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Ford Quadricycle
The FORD QUADRICYCLE was the first vehicle developed by Henry Ford . Ford's first car was a simple frame with an ethanol-powered engine and four bicycle wheels mounted on it. The earliest cars were hand built, one by one, and very expensive. The peculiar machines were seen as toys for the rich. In the 1890s, the "horseless carriage" was a relatively new idea, with no one having a fixed, universal idea of what a car should look like or how it should work. Most of the first car builders were inventors, rather than businessmen, working with their imaginations and the parts they had on hand. Thus, the invention of the Quadricycle
Quadricycle
marks an important innovation as a proto-automobile that would lay the foundation for the future, with more practical designs to follow. On June 4, 1896 in a tiny workshop behind his home on 58 Bagley Avenue, Detroit, where the Michigan Building now stands, Ford put the finishing touches on his pure ethanol-powered motor. After more than two years of experimentation, Ford, at the age of 32, had completed his first experimental automobile . He dubbed his creation the "Quadricycle," so named because it ran on four bicycle tires, and because of the means through which the engine drove the back wheels. The success of the little vehicle led to the founding of the Henry Ford Company and then later the Ford Motor Company in 1903
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Quadricycle
QUADRICYCLE refers to vehicles with four wheels. In 1896 Ford called his vehicle the "Quadricycle"; it ran on four bicycle tires with an engine driving the back wheels. In modern-day France, a quadricycle is a 4-wheel car that cannot go faster than 28 mph and weighs less than 770 pounds. See also the USA's Low-speed vehicle class * Ford Quadricycle
Ford Quadricycle
, Henry Ford's first design * Burnard Jarstfer Quadricycle
Quadricycle
(based on Ford Quadricycle) * Orient Quadricycle
Quadricycle
(aka Orient Autogo) * Truffault Quadricycle
Quadricycle
* Le Rudge Quadricycle
Quadricycle
Tandem * De Dion Bouton 1900 Quadricycle
Quadricycle
* De Dion Bouton Victoria Quadricycle
Quadricycle
* De Dion Bouton “La Marquise” Quadricycle
Quadricycle
(Steam runabout) * Peugeot Type 3
Peugeot Type 3
Quadricycle
Quadricycle
* 1889 Daimler Quadricycle
Quadricycle
Additional motorized four-wheelers: * Duryea Motor Wagon * Benz Velo QUADRICYCLE, QUADRACYCLE, QUADCYCLE, QUADROCYCLE and QUAD all refer to vehicles with four wheels
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Henry Ford
HENRY FORD (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American industrialist , the founder of the Ford Motor Company , and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production . Although Ford did not invent the automobile or the assembly line, he developed and manufactured the first automobile that many middle class Americans could afford. In doing so, Ford converted the automobile from an expensive curiosity into a practical conveyance that would profoundly impact the landscape of the 20th Century. His introduction of the Model T
Model T
automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry . As the owner of the Ford Motor Company, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world. He is credited with " Fordism ": mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high wages for workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. His intense commitment to systematically lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchise system that put dealerships throughout most of North America and in major cities on six continents. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation and arranged for his family to control the company permanently
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Automotive Design
AUTOMOTIVE DESIGN is the profession involved in the development of the appearance, and to some extent the ergonomics , of motor vehicles or more specifically road vehicles. This most commonly refers to automobiles but also refers to motorcycles , trucks , buses , coaches , and vans . The functional design and development of a modern motor vehicle is typically done by a large team from many different disciplines included within automotive engineering . Automotive design in this context is primarily concerned with developing the visual appearance or aesthetics of the vehicle, though it is also involved in the creation of the product concept. Automotive design is practiced by designers who usually have an art background and a degree in industrial design or transportation design. CONTENTS* 1 Design elements * 1.1 Exterior design * 1.2 Interior design * 1.3 Color and trim design * 1.4 Graphic design * 1.5 Computer-aided styling and Class-A development * 2 Development process * 2.1 Styling development cycle * 2.2 Development team * 3 Components * 4 History * 4.1 U.S
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Car Classification
Governments and private organizations have developed CAR CLASSIFICATION schemes that are used for innumerable purposes including regulation, description and categorization, among others. This article details commonly used classification schemes in use worldwide
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Engine
An ENGINE or MOTOR is a machine designed to convert one form of energy into mechanical energy . Heat engines burn a fuel to create heat , which is then used to create a force . Electric motors convert electrical energy into mechanical motion; pneumatic motors use compressed air and clockwork motors in wind-up toys use elastic energy . In biological systems, molecular motors , like myosins in muscles , use chemical energy to create forces and eventually motion
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Transmission (mechanics)
