , vi|Phạm Phật) was the king of Champa from 349 to 380, and the son of Fan Wen.Higham, C., 2014, Early Mainland Southeast Asia, Bangkok: River Books Co., Ltd., Maspero, G., 2002, The Champa Kingdom, Bangkok: White Lotus Co., Ltd., In 353, the King was defeated by the Jin governor of Jiaozhi. The governor also recaptured Rinan, which had been captured by Fan Fo's predecessor, Fan Wen. References Category:Cham rulers Category:4th-century monarchs in Asia Category:4th-century Vietnamese people {{Vietnam-bio-stub ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Trà Kiệu
Trà Kiệu is a village in Duy Xuyên, Quảng Nam Province, Vietnam. It was the first capital city of the Hindu Champa Kingdom, then named Simhapura, from the 4th century to the 8th century CE. Today nothing remains of the ancient city except the rectangular ramparts. Nick Ray, Yu-Mei Balasingamchow Lonely Planet ''Vietnam'' 2010 Page 265 "Formerly called Simhapura (Lion Citadel), Tra Kieu was the first capital city of Champa and remained so from the 4th century to the 8th century. Today nothing remains of the ancient city except the rectangular ramparts." Image:Tra Kieu Pedestal.jpg|The Trà Kiệu pedestal of the 10th century supports a massive lingam and ablutionary cistern. Image:Apsaras on Tra Kieu Pedestal.jpg|A row of apsaras, or celestial nymphs, is depicted on the base of the Trà Kiệu Pedestal. Image:Apsara Gandharva Dancer Pedestal Tra Kieu.jpg|The Dancers' Pedestal of Trà Kiệu features this apsara or dancer and gandharva or musician. See also *Art of Champa ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Mỹ Sơn
Mỹ Sơn () is a cluster of abandoned and partially ruined Hindu temples in central Vietnam, constructed between the 4th and the 14th century by the Kings of Champa, an Indianized kingdom of the Cham people. The temples are dedicated to the worship of the god Shiva, known under various local names, the most important of which is Bhadreshvara. Mỹ Sơn is located near the village of Duy Phú, in the administrative district of Duy Xuyên in Quảng Nam Province in Central Vietnam, 69 km southwest of Da Nang, and approximately 10 km from the historic Champa capital of Trà Kiệu. The temples are in a valley roughly two kilometres wide that is surrounded by two mountain ranges. From the 4th to the 14th century AD, the valley at Mỹ Sơn was a site of religious ceremony for kings of the ruling dynasties of Champa, as well as a burial place for Cham royalty and national heroes. It was closely associated with the nearby Cham cities of Indrapura (Đồng Dương) and Simhap ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Quảng Nam Province
Quảng Nam () is a province in the Central region of Vietnam. It is bordered by Thừa Thiên–Huế Province to the north, the nation of Laos to the west, Kon Tum Province to the southwest, Quảng Ngãi Province to the southeast, the South China Sea to the east, and the city of Da Nang to the northeast. The province is known for being a tourist destination in the Hội An cultural site, alongside an export and manufacturing hub within central Vietnam. History Human habitation in the province has been continuous for 2,200 years, starting with the Sa Huỳnh culture. Quảng Nam was once the political and near the geographic centre of Champa and the province was gifted in 1307 in exchange for a marriage to a Vietnamese princess. For some time both the most powerful city-state and the busiest Cham port (at Hội An) were located in what is now Quảng Nam. Trade in luxury goods from the Central Highlands was the basis of this wealth and power.Hardy, Andrew (2009): "Eaglewood and ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Indrapura (Champa)
Indrapura was the capital city of the ancient kingdom of Champa from 875 CE, for several decades,Maspero, G., 2002, The Champa Kingdom, Bangkok: White Lotus Co., Ltd., under the reign of Indravarman I (877-890) and some of his followers belonging to the 6th dynasty in Dong Duong. The word Indrapura means "City of Indra" in Sanskrit, Indra being the Hindu God of Storm and War, and King of the Gods in the Rig Veda. The site is near the present-day village of Đồng Dương, Bình Định Bắc commune, Thăng Bình District of Quảng Nam province. Unlike his predecessors, Indravarman II was a Mahayana Buddhist, so he built a great Buddhist monastery. The ruins was mostly destroyed by Vietnam War bombings and nowadays even by looting of bricks. The Museum of Cham Sculpture ("Bao Tang Cham") at Da Nang, founded in 1915 by the École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO), has a valuable collection of Cham sculptures, which were retrieved from Đông Dương as well as from other arc ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]