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Ilathalam
Elathalam, or Ilathalam (Malayalam: ഇലത്തളം), is a metallic musical instrument which resembles a miniature pair of cymbals. This instrument from Kerala
Kerala
and Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
in southern India is completely made out of bronze and has two pieces in it. Elathalam
Elathalam
is played by keeping one part of the cymbal in left hand banging the other cymbal to the one in left hand
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Malayalam
 India: Kerala
Kerala
(State),[3] Lakshadweep
Lakshadweep
(Territory) Mahé, Puducherry
Mahé, Puducherry
(Territory)Regulated by Kerala
Kerala
Sahitya Akademi, Government of KeralaLanguage codesISO 639-1 mlISO 639-2 malISO 639-3 malGlottolog mala1464[4]Linguasphere 49-EBE-baMalayalam-speaking area Malayalam
Malayalam
is written in a non- Latin
Latin
script
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Kerala
Kerala
Kerala
(/ˈkɛrələ/), called Keralam in Malayalam
Malayalam
(where Kerala
Kerala
is the adjectival form), is a state in South India
India
on the Malabar Coast. It was formed on 1 November 1956 following the States Reorganisation Act by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea
Lakshadweep Sea
to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala
Kerala
is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. It is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
is the largest city in the state
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Tamil Nadu
^# Jana Gana Mana
Jana Gana Mana
is the national anthem, while "Invocation to Tamil Mother" is the state song/anthem. ^† Established in 1773; Madras State was formed in 1950 and renamed as Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
on 14 January 1969[9] ^^ Tamil is the official language of the state. English is declared as an additional official language for communication purposes.[8]SymbolsEmblem Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
Andal templeLanguageTamilSong"Invocation to Goddess Tamil"DanceBharathanattiyamAnimalNilgiri tahrBirdEmerald doveFlowerGloriosa lilyTreePalm treeSportKabaddi Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
(Tamil pronunciation: [t̪amiɻ n̪aːᶑu] ( listen) literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai
Chennai
(formerly known as Madras)
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India
India, officially the Republic
Republic
of India
India
(IAST: Bhārat Gaṇarājya),[e] is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan
Pakistan
to the west;[f] China, Nepal, and Bhutan
Bhutan
to the northeast; and Myanmar
Myanmar
and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India
India
is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and the Maldives
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Bronze
Bronze
Bronze
is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon. These additions produce a range of alloys that may be harder than copper alone, or have other useful properties, such as stiffness, ductility, or machinability. The archeological period where bronze was the hardest metal in widespread use is known as the Bronze
Bronze
Age. The beginning of the Bronze Age in Western Eurasia
Eurasia
and South Asia
Asia
is conventionally dated to the mid-4th millennium BC, and to the early 2nd millennium BC in China;[1] everywhere it gradually spread across regions
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992 album by Vesta Williams "Special" (Garbage song), 1998 "Special
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Chenda
The Chenda
Chenda
(Malayalam: ചെണ്ട, [tʃeɳʈa]) is a cylindrical percussion instrument used widely in the state of Kerala, Tulu Nadu of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
in India. In Tulu Nadu (Coastal Karnataka), it is known as chande. A Chenda
Chenda
is a cylindrical wooden drum, and has a length of two feet and a diameter of one foot. Both ends are covered (usually with animal's skin) with the " Chenda
Chenda
Vattam". The animal skin is usually of a cow (Heifer), in a traditional Chenda
Chenda
other skins are not used (skin of bull, ox etc. are not used), to have a quality sound the skin from the abdominal part of the cow is taken. The Chenda
Chenda
is suspended from the drummers neck so that it hangs vertically. Though both sides can be used for playing, only one is actually beaten
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Melam
A melam (or mathalam) is a type of percussion instrument that is unique to Tamil Nadu, Kerala
Kerala
and parts of South India. Those who plays melam[1] are called 'Melakaar'.[2] In ancient Tamilakam
Tamilakam
(Tamil country)[3] melam was used for all the occasions in temples (Kovil Melam, Naiyandi Melam,[4] Urumi Melam),[5] marriages (Ketti Melam), functions,[6] funeral wake(Parai Melam). In Kerala
Kerala