A TRANSMISSION is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power. Often the term transmission refers simply to the GEARBOX that uses gears and gear trains to provide speed and torque conversions from a rotating power source to another device. In British English , the term transmission refers to the whole drivetrain , including clutch, gearbox, prop shaft (for rear-wheel drive), differential, and final drive shafts. In American English, however, the term refers more specifically to the gearbox alone, and detailed usage differs. The most common use is in motor vehicles , where the transmission adapts the output of the internal combustion engine to the drive wheels. Such engines need to operate at a relatively high rotational speed , which is inappropriate for starting, stopping, and slower travel. The transmission reduces the higher engine speed to the slower wheel speed, increasing torque in the process. Transmissions are also used on pedal bicycles, fixed machines, and where different rotational speeds and torques are adapted. Often, a transmission has multiple gear ratios (or simply "gears") with the ability to switch between them as speed varies. This switching may be done manually (by the operator) or automatically. Directional (forward and reverse) control may also be provided. Single-ratio transmissions also exist, which simply change the speed and torque (and sometimes direction) of motor output
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Wheelbase
In both road and rail vehicles , the WHEELBASE is the distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels. For road vehicles with more than two axles (e.g. some trucks), the wheelbase is defined as the distance between the steering (front) axle and the centerpoint of the driving axle group. In the case of a tri-axle truck, the wheelbase would be the distance between the steering axle and a point midway between the two rear axles. Wheelbase
Wheelbase
(measured between rotational centers of wheels) CONTENTS* 1 Vehicles * 1.1 Varying wheelbases within nameplate * 1.2 Bikes * 1.3 Skateboards * 2 Rail * 3 See also * 4 References VEHICLESThe WHEELBASE of a vehicle equals the distance between its front and rear wheels. At equilibrium, the total torque of the forces acting on a vehicle is zero
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Curb Weight
CURB WEIGHT ( American English
American English
) or KERB WEIGHT ( British English
British English
) is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables such as motor oil , transmission oil, coolant , air conditioning refrigerant, and sometimes a full tank of fuel , while not loaded with either passengers or cargo . This definition may differ from definitions used by governmental regulatory agencies or other organizations. For example, many European Union manufacturers include the weight of a 75-kilogram (165 lb) driver to follow European Directive 95/48/EC. Organizations may also define curb weight with fixed levels of fuel and other variables to equalize the value for the comparison of different vehicles. The United States Environmental Protection Agency regulations define curb weight as follows: Curb weightmeans the actual or the manufacturer’s estimated weight of the vehicle in operational status with all standard equipment, and weight of fuel at nominal tank capacity, and the weight of optional equipment computed in accordance with §86.1832–01; incomplete light-duty trucks shall have the curb weight specified by the manufacturer. UNLADEN MASS depends on the manufacturer and can be the same as curb weight, however, it is often the total mass of the car without a driver, fluid or any additional equipment
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Ford Model A (1903–1904)
The original FORD MODEL A is the first car produced by Ford , beginning production in 1903. Ernest Pfennig, a Chicago dentist, became the first owner of a Model A on July 23, 1903. 1,750 cars were made from 1903 through 1904 during Ford's occupancy of its first facility: the Ford Mack Avenue Plant , a modest rented wood frame building on Detroit 's East Side. The Model A was replaced by the Ford Model C during 1904 with some sales overlap. Ad for the Model A from a December 15, 1903 newspaper The car came as a two-seater runabout for $800 or the $900 four-seater tonneau model with an option to add a top. The horizontal-mounted flat-2 , situated amidships of the car, produced 8 hp (6 kW). A planetary transmission was fitted with two forward speeds and reverse, a Ford signature later seen on the Ford Model T . The car weighed 1,240 lb (562 kg) and could reach a top speed of 28 mph (45 km/h). It had a 72-inch (1.8 m) wheelbase and sold for a base price of US$750. Options included a rear tonneau with two seats and a rear door for $100, a rubber roof for $30 or a leather roof for $50. Band brakes were used on the rear wheels. However, it was $150 more than its most direct competitor, the Oldsmobile Curved Dash , and so did not sell as well. The company had spent almost its entire $28,000 initial investment funds with only $223.65 left in its bank account when the first Model A was sold
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Michigan Building
The MICHIGAN BUILDING is an office building and the former Michigan Theater in downtown Detroit, Michigan . It was constructed in 1925 and stands at 13 floors in height. Today it contains a bar, restaurant, retail space, office space, a parking garage, and the shared coworking space Cowork at The Michigan . The high-rise was constructed in the Renaissance Revival . The exterior of the building is faced with brick with terra cotta and granite accents. The ground level contains retail space with large windows still framed by the original decorative metal work. HISTORYIt opened August 23, 1926 and was designed by the architectural firm of Rapp "> has a curved back wall with over 50 ornate mirrors that reflected the light from chandelier out to the street. Although the tall narrow chandelier is gone, new lighting has been installed within the 5 story tall window chamber. The Michigan is featured in several films: in 8 Mile , where the crew rapped before entering the Chin Tiki restaurant space; in The Island , where it is a structure of the Los Angeles of the future; in Street Kings: Motor City ; in Alex Cross ; and in Transformers: Age of Extinction . Multiple episodes of the television show Detroit 1-8-7 have also filmed scenes in the space. During a scene in Only Lovers Left Alive set in the building, the main protagonists discuss its history as an example of cultural change and decay. REFERENCES * ^ Hauser, Michael & Marianne Weldon (2006)
