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Black Disciples
The Black Disciples (often abbreviated as BDN, BDN III, BD's) is a large street gang based in Chicago, Illinois, which received significant news coverage after the murder of one of their own members, an 11-year-old named Robert Sandifer. History In 1958, a group of young teenagers from Hyde Park, Englewood, and Kenwood came together as friends to create an alliance to combat their enemies. The founders—Richard Strong, David Barksdale, Mingo Shread, Prince Old Timer, Kilroy, Leonard Longstreet, Night Walker, and others—named their new organization the "Devil's Disciples." By the beginning of 1961, David Barksdale, also known as "King David," took sole leadership of the Devil’s Disciples, and appointed different members to oversee various areas within the neighborhoods. Barksdale's goal was to claim small gangs around the area, and turn them into factions of the Disciples. In 1966, in order to help increase recruitment and counteract threats from other gangs, David Bark ...
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David Barksdale
David Barksdale (born Donise David Barksdale; May 24, 1947 – September 2, 1974), also known as King David, was an American gang leader from Chicago, Illinois. Barksdale was the founder of the Black Disciples. He and Larry Hoover decided to merge and create the Black Gangster Disciple Nation. Barksdale died on September 2, 1974, due to kidney failure at age 27. Barksdale is very popular in Chicago, Illinois. Barksdale is used as “On King Dave” or “On King David” Biography Born Donise David Barksdale in Sallis, Mississippi to parents Virginia and Charlie Barksdale, He was the tenth of thirteen children. His family moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1957. Within three years of arriving to Chicago, Barksdale had become a notorious gang leader. By 1972, Barksdale's gang absorbed several others and became known as the Black Disciple Nation. Tensions grew between the Black Disciples and other gangs such as the Black Stone Rangers. In 1968 the leader of the Black P Stone Nati ...
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Lil Durk
Durk Derrick Banks (born October 19, 1992), better known by his stage name Lil Durk, is an American rapper, singer, and songwriter. He is the lead member and founder of the collective and record label, Only the Family. Early life Born on October 19, 1992, Banks spent much of his early years at home with a great deal of responsibility as his father was incarcerated when he was 7 months old. He recalls that there were times when he did not have enough food at home when he was younger. He started his first breakthrough social media channels like Myspace and YouTube, and grew fond of the idea of being a rapper as his online fan base started to expand. Banks took his career more seriously after becoming a father at 17 and dropping out of school at, Paul Robeson High School, in order to join the Black Disciples, a street gang in Chicago. Soon after joining, he began to get into trouble with the law and served time in October 2011 due to gun charges, including possession of a firearm wit ...
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Street Gangs
A gang is a group or society of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior. Gangs arose in America by the middle of the nineteenth century and were a concern for city leaders from the time they appeared. Some members of criminal gangs are "jumped in" (by going through a process of initiation), or have to prove their loyalty and right to belong by committing certain acts, usually theft or violence. A number of gangs have gained notoriety in the course of history, including the Sicilian Mafia, Italian-American Mafia, and various other Italian organized crime groups, such as the Camorra; the Russian mafia, the Albanian mafia, the Irish Mob, the D-Company, various organizations within the French underworld, particularly Corsican mafia groups such as ''Unione Corse'' and th ...
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African-American Gangs
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. The term ''African American'' generally denotes descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States, while some recent black immigrants or their children may also come to identify as African-American or may identify differently. African Americans constitute the third largest ethnic group and the second largest racial group in the US, after White Americans and Hispanic and Latino Americans. Most African Americans are descendants of enslaved people within the boundaries of the present United States. On average, African Americans are of West/Central African and European descent, and some also have Native American ancestry. According to U.S. Census Bureau data, African immigrants generally do not self-identify as African American. The overwhelming majority of African immigrants identify ...
