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List Of Airports In New York
An AIRPORT is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to store and maintain aircraft, and a control tower . An airport consists of a landing area , which comprises an aerially accessible open space including at least one operationally active surface such as a runway for a plane to take off or a helipad , and often includes adjacent utility buildings such as control towers , hangars and terminals . Larger airports may have fixed-base operator services , airport aprons , taxiway bridges , air traffic control centres, passenger facilities such as restaurants and lounges , and emergency services . An airport with a helipad for rotorcraft but no runway is called a heliport . An airport for use by seaplanes and amphibious aircraft is called a seaplane base . Such a base typically includes a stretch of open water for takeoffs and landings , and seaplane docks for tying-up. An international airport has additional facilities for customs and passport control . In warfare , airports can become the focus of intense fighting, for example the Battle of Tripoli Airport
Battle of Tripoli Airport
or the Battle for Donetsk Airport
Airport
, both taking place in 2014. An airport primarily for military use is called an airbase or air station . Most of the world's airports are owned by local , regional , or national government bodies
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Airport
An AIRPORT is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to store and maintain aircraft, and a control tower . An airport consists of a landing area , which comprises an aerially accessible open space including at least one operationally active surface such as a runway for a plane to take off or a helipad , and often includes adjacent utility buildings such as control towers , hangars and terminals . Larger airports may have fixed-base operator services , airport aprons , taxiway bridges , air traffic control centres, passenger facilities such as restaurants and lounges , and emergency services . An airport with a helipad for rotorcraft but no runway is called a heliport . An airport for use by seaplanes and amphibious aircraft is called a seaplane base . Such a base typically includes a stretch of open water for takeoffs and landings , and seaplane docks for tying-up. An international airport has additional facilities for customs and passport control . In warfare , airports can become the focus of intense fighting, for example the Battle of Tripoli Airport
Battle of Tripoli Airport
or the Battle for Donetsk Airport
Airport
, both taking place in 2014. An airport primarily for military use is called an airbase or air station . Most of the world's airports are owned by local , regional , or national government bodies
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Airport (other)
An AIRPORT is a location where aircraft take off and land. AIRPORT may also refer to: * Airport, California , a census-designated place * AirPort
AirPort
, a product range and implementation of the IEEE 802.11 ("Wi-Fi") protocol by Apple Inc.CONTENTS * 1 Books * 2 Film and TV * 3 Music * 4 Rail stations * 5 See also BOOKS * Airport
Airport
(novel) , a 1968 novel written by Arthur HaileyFILM AND TV * Airport
Airport
(1970 film) , a film based on Arthur Hailey's book * Airport
Airport
1975 , a sequel to the 1970 film * Airport
Airport
\'77 , a sequel to Airport
Airport
1975 * The Concorde ..
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Dubai International Airport
DUBAI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (IATA : DXB, ICAO : OMDB) (Arabic : مطار دبي الدولي‎‎) is the primary international airport serving Dubai , United Arab Emirates and is the world\'s busiest airport by international passenger traffic. It is also the 3rd busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic , the 6th busiest cargo airport in world , the busiest airport for Airbus A380 and Boeing 777 movements, and the busiest airport in the world operating with only two runways. In 2016, DXB handled 83.6 million passengers, 2.59 million tonnes of cargo and registered 418,220 aircraft movements. Dubai International is situated in the Al Garhoud district, 2.5 nautical miles (4.6 km; 2.9 mi) east of Dubai and spread over an area of 2,900 hectares (7,200 acres) of land. The airport is operated by the Dubai Airports Company and is the home base of Dubai's international airlines, Emirates and flydubai . The Emirates hub is the largest airline hub in the Middle East; Emirates handles around 65% of all passenger traffic and accounts for approximately 42% of all aircraft movements at the airport. Dubai Airport is also the base for low-cost carrier flydubai which handles 11.6% of passenger traffic and 25% of aircraft movements at DXB
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Cochin International Airport
COCHIN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (IATA : COK, ICAO : VOCI) is an international airport situated in the city of Kochi , in the state of Kerala , India . Located at Nedumbassery , about 25 km (16 mi) northeast of the city, Cochin International Airport is the first airport in India developed under a public-private partnership (PPP) model and was funded by nearly 10,000 non-resident Indians from 30 countries. It is the busiest and largest airport in the state of Kerala . As of 2017, the Cochin International Airport caters to 63.86% of the total air passenger movement in Kerala. It is also the fourth busiest airport in India in terms of international traffic and seventh busiest overall. In fiscal year 2016-17, the airport handled close to 9 million passengers handling around 170 aircraft movements a day. The airport is a primary base for Air India Express operations which is also headquartered in the city. With over 2 million sq ft in area, the airport's Terminal 3 is India's fourth largest terminal and on 18 August 2015, Cochin International Airport became the world's first fully solar powered airport with the inauguration of a dedicated solar plant
