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Gasteria
Ptyas
Ptyas
Salisb.Distribution map of the various Gasteria
Gasteria
species and subspecies in southern Africa Gasteria
Gasteria
brachyphylla Gasteria
Gasteria
is a genus of succulent plants, native to South Africa
South Africa
(and the far south-west corner of Namibia).[1]Contents1 Naming 2 Description 3 Distribution 4 Cultivation 5 Taxonomy5.1 Taxonomy according to flower morphology 5.2 Taxonomy according to genome6 Gallery for identification6.1 Western distichous group 6.2 Rare inland species 6.3 Large coastal group7 External links 8 ReferencesNaming[edit] The genus is named for its stomach-shaped flowers ("gaster" is Latin for "stomach"). Common names include ox-tongue, cow-tongue, lawyer's tongue and, occasionally, mother-in-law's tongue.[2] Description[edit] Gasterias are recognisable from their thick, hard, succulent "tongue-shaped" leaves
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Family (biology)
In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks; it is classified between order and genus. A family may be divided into subfamilies, which are intermediate ranks above the rank of genus. In vernacular usage, a family may be named after one of its common members; for example, walnuts and hickory trees belong to the family Juglandaceae, commonly known as the walnut family. What does or does not belong to a family—or whether a described family should be recognized at all—are proposed and determined by practicing taxonomists. There are no hard rules for describing or recognizing a family, or any taxa. Taxonomists often take different positions about descriptions of taxa, and there may be no broad consensus across the scientific community for some time
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Plants
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. They form the clade Viridiplantae (Latin for "green plants") that includes the flowering plants, conifers and other gymnosperms, ferns, clubmosses, hornworts, liverworts, mosses and the green algae, and excludes the red and brown algae. Historically, plants were treated as one of two kingdoms including all living things that were not animals, and all algae and fungi were treated as plants. However, all current definitions of Plantae exclude the fungi and some algae, as well as the prokaryotes (the archaea and bacteria). Green plants have cell walls containing cellulose and obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts that are derived from endosymbiosis with cyanobacteria. Their chloroplasts contain chlorophylls a and b, which gives them their green color
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Fusarium
List of Fusarium
Fusarium
species Fusarium
Fusarium
 /fjuˈzɛəriəm/ (help·info) is a large genus of filamentous fungi, part of a group often referred to as hyphomycetes, widely distributed in soil and associated with plants. Most species are harmless saprobes, and are relatively abundant members of the soil microbial community. Some species produce mycotoxins in cereal crops that can affect human and animal health if they enter the food chain. The main toxins produced by these Fusarium
Fusarium
species are fumonisins and trichothecenes
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Beaufort West
Beaufort West
Beaufort West
(Afrikaans: Beaufort-Wes) is a town in the Western Cape province in South Africa. It is the largest town in the arid Great Karoo
Karoo
region, and is known as the "Capital of the Karoo". It forms part of the Beaufort West
Beaufort West
Local Municipality, with 34 085 inhabitants in 2011.[3] It is the centre of an agricultural district based mainly on sheep farming, and is a significant town on the N1 national road. Next door to Beaufort West
Beaufort West
is the Karoo
Karoo
National Park. Important fossils have been found in the area, initially by David Baird, son of the local magistrate in 1827. As part of a drive to create employment opportunities, a hydroponics project was started and used to supply premium herbs and vegetables nationally
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KwaZulu-Natal
KwaZulu-Natal
KwaZulu-Natal
(/kwɑːˌzuːluː nəˈtɑːl/; also referred to as KZN and known as "the garden province"[4]) is a province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu bantustan of KwaZulu
KwaZulu
("Place of the Zulu" in Zulu) and Natal Province
Natal Province
were merged. It is located in the southeast of the country, enjoying a long shoreline beside the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
and sharing borders with three other provinces and the countries of Mozambique, Swaziland
Swaziland
and Lesotho. Its capital is Pietermaritzburg
Pietermaritzburg
and its largest city is Durban
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Transkei
Transkei
Transkei
(/trɑːnsˈkeɪ, -ˈkaɪ, trænz-/, meaning the area beyond [the river] Kei), officially the Republic of Transkei
Transkei
(Xhosa: iRiphabliki yeTranskei), was an unrecognised state in the southeastern region of South Africa
South Africa
from 1976 to 1994. It was a Bantustan—an area set aside for members of a specific ethnicity—and operated as a nominally independent parliamentary democracy. Its capital was Umtata (renamed Mthatha