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Automobile
A CAR (or AUTOMOBILE) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation . Most definitions of _car_ say they run primarily on roads, seat one to eight people, have four tires , and mainly transport people rather than goods. Cars came into global use during the 20th century, and developed economies depend on them. The year 1886 is regarded as the birth year of the modern car, when German inventor Karl Benz built his Benz Patent-Motorwagen . Cars did not become widely available until the early 20th century. One of the first cars that was accessible to the masses was the 1908 Model T , an American car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company . Cars were rapidly adopted in the US, where they replaced animal-drawn carriages and carts, but took much longer to be accepted in Western Europe and other parts of the world. Cars have controls for driving, parking, passenger comfort and safety, and controlling a variety of lights. Over the decades, additional features and controls have been added to vehicles, making them progressively more complex. Examples include rear reversing cameras, air conditioning , navigation systems , and in car entertainment . Most cars in use in the 2010s are propelled by an internal combustion engine , fueled by the combustion of fossil fuels . This causes air pollution and are also blamed for contributing to climate change and global warming
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Henry Ford Company
The HENRY FORD COMPANY was the second company for Henry Ford , founded November, 1901. It resulted from the reorganization of the Detroit Automobile Company , his first unsuccessful attempt at automobile manufacture a year before. In March 1902, Ford left the company following a dispute with his financial backers, William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen, as Ford was devoting considerable time to the sport of auto racing and his Ford 999 race car. In a final settlement, Ford left with his name and US $900; he went on to start the Ford Motor Company in 1903 at the Ford Mack Avenue Plant . In August 1902, Henry M. Leland was brought in by the investors to appraise the plant and equipment prior to selling them. Instead, Leland persuaded them to continue in the automobile business. The Henry Ford Company reorganized that year as Cadillac in honor of Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac , the founder of Detroit . Cadillac's first car was completed on October 17, 1902, the 10 horsepower (7 kW) Cadillac. Based on Henry Ford's design (except for the engine, designed by Leland & Faulconer), it was practically identical to the 1903 Ford Model A . Located in Detroit at 450 Amsterdam Street, at the intersection of Cass Avenue and Amsterdam Street, the original manufacturing plant was designed by architectural firm George C
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Ford Motor Company
Coordinates : 42°18′55″N 83°12′37″W / 42.315278°N 83.210278°W / 42.315278; -83.210278 Ford Motor Company _ The Ford World Headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan, also known as the Glass House_ TYPE Public TRADED AS * NYSE : F * S&P 100 Component * S 114 years ago (1903-06-16) FOUNDER Henry Ford HEADQUARTERS Dearborn, Michigan , U.S. AREA SERVED Worldwide KEY PEOPLE * William C. Ford, Jr
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Tiller
A TILLER or TILL is a lever attached to a rudder post (American terminology) or rudder stock (English terminology) of a boat that provides leverage in the form of torque for the helmsman to turn the rudder . The tiller can be used by the helmsman directly pulling or pushing it, but it may also be moved remotely using tiller lines or a ship\'s wheel . Rapid or excessive movement of the tiller results in an increase in drag and will result in braking or slowing the boat. In steering a boat, the tiller is always moved in the direction opposite of which the bow of the boat is to move. If the tiller is moved to port side (left), the bow will turn to starboard (right). If the tiller is moved to starboard (right), the bow will turn port (left). Sailing students often learn the alliterative phrase " Tiller Towards Trouble" to remind them of how to steer. CONTENTS * 1 Tiller orders * 2 Tillers on other vehicles * 3 See also * 4 References TILLER ORDERS F.1 - With a tiller steering, the helmsman pushes for port tack to starboard. F.2 - With a steering wheel, the helmsman turns the wheel in the direction where he wants to turn. Until the current international standards were applied in the 1930s, it was common for steering orders on ships to be given as "Tiller Orders", which dictated to which side of the vessel the tiller was to be moved
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The Henry Ford
THE HENRY FORD (also known as the HENRY FORD MUSEUM OF AMERICAN INNOVATION and GREENFIELD VILLAGE, and more formally as the EDISON INSTITUTE) is a large indoor and outdoor history museum complex and a National Historic Landmark in the Detroit
Detroit
suburb of Dearborn , Michigan
Michigan
, USA . The museum collection contains the presidential limousine of John F. Kennedy , Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
's chair from Ford\'s Theatre , Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
's laboratory, the Wright Brothers ' bicycle shop, the Rosa Parks bus, and many more historical exhibits. The Henry Ford Museum of American Innovation and Greenfield Village is the largest indoor-outdoor museum complex in the United States
United States
and is visited by 1.6 million people each year
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