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Wiki
A WIKI (/ˈwɪki/ ( listen ) WIK-ee ) is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser . In a typical wiki, text is written using a simplified markup language and often edited with the help of a rich-text editor . A wiki is run using wiki software , otherwise known as a wiki engine. A wiki engine is a type of content management system , but it differs from most other such systems, including blog software , in that the content is created without any defined owner or leader, and wikis have little implicit structure, allowing structure to emerge according to the needs of the users. There are dozens of different wiki engines in use, both standalone and part of other software, such as bug tracking systems . Some wiki engines are open source , whereas others are proprietary. Some permit control over different functions (levels of access); for example, editing rights may permit changing, adding or removing material
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Knowledge Management
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT (KM) is the process of creating, sharing, using and managing the knowledge and information of an organisation. It refers to a multidisciplinary approach to achieving organisational objectives by making the best use of knowledge. An established discipline since 1991, KM includes courses taught in the fields of business administration , information systems , management, library, and information sciences . Other fields may contribute to KM research, including information and media, computer science , public health and public policy . Several universities offer dedicated master\'s degrees in knowledge management. Many large companies, public institutions and non-profit organisations have resources dedicated to internal KM efforts, often as a part of their business strategy , IT , or human resource management departments. Several consulting companies provide advice regarding KM to these organisations
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Vanilla Software
Computer software
Computer software
, and sometimes also other computing -related systems like computer hardware or algorithms , are called VANILLA when not customized from their original form, meaning that they are used without any customizations or updates applied to them. Vanilla software has become a widespread de facto industry standard, widely used by businesses and individuals. The term comes from the traditional standard flavor of ice cream , vanilla . According to Eric S. Raymond 's The New Hacker\'s Dictionary , "vanilla" means more "default" than "ordinary"
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Ad Hoc
AD HOC is a Latin phrase meaning "for this". In English, it generally signifies a solution designed for a specific problem or task, non-generalizable, and not intended to be able to be adapted to other purposes (compare with a priori ). Common examples are ad hoc organizations, committees, and commissions created at the national or international level for a specific task. In other fields, the term could refer, for example, to a military unit created under special circumstances, a tailor-made suit, a handcrafted network protocol (e.g. ad hoc network ), a temporary banding together of geographically-linked franchise locations (of a given national brand) to issue advertising coupons, or a purpose-specific equation . Ad hoc can also mean makeshift solutions, shifting contexts to create new meanings, inadequate planning, or improvised events
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Browser Extension
A BROWSER EXTENSION is a plug-in that extends the functionality of a web browser . Some extensions are authored using web technologies such as HTML
HTML
, JavaScript
JavaScript
, and CSS . Others are developed using machine code and application programming interfaces (APIs) provided by web browsers, such as NPAPI and PPAPI . Browser extensions can change the user interface of the web browser without directly affecting viewable content of a web page; for example, by adding a browser toolbar . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Installation * 3 Functions * 4 Development * 5 Unwanted behavior * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
started supporting extensions from version 5 released in 1999. Firefox
Firefox
has supported extensions since its launch in 2004
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Online Rich-text Editor
An ONLINE RICH-TEXT EDITOR is the interface for editing rich text within web browsers , which presents the user with a "what-you-see-is-what-you-get" (WYSIWYG) editing area. The aim is to reduce the effort for users trying to express their formatting directly as valid HTML markup . Though very early browsers could display rich text, user data entry was limited to text boxes with a single font and style (implemented with the HTML element). Internet Explorer was the first to add a special "designMode" which allowed formatted parts of a document to be edited by the user using a cursor . Mozilla followed suit in version 1.3, and most major browsers now implement this informal standard in some capacity
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Bug Tracking System
A BUG TRACKING SYSTEM or DEFECT TRACKING SYSTEM is a software application that keeps track of reported software bugs in software development projects. It may be regarded as a type of issue tracking system . Many bug tracking systems, such as those used by most open source software projects, allow end-users to enter bug reports directly. Other systems are used only internally in a company or organization doing software development . Typically bug tracking systems are integrated with other software project management applications. A bug tracking system is usually a necessary component of a good software development infrastructure , and consistent use of a bug or issue tracking system is considered one of the "hallmarks of a good software team"
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Cold Weather Cycling
COLD-WEATHER BIKING is the use of a bicycle during months when roads and paths are covered with ice, slush and snow. Cold weather cyclists face a number of challenges. Urban commuters on city streets may have to deal with "now, slush, salt, and sand", which can cause rust and damage to metal bike components. Slush and ice can jam derailleurs . Some cyclists may bike differently in winter, by "...slow down on turns and brak gradually" in icy conditions. Gaining traction on snow and ice-covered roads can be difficult. Winter cyclists may use bikes with front and rear fenders, metal studded winter tires and flashing LED
LED
lights. Winter cyclists may wear layers of warm clothes and "ea, face, and han" coverings may be used. Specialized winter bikes called fatbikes , which have wide, oversized tires that are typically inflated with low pressure, are used in snow trail riding and winter bike competitions
