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Bourges
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 _Population without double counting _: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. HISTORICAL POPULATION YEAR POP. ±% 1793 15,964 — 1800 16,330 +2.3% 1806 17,552 +7.5% 1821 18,910 +7.7% 1831 19,730 +4.3% 1836 25,324 +28.4% 1841 22,826 −9.9% 1846 24,799 +8.6% 1851 25,037 +1.0% 1856 26,799 +7.0% 1861 28,064 +4.7% 1866 30,119 +7.3% 1872 31,312 +4.0% 1876 35,785 +14.3% 1881 40,217 +12.4% 1886 42,829 +6.5% 1891 45,342 +5.9% 1896 43,587 −3.9% 1901 46,551 +6.8% 1906 44,133 −5.2% 1911 45,735 +3.6% 1921 45,942 +0.5% 1926 44,245 −3.7% 1931 45,067 +1.9% 1936 49,263 +9.3% 1946 51,040 +3.6% 1954 53,879 +5.6% 1962 60,632 +12.5% 1968 70,814 +16.8% 1975 77,300 +9.2% 1982 76,432 −1.1% 1990 75,609 −1.1% 1999 72,434 −4.2% 2008 68,980 −4.8%BOURGES (French pronunciation: ​ ) is a city in central France
France
on the Yèvre river. It is the capital of the department of Cher , and also was the capital of the former province of Berry
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Prefectures Of France
A PREFECTURE (French : _PRéFECTURE_) in France may refer to: * the _Chef-lieu de département_, the town in which the administration of a department is located; * the _Chef-lieu de région_, the town in which the administration of a region is located; * the jurisdiction of a prefecture; * the official residence or headquarters of a prefect .CONTENTS * 1 Role of prefecture in departments * 2 Paris * 3 Divisions of departments * 4 See also ROLE OF PREFECTURE IN DEPARTMENTSThere are 101 prefectures in France, one for each department. The official in charge is the prefect (French : _préfet_). The prefecture is an administration that belongs to the Ministry of the Interior , and is therefore in charge of the delivery of identity cards, driving licenses, passports, residency and work permits for foreigners, vehicle registration, registration of associations (creation, status modification, dissolution), and of the management of the police and firefighters . The prefect represents the national government at the local level and as such exercises the powers that are constitutionally attributed to the national government. The prefect issues ordinances written for the application of local law: to close a building that does not conform to safety codes, or modify vehicular traffic regulations (speed limit, construction permits)
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Communes Of France
(incl. overseas regions ) Departments (incl. overseas departments ) Arrondissements Cantons Intercommunality Métropole Communauté urbaine Communauté d\'agglomération Communauté de communes Communes Associated communes Municipal arrondissements Others in Overseas France Overseas collectivities _Sui generis_ collectivity Overseas country Overseas territory Clipperton Island The COMMUNE (French pronunciation: ​ ) is a level of administrative division in the French Republic . French communes are roughly equivalent to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States or _ Gemeinden _ in Germany. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and have received significant powers of governance to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France. A French commune may be a city of 2.2 million inhabitants like Paris , a town of 10,000 people, or just a 10-person hamlet . Communes typically are based on pre-existing villages and facilitate local governance
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Bourges Cathedral
Bourges
Bourges
, France
France
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES 47°04′55″N 2°23′58″E / 47.08194°N 2.39944°E / 47.08194; 2.39944 Coordinates : 47°04′55″N 2°23′58″E / 47.08194°N 2.39944°E / 47.08194; 2.39944 AFFILIATION Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
PROVINCE Archdiocese of Bourges
Bourges
REGION Centre-Val de Loire COUNTRY France
France
ECCLESIASTICAL OR ORGANIZATIONAL STATUS Cathedral
Cathedral
STATUS Active HERITAGE DESIGNATION 1862, 1992 ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION ARCHITECTURAL TYPE Church ARCHITECTURAL STYLE French Gothic GROUNDBREAKING 1195 (1195) COMPLETED c. 1230 (1230) UNESCO
UNESCO
WORLD HERITAGE SITE CRITERIA Cultural: (i), (iv) REFERENCE 635 INSCRIPTION 1992 (16th Session )BOURGES CATHEDRAL (French : Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges) is a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
church located in Bourges
Bourges
, France
France
. It is dedicated to Saint Stephen
Saint Stephen
and is the seat of the Archbishop of Bourges
Bourges

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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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France