Mthatha
in 2004).[2] Transkei
Transkei
represented a significant precedent and historic turning point in South Africa's policy of apartheid and "separate development"; it was the first of four territories to be declared independent of South Africa
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Taxonomy (biology)
Taxonomy (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain, kingdom, phylum (division is sometimes used in botany in place of phylum), class, order, family, genus and species
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Swaziland
Coordinates: 26°30′S 31°30′E / 26.500°S 31.500°E / -26.500; 31.500Kingdom of Swaziland Umbuso weSwatini (Swazi)FlagCoat of armsMotto:  "Siyinqaba" (Swati) "We are a fortress" "We are a mystery/riddle" "We hide ourselves away"Anthem:  Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati Oh God, Bestower of the Blessings of the SwaziLocation of  Swaziland  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)Capital Mbabane
Mbabane
(executive)
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Eastern Cape
The Eastern Cape
Eastern Cape
is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho, but its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth
Port Elizabeth
and East London. It was formed in 1994 out of the Xhosa homelands of Transkei
Transkei
and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province
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Raceme
A raceme (/reɪˈsiːm/ or /rəˈsiːm/) is an unbranched, indeterminate type of inflorescence bearing pedicellate flowers (flowers having short floral stalks called pedicels) along its axis.[1] In botany, an axis means a shoot, in this case one bearing the flowers. In indeterminate inflorescence-like racemes, the oldest flowers are borne towards the base and new flowers are produced as the shoot grows, with no predetermined growth limit.[2] A plant that flowers on a showy raceme may have this reflected in its scientific name, e.g. Cimicifuga racemosa
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Inflorescence
An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches. Morphologically, it is the modified part of the shoot of seed plants where flowers are formed. The modifications can involve the length and the nature of the internodes and the phyllotaxis, as well as variations in the proportions, compressions, swellings, adnations, connations and reduction of main and secondary axes. Inflorescence
Inflorescence
can also be defined as the reproductive portion of a plant that bears a cluster of flowers in a specific pattern. The stem holding the whole inflorescence is called a peduncle and the major axis (incorrectly referred to as the main stem) holding the flowers or more branches within the inflorescence is called the rachis. The stalk of each single flower is called a pedicel
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Stomach
The stomach (from ancient Greek στόμαχος, stomachos, stoma means mouth) is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates. The stomach has a dilated structure and functions as a vital digestive organ. In the digestive system the stomach is involved in the second phase of digestion, following mastication (chewing). In humans and many other animals, the stomach is located between the oesophagus and the small intestine. It secretes digestive enzymes and gastric acid to aid in food digestion
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Namibia
Coordinates: 22°S 17°E / 22°S 17°E / -22; 17 Republic
Republic
of Namibia8 National language namesRepubliek van Namibië  (Afrikaans)[1] Republik Namibia  (German)[2] Namibiab Republiki dib  (Nama)[3] Republika yaNamibia  (Herero)[4] Orepublika yaNamibia  (Kwanyama)[5] Republika zaNamibia  (Kwangali)[6] Repaboleki ya Namibia  (Tswana)[7]
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South Africa
[Note 1]11 languagesAfrikaans Northern Sotho English Southern Ndebele Southern Sotho Swazi Tsonga Tswana Venda Xhosa ZuluEthnic groups (2014[3])80.2% Black 8.8% Coloured 8.4% White 2.5% AsianReligion See Religion in South AfricaDemonym South AfricanGovernment Unitary dominant-party parliamentary constitutional republic• PresidentCyril Ramaphosa• Deputy PresidentDavid Mabuza• Chairperson of the National Council of ProvincesThandi Modise• Speaker of the National AssemblyBaleka Mbete• Chief JusticeMogoeng MogoengLegislature Parliament• Upper houseNational Council• Lower houseNational AssemblyIndependence from the United Kingdom• Union31 May 1910• Self-governance11 December 1931• Republic31 May 1961•
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Flower
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs. Flowers may facilitate outcrossing (fusion of sperm and eggs from different individuals in a population) or allow selfing (fusion of sperm and egg from the same flower). Some flowers produce diaspores without fertilization (parthenocarpy). Flowers contain sporangia and are the site where gametophytes develop. Many flowers have evolved to be attractive to animals, so as to cause them to be vectors for the transfer of pollen
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