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Aerodrome
An AERODROME (Commonwealth English ) or AIRDROME ( American English ) is a location from which aircraft flight operations take place, regardless of whether they involve air cargo , passengers, or neither. Aerodromes include small general aviation airfields, large commercial airports , and military airbases . The term _airport_ may imply a certain stature (having satisfied certain certification criteria or regulatory requirements) that an aerodrome may not have achieved. This means that all airports are aerodromes, but not all aerodromes are airports. Usage of the term "aerodrome" remains more common in the UK, Ireland and Commonwealth nations, and is conversely almost unknown in American English. A water aerodrome is an area of open water used regularly by seaplanes or amphibious aircraft for landing and taking off
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Control Tower
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and through controlled airspace , and can provide advisory services to aircraft in non-controlled airspace. The primary purpose of ATC worldwide is to prevent collisions, organize and expedite the flow of air traffic, and provide information and other support for pilots . In some countries, ATC plays a security or defensive role, or is operated by the military. To prevent collisions, ATC enforces traffic separation rules, which ensure each aircraft maintains a minimum amount of empty space around it at all times. Many aircraft also have collision avoidance systems , which provide additional safety by warning pilots when other aircraft get too close. In many countries, ATC provides services to all private, military, and commercial aircraft operating within its airspace. Depending on the type of flight and the class of airspace, ATC may issue _instructions_ that pilots are required to obey, or _advisories_ (known as _flight information_ in some countries) that pilots may, at their discretion, disregard. The pilot in command is the final authority for the safe operation of the aircraft and may, in an emergency, deviate from ATC instructions to the extent required to maintain safe operation of their aircraft
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Landing Area
LANDING AREA is an official designation of specialized Earth surface region by the international standard publication describing airfields and airports to aviators, the Aeronautical Information Publication . As such, it is directly translated into dozens of languages, wherever an AIP publication exists, which is one for every aviation-regulating country of the world. It is the most salient description of the _logistics real estate _ which enable planes or helicopters or other aircraft to come and go. It also has other meanings, which extend beyond aviation concepts and airport terminology, all of them military in kind. A LANDING AREA may be: * Any wrought, treated or merely selected _surface_ of land, water, or a ship vessel's deck employed in a sustained way for either takeoff or landing of aircraft . * Operational area segment of an amphibious military unit
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Runway
According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a RUNWAY is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft ". Runways may be a man-made surface (often asphalt , concrete , or a mixture of both) or a natural surface (grass , dirt , gravel , ice , or salt ). CONTENTS * 1 Naming * 2 Declared distances * 3 Sections of a runway * 4 Runway markings * 4.1 National variants * 5 Runway lighting * 5.1 History * 5.2 Technical specifications * 5.3 Control of lighting system * 6 Runway safety * 7 Pavement * 7.1 Pavement surface * 7.2 Surface type codes * 8 Runway length * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links NAMING Font and size of numbers and letters Runway 22 FAA airport diagram at O\'Hare International Airport . From left to right, runways 14/32 slant down, runways 4/22 slant up, runways 9R/27L, 9L/27R and 10/28 are horizontal. Runways are named by a number between 01 and 36, which is generally the magnetic azimuth of the runway's heading in deca degrees . This heading differs from true north by the local magnetic declination . A runway numbered 09 points east (90°), runway 18 is south (180°), runway 27 points west (270°) and runway 36 points to the north (360° rather than 0°)
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Helipad
A HELIPAD is a landing area or platform for helicopters and powered lift aircraft. While helicopters and powered lift aircraft are able to operate on a variety of relatively flat surfaces, a fabricated helipad provides a clearly marked hard surface away from obstacles where such aircraft can land safely. Larger helipads, intended for use by helicopters and other vertical take-off and landing aircraft , may be called _vertiports._ An example is Vertiport Chicago , which opened in 2015. CONTENTS * 1 Usage * 2 Construction * 3 Portable helipads * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Bibliography USAGE There is a helipad in the back of this U.S. Navy Strategic Sealift Ship . Helipads may be located at a heliport or airport where fuel, air traffic control and service facilities for aircraft are available. Most helipads are located remote from populated areas due to sounds, winds, space and cost constraints, however, some skyscrapers maintain a helipad on their roofs in order to accommodate air taxi services. Some basic helipads are built on highrise buildings for evacuation in case of a major fire outbreak. Major police departments may use a dedicated helipad at heliports as a base for police helicopters . Large ships and oil platforms usually have a helipad on board for emergency use. In such a case, the term "helideck" or "helodeck" has been widely used in the meaning of a helipad on board
