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Donets
The Seversky Donets (, ''Severskij Donec''), Siverskyi Donets (, ''Siverśkyj Doneć''), usually simply called the Donets, is a river on the south of the East European Plain. It originates in the Central Russian Upland, north of Belgorod, flows south-east through Ukraine (Kharkiv, Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts) and then again through Russia (Rostov Oblast) to join the river Don, about from the Sea of Azov. The Donets is the fourth longest river in Ukraine and the biggest in the Eastern Ukraine. It is an important source of fresh water in the east of the country. It gives its name to the Donets Basin, known commonly as the Donbass, an important coal mining region in Ukraine. Etymology The name ''Don'' and its diminutive, ''Donets'' are derived from Iranic, Sarmatian "the river".Mallory, J.P. and Victor H. Mair. ''The Tarim Mummies: Ancient China and the Mystery of the Earliest Peoples from the West''. London: Thames and Hudson, 2000. p. 106 According to V. Abaev (expert on Scyt ...
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Donetsk Oblast
The Donetsk Oblast ( ukr|Доне́цька о́бласть|Donets'ka oblast'; rus|Доне́цкая о́бласть|Donetskaya oblast'|dɐˈnʲɛtskəjə ˈobɫəsʲtʲ), also referred to as Donechyna ( ukr| Донеччина|Donechchyna; rus|Донетчина|Donetchina; literally: ''Donetsia''), is an oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. It is the most populated oblast, with around 4.5 million residents. Its administrative center is Donetsk; however, its Regional State Administration has been temporarily relocated to Kramatorsk because of the ongoing crisis in Donetsk. Historically, the region is an important part of the Donbas region. Until November 1961, it bore the name ''Stalino Oblast'' as Donetsk was then named "Stalino", in honor of Joseph Stalin. As part of the de-Stalinization process, it was renamed as its administrative center after Siversky Donets, the main artery of Eastern Ukraine. Population is estimated as The oblast is known for its urban sprawl of Do ...
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Donets Basin
The Seversky Donets (, ''Severskij Donec''), Siverskyi Donets (, ''Siverśkyj Doneć''), usually simply called the Donets, is a river on the south of the East European Plain. It originates in the Central Russian Upland, north of Belgorod, flows south-east through Ukraine (Kharkiv, Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts) and then again through Russia (Rostov Oblast) to join the river Don, about from the Sea of Azov. The Donets is the fourth longest river in Ukraine and the biggest in the Eastern Ukraine. It is an important source of fresh water in the east of the country. It gives its name to the Donets Basin, known commonly as the Donbass, an important coal mining region in Ukraine. Etymology The name ''Don'' and its diminutive, ''Donets'' are derived from Iranic, Sarmatian "the river".Mallory, J.P. and Victor H. Mair. ''The Tarim Mummies: Ancient China and the Mystery of the Earliest Peoples from the West''. London: Thames and Hudson, 2000. p. 106 According to V. Abaev (expert on Scyt ...
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Luhansk Oblast
Luhansk Oblast ( uk|Луганська область, translit. ''Luhans’ka oblast’'', ru |Луганская область, translit. ''Luganskaja oblast’''; also referred to as Luhanshchyna, uk|Луганщина|translit=Luhanščyna) is the easternmost oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Luhansk. The oblast was established in 1938 and bore the name ''Voroshilovgrad Oblast'' (until 1958 and again 1970 to 1990) in honor of Kliment Voroshilov. Its population is estimated as Important cities within the oblast include Alchevsk, Antratsyt, Brianka, Kirovsk, Krasnyi Luch, Krasnodon, Lysychansk, Luhansk, Pervomaisk, Rovenky, Rubizhne, Sverdlovsk, Sievierodonetsk, Stakhanov. The war in Donbas caused the administrative center of the oblast to be relocated to Sievierodonetsk. Geography Luhansk Oblast is located in eastern Ukraine. The area of the oblast (26,700 km2), comprises about 4.42% of the total area of the country. Its longitude from north ...
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Ukraine
Ukraine ( uk|Україна|Ukraina, ) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest country in Europe, after Russia, which it borders to the east and north-east; it also shares borders with Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west; and Romania, Moldova and the Black Sea to the south. Ukraine covers an area of , with a population of about 41.5 million, making it the eighth-most populous country in Europe. The country's capital and largest city is Kyiv. The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the powerful state of Kievan Rus' forming the basis of Ukrainian identity. Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia. A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18 ...
