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Cross Of Naval Merit (Spain)
The Cross of Naval Merit ( es, Cruces del Mérito Naval) is a Spain, Spanish List of military decorations, military award for gallantry or merit in war or peace. Awarded to members of the Spanish Navy, Spanish Naval Forces, Guardia Civil or civilians. History and Attribution File:CruzDelMéritoNaval GranCruzDistintivoRojo-1922 MusHistMili-Valencia 20191204.jpg, ''Distintivo rojo,'' here shown in the type 1922, was the highest class. Established on 3 August 1866 by Queen Isabella II of Spain, Isabella II as the Order of Naval Merit ( es, Orden del Mérito Naval) and amended many times (in 1918, 1926, 1931, 1938, 1942, 1976, 1995, 2003 and 2007). During the Spanish Civil War it was recognized by both sides of the conflict. Awarded originally in four classes, nowadays it lost the rank of an order of merit and the classes were reduced to two and the number of categories extended to four. According to the current regulations the decoration is conferred in the following classes: * Gr ...
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Cruz Del Mérito Naval Con Distintivo Rojo
Cruz is a surname of Iberian Peninsula, Iberian origin, first found in Castile (historical region), Castile, Spain, but later spread throughout the territories of the former Spanish Empire, Spanish and Portuguese Empires. In Spanish and Portuguese, the word means "cross", either the Christian cross or the figure of transecting lines or ways. For example, in the Philippines, the adopted Tagalog language, Tagalog word is rendered to "krus" in plain usage, but the Spanish spelling survives as a surname. The word "Cruz" (Spanish for "Cross"), as well as "Vera Cruz" ("True Cross") and "Santa Cruz" ("Holy Cross") are used as surnames and toponyms. Its origin as a surname particularly flourished after the Alhambra Decree of 1492 and the increasing activities of the Spanish Inquisition, when New Christian families with Crypto-Judaism, Crypto-Jewish, Morisco, Moorish, and/or mixed religious heritage converted to the state-enforced religion of Catholic Church, Catholicism and subsequently ...
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Castile (historical Region)
Castile or Castilla may refer to: Places Spain * Castile (historical region), a vaguely defined historical region of Spain covering most of Castile and León, all of the Community of Madrid and most of Castilla–La Mancha *Kingdom of Castile The Kingdom of Castile (; es, Reino de Castilla, la, Regnum Castellae) was a large and powerful state on the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted from the 5th to ..., one of the medieval kingdoms of the Iberian peninsula, 1065–1230 *Crown of Castile The Crown of Castile was a medieval polity in the Iberian Peninsula that formed in 1230 as a result of the third and definitive union of the crowns and, some decades later, the parliaments of the kingdoms of Kingdom of Castile, Castile and Kin ..., a medieval state in the Iberian Peninsula that formed in 1230 *Two regions of the Kingdom of Spain (until 1982): ** Old Castile, in the north ** New Castile ...
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