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Backlink
A BACKLINK for a given web resource is a link from some other website (the referrer) to that web resource (the referent ). A web resource may be (for example) a website , web page , or web directory . A backlink is a reference comparable to a citation . The quantity and sources of backlinks for a web page are among the factors that Google 's PageRank
PageRank
algorithm evaluates in order to estimate how important the page is. The PageRank
PageRank
score is, in turn, one of the variables that Google
Google
Search uses to determine how high a web page should go in search results. This weighting of backlinks is analogous to citation analysis of books, scholarly papers , and academic journals . Some other words for backlink are INCOMING LINK, INBOUND LINK, INLINK, INWARD LINK, and CITATION
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Openness
OPENNESS is an overarching concept or philosophy that is characterized by an emphasis on transparency and free, unrestricted access to knowledge and information , as well as collaborative or cooperative management and decision-making rather than a central authority . Openness can be said to be the opposite of secrecy . CONTENTS * 1 In government * 2 In creative works * 3 In education * 4 In academia * 5 In information technology * 6 See also * 7 References IN GOVERNMENT Main article: Open government OPEN GOVERNMENT is the governing doctrine which holds that citizens have the right to access the documents and proceedings of the government to allow for effective public oversight . Openness in government applies the idea of freedom of information to information held by authorities and holds that citizens should have the right to see the operations and activities of government at work
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Social Darwinism
The term SOCIAL DARWINISM is used to refer to various ways of thinking and theories that emerged in the second half of the 19th century and tried to apply the evolutionary concept of natural selection to human society. The term itself emerged in the 1880s, and it gained widespread currency when used after 1944 by opponents of these ways of thinking. The majority of those who have been categorised as social Darwinists did not identify themselves by such a label. Scholars debate the extent to which the various Social Darwinist ideologies reflect Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
's own views on human social and economic issues. His writings have passages that can be interpreted as opposing aggressive individualism, while other passages appear to promote it. Some scholars argue that Darwin's view gradually changed and came to incorporate views from other theorists such as Herbert Spencer
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Transparency (human-computer Interaction)
Any change in a computing system, such as a new feature or new component, is TRANSPARENT if the system after change adheres to previous external interface as much as possible while changing its internal behaviour. The purpose is to shield from change all systems (or human users) on the other end of the interface. Confusingly, the term refers to overall invisibility of the component, it does not refer to visibility of component's internals (as in white box or open system ). The term transparent is widely used in computing marketing in substitution of the term invisible, since the term invisible has a bad connotation (usually seen as something that the user can't see and has no control over) while the term transparent has a good connotation (usually associated with not hiding anything). The vast majority of the times, the term transparent is used in a misleading way to refer to the actual invisibility of a computing process
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Revision Control
A component of software configuration management , VERSION CONTROL, also known as REVISION CONTROL or SOURCE CONTROL, is the management of changes to documents, computer programs , large web sites, and other collections of information. Changes are usually identified by a number or letter code, termed the "revision number", "revision level", or simply "revision". For example, an initial set of files is "revision 1". When the first change is made, the resulting set is "revision 2", and so on. Each revision is associated with a timestamp and the person making the change. Revisions can be compared, restored, and with some types of files, merged. The need for a logical way to organize and control revisions has existed for almost as long as writing has existed, but revision control became much more important, and complicated, when the era of computing began. The numbering of book editions and of specification revisions are examples that date back to the print-only era
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Asterisk
؋ ​₳ ​ ฿ ​₿ ​ ₵ ​¢ ​₡ ​₢ ​ $ ​₫ ​₯ ​֏ ​ ₠ ​€ ​ ƒ ​₣ ​ ₲ ​ ₴ ​ ₭ ​ ₺ ​₾ ​ ₼ ​ℳ ​₥ ​ ₦ ​ ₧ ​₱ ​₰ ​£ ​ 元 圆 圓 ​﷼ ​៛ ​₽ ​₹ ₨ ​ ₪ ​ ৳ ​₸ ​₮ ​ ₩ ​ ¥ 円 UNCOMMON TYPOGRAPHY asterism ⁂ hedera ❧ index, fist ☞ interrobang ‽ irony punctuation ⸮ lozenge ◊ tie ⁀ RELATED* * Diacritics * Logic symbols * Whitespace characters IN OTHER SCRIPTS * Chinese * Hebrew * Japanese * Korean * Category
Category
* Portal
Portal
* Book
Book
* v * t * e An ASTERISK (*; from Late Latin
Late Latin
asteriscus, from Ancient Greek ἀστερίσκος, asteriskos, "little star") is a typographical symbol or glyph
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User (computing)
A USER is a person who uses a computer or network service . Users generally use a system or a software product without the technical expertise required to fully understand it. Power users use advanced features of programs, though they are not necessarily capable of computer programming and system administration . A user often has a USER ACCOUNT and is identified to the system by a USERNAME (or USER NAME). Other terms for username include LOGIN NAME, SCREENNAME (or SCREEN NAME), NICKNAME (or NICK) and HANDLE, which is derived from the identical Citizen\'s Band radio term. Some software products provide services to other systems and have no direct end users . CONTENTS * 1 End user * 2 User account * 2.1 Usernames * 3 Terminology * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links END USER See also: End user End users are the ultimate human users (also referred to as operators ) of a software product
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Web Community
A WEB COMMUNITY is a web site (or group of web sites) where specific content or links are only available to its members. A web community may take the form of a social network service , an Internet forum
Internet forum
, a group of blogs , or another kind of social software web application . The rise in popularity of Web 2.0 websites has allowed for easier real-time communication and ability to connect to others as well as producing new ways for information to be exchanged
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