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Wiki
A WIKI (/ˈwɪki/ ( listen ) WIK-ee ) is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser . In a typical wiki, text is written using a simplified markup language and often edited with the help of a rich-text editor . A wiki is run using wiki software , otherwise known as a wiki engine. A wiki engine is a type of content management system , but it differs from most other such systems, including blog software , in that the content is created without any defined owner or leader, and wikis have little implicit structure, allowing structure to emerge according to the needs of the users. There are dozens of different wiki engines in use, both standalone and part of other software, such as bug tracking systems . Some wiki engines are open source , whereas others are proprietary. Some permit control over different functions (levels of access); for example, editing rights may permit changing, adding or removing material
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WikiNodes
WIKINODES is an app for the Apple iPad built by IDEA.org . WikiNodes was the first tablet app for browsing using a radial tree approach to visualize how articles and subsections of articles are interrelated. The app displays related items (articles or sections of an article), which spread on the screen, as a spiderweb of icons. CONTENTS * 1 Operation * 2 Reception * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links OPERATIONThe app uses the SpicyNodes visualization technique which was awarded a "best for teaching and learning" award in 2011 from American Association of School Librarians (AASL) , and voted #edchat's 35 Best Web 2.0 Classroom Tools in 2010. The user interface is based on two display modes: * PAGE VIEW -- displays articles in long form, similar to how they appear on the main web site. * NODE VIEW -- divides articles into sections, and links articles to related articles, similar to mind mapping
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Ward Cunningham
HOWARD G. "WARD" CUNNINGHAM (born May 26, 1949 ) is an American computer programmer who developed the first wiki . A pioneer in both design patterns and extreme programming , he started programming the software WikiWikiWeb
WikiWikiWeb
in 1994 and installed it on the website of his software consultancy, Cunningham & Cunningham (commonly known by its domain name, C2.COM), on March 25, 1995, as an add-on to the Portland Pattern Repository . He is one of the 17 original signatories of the Agile Manifesto
Agile Manifesto
. He currently lives in Beaverton, Oregon
Beaverton, Oregon
, and is a programmer at New Relic . Previously he was the Co-Creation Czar for CitizenGlobal. He is Nike 's first Code for a Better World Fellow. He has authored a book about wikis, titled The Wiki
Wiki
Way , and also invented Framework for Integrated Tests
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Website
A WEBSITE , or simply SITE, is a collection of related web pages , including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name , and published on at least one web server . A website may be accessible via a public Internet Protocol (IP) network, such as the Internet
Internet
, or a private local area network (LAN), by referencing a uniform resource locator (URL) that identifies the site. Websites have many functions and can be used in various fashions; a website can be a personal website , a commercial website for a company, a government website or a non-profit organization website. Websites are typically dedicated to a particular topic or purpose, ranging from entertainment and social networking to providing news and education. All publicly accessible websites collectively constitute the World Wide Web , while private websites, such as a company's website for its employees, are typically a part of an intranet
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Collaborative Software
COLLABORATIVE SOFTWARE or GROUPWARE is application software designed to help people involved in a common task to achieve their goals. One of the earliest definitions of collaborative software is "intentional group processes plus software to support them". In terms of the level of interaction it allows, collaborative software may be divided into: real-time collaborative editing (RTCE) platforms that allow multiple users to engage in live, simultaneous and reversible editing of a single file (usually a document), and version control (also known as revision control and source control) platforms, which allow separate users to make parallel edits to a file, while preserving every saved edit by every user as multiple files (that are variants of the original file). Collaborative software is a broad concept that overlaps considerably with computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW). According to Carstensen and Schmidt (1999) groupware is part of CSCW
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Web Browser
A WEB BROWSER (commonly referred to as a BROWSER) is a software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web . An _information resource_ is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI/URL) that may be a web page , image, video or other piece of content. Hyperlinks present in resources enable users easily to navigate their browsers to related resources. Although browsers are primarily intended to use the World Wide Web, they can also be used to access information provided by web servers in private networks or files in file systems . The most popular web browsers are Chrome , Edge (preceded by Internet Explorer ), Safari , Opera and Firefox
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Markup Language
A MARKUP LANGUAGE is a system for annotating a document in a way that is syntactically distinguishable from the text. The idea and terminology evolved from the "marking up" of paper manuscripts, i.e., the revision instructions by editors, traditionally written with a blue pencil on authors' manuscripts . In digital media this "blue pencil instruction text" was replaced by tags , that is, instructions are expressed directly by tags or "instruction text encapsulated by tags." Examples include typesetting instructions such as those found in troff , TeX and La TeX , or structural markers such as XML tags. Markup instructs the software that displays the text to carry out appropriate actions, but is omitted from the version of the text that users see. Some markup languages, such as the widely used HTML , have pre-defined presentation semantics —meaning that their specification prescribes how to present the structured data
