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Food For Peace
In different administrative and organizational forms, the FOOD FOR PEACE program of the United States has provided food assistance around the world for more than 50 years. Approximately 3 billion people in 150 countries have benefited directly from U.S. food assistance. The OFFICE OF FOOD FOR PEACE within the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the U.S. Government\'s largest provider of overseas food assistance. The food assistance programming is funded primarily through the Food for Peace
Food for Peace
Act. The Office of Food for Peace also receives International Disaster Assistance Funds through the Foreign Assistance Act
Foreign Assistance Act
(FAA) that can be used in emergency settings (more information below). While U.S. food aid started out in the 1950s as a means to donate surplus U.S. commodities, the U.S
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United States Agency For International Development
The UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID) is the United States Government agency which is primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid . President John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
created USAID
USAID
from its predecessor agencies in 1961 by executive order . USAID's programs are authorized by Congress in the Foreign Assistance Act , which Congress supplements through directions in annual funding appropriation acts and other legislation. Although it is technically an independent agency , USAID operates subject to the foreign policy guidance of the President , Secretary of State , and the National Security Council . USAID operates in Africa
Africa
, Asia
Asia
, Latin America
Latin America
, the Middle East
Middle East
, and Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe

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Federal Government Of The United States
------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
(R) * Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R) * Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
(D) * Congressional districts -----------
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Foreign Assistance Act
The FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT (Pub.L. 87–195, 75 Stat. 424-2, enacted September 4, 1961, 22 U.S.C. § 2151 et seq.) is a United States Act of Congress . The Act reorganized the structure of existing U.S. foreign assistance programs, separated military from non-military aid, and created a new agency, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to administer those non-military, economic assistance programs. On November 3, 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed the Act and issued Executive Order 10973, detailing the reorganization. The agency unified already existing U.S. aid efforts, combining the economic and technical assistance operations of the International Cooperation Administration , the loan activities of the Development Loan Fund , the local currency functions of the Export-Import Bank , and the agricultural surplus distribution activities of the Food for Peace program of the Department of Agriculture
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James Madison
JAMES MADISON JR., (March 16 , 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights . Madison inherited his plantation Montpelier in Virginia and therewith owned hundreds of slaves during his lifetime. He served as both a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and as a member of the Continental Congress prior to the Constitutional Convention . After the Convention, he became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify the Constitution, both in Virginia and nationally
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American Relief Administration
AMERICAN RELIEF ADMINISTRATION was an American relief mission to Europe
Europe
and later post-revolutionary Russia after World War I
World War I
. Herbert Hoover , future president of the United States, was the program director. The ARA's immediate predecessor was the United States
United States
Food Administration , also headed by Hoover. He and some of his collaborators had already gained useful experience by running the Committee for Relief in Belgium which fed seven million Belgians and two million northern French during World War I. ARA was formed by United States
United States
Congress on February 24, 1919, with a budget of 100 million dollars. Its budget was boosted by private donations, which resulted in another 100 million dollars
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Russian Famine Relief Act
The RUSSIAN FAMINE RELIEF ACT OF 1921 authorized the expenditure of $20,000,000 for the purchase of American foodstuffs to send to post revolutionary Russia, for relief of the Russian famine of 1921–22
Russian famine of 1921–22
. The Act was overseen by Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
, serving simultaneously as the U.S. Secretary of Commerce and the head of the American Relief Administration , and signed into law in late December. With the Russian Civil War
Russian Civil War
winding down, and Lenin having implemented the pseudo-Capitalist New Economic Policy
New Economic Policy
(NEP) in order to get the Russian economy back on its feet, some like Hoover and Sen. William E. Borah of Idaho that hoped that the aid would serve as political leverage against the Bolshevik regime. Others, President Warren G. Harding
Warren G

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Marshall Plan
The MARSHALL PLAN (officially the EUROPEAN RECOVERY PROGRAM, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe
Western Europe
, in which the United States gave over $13 billion (approximately $130 billion in current dollar value as of June 2016) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II
World War II
. The plan was in operation for four years beginning on April 8, 1948. The goals of the United States
United States
were to rebuild war-devastated regions, remove trade barriers , modernize industry , make Europe prosperous once more, and prevent the spread of communism . The Marshall Plan required a lessening of interstate barriers, a dropping of many regulations, and encouraged an increase in productivity , labour union membership, as well as the adoption of modern business procedures
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Dwight D. Eisenhower
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES * Presidency -------------------------FIRST TERM * Draft movement * 1952 Campaign * Election * 1st Inauguration * Korean War * Atoms for Peace * Cold War * New Look * Domino theory * In
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Agricultural Trade Development And Assistance Act Of 1954
The AGRICULTURAL TRADE DEVELOPMENT AND ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1954 (Pub.L. 83–480, enacted July 10, 1954) is a United States federal law
United States federal law
that established Food for Peace , the primary U.S. overseas food assistance program. The Act was signed into law on July 10, 1954, by President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower

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John F. Kennedy
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES * Presidency * Timeline -------------------------* 1960 Campaign * Election * Inauguration * New Frontier * Foreign Policy * Doctrine * "A Strategy of Peace" * Bay of Pigs * Cuban Missile Crisis * Civil Rights Address * Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty * Clean Air * Peace Corps * "We choose to go to the Moon" * Space programs * Mercury * Gemini * Apollo -------------------------ASSASSINATION AND LEGACY * November 22, 1963 * State Funeral * Eternal Flame * Memorials * Library * Legacy ------------------------- * v * t * e JOHN FITZGERALD "JACK" KENNEDY (May 29, 1917–November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963
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George McGovern
GEORGE STANLEY MCGOVERN (July 19, 1922 – October 21, 2012) was an American historian, author, U.S. Representative , U.S. Senator , and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election . McGovern grew up in Mitchell, South Dakota , where he was a renowned debater. He volunteered for the U.S. Army Air Forces upon the country's entry into World War II
World War II
and as a B-24 Liberator pilot flew 35 frequently dangerous missions over German-occupied Europe . Among the medals bestowed upon him was a Distinguished Flying Cross for making a hazardous emergency landing of his damaged plane and saving his crew. After the war he gained degrees from Dakota Wesleyan University and Northwestern University
Northwestern University
, culminating in a PhD , and was a history professor. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1956 and re-elected in 1958. After a failed bid for the U.S
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Old Executive Office Building
The EISENHOWER EXECUTIVE OFFICE BUILDING (EEOB) — formerly known as the OLD EXECUTIVE OFFICE BUILDING (OEOB) and even earlier as the STATE, WAR, AND NAVY BUILDING — is a U.S. government building situated just west of the White House
White House
in the U.S. capital of Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Maintained by the General Services Administration , it is occupied by the Executive Office of the President
Executive Office of the President
, including the Office of the Vice President of the United States
Office of the Vice President of the United States
. Located on 17th Street NW, between Pennsylvania Avenue
Pennsylvania Avenue
and State Place, and West Executive Drive, the building was commissioned by President Ulysses S. Grant
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U.S. Department Of State
The UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF STATE (DOS), often referred to as the STATE DEPARTMENT, is the United States
United States
federal executive department that advises the President and leads the country in foreign policy issues. Equivalent to the foreign ministry of other countries, the State Department is responsible for the international relations of the United States
United States
, negotiates treaties and agreements with foreign entities, and represents the United States
United States
at the United Nations
United Nations
. The Department was created in 1789 and was the first executive department established
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U.S. Department Of Agriculture
The UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (USDA), also known as the AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, agriculture, forestry, and food. It aims to meet the needs of farmers and ranchers, promote agricultural trade and production, work to assure food safety, protect natural resources, foster rural communities and end hunger in the United States and internationally. Approximately 80% of the USDA's $140 billion budget goes to the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) program. The largest component of the FNS budget is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
(formerly known as the Food Stamp program), which is the cornerstone of USDA's nutrition assistance
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James W. Symington
JAMES WADSWORTH SYMINGTON (/ˈsaɪmɪŋtən/ ; born September 28, 1927) is a United States
United States
attorney and politician who served as a four-term member of the U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. House of Representatives
from 1969 to 1977, representing Missouri
Missouri
. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Youth, family, and education * 1.2 Early legal career and public service * 1.3 Congressional career * 1.4 Post-congressional roles * 2 Notes * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYYOUTH, FAMILY, AND EDUCATIONSymington, son of Stuart (U.S. senator, Missouri) and Evelyn (Wadsworth) Symington, was born on September 28, 1927, in Rochester, New York . He is the great-grandson of James Wolcott Wadsworth
James Wolcott Wadsworth
(U.S. Congress, New York) and grandson of James Wolcott Wadsworth, Jr. (U.S. Congress, New York). James attended St
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