the most traditional of all melams is the Pandi Melam, which is generally performed outside the temple
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Cymbal
A cymbal is a common percussion instrument. Often used in pairs, cymbals consist of thin, normally round plates of various alloys. The majority of cymbals are of indefinite pitch, although small disc-shaped cymbals based on ancient designs sound a definite note (see: crotales). Cymbals are used in many ensembles ranging from the orchestra, percussion ensembles, jazz bands, heavy metal bands, and marching groups. Drum
Drum
kits usually incorporate at least a crash, ride or crash/ride, and a pair of hi-hat cymbals
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Kathakali
Kathakali
Kathakali
(Malayalam: കഥകളി) is one of the major forms of classical Indian dance.[1] It is a "story play" genre of art, but one distinguished by the elaborately colorful make-up, costumes and facemasks that the traditionally male actor-dancers wear. [2][3][note 1] Kathakali
Kathakali
primarily developed as a Hindu
Hindu
performance art in the Malayalam-speaking southwestern region of India (Kerala).[2][3][5]Katakali is similar to Mohiliattam Kathakali's roots are unclear
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Percussion Instrument
A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater (including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles); struck, scraped or rubbed by hand; or struck against another similar instrument. The percussion family is believed to include the oldest musical instruments, following the human voice.[1] The percussion section of an orchestra most commonly contains instruments such as timpani, snare drum, bass drum, cymbals, triangle and tambourine. However, the section can also contain non-percussive instruments, such as whistles and sirens, or a blown conch shell. Percussive techniques can also be applied to the human body, as in body percussion
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Kombu Pattu
The Kombu (Tamil:கொம்பு) or Kompu also known as the Kombu Pattu is a wind instrument (a kind of Natural Horn) in Tamil nadu
Tamil nadu
and Kerala.[1][2][3] Usually played along with Panchavadyam, Pandi Melam, Panchari melam
Panchari melam
etc. This musical instrument is usually seen in south India. The instrument is like a long horn (Kombu in Tamil language). In ancient days kombu played during war along with Murasu
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Panchari Melam
Panchari Melam is a percussion ensemble, performed during temple festivals in Kerala, India. Panchari Melam (or, simply, panchari), is one of the major forms of chenda melam (ethnic drum ensemble), and is the best-known and most popular kshetram vadyam (temple percussion) genre. Panchari melam, comprising instruments like chenda, ilathalam, kombu and kuzhal, is performed during virtually every temple festival in central Kerala, where it is arguably presented in the most classical manner. Panchari, however, is also traditionally performed, with a touch of subtle regional difference, in north (Malabar) and south-central Kerala
Kerala
(Kochi)
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Thayambaka
Thayambaka
Thayambaka
or tayambaka is a type of solo [[ch enda]] performance that developed in the south Indian state of Kerala, in which the main player at the centre improvises rhythmically on the beats of half-a-dozen or a few more chenda and ilathalam players around.Contents1 Performance 2 Prominent Schools of Thayambaka 3 Leading Masters of Thayambaka 4 Females and the Current Change of Trend in Traditional Views 5 References 6 Notes 7 External linksPerformance[edit] A thayambaka performance on the chenda has thus its focus on the stick-and-palm rolls produced on the itantala (treble) of the chenda, while the rhythm is laid by his fellow instrumentalists on the valanthala (bass) chendas and ilatalam (cymbals).[1] Thayambaka, believed to have flourished during the feudal era, spans an average of 90 minutes. It begins at a slow pace before scaling on to a medium tempo and eventually culminating in high, frenzied speed
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Pandi Melam
Pandi melam is a classical percussion concert or melam (ensemble) led by the ethnic Kerala
Kerala
instrument called the chenda and accompanied by ilathalam (cymbals), kuzhal and Kombu.Pandi MelamPandi MelamProblems playing this file? See media help.A full-length Pandi, a melam based on a thaalam (taal) with seven beats, lasts more than two-and-a-half hours, and is canonically performed outside temples. It has basically four stages, each of them with rhythmic cycles (thaalavattam) totalling 56, 28, 14 and seven respectively. The most celebrated Pandi Melam
Pandi Melam
is staged inside a temple compound at the Vadakkunnathan shrine's precincts in the central Kerala
Kerala
town of Thrissur
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