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1966 Establishments In Illinois
In February, Luna 9 makes the first controlled landing of a spacecraft on the Moon. The Cultural Revolution begins in China in May, and there are coups d'état throughout the world. Events January * January 1 – In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa takes over as military ruler of the Central African Republic, ousting President David Dacko. * January 2 – 1966 New York City transit strike: A wildcat strike by public transportation workers in New York City, led by Mike Quill, begins, designed to coincide with the beginning of Republican John V. Lindsay's mayoralty. (The strike ends on January 13.) * January 3 – 1966 Upper Voltan coup d'état: President Maurice Yaméogo is deposed by a military coup in Republic of Upper Volta (modern-day Burkina Faso). * January 4 ** The prime ministers of India and Pakistan meet in Tashkent. ** Feyzin disaster: A gas leak fire at the Feyzin oil refinery near Lyon, France, kills 18 and injures 82. * January 10 ** Pakistani–Indian peace ne ...
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Organizations Established In 1966
An organization, or organisation (Commonwealth English; see spelling differences), is an entity – such as a company, an institution, or an association – comprising one or more people and having a particular purpose. The word is derived from the Greek word ''organon'', which means tool or instrument, musical instrument, and organ. Types There are a variety of legal types of organizations, including corporations, governments, non-governmental organizations, political organizations, international organizations, armed forces, charities, not-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and educational institutions etc. A hybrid organization is a body that operates in both the public sector and the private sector simultaneously, fulfilling public duties and developing commercial market activities. A voluntary association is an organization consisting of volunteers. Such organizations may be able to operate without legal formalities, depending on jurisdiction, includ ...
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Folk Nation
The Folk Nation (commonly referred to as Folk or Folks) is an alliance of street gangs originating in Chicago, established in 1978. The alliance has since spread throughout the United States, particularly the Midwest region of the United States. They are rivals of the People Nation. Formation The Folk Nation was formed on November 11, 1978, within the confines of the Illinois Department of Corrections. Larry Hoover, the chairman of the Gangster Disciple Nation, created the idea for the alliance and persuaded many leaders of large Black, White, and Latino gangs from Chicago to join. Soon after its formation, the People Nation was formed to counter the Folks alliance. Symbols Folk Nation symbols include the Star of David, horns, a die with 6 dots facing forward, the digit 6, a pointed tail, and a pitchfork. Folk gangs also disrespect People Nation gangs and rival Folk gangs by inverting their rivals' various gang symbols. Active Gangs A 1995 report from the Florida Department of ...
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Gangs In Chicago
Chicago is considered the most gang-infested city in the United States, with a population of over 100,000 active members from nearly 60 factions. Gang warfare and retaliation is common in Chicago. Gangs were responsible for 61% of the homicides in Chicago in 2011. Causes Former Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy blames Chicago's gang culture for its high rates of homicide and other violent crime, stating "It's very frustrating to know that it's like 7% of the population causes 80% of the violent crime...The gangs here are traditional gangs that are generational, if you will. The grandfather was a gang member, the father's a gang member, and the kid right now is going to be a gang member." Policing strategy Mayor Rahm Emanuel disbanded the Chicago Police Department's anti-gang unit in 2012 in order to focus on beat patrols, which he said would have a more long-term solution to violence than anti-gang units. Population As many as 70 active and inactive Chicago street gangs w ...
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Larry Hoover
Larry Hoover (born November 30, 1950)"Larry Hoover"
''Biography.com''. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
is an American gang leader, a founder of the Chicago street gang called the Gangster Disciples. Hoover is currently serving six life sentences at the ADX Florence prison in Florence, Colorado. His sentences include a 150–200 year sentence for a 1973 murder; and in 1997, after a 17-year in ...
