Elias Joseph Bickerman
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Elias Joseph Bickerman
Elias Bickerman (July 7, 1897 Old Style and New Style dates, O.S. in Russia РAugust 31, 1981 in Jerusalem), also spelled as Bickermann or Bikerman, was a leading scholar of Greco-Roman history and the Hellenistic world. His life can be considered as a sort of synthesis of some of the most important events of his century: he had to leave Russia after the Bolshevik revolution and the Russian civil war, a few years later in Germany he witnessed the raising of the Nazi power until he, being a Jew, had to flee to France, country he had to abandon soon, for obvious reasons. Since 1942 he lived in the U.S. His research interests extended to Judaism and some aspects of Iranian history. For most of his career, he was Professor of Ancient History at Columbia University, New York. Main works *''The God of the Maccabees'' (Berlin, 1937; English translation, 1979) *''Institutions des S̩leucides'' (Paris, 1938) *''From Ezra to the Last of the Maccabees'' (New York, 1962) *''Studies i ...
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Brackets
A bracket is either of two tall fore- or back-facing punctuation marks commonly used to isolate a segment of text or data from its surroundings. Typically deployed in symmetric pairs, an individual bracket may be identified as a ''left'' or ''right'' bracket or, alternatively, an ''opening paired bracket'' or ''closing paired bracket'', respectively, depending on the Writing system#Directionality, directionality of the context. Specific forms of the mark include rounded brackets (also called ''parentheses''), square brackets, curly brackets (also called ''braces''), and angle brackets (also called ''chevrons''), as well as various less common pairs of symbols. As well as signifying the overall class of punctuation, the word ''bracket'' is commonly used to refer to a specific form of bracket, which varies from region to region. In most English-speaking countries, an unqualified 'bracket' refers to the round bracket; in the United States, the square bracket. History Wikt:che ...
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