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CPC Party Chief
In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary (), commonly translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss, is the leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) organization in a province, city, or other administrative region. In most cases, it is the ''de facto'' highest political office of its area of jurisdiction. In writing and the mass media, the "CCP" designation before the title is not used often because it is assumed that "Provincial Committee Secretary" refers to the Communist Party secretary. The term can also be used for the leadership position of Communist Party organizations in state-owned enterprises, private companies, foreign-owned companies, universities, hospitals, as well as other institutions of the state. In post-Cultural Revolution Chinese political theory, the Communist Party is responsible for the ''formulation'' of policies and the government is responsible for its day-to-day ''execution''. At every level of jurisdiction, a government le ...
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Politics Of China
The politics of the People's Republic of China takes place in a framework of a socialist republic run by a single party, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), headed by the General Secretary. State power within the People's Republic of China (PRC) is exercised through the Communist Party, the Central People's Government (State Council) and their provincial and local representation. The state uses , secret documents produced by Xinhua News Agency, similar to US's President's Daily Brief, though delivered to most of its officials according to the level of secrecy of the information, a major source of information of the society. The PRC consists of 22 provinces (excluding the claimed Taiwan Province), four municipalities, five autonomous regions and two special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau with the latter operating in a One count from the PRC. Overview Since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the government in Beijing officially asserts to be th ...
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Chinese Communist Party
The Communist Party of China (CPC), commonly known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and sole governing political party of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The CCP leads eight other legally permitted subordinate minor parties together as the United Front. The CCP was founded in 1921, with the help of the Far Eastern Bureau of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Far Eastern Secretariat of the Communist International under Lenin. The party grew quickly, and by 1949 it had driven the Kuomintang (KMT)'s Nationalist Government from mainland China to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War, leading to the establishment of the People's Republic of China on 1 October 1949. It controls the country's armed forces, the People's Liberation Army (PLA). It is also one of the two major historical contemporary parties in Chinese history, the other being the Kuomintang. The CCP is officially organized on the basis of democratic centralism, a principle conceived by Rus ...
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Cultural Revolution
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a violent sociopolitical purge movement in China from 1966 until 1976. Launched by Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China (CPC), its stated goal was to preserve Chinese communism by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose Mao Zedong Thought (known outside China as ''Maoism'') as the dominant ideology in the CPC. The Revolution marked Mao's return to the central position of power in China after a period of less radical leadership to recover from the failures of the Great Leap Forward, which contributed to the Great Chinese Famine only five years prior. Launching the movement in May 1966 with the help of the Cultural Revolution Group, Mao soon called on young people to "bombard the headquarters", and proclaimed that "to rebel is justified". In order to eliminate his rivals within the CPC and in schools, factories, and government ins ...
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Deputy Communist Party Secretary
In modern Chinese politics, a Deputy Party Committee Secretary (; also translated as Deputy Party Secretary, deputy party chief, vice party chief) serves as the lieutenant to the Party Committee Secretary, and thus the deputy leader of the party committee, ranked immediately after the party chief. The term is also use for leadership positions of Communist Party organizations in state-owned enterprises, private companies, foreign-owned companies, universities, hospitals, as well as other institutions of the state. In most administrative jurisdictions, there are two deputy party chiefs. The first-ranked deputy party chief is also the head of government of that jurisdiction. The second-ranked deputy party chief assists the party chief primarily in party affairs. For example, in a province, the party chief is in charge of the overall work of the party committee, and in practice also determines the broad direction of government policy. However, the policies are then implemented and ...
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Chinese Communist Party Deputy Committee Secretary
In modern Chinese politics, a Deputy Party Committee Secretary (; also translated as Deputy Party Secretary, deputy party chief, vice party chief) serves as the lieutenant to the Party Committee Secretary, and thus the deputy leader of the party committee, ranked immediately after the party chief. The term is also use for leadership positions of Communist Party organizations in state-owned enterprises, private companies, foreign-owned companies, universities, hospitals, as well as other institutions of the state. In most administrative jurisdictions, there are two deputy party chiefs. The first-ranked deputy party chief is also the head of government of that jurisdiction. The second-ranked deputy party chief assists the party chief primarily in party affairs. For example, in a province, the party chief is in charge of the overall work of the party committee, and in practice also determines the broad direction of government policy. However, the policies are then implemented and ...
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Provincial Party Standing Committee
Members of the standing committees of the Chinese Communist Party provincial-level committees, commonly referred to as ''Shengwei Changwei'' (), make up the top ranks of the provincial-level organizations of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). In theory, the Standing Committee of a Party Committee manage the day-to-day party affairs of a provincial party organization, and are selected from the members of the provincial-level Party Committee at large. In practice, ''Shengwei Changwei'' is a position with significant political power, and their appointments are essentially directed by the central leadership through the Organization Department of the Chinese Communist Party. Terminology * ''Shengwei Changwei'' () technically only refer to Standing Committee members of a province. Standing Committee members of the four direct-controlled municipalities are known as ''Shiwei Changwei'' (). Standing Committee members of the autonomous regions are known as ''Zizhiqu Dangwei Changwei'' () ...
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