FRANCE (locally ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (_République française_ ), is a country with territory status in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories . The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea , and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean . The republic also includes French Guiana on the South American continent and several islands in the Atlantic , Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions (5 of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) which, as of January 2017, has a total population of almost 67 million people. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris , the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban centres include Marseille , Lyon , Lille , Nice , Toulouse and Bordeaux . During the Iron Age , what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls , a Celtic people. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome , which held Gaul until 486, when the Germanic Franks conquered the region and formed the Kingdom of France
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Regions Of France
(incl. overseas regions ) Departments (incl. overseas departments ) Arrondissements Cantons Intercommunality Métropole Communauté urbaine Communauté d\'agglomération Communauté de communes Communes Associated communes Municipal arrondissements Others in Overseas France
Overseas France
Overseas collectivities _Sui generis_ collectivity Overseas country Overseas territory Clipperton Island France
France
is divided into 18 administrative REGIONS (French : _région_, ), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions . The 13 metropolitan regions (including 12 mainland regions and Corsica) are each further subdivided into 2 to 13 departments , while the overseas regions consist of only one department each and hence are also referred to as "overseas departments". The current legal concept of _region_ was adopted in 1982, and in 2016 what had been 27 regions was reduced to 18
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Centre-Val De Loire
CENTRE-VAL DE LOIRE (French pronunciation: ​ ), French for _Centre-Loire Valley_), is one of the 18 administrative regions of France . It straddles the middle Loire Valley in the interior of the country. The administrative capital is Orléans , but the largest city is Tours . CONTENTS * 1 Naming and etymology * 2 Largest cities * 3 Economy * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links NAMING AND ETYMOLOGY Forest in Eure-et-Loir , Centre Logo used prior to 2015 Like many contemporary regions of France, the region of Centre was created from parts of three historical provinces : Touraine , Orléanais , and Berry . The name _Centre_ was chosen by the French government purely on the basis of geography, in reference to its location in north-central France (the central part of the original French language area ), However, Centre is not situated in the geographical centre of France, and the name was criticized as being too dull and nondescript. Proposed names for the region included _Val de Loire_ after the Loire Valley (the main feature of the region) or _Cœur de Loire_ (i.e. _Heart of Loire_). On 17 January 2015, as part of the reorganization of French regions , the region's official name was changed to _Centre-Val de Loire_
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Departments Of France
(incl. overseas regions ) Departments (incl. overseas departments ) Arrondissements
Arrondissements
Cantons Intercommunality Métropole Communauté urbaine Communauté d\'agglomération Communauté de communes Communes Associated communes Municipal arrondissements Others in Overseas France Overseas collectivities
Overseas collectivities
Sui generis collectivity Overseas country Overseas territory Clipperton Island In the administrative divisions of France , the DEPARTMENT (French : département, pronounced ) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities "), between the administrative regions and the commune . There are 97 departments in metropolitan France , and 5 overseas departments , which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements , themselves divided into cantons ; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections. Each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council (conseil départemental (sing.), conseils départementaux (plur.)). From 1800 to April 2015, they were called general councils (conseil général (sing.), conseils généraux (plur.)). Each council has a president
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Cher (department)
CHER (French pronunciation: ​ ; Berrichon : Char) is a department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France. It is named after the Cher River . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Politics * 5 Tourism * 6 See also * 7 Languages * 8 External links HISTORYCher is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. Most of it was created, along with the adjacent department of Indre from the former province of Berry . The southeastern corner of the department was part of the Duchy of Bourbon , however. GEOGRAPHYThe department is part of the current administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire . It is surrounded by the departments of Indre , Loir-et-Cher , Loiret , Nièvre , Allier , and Creuse . DEMOGRAPHICSThe inhabitants of the department are called Berrichons from the former province of Berry . POLITICSThe President of the General Council is Alain Rafesthain of the Socialist Party . PARTY SEATS Union for a Popular Movement 10 • Socialist Party 9 • French Communist Party 7 Miscellaneous Right 5 • Miscellaneous Left 4TOURISMThe Bourges Cathedral of St. Étienne is a major tourist attraction
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Arrondissements Of France
(incl. overseas regions ) Departments (incl. overseas departments ) Arrondissements Cantons Intercommunality Métropole Communauté urbaine Communauté d\'agglomération Communauté de communes Communes Associated communes Municipal arrondissements Others in Overseas France Overseas collectivities _Sui generis_ collectivity Overseas country Overseas territory Clipperton Island An _ARRONDISSEMENT_ (French pronunciation: ​ ) is a level of administrative division in France . As of 2016 , the 101 French departments were divided into 334 arrondissements (including 12 overseas). The capital of an arrondissement is called a subprefecture . When an arrondissement contains the prefecture (capital) of the department, that prefecture is the capital of the arrondissement, acting both as a prefecture and as a subprefecture. Arrondissements are further divided into cantons and communes . The term arrondissement can be roughly translated into English as DISTRICT. A more etymologically precise, but less allegorical, definition would be ENCIRCLEMENTS, from the French _arrondir,_ to encircle. Because no single translation adequately conveys the layered sense of the word, the French term is usually used in English writing
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Arrondissement Of Bourges
The ARRONDISSEMENT OF BOURGES is an arrondissement of France in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region . It has 131 communes . CONTENTS* 1 Composition * 1.1 Cantons * 1.2 Communes * 2 External links COMPOSITIONCANTONSThe cantons of the arrondissement of Bourges are: * Avord * Bourges-1 * Bourges-2 * Bourges-3 * Bourges-4 * Chârost * Saint-Doulchard * Saint-Germain-du-Puy * Saint-Martin-d\'Auxigny (partly) * Sancerre * Trouy (partly)COMMUNESThe communes of the arrondissement of Bourges, and their INSEE codes , are: 1. Achères (18001) 2. Allogny (18004) 3. Annoix (18006) 4. Argenvières (18012) 5. Arçay (18008) 6. Assigny (18014) 7. Aubinges (18016) 8. Avord (18018) 9. Azy (18019) 10. Bannay (18020) 11. Barlieu (18022) 12. Baugy (18023) 13. Beffes (18025) 14. Belleville-sur-Loire (18026) 15. Bengy-sur-Craon (18027) 16. Boulleret (18032) 17. Bourges (18033) 18. Brécy (18035) 19. Bué (18039) 20. Charentonnay (18053) 21. Chassy (18056) 22. Chaumoux-Marcilly (18061) 23. Chârost (18055) 24. Civray (18066) 25. Concressault (18070) 26. Couargues (18074) 27. Couy (18077) 28. Crosses (18081) 29. Crézancy-en-Sancerre (18079) 30. Dampierre-en-Crot (18084) 31. Farges-en-Septaine (18092) 32. Feux (18094) 33. Fussy (18097) 34. Gardefort (18098) 35. Garigny (18099) 36. Groises (18104) 37. Gron (18105) 38. Henrichemont (18109) 39. Herry (18110) 40. Humbligny (18111) 41
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Communauté D'agglomération Bourges Plus
The COMMUNAUTé D\'AGGLOMéRATION BOURGES PLUS is the communauté d\'agglomération , an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Bourges . It is located in the Cher department , in the Centre-Val de Loire region , central France . It was created October 21, 2002. Its population was 100,705 in 2014, of which 68,869 in Bourges proper. COMPOSITIONThe communauté d'agglomération consists of the following 16 communes: * Annoix * Arçay * Berry-Bouy * Bourges * La Chapelle-Saint-Ursin * Le Subdray * Lissay-Lochy * Marmagne * Morthomiers * Plaimpied-Givaudins * Saint-Doulchard * Saint-Germain-du-Puy * Saint-Just * Saint-Michel-de-Volangis * Trouy * Vorly REFERENCES * ^ A B BANATIC, Périmètre des EPCI à fiscalité propre. Accessed 2017-06-28. * ^ INSEECoordinates : 47°05′04″N 2°23′47″E / 47.08444°N 2.396388°E / 47.08444; 2.396388 This Cher geographical article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Communauté_d%27agglomération_Bourges_Plus additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Central European Time
TIME IN AFRICA UTC−01:00 Cape Verde Time UTC±00:00 Greenwich Mean Time UTC±00:00 UTC+01:00 Greenwich Mean Time Greenwich Mean Time +1 UTC+01:00 West Africa Time / Central European Time UTC+01:00 UTC+02:00 West Africa Time West Africa Summer Time UTC+02:00 Central Africa Time / South African Standard Time / Eastern European Time UTC+03:00 East Africa Time UTC+04:00 Mauritius Time / Seychelles Time Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed. NOTE: The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland. CENTRAL EUROPEAN TIME (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The time offset from UTC can be written as +01:00 . The same standard time, UTC+01:00 , is also known as MIDDLE EUROPEAN TIME (MET, German: MEZ) and under other names like BERLIN TIME, ROMANCE STANDARD TIME (RST), PARIS TIME or ROME TIME. The 15th meridian east is the central axis for UTC+01:00 in the world system of time zones
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