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Wales
WALES (/ˈweɪlz/ (_ listen ); Welsh : Cymru_ (_ listen )) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the island of Great Britain . It is bordered by England
England
to the east , the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales
Wales
has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon
Snowdon
(Yr Wyddfa_), its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate . Welsh national identity emerged among the Celtic Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales
Wales
is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations
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Welsh Language
'Cymraeg' pronounced REGION Spoken throughout Wales, and in Chubut province of Argentina NATIVE SPEAKERS All UK speakers : 700,000+ (2012) * Wales
Wales
: 562,016 speakers (19.0% of the population of Wales), (data from 2011 Census); All skills (speaking, reading, or writing): 630,062 language users (reference) * England
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Flag Of Wales
The FLAG OF WALES (Welsh : Baner Cymru or Y Ddraig Goch, meaning the red dragon ) consists of a red dragon passant on a green and white field . As with many heraldic charges , the exact representation of the dragon is not standardised and many renderings exist. The flag incorporates the red dragon of Cadwaladr , King of Gwynedd , along with the Tudor colours of green and white. It was used by Henry VII at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, after which it was carried in state to St Paul\'s Cathedral . The red dragon was then included as a supporter of the Tudor royal arms to signify their Welsh descent. It was officially recognised as the Welsh national flag in 1959. The dragon as a major flag design element is shared with the flag of Bhutan . A dragon also appears on the badge of the George Cross on the flag of Malta . The Chinese flag also featured a dragon during the Qing Dynasty
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Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau
HEN WLAD FY NHADAU (Welsh pronunciation: ) is the national anthem of Wales
Wales
. The title – taken from the first words of the song – means "Ancient Land of My Fathers" in Welsh , usually rendered in English as simply "Land of My Fathers". The words were written by Evan James and the tune composed by his son, James James , both residents of Pontypridd , Glamorgan , in January 1856. The earliest written copy survives and is part of the collections of the National Library of Wales
Wales

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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland

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Country Of The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK) comprises four countries : England
England
, Scotland , Wales
Wales
and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
. Within the United Kingdom, a unitary sovereign state , Northern Ireland, Scotland
Scotland
and Wales
Wales
have gained a degree of autonomy through the process of devolution . The UK Parliament and British Government deal with all _reserved matters _ for Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
and Scotland and all _non-transferred matters_ for Wales, but not in general matters that have been devolved to the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly , Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
and National Assembly for Wales
Wales

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Cardiff
CARDIFF (/ˈkɑːrdɪf/ ( listen ); Welsh : Caerdydd (info ) ) is the capital and largest city in Wales
Wales
and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. The city is the country's chief commercial centre, the base for most national cultural and sporting institutions, the Welsh national media, and the seat of the National Assembly for Wales
Wales
. The unitary authority area 's mid-2011 population was estimated to be 346,100, while the population of the Larger Urban Zone was estimated at 861,400 in 2009. The Cardiff
Cardiff
metropolitan area makes up over a third of the total population of Wales, with a mid-2011 population estimate of about 1,100,000 people. Cardiff
Cardiff
is a significant tourist centre and the most popular visitor destination in Wales
Wales
with 18.3 million visitors in 2010
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Languages Of Wales
The two official languages of Wales are Welsh and English . Both languages are constituted as working languages of the National Assembly , however Welsh is further recognised in law as having "official status", making it the sole de jure official language in any part of the United Kingdom. The majority of the population of Wales is able to speak English, while Welsh is spoken by approximately one-fifth of the population
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English Language
ENGLISH /ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ/ (_ listen ) is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca _. Named after the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to England , it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea . It is closely related to the Frisian languages , but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages particularly Norse (a North Germanic language ), as well as by Latin and Romance languages , particularly French . English has developed over the course of more than 1,400 years. The earliest forms of English, a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are called Old English
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος _dẽmos_ "people, tribe", ὄνομα _ónoma_ "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously _GENTILIC_ was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the _ Oxford English Dictionary _ and _Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary_. Examples of demonyms include a _ Pakistani _ for a person from Pakistan , _Swahili _ for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial _Kiwi _ for a person from New Zealand , and a _Cochabambino_ for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Welsh People
The WELSH (Welsh : Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales
Wales
and the Welsh language . The language, which falls within the Insular Celtic family, has historically been spoken throughout Wales, with its predecessor Common Brittonic once spoken throughout most of the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
. Prior to the 20th century, large numbers of Welsh people
Welsh people
spoke only Welsh, with little or no fluent knowledge of English . While Welsh remains the predominant language in some areas of Wales, particularly in the north and the west , English is now the predominant language in most parts of the country; however, many Welsh people, even in predominately English-speaking areas of Wales, are fluent or semi-fluent in Welsh or, to varying degrees, capable of speaking or understanding Welsh at limited or conversational proficiency levels
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Sovereign State
A SOVEREIGN STATE is, in international law , a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defines sovereign states as having a permanent population, defined territory, one government , and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states . It is also normally understood that a sovereign state is neither dependent on nor subjected to any other power or state . The existence or disappearance of a state is a question of fact . While according to the declarative theory of statehood, a sovereign state can exist without being recognised by other sovereign states , unrecognised states will often find it hard to exercise full treaty-making powers and engage in diplomatic relations with other sovereign states
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England And Wales
ENGLAND AND WALES (Welsh : _Cymru a Lloegr_) is a legal jurisdiction covering England
England
and Wales
Wales
, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom . " England
England
and Wales" forms the constitutional successor to the former Kingdom of England
England
and follows a single legal system , known as English law . The devolved National Assembly for Wales
Wales
(Welsh : _Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru_) was created in 1999 by the Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
under the Government of Wales
Wales
Act 1998 and provides a degree of self-government in Wales. The powers of the Assembly were expanded by the Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006 , which allows it to pass its own laws , and the Act also formally separated the Welsh Government from the Assembly
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