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Hangar
A HANGAR is a closed building structure to hold aircraft , spacecraft or tanks in protective storage. Most hangars are built of metal, but other materials such as wood and concrete are also used. The word _hangar_ comes from Middle French _hanghart_ ("enclosure near a house"), of Germanic origin, from Frankish *_haimgard_ ("home-enclosure", "fence around a group of houses"), from *_haim_ ("home, village, hamlet") and _gard_ ("yard"). Hangars are used for protection from the weather , direct sunlight, maintenance, repair, manufacture, assembly and storage of aircraft on airfields, aircraft carriers and ships . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Airship hangars * 2.1 Steel construction * 2.2 Wood construction * 2.3 Fabric construction * 2.4 Hangars aboard ships * 2.5 Structures and sizes * 2.6 Regulation * 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY _ The Wright Flyer_ outside the aircraft's makeshift hangar The Wright brothers stored and repaired their aircraft in a wooden hangar constructed in 1902 at Kill Devil Hills in North Carolina for their glider . After completing design and construction of the _Wright Flyer _ in Ohio , the brothers returned to Kill Devil Hill only to find their hangar damaged. They repaired the structure and constructed a new workshop while they waited for the _Flyer_ to be shipped
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Airport Terminal
An AIRPORT TERMINAL is a building at an airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from aircraft . Within the terminal, passengers purchase tickets, transfer their luggage, and go through security. The buildings that provide access to the airplanes (via gates ) are typically called CONCOURSES. However, the terms "terminal" and "concourse" are sometimes used interchangeably, depending on the configuration of the airport. Smaller airports have one terminal while larger airports have several terminals and/or concourses. At small airports, the single terminal building typically serves all of the functions of a terminal and a concourse. Some larger airports have one terminal that is connected to multiple concourses via walkways, sky-bridges, or underground tunnels (such as Denver International Airport , modeled after Atlanta\'s , the world\'s busiest ). Some larger airports have more than one terminal, each with one or more concourses (such as New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport ). Still other larger airports have multiple terminals each of which incorporate the functions of a concourse (such as Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport )
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Fixed-base Operator
A FIXED-BASE OPERATOR (FBO) is an organization granted the right by an airport to operate at the airport and provide aeronautical services such as fueling, hangaring, tie-down and parking, aircraft rental, aircraft maintenance , flight instruction , and similar services. In common practice, an FBO is the primary provider of support services to general aviation operators at a public-use airport and is located either on airport leasehold property or, in rare cases, adjacent to airport leasehold property as a "through the fence operation ". In many smaller airports serving general aviation in remote or modest communities, the town itself may provide fuel services and operate a basic FBO facility. Most FBOs doing business at airports of high to moderate traffic volume are non-governmental organizations, i.e. either privately or publicly held companies. Though the term _fixed-base operator_ originated in the United States, the term is becoming more common in the international aviation industry as business and corporate aviation grows. The term has not been officially defined as an international standard, but there have been recent uses of the term in International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) publications such as _Implementing the Global Aviation Safety Roadmap_
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Airport Apron
The AIRPORT APRON is the area of an airport where aircraft are parked, unloaded or loaded, refueled, or boarded. Although the use of the apron is covered by regulations, such as lighting on vehicles, it is typically more accessible to users than the runway or taxiway . However, the apron is not usually open to the general public and a license may be required to gain access. The use of the apron may be controlled by the _apron management service_ (_apron control_ or _apron advisory_) to provide coordination between the users. The apron is designated by the ICAO as not being part of the maneuvering area . All vehicles, aircraft and people using the apron are referred to as _apron traffic_. CONTENTS* 1 Other terms * 1.1 Flight Line * 1.2 Tarmac * 1.3 Ramp * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links OTHER TERMS Airbus A380-800 operated by Qatar Airways at London Heathrow Airport apron outside Terminal 4 with a wide range of ground handling equipments around such as aircraft container, pallet loader, ULD , jet air starter, belt loader, pushback tug , catering vehicles and dollies. FLIGHT LINEThe US Military typically refers to the apron area as the "Flight line"