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Online Rich-text Editor
An ONLINE RICH-TEXT EDITOR is the interface for editing rich text within web browsers , which presents the user with a "what-you-see-is-what-you-get" (WYSIWYG) editing area. The aim is to reduce the effort for users trying to express their formatting directly as valid HTML markup . Though very early browsers could display rich text, user data entry was limited to text boxes with a single font and style (implemented with the HTML element). Internet Explorer was the first to add a special "designMode" which allowed formatted parts of a document to be edited by the user using a cursor . Mozilla followed suit in version 1.3, and most major browsers now implement this informal standard in some capacity
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Wiki Software
WIKI SOFTWARE (also known as a WIKI ENGINE or WIKI APPLICATION) is a collaborative software that runs a wiki , which allows users to create and collaboratively edit "pages" or entries via a web browser . A wiki system is usually a web application that runs on one or more web servers . The content, including all current and previous revisions, is usually stored in either a file system or a database . Wikis are a type of web content management system , and the most commonly supported off-the-shelf software that web hosting facilities offer. There are currently dozens of actively maintained wiki engines, in a variety of programming languages, including both open source and proprietary applications. These vary widely in their platform support, their support for natural language characters and conventions, and in their assumptions about technical versus social control of editing
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Content Management System
A CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (CMS) is a computer application that supports the creation and modification of digital content . It is often used to support multiple users working in a collaborative environment . CMS features vary widely. Most CMSs include Web-based publishing , format management, history editing and version control , indexing, search , and retrieval. By their nature, content management systems support the separation of content and presentation. A web content management system (WCM or WCMS) is a CMS designed to support the management of the content of Web pages. Most popular CMSs are also WCMSs. Web content
Web content
includes text and embedded graphics , photos , video , audio , maps , and program code (e.g., for applications) that displays content or interacts with the user
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Blog Software
A BLOG (a truncation of the expression "WEBLOG") is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web
World Wide Web
consisting of discrete, often informal diary -style text entries ("posts"). Posts are typically displayed in reverse chronological order, so that the most recent post appears first, at the top of the web page. Until 2009, blogs were usually the work of a single individual, occasionally of a small group, and often covered a single subject or topic. In the 2010s, "multi-author blogs" (MABs) have developed, with posts written by large numbers of authors and sometimes professionally edited. MABs from newspapers , other media outlets, universities , think tanks , advocacy groups , and similar institutions account for an increasing quantity of blog traffic. The rise of Twitter
Twitter
and other "microblogging " systems helps integrate MABs and single-author blogs into the news media
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Bug Tracking System
A BUG TRACKING SYSTEM or DEFECT TRACKING SYSTEM is a software application that keeps track of reported software bugs in software development projects. It may be regarded as a type of issue tracking system . Many bug tracking systems, such as those used by most open source software projects, allow end-users to enter bug reports directly. Other systems are used only internally in a company or organization doing software development . Typically bug tracking systems are integrated with other software project management applications. A bug tracking system is usually a necessary component of a good software development infrastructure , and consistent use of a bug or issue tracking system is considered one of the "hallmarks of a good software team"
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Open Source
The OPEN-SOURCE MODEL is a decentralized development model that encourages open collaboration . A main principle of open-source software development is peer production , with products such as source code, blueprints , and documentation freely available to the public. The open-source movement in software began as a response to the limitations of proprietary code. The model is used for projects such as in open-source appropriate technologies , and open-source drug discovery. Open source
Open source
promotes universal access via an open-source or free license to a product's design or blueprint, and universal redistribution of that design or blueprint. Before the phrase _open source_ became widely adopted, developers and producers used a variety of other terms. _Open source_ gained hold with the rise of the Internet
Internet
. The open-source software movement arose to clarify copyright , licensing , domain , and consumer issues
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Knowledge Management
KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT (KM) is the process of creating, sharing, using and managing the knowledge and information of an organisation. It refers to a multidisciplinary approach to achieving organisational objectives by making the best use of knowledge. An established discipline since 1991, KM includes courses taught in the fields of business administration , information systems , management, library, and information sciences . Other fields may contribute to KM research, including information and media, computer science , public health and public policy . Several universities offer dedicated master\'s degrees in knowledge management. Many large companies, public institutions and non-profit organisations have resources dedicated to internal KM efforts, often as a part of their business strategy , IT , or human resource management departments. Several consulting companies provide advice regarding KM to these organisations
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