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Robert Sandifer
Robert "Yummy" Sandifer (March 12, 1983 – September 1, 1994) was an 11-year-old American boy from Chicago, Illinois. Sandifer's murder by fellow gang members in Chicago garnered national attention because of his age, resulting in his appearance on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in September 1994. Nicknamed "Yummy" because of his love of cookies, standing 137 cm (4 ft 6 in), Sandifer was a young member of the street gang the Black Disciples (BD). After committing murder, arson and armed robbery, he was murdered by his own fellow gang members who feared he could become an informant, and that he was attracting too much attention towards their activities. Coverage of Sandifer's death and retrospectives on his short, violent life were widely published in the American media. Sandifer became a symbol of the gang problem in American inner cities, the failure of social safety nets, and the shortcomings of the juvenile justice system. Biography Early life Robert Sandifer was bo ...
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Illinois
Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product (GDP), the sixth largest population, and the 25th largest land area of all U.S. states. Illinois has been noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, and natural resources such as coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, and is a major transportation hub. The Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois River, through the Illinois Waterway. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, and the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been rank ...
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Street Gang
A gang is a group or society of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior. Gangs arose in America by the middle of the nineteenth century and were a concern for city leaders from the time they appeared. Some members of criminal gangs are "jumped in" (by going through a process of initiation), or have to prove their loyalty and right to belong by committing certain acts, usually theft or violence. A number of gangs have gained notoriety in the course of history, including the Sicilian Mafia, Italian-American Mafia, and various other Italian organized crime groups, such as the Camorra; the Russian mafia, the Albanian mafia, the Irish Mob, the D-Company, various organizations within the French underworld, particularly Corsican mafia groups such as ''Unione Corse'' and th ...
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King Von
Dayvon Daquan Bennett (August 9, 1994 – November 6, 2020), known professionally as King Von, was an American rapper and songwriter from Chicago. He was signed to Lil Durk's record label, Only the Family and Empire Distribution. Early life Bennett was born on August 9, 1994, in Chicago, Illinois. He had six half siblings from his father and three siblings from his mother, Taesha, who he was raised by. His father, Walter E. Bennett, known as Ada Park Silk, was in and out of his life due to his incarcerations. He was shot and killed when Von was 11. Von would pay tribute to his father in multiple songs, notably in the song "Exposing Me". At age 16, Von went to jail for the first time. This would only be the start of a long course of legal troubles for him. In 2014, he was accused of a shooting that killed one and wounded another. Von was eventually acquitted after a trial by jury. Subsequently, King Von took to rapping, collaborating with Lil Durk on singles. Lil Durk eventually s ...
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Chicago
(''City in a Garden''); I Will | image_map = | map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago | coordinates = | coordinates_footnotes = | subdivision_type = Country | subdivision_name = | subdivision_type1 = State | subdivision_type2 = Counties | subdivision_name1 = Illinois | subdivision_name2 = Cook, DuPage | established_title = Settled | established_date = circa 1780 | established_title2 = | established_date2 = August 12, 1833 | established_title3 = Incorporated (city) | established_date3 = March 4, 1837 | founder = Jean Baptiste Point du Sable | government_type = Mayor–council | governing_body = Chicago City Council | leader_title = Mayor | leader_name = Lori L ...
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Fredo Santana
Derrick Coleman (July 4, 1990 – January 19, 2018), known professionally as Fredo Santana, was an American rapper from Chicago, Illinois. The older cousin of Chicago rapper Chief Keef, Santana began recording music in 2011, releasing a series of mixtapes throughout 2012 and 2013. His debut studio album, ''Trappin Ain't Dead'', was released on October 31, 2013, via Savage Squad, and peaked at number 45 on the US ''Billboard'' 200. Santana's second studio album, ''Fredo Krueger 2'', a sequel to his 2013 mixtape ''Fredo Krueger'', was released on September 8, 2017. Santana died of a seizure on January 19, 2018. Music career Fredo's first mixtape, ''It's a Scary Site'', was released on September 20, 2012. It featured production by TM88, Young Chop, 12Hunna, Leek E Leek, J-Hill, C-Sick, and Paris Bueller as well as guest appearances from Chief Keef, Lil Reese, King L, Gino Marley, Frenchie, Lil Herb, Lil Bibby, and Lil Durk. Santana's second mixtape, ''Fredo Kruger'', was release ...
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