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Lysychansk
Lysychansk ( uk|Лисича́нськ ; russian: Лисича́нск ) is a city in the Luhansk region of Ukraine. It is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and located on the high right bank of the Siverskyi Donets River, approximately 115 km from the oblast capital, Luhansk. Its population is approximately . In 1952 Lysychansk became the regional center. The present borders of Lysychansk were finalized by the mid-1960s. In 1962 the city of Sievierodonetsk separated from Lysychansk and became its own independent city. In 1963 towns of Novodruzhesk and Pryvillia were included in the city limits of Lysychansk and became cities. In 1965 Lysychansk incorporated the cities of Verkhnie and Proletarsk. Now, the administration of Lysychansk Municipality includes the cities of Novodruzhesk and Pryvillia. Together with the cities of Sievierodonetsk, Rubizhne, Kreminna and the nearest towns, the Lysychansk area constitutes a major urban and industrial hub of the Donetsk coa ...
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Eastern Ukraine
Eastern Ukraine or East Ukraine (russian: Восточная Украина, ''Vostochnaya Ukraina''; uk|Східна Україна, ''Skhidna Ukrayina''), generally refers to territories of Ukraine east of the Dnipro river, particularly Kharkiv, Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts. Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhzhia Oblasts sometimes are also regarded as Eastern Ukraine. In regard to traditional territories, the area encompasses portions of the southern Sloboda Ukraine, Donbas, the western Azov Littoral (Pryazovia). Almost a third of the country's population lives within the region, which includes several cities with population of around a million. Within Ukraine, the region is the most highly urbanized, particularly portions of central Kharkiv Oblast, south-western Luhansk Oblast, central, northern and eastern areas of Donetsk Oblast. The most common language in eastern Ukraine is Russian. Geography The region stretches from southern areas of the Central Russian Upland to the northern ...
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Sievierodonetsk
| settlement_type = City of regional significance | image_skyline = SivHram.JPG | imagesize = 250px | image_caption = | image_flag = Severodoneck prapor.png | image_shield = Severodoneck gerb.png | nickname = | motto = | image_map = | mapsize = | map_caption = Map of Ukraine with Severodonetsk highlighted. | subdivision_type = Country | subdivision_name = | subdivision_type1 = Oblast | subdivision_name1 = | subdivision_type2 = Raion | subdivision_name2 = Severodonetsk City | established_title = Founded | established_date = 1934 | established_title1 = City status | established_date1 = 1958 | leader_title ...
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List Of Rivers Of Ukraine
This is a list of the major rivers that flow through Ukraine. Ukraine has around 23,000 rivers. Most of the rivers of Ukraine drain into the Black Sea and Azov Sea belonging to the bigger Mediterranean basin. Those rivers mostly flow in southern direction, except for some Pripyat tributaries in Volhynia and Dniester tributaries in Prykarpattia. A small portion of rivers is part of Western Bug drainage basin located in Western Ukraine near the border with Poland. Those rivers usually have northern direction and are part of bigger Baltic basin. The most notable rivers of Ukraine include: Dnieper, Dniester, Southern Buh, and Siversky Donets. The longest river is Dnieper, the longest tributary is the Dnieper's tributary Desna. Two of the Danube's tributaries in Ukraine Prut and Tysa are longer than the main river within Ukraine. 225px|A map of the Lithuanian).">Lithuanian language">Lithuanian). The territory of Ukraine is conditionally divided into 9 hydrographic zone according to ...
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Don (river)
The Don ( rus|Дон|p=don) is the fifth-longest river in Europe. Flowing from Central Russia to the Sea of Azov in Southern Russia, it is one of Russia's largest rivers and played an important role for traders from the Byzantine Empire. Its basin is between the Dnieper basin to the west, the lower Volga basin immediately to the east, and the Oka basin (tributary of the Volga) to the north. Native to much of the basin were Slavic nomads. The Don rises in the town of Novomoskovsk southeast of Tula (in turn south of Moscow), and flows 1,870 kilometres to the Sea of Azov. The river's upper half ribbles (meanders subtly) south however its lower half consists of a great eastern curve, including Voronezh, making its final stretch, an estuary, run west south-west. The main city on the river is Rostov-on-Don. Its main tributary is the Seversky Donets, centred on the mid-eastern end of Ukraine, thus the other country in the overall basin. To the east of a series of three great shi ...
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Belgorod
Belgorod ( rus|Белгород|p=ˈbʲeɫɡərət) is a city and the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Seversky Donets River north of the border with Ukraine. Population: Geography Urban layout The oldest Belgorod fortress was built at the end of the 16th century on a chalk mountain. The discussion of historians about the time of the founding of the city in 1593 or 1596 is not over, and both versions have a serious scientific basis. One of the first serious researchers of Belgorod history, Drenyakin, in the second half of the 19th century, adhered to the date of 1593, while reasonably exposing the attempts of some scientists already then to date the foundation of the city by Vladimir in the 10th century. Contemporary local historian, Shmelev, trying to somehow open a three-year "black hole" from the moment of the decision to build until the actual appearance of the fortress, even put forward some arguments in favor of the existence of an unkn ...
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Sviatohirsk Lavra
The Holy Mountains Lavra of the Holy Dormition ( uk|Свято-Успенська Святогірська Лавра, Sviatohirsk Lavra or the Sviatohirsk Cave Monastery; russian: Свято-Успенская Святогорская лавра, Sviatogorskaya Lavra or the Sviatogorsky Cave Monastery) is a major Orthodox Christian monastery on the steep right bank of the Seversky Donets River near the town of Sviatohirsk in Donetsk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. The name comes from the surrounding Holy Mountains. Today, the monastery forms the centrepiece of the Sviatohori National Nature Park. The Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) proclaimed it a lavra in 2004. History The first written mention of the monastery dates from 1627, although Sigismund von Herberstein had alluded to the "Holy Mountains" area as early as 1526. It is likely that the first monks settled the area in the 15th century. At the time it was a minor monastic establishment in the Wild Field ...
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Central Russian Upland
The Central Russian Upland (also Central Upland and East European Upland) is an upland area of the East European Plain and is an undulating plateau with an average elevation of . Its highest peak is measured at . The southeastern portion of the upland known as the Kalach Upland. The Central Upland is built of Precambrian deposits of the crystalline Voronezh Massif. Location It spans approximately 180,000 miles² (480,000 km²) in central and southern European Russia northeast of Ukraine, extending from the Oka river to the Donets river. The upland stretches across number of regions in Ukraine and the European portion of Russian Federation. Its north and northwest borders are considered to be Oka River and an imaginary line Kaluga-Ryazan. To the southeast towards the Donets River, the upland changes into the Donets Lowland. To the east its natural border is defined by the Oka–Don Lowland and to the west there is the Dnieper Lowland. Most of the upland lies within the borders of ...
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Holy Mountains (Ukraine)
Holy Mountains ( uk|Святі гори)(russian: Святые горы) is the name of chalk hills on the right bank of Seversky Donets within the northern portion of Donetsk Oblast. Holy Mountains are closely associated with the Sviatohirsk Lavra and the town of Sviatohirsk. The hills are part of the Donets upland located in the East Ukraine. Category:Hills of Ukraine Category:Geography of Donetsk Oblast {{Donetsk-geo-stub ...
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Kharkiv Oblast
Kharkiv Oblast ( uk|Харківська область|translit=Kharkivska oblast, also referred to as , uk|Харківщина|label=none; russian: Харьковская область) is an oblast (province) in eastern Ukraine. The oblast borders Russia to the north, Luhansk Oblast to the east, Donetsk Oblast to the south-east, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the south-west, Poltava Oblast to the west and Sumy Oblast to the north-west. The area of the oblast is 31,400 km², corresponding to 5.2% of the total territory of Ukraine. Population: The oblast is the third most populous province of Ukraine, with a population of 2,857,751 in 2004, more than half (1.5 million) of whom live in the city of Kharkiv, the oblast's administrative center. While the Russian language is primarily spoken in the cities of Kharkiv oblast, elsewhere in the oblast most inhabitants speak Ukrainian. Geography The oblast borders Russia to the north, Luhansk Oblast to the east, Donetsk Oblast to the s ...
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Rostov Oblast
Rostov Oblast ( rus|Росто́вская о́бласть|r=Rostovskaya oblast|p=rɐˈstofskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in the Southern Federal District. The oblast has an area of and a population of 4,277,976 (2010 Census), making it the sixth most populous federal subject in Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Rostov-on-Don, which also became the administrative center of the Southern Federal District in 2002. Geography Rostov Oblast borders Ukraine (Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts) and also Volgograd and Voronezh Oblasts in the north, Krasnodar and Stavropol Krais in the south, and the Republic of Kalmykia in the east. The Rostov oblast is located in the Pontic-Caspian steppe. It is directly north over the North Caucasus. It is within the Russian Southern Federal District. Rivers and lakes The Don River, one of Eurasia's largest rivers, flows through the oblast for part of its course. Lakes cover only 0.4% of the oblast ...
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