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Constitution Of Botswana
The present Constitution of Botswana commenced on September 30, 1966. Background Before colonial rule was established in Botswana, a traditional constitution - a body of laws known as - was used by tribal chiefs, or Kgosi, diKgosi, of the Botswana people. During the early years of the Bechuanaland Protectorate, some non-Botswana also came to be ruled by these laws. Protectorate administrators kept elements, though not all, of this traditional constitution; much of it has lapsed today. In 1959, a Constitutional Committee of the Joint Advisory Council drew up the Protectorate's first formal constitution, which came into operation in 1960.Barry,, Morton,. ''Historical dictionary of Botswana''. Ramsay, Jeff,, Based on (work): Morton, Fred, 1939- (Fifth edition ed.). Lanham, Maryland. . OCLC 1037884220 In 1963 consultations began for a second constitution which would confer self-government. The Bechuanaland general election, 1965, 1965 general election was held under this constitution, ...
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Botswana
Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana ( tn, Lefatshe la Botswana, label= Setswana; Kalanga: ''Hango yeBotswana''), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are common .... Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert. It is bordered by South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of South Africa, 59 million people, it is the world's List of countries by population, 23rd-most populous nation a ... to the south and southeast, Namibia Namibia (, ), officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in Southern Africa. Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it sha ...
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Kgosi
A (; ) is the title for a hereditary leader of a Batswana tribe. Usage The word "kgosi" is a Setswana term for "king" or "chief". Various affixes can be added to the word to change its meaning: adding the prefix ''di-'' creates the plural form '' dikgosi''; the feminine suffix '' -gadi'' makes the word '' kgosigadi''; and the adjectival suffix '' -kgolo'', meaning "large", creates '' kgosikgolo'', the word for "supreme leader". It is a title often given to aristocrats in Botswana and surrounding countries where there are Tswana speaking people. The office of tribal leadership is called the ''bogosi'' while the person who assumes the office is the ''kgosi''. Duties The Bogosi Act of 2008 defines the powers of dikgosi. According to the Bogosi Act, the kgosi of a tribe has several duties: to manage the tribe, to organize wikt:kgotla, kgotla meetings, and to follow the rules and advice of the national government and the members of the tribe. The dikgosi of the eight